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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Compound Class: a standard α amino acid

Synonyms: a protein-building amino acid, a proteinogenic amino acid

Superclasses: an acidall carboxy acidsa carboxylatean amino acidan alpha amino acid
an amino acid or its derivativean amino acidan alpha amino acid


Summary:
This compound class contains the standard set of 20 protein-buliding amino acids. Note that L-proline is included in this group although technically it is not an amino acid. This class does not include other amino acids even if they have been implicated in protein synthesis.

a standard α amino acid compound structure

Instances:
glycine,
L-alanine,
L-arginine,
L-asparagine,
L-aspartate,
L-cysteine,
L-glutamate,
L-glutamine,
L-histidine,
L-isoleucine,
L-leucine,
L-lysine,
L-methionine,
L-phenylalanine,
L-proline,
L-serine,
L-threonine,
L-tryptophan,
L-tyrosine,
L-valine

SMILES: C([N+])([R])C([O-])=O

Unification Links: ChEBI:33704

Reactions known to produce the compound:

Not in pathways:
a dipeptide + H2O → 2 a standard α amino acid
a dipeptide with proline at the C-terminal + H2O → L-proline + a standard α amino acid
a tripeptide + H2O → a dipeptide + a standard α amino acid
a dipetide with an N-terminal L-aspartate + H2O → L-aspartate + a standard α amino acid
β-aspartyl dipeptide + H2O → L-aspartate + a standard α amino acid
a protein + H2O → a standard α amino acid + a peptide
a protein + H2O → a peptide + a standard α amino acid
a protein + H2O → a peptide + a standard α amino acid
a peptide + H2O → a standard α amino acid + a peptide
a peptide with an N-terminal X-L-proline + H2O → a standard α amino acid + a peptide with an N-terminal L-proline + H+

Not in pathways:
a carboxylic ester + H2O → an alcohol + a carboxylate + H+
an aldehyde + NADP+ + H2O → a carboxylate + NADPH + 2 H+
an acyl phosphate + H2O → a carboxylate + phosphate + H+
an acyl-CoA + H2O → a carboxylate + coenzyme A + H+
a 1-acyl 2-lyso-phosphatidylcholine + H2O → a carboxylate + sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + H+

In Reactions of unknown directionality:

Not in pathways:
L-methionine + a 2-oxo carboxylate = 2-oxo-4-methylthiobutanoate + a standard α amino acid

Not in pathways:
a 5-L-glutamyl-[peptide][periplasm] + an amino acid[periplasm] = a 5-L-glutamyl-amino acid[periplasm] + a peptide[periplasm]

Not in pathways:
a 2-acyl 1-lyso-phosphatidylcholine + H2O = a carboxylate + sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + H+
an aldehyde[periplasm] + FAD[periplasm] + H2O[periplasm] = a carboxylate[periplasm] + FADH2[periplasm]

In Transport reactions:
an amino acid[periplasm]an amino acid[extracellular space]


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by Pathway Tools version 19.5 (software by SRI International) on Tue Feb 9, 2016, biocyc13.