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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0055085 - transmembrane transport

Synonyms: membrane transport

Definition: The process in which a solute is transported from one side of a membrane to the other.

Summary:
Transmembrane transport requires transport of a solute across a lipid bilayer. Note that transport through the nuclear pore complex is not transmembrane because the nuclear membrane is a double membrane and is not traversed. For transport through the nuclear pore, consider instead the term 'nucleocytoplasmic transport ; GO:0006913' and its children. Note also that this term is not intended for use in annotating lateral movement within membranes.

Parent Classes:
GO:0044763 - single-organism cellular process,
GO:0044765 - single-organism transport

Child Classes:
GO:0006855 - drug transmembrane transport (29),
GO:0034219 - carbohydrate transmembrane transport (55),
GO:0034220 - ion transmembrane transport (191),
GO:0035461 - vitamin transmembrane transport (4),
GO:0035672 - oligopeptide transmembrane transport (17),
GO:0044718 - siderophore transmembrane transport (2),
GO:0071806 - protein transmembrane transport (27),
GO:0072530 - purine-containing compound transmembrane transport (4),
GO:0072531 - pyrimidine-containing compound transmembrane transport (3),
GO:1901642 - nucleoside transmembrane transport (8),
GO:1901679 - nucleotide transmembrane transport (1),
GO:1902047 - polyamine transmembrane transport (7),
GO:1903825 - organic acid transmembrane transport (75)

