Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0007059 - chromosome segregation

Synonyms: chromosome division

Definition: The process in which genetic material, in the form of chromosomes, is organized into specific structures and then physically separated and apportioned to two or more sets. In eukaryotes, chromosome segregation begins with the condensation of chromosomes, includes chromosome separation, and ends when chromosomes have completed movement to the spindle poles.

Parent Classes:
GO:0044763 - single-organism cellular process

Child Classes:
GO:0098813 - nuclear chromosome segregation

GO:0051304 - chromosome separation (1),
GO:0007062 - sister chromatid cohesion (4)

Term Members:
membrane ATPase of the MinC-MinD-MinE system that regulates septum placement,
Clamp-binding sister replication fork colocalization protein (crfC),
topoisomerase IV subunit B (parE),
macrodomain Ter protein (matP),
DNA gyrase, subunit A,
DNA gyrase, subunit B (gyrB),
GTPase involved in chromosome partitioning and ribosome assembly (obgE),
topoisomerase IV subunit A (parC),
sugar / lactose efflux transporter SetB,
Ca2+-binding protein involved in chromosome partitioning (mukF),
essential cell division protein FtsK,
protein involved in chromosome partitioning (mukE),
cell division protein involved in chromosome partitioning (mukB),
site-specific recombinase (xerD),
site-specific tyrosine recombinase (xerC)

Unification Links: GO:0007059

Relationship Links: Wikipedia:RELATED-TO:Chromosome_segregation

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
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