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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0006412 - translation

Synonyms: GO:0006416, GO:0006453, GO:0043037, protein anabolism, protein biosynthesis, protein biosynthetic process, protein formation, protein synthesis, protein translation

Definition: The cellular metabolic process in which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome.

Parent Classes:
GO:0044267 - cellular protein metabolic process ,
GO:0034645 - cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process

Part Of:
GO:0010467 - gene expression

Child Classes:
GO:0002181 - cytoplasmic translation (1)

Parts:
GO:0006417 - regulation of translation (69)

Term Members:
predicted ATP-dependent helicase (yejH) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L4 (rplD) ,
selenocysteyl-tRNA-specific translation elongation factor (selB) ,
Cys-tRNAPro and Cys-tRNACys deacylase (ybaK) ,
threonyl-tRNA synthetase (thrS) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S4 (rpsD) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L1 (rplA) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S7 (rpsG) ,
alanyl-tRNA synthetase (alaS) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L25 (rplY) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S21 (rpsU) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S22 (sra) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L5 (rplE) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L22 (rplV) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L24 (rplX) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L3 (rplC) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L2 (rplB) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L18 (rplR) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S17 (rpsQ) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S14 (rpsN) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L6 (rplF) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L30 (rpmD) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L21 (rplU) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L17 (rplQ) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S15 (rpsO) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L23 (rplW) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L16 (rplP) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L14 (rplN) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L13 (rplM) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S9 (rpsI) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S8 (rpsH) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S5 (rpsE) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S3 (rpsC) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S2 (rpsB) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S20 (rpsT) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S19 (rpsS) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S18 (rpsR) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S16 (rpsP) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S13 (rpsM) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S11 (rpsK) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S10 (rpsJ) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L9 (rplI) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L36 (rpmJ) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L35 (rpmI) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L34 (rpmH) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L33 (rpmG) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L32 (rpmF) ,
predicted ribosomal protein (ykgM) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L31 (rpmE) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L29 (rpmC) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L28 (rpmB) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L27 (rpmA) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L19 (rplS) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L12 (rplL) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L11 (rplK) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L10 (rplJ) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L15 (rplO) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S6 (rpsF) ,
adenylate kinase (adk) ,
elongation factor 4 (lepA) ,
ribosome maturation protein (rimP) ,
endoribonuclease involved in maturation of 16S rRNA and ribosome quality control (ybeY) ,
protein chain initiation factor IF-1 (infA) ,
histidyl-tRNA synthetase (hisS) ,
predicted peptide chain release factor (prfH) ,
10-formyltetrahydrofolate:L-methionyl-tRNAfMet N-formyltransferase (fmt) ,
aspartyl-tRNA synthetase (aspS) ,
cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase (cysS) ,
prolyl-tRNA synthetase (proS) ,
arginyl-tRNA synthetase (argS) ,
ribosomal protein S6 modification protein (rimK) ,
tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (tyrS) ,
lysyl-tRNA synthetase (lysU) ,
lysyl tRNA synthetase (LysRSs), constitutive (lysS) ,
asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase (asnS) ,
seryl-tRNA synthetase (serS) ,
selenocysteine synthase (selA) ,
protein chain initiation factor IF-3 (infC) ,
protein chain initiation factor IF2 (infB) ,
protein chain elongation factor EF-Ts (tsf) ,
peptide deformylase ,
phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase α-chain (pheS) ,
leucyl-tRNA synthetase (leuS) ,
phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase β-chain (pheT) ,
valyl-tRNA synthetase (valS) ,
peptide chain release factor RF2 (prfB) ,
glutamyl-tRNA synthetase (gltX) ,
glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase (glnS) ,
glycyl-tRNA synthetase, β subunit (glyS) ,
glycyl-tRNA synthetase, α subunit (glyQ) ,
methionyl-tRNA synthetase (metG) ,
isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (ileS) ,
tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (trpS) ,
rrfH 5S ribosomal RNA ,
rrfG 5S ribosomal RNA ,
rrfF 5S ribosomal RNA ,
rrfE 5S ribosomal RNA ,
rrfD 5S ribosomal RNA ,
rrfC 5S ribosomal RNA ,
rrfB 5S ribosomal RNA ,
rrsH 16S ribosomal RNA ,
rrsG 16S ribosomal RNA ,
rrsE 16S ribosomal RNA ,
rrsD 16S ribosomal RNA ,
rrsC 16S ribosomal RNA ,
rrsB 16S ribosomal RNA ,
rrlH 23S ribosomal RNA ,
rrlG 23S ribosomal RNA ,
rrlE 23S ribosomal RNA ,
rrlD 23S ribosomal RNA ,
rrlC 23S ribosomal RNA ,
rrlB 23S ribosomal RNA ,
DsrA small regulatory RNA; riboregulator of RpoS and H-NS production ,
peptide chain release factor RF3 (prfC) ,
protein chain elongation factor EF-P (efp) ,
protein possibly involved in ribosome structure or function (typA) ,
translation initiation factor (yciH) ,
elongation factor Tu (tufB) ,
elongation factor Tu (tufA) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S12 (rpsL) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S1 (rpsA) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L20 (rplT) ,
peptide chain release factor RF1 (prfA) ,
elongation factor G (fusA) ,
ribosome recycling factor (frr)

Unification Links: GO:0006412


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Fri Nov 28, 2014, biocyc14.