Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Compound Class: an alcohol

Synonyms: an alcohol, alcohol, ROH

Alcohols are organic compounds in which the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom. Alcohols are classified into primary, secondary, and tertiary, based upon the number of carbon atoms connected to the carbon atom that bears the hydroxyl group. The primary alcohols have general formulas RCH2OH; secondary alcohols are RR'CHOH; and tertiary ones are RR'R"COH, where R, R', and R" stand for alkyl groups.

Alcohols are also classified based on the length of the alkyl groups.

Short-chain alcohols have alkyl chains with fewer than six carbons.

Medium-chain alcohols have alkyl chains of 6-12 carbons.

Long-chain alcohols (also known as fatty alcohols) have alkyl chains of 13-22 carbons.

Very long-chain alcohols have alkyl chains of 23 carbons or longer.

an alcohol compound structure

Child Classes: a cyclic alcohol (9), a diol (13), a galactinol-type-disaccharide-sugar-alcohol (0), a long-chain alcohol (0), a medium-chain alcohol (2), a monoterpenol (1), a primary alcohol (5), a secondary alcohol (0), a sesquiterpenol (0), a short-chain alcohol (4), a sugar alcohol (17), a tertiary alcohol (0), a very long chain alcohol (0), an amino alcohol (0)

benzyl alcohol


Unification Links: ChEBI:30879, KEGG:C00069

Reactions known to produce the compound:

β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation :
a β-D-glucuronoside + H2O → D-glucopyranuronate + an alcohol

glycerophosphodiester degradation :
a glycerophosphodiester + H2O → an alcohol + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + H+

Not in pathways:
a phosphate monoester[periplasm] + H2O[periplasm]an alcohol[periplasm] + phosphate[periplasm]
a phosphate monoester[periplasm] + H2O[periplasm]an alcohol[periplasm] + phosphate[periplasm]
an organic hydroperoxide + a reduced thioredoxin → an alcohol + an oxidized thioredoxin + H2O
an acetic ester + H2O → an alcohol + acetate + H+
a carboxylic ester + H2O → an alcohol + a carboxylate + H+
an N-acetyl-β-D-hexosaminide + H2O → an N-acetyl-β-D-hexosamine + an alcohol
an organic hydroperoxide + NADH + H+an alcohol + NAD+ + H2O

In Reactions of unknown directionality:

Not in pathways:
an alcohol + NADP+ = an aldehyde + NADPH + H+

Enzymes activated by an alcohol, sorted by the type of activation, are:

Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase [Izui83]


Fiehn08: Fiehn O, Wohlgemuth G, Scholz M, Kind T, Lee do Y, Lu Y, Moon S, Nikolau B (2008). "Quality control for plant metabolomics: reporting MSI-compliant studies." Plant J 53(4);691-704. PMID: 18269577

Izui83: Izui K, Matsuda Y, Kameshita I, Katsuki H, Woods AE (1983). "Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase of Escherichia coli. Inhibition by various analogs and homologs of phosphoenolpyruvate." J Biochem (Tokyo) 1983;94(6);1789-95. PMID: 6368527

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
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