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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Compound Class: a standard α amino acid

Synonyms: a protein-building amino acid, a proteinogenic amino acid

Superclasses: an acid all carboxy acids a carboxylate an amino acid an alpha amino acid
an amino acid or its derivative an amino acid an alpha amino acid

Summary:
This compound class contains the standard set of 20 protein-buliding amino acids. Note that L-proline is included in this group although technically it is not an amino acid. This class does not include other amino acids even if they have been implicated in protein synthesis.

a standard α amino acid compound structure

Instances:
glycine ,
L-alanine ,
L-arginine ,
L-asparagine ,
L-aspartate ,
L-cysteine ,
L-glutamate ,
L-glutamine ,
L-histidine ,
L-isoleucine ,
L-leucine ,
L-lysine ,
L-methionine ,
L-phenylalanine ,
L-proline ,
L-serine ,
L-threonine ,
L-tryptophan ,
L-tyrosine ,
L-valine

SMILES: C([N+])([R])C([O-])=O

Unification Links: ChEBI:33704

Reactions known to produce the compound:

Not in pathways:
a dipeptide + H2O → 2 a standard α amino acid
a dipeptide with proline at the C-terminal + H2O → L-proline + a standard α amino acid
a tripeptide + H2O → a dipeptide + a standard α amino acid
a dipetide with an N-terminal L-aspartate + H2O → L-aspartate + a standard α amino acid
β-aspartyl dipeptide + H2O → L-aspartate + a standard α amino acid
a protein + H2O → a standard α amino acid + a peptide
a protein + H2O → a peptide + a standard α amino acid
a protein + H2O → a peptide + a standard α amino acid
a peptide + H2O → a standard α amino acid + a peptide
a peptide with an N-terminal X-L-proline + H2O → a standard α amino acid + a peptide with an N-terminal L-proline + H+

Not in pathways:
a carboxylic ester + H2O → an alcohol + a carboxylate + H+
an aldehyde + NADP+ + H2O → a carboxylate + NADPH + 2 H+
an acyl phosphate + H2O → a carboxylate + phosphate + H+
an acyl-CoA + H2O → a carboxylate + coenzyme A + H+
a 1-acyl 2-lyso-phosphatidylcholine + H2O → a carboxylate + sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + H+

In Reactions of unknown directionality:

Not in pathways:
L-methionine + a 2-oxo carboxylate = 2-oxo-4-methylthiobutanoate + a standard α amino acid

Not in pathways:
a 5-L-glutamyl-[peptide][periplasmic space] + an amino acid[periplasmic space] = a 5-L-glutamyl-amino acid[periplasmic space] + a peptide[periplasmic space]

Not in pathways:
a 2-acyl 1-lyso-phosphatidylcholine + H2O = a carboxylate + sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + H+
an aldehyde[periplasmic space] + FAD[periplasmic space] + H2O[periplasmic space] = a carboxylate[periplasmic space] + FADH2[periplasmic space]


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 19.0 on Fri Jul 31, 2015, BIOCYC13B.