Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0009252 - peptidoglycan biosynthetic process

Synonyms: GO:0009285, murein biosynthesis, murein biosynthetic process, peptidoglycan anabolism, peptidoglycan biosynthesis, peptidoglycan formation, peptidoglycan synthesis

Definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of peptidoglycans, any of a class of glycoconjugates found in bacterial cell walls.

Parent Classes:
GO:0000270 - peptidoglycan metabolic process ,
GO:0006024 - glycosaminoglycan biosynthetic process ,
GO:0044038 - cell wall macromolecule biosynthetic process ,
GO:0044763 - single-organism cellular process

Part Of:
GO:0009273 - peptidoglycan-based cell wall biogenesis

Child Classes:
GO:0018104 - peptidoglycan-protein cross-linking (3)

Term Members:
rod shape-determining membrane protein; sensitivity to radiation and drugs (mrdB) ,
L,D-transpeptidase YcfS (ldtC) ,
L,D-transpeptidase ErfK (ldtA) ,
L,D-transpeptidase YbiS (ldtB) ,
outer membrane lipoprotein - activator of PBP1B activity (lpoB) ,
outer membrane lipoprotein - activator of PBP1A activity (lpoA) ,
phosphatidylglycerophosphatase [multifunctional] (pgpB) ,
L,D-transpeptidase LdtE ,
L,D-transpeptidase LdtD ,
conserved protein (yafK) ,
lipid II flippase (murJ) ,
L,D-carboxypeptidase A (ldcA) ,
β-N-acetylhexosaminidase (nagZ) ,
undecaprenyl pyrophosphate phosphatase (bacA) ,
subunit of undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase (ispU) ,
UDP-N-acetylmuramate:L-alanyl-γ-D-glutamyl-meso-diaminoheptanedioate-D-alanine ligase [multifunctional] (mpl) ,
DD-carboxypeptidase, penicillin-binding protein 6b (dacD) ,
meso-diaminopimelic acid-D-alanyl endopeptidase / D-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase (dacB) ,
D-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase, fraction A; penicillin-binding protein 5 (dacA) ,
GlmU ,
essential cell division protein FtsW; lipid II flippase ,
alanine racemase 1, PLP-binding, biosynthetic (alr) ,
penicillin-binding protein 6 (dacC) ,
penicillin-binding protein 7 (pbpG) ,
peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase (pbpC) ,
D-alanyl-D-alanine-adding enzyme (murF) ,
UDP-N-acetylenolpyruvoylglucosamine reductase (murB) ,
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine enolpyruvoyl transferase (murA) ,
UDP-N-acetylmuramoylalanyl-D-glutamate 2,6-diaminopimelate ligase (murE) ,
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine:D-glutamate ligase (murD) ,
UDP-N-acetylmuramate-alanine ligase (murC) ,
phospho-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide transferase (mraY) ,
N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase (murG) ,
glutamate racemase (murI) ,
biosynthetic peptidoglycan transglycosylase (mtgA) ,
membrane-bound lytic murein transglycosylase A (mltA) ,
membrane-bound lytic murein transglycosylase B (mltB) ,
scaffolding protein that interacts with murein polymerase and murein hydrolase (mipA) ,
D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptidase (ddpX) ,
undecaprenyl pyrophosphate phosphatase (ybjG) ,
MrcA ,
cell shape; peptidoglycan synthetase; penicillin-binding protein 2 (mrdA) ,
MrcB ,
MepA ,
essential cell division protein FtsI; penicillin-binding protein 3 ,
D-alanine-D-alanine ligase B (ddlB) ,
D-alanine-D-alanine ligase A (ddlA)

Unification Links: GO:0009252

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
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