Term Members:
putative transport protein, gluconate:H+ symporter (GntP) family (ygbN),
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily - membrane component (ycjP),
predicted protein (ymjB),
YddQ (ddpC),
YddR (ddpB),
putative transporter, nucleobase:cation symporter-1 (NCS1) family (ybbW),
putative transport protein, small multidrug resistance (SMR) family (sugE),
long-chain fatty acid outer membrane porin; bacteriophage T2 receptor (fadL),
integral membrane protein SapC of predicted ABC transporter,
integral membrane protein SapB of predicted ABC transporter,
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily - membrane component (yhhJ),
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily - membrane component (ybhS),
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily - membrane component (ybhR),
murein tripeptide ABC transporter / peptide ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (oppC),
dipeptide ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (dppC),
dipeptide ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (dppB),
cytosine transporter (codB),
periplasmic binding protein SapA of predicted ABC transporter,
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily - periplasmic binding protein (ygiS),
murein tripeptide ABC transporter OppBCDFMppA - periplasmic binding protein,
YddS (ddpA),
glutathione ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (gsiB),
peptide ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (yejA),
nickel ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (nikA),
dipeptide ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (dppA),
peptide ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (oppA),
LptF,
LptG,
LptB,
predicted outer membrane export usher protein (sfmD),
predicted outer membrane usher protein (ybgQ),
predicted outer membrane protein (yhcD),
predicted outer membrane export usher protein (yraJ),
putative outer membrane usher protein (yehB),
putative outer membrane usher protein (htrE),
ferric enterobactin / colicin B / colicin D outer membrane porin FepA,
membrane-associated protein (uidC),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (hcaT),
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily - ATP binding component (ydcT),
predicted lipoprotein (yddL),
putative transport protein, ABC family - ATP binding component (ycjV),
predicted outer membrane porin L (ompL),
L-valine efflux transporter - YgaZ subunit,
outer membrane porin G (ompG),
predicted outer membrane usher protein (elfC),
chitobiose outer membrane porin (chiP),
putative transport protein, glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide (GPH):cation symporter family (yagG),
putrescine / spermidine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (potA),
N-acetylneuraminic acid outer membrane channel (nanC),
partially N-deacetylated poly-β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine outer membrane porin (pgaA),
maltose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (malK),
L-valine efflux transporter - YgaH subunit,
Zn2+ ABC transporter - membrane subunit (znuB),
CP4-6 prophage; predicted ferric transporter subunit/ATP-binding component of ABC superfamily (afuC),
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbDreduced,
peptide ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (yejF),
putative 2,3-dihydroxypropane-1-sulfonate export protein (yihP),
sulfoquinovose transporter (yihO),
CaiT,
thiamin ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (tbpA),
thiamin ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (thiQ),
regulatory ATPase (ravA),
putative transport protein, glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide:cation symporter family (yicJ),
putrescine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (potG),
O-acetylserine / cysteine export protein (eamA),
putative transport protein YaaJ,
FimD monomer,
rhamnose / lyxose:H+ symporter (rhaT),
EmrE,
outer membrane porin protein; locus of qsr prophage (nmpC),
glutamate / aspartate : H+ symporter GltP,
phosphonate ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (phnD),
sulfate / thiosulfate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (cysA),
NhaA,
glycerol-3-phosphate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (ugpC),
phosphate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (pstC),
serine / threonine:Na+ symporter (sstT),
peptide ABC transporter - membrane subunit (yejB),
quorum signal AI-2 exporter (tqsA),
sodium:H+ antiporter (nhaB),
glutamate:sodium symporter (gltS),
ModE,
predicted exopolysaccharide export protein (gfcE),
lipoprotein required for capsular polysaccharide translocation through the outer membrane (wza),
nucleoside channel; receptor of phage T6 and colicin K (tsx),
C4 dicarboxylate / orotate:H+ symporter (dctA),
Mn2+ / Fe2+: H+ symporter MntH,
molybdate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (modC),
OmpC monomer,
D-lactate dehydrogenase (dld),
vitamin B12 / E colicin / bacteriophage BF23 outer membrane porin BtuB,
LamB,
PhoE,
TolC monomer,
melibiose:H+/Na+/Li+ symporter (melB),
lactose / melibiose:H+ symporter LacY,
inner membrane protein - predicted transporter (yjiY),
membrane transport protein; required for proton-motive force (PMF) dependent drug efflux (yqjA),
membrane transport protein; required for proton-motive force (PMF) dependent drug efflux (yghB),
copper / silver efflux system - membrane fusion protein (cusB),
MdtABC-TolC multidrug efflux transport system - putative membrane fusion protein,
multidrug efflux transporter / bile salt:H+ antiporter / Na+:H+ antiporter / K+:H+ antiporter (mdtM),
ActP monomer,
glutathione / L-cysteine efflux transporter - CydD subunit,
glutathione / L-cysteine efflux transporter - CydC subunit,
AcrAB-TolC multidrug efflux system - membrane fusion protein,
Ni2+ / Co2+ / Mg2+ transporter (corA),
heavy metal divalent cation transporter ZupT,
undecaprenyl-phosphate-α-L-Ara4N flippase - ArnE subunit,
undecaprenyl-phosphate-α-L-Ara4N flippase - ArnF subunit,
S-methyl-L-methionine transporter (mmuP),
galactarate / glucarate / glycerate transporter GudP,
YgcS MFS transporter,
urate:H+ symporter (uacT),
guanine / hypoxanthine transporter GhxQ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (yajR),
L-asparagine transporter,
3-hydroxyphenylpropionate / 3-hydroxycinnamate:H+ symporter (mhpT),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yfcJ),
putative transport protein - major facilitator superfamily (ydhP),
potassium dependent mechanosensitive channel MscK,
putative transport protein, nucleobase:cation symporter-2 (NCS2) family (ybbY),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (ydfJ),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yqcE),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yfaV),
shikimate:H+ symporter (shiA),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yebQ),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (ydjK),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (ydiN),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (ydiM),
inner membrane protein YdhJ,
chloride ion transporter ClcB,
putrescine:H+ symporter PuuP,
uracil:H+ symporter RutG,
MacAB-TolC macrolide efflux transport system - membrane fusion protein,
inner membrane protein YbjJ,
putative transport protein, ion transporter (IT) superfamily (ybiR),
mechanosensitive channel YbiO monomer,
putative transport protein, divalent anion:Na+ symporter (DASS) family (ybhI),
multidrug efflux transporter MdtH,
putative transport protein (yfeO),
xanthine:H+ symporter XanQ,
predicted Zn(II) transporter (ydaN),
AqpZ monomer,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS), implicated in the response to tellurite and selenite (tsgA),
EmrKY putative multidrug efflux transporter - membrane subunit (emrY),
EmrKY-TolC multidrug efflux transport system - membrane fusion protein,
fosmidomycin efflux transporter (fsr),
hydroxylated, aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter - putative membrane fusion protein (aaeA),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (ynfM),
tartrate:succinate antiporter (ttdT),
galactonate:H+ symporter (lgoT),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yjhB),
mechanosensitive channel of miniconductance McsM monomer (mscM),
lysophospholipid transporter (lplT),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (ydjE),
nitrate / nitrite transporter NarU,
putative membrane fusion protein (MFP) component of efflux pump (yiaV),
putative transporter, major facilitator superfamily (yhjX),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yhjE),
MdtEF-TolC multidrug efflux transport system - membrane fusion protein,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yhhS),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (ydhC),
ClcA,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (mdtD),
microcin J25 efflux protein, putative ABC superfamily: membrane component / ATP-binding component (yojI),
sugar / lactose efflux transporter SetB,
putative transport protein, monovalent cation:proton antiporter-1 family (yjcE),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yihN),
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily - fused membrane component, ATP-binding component (yddA),
Na+ / K+:H+ antiporter ChaA,
putative transport protein YaaU, major facilitator superfamily (MFS),
sugar / lactose efflux transporter SetA,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (hsrA),
adenine:H+ symporter (adeP),
multidrug efflux transporter MdtL,
putative transport protein, sodium:solute symport family (yidK),
multidrug efflux transporter EmrD,
adenine transporter (adeQ),
inner membrane protein SetC - putative arabinose efflux protein,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (ydeE),
arabinose efflux transporter (ydeA),
multidrug efflux transporter Bcr,
putative transport protein, amino acid transporter family (yifK),
EmrAB-TolC multidrug efflux transport system - membrane fusion protein,
multidrug efflux transporter MdtG,
lysine:H+ symporter (lysP),
4-aminobutyrate:H+ symporter (gabP),
phenylalanine:H+ symporter PheP,
AcrEF-TolC multidrug efflux system - membrane fusion protein,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (araJ),
K+ transporter TrkG,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (ycaD),
pantothenate:Na+ symporter (panF),
aromatic amino acid:H+ symporter AroP,
fucose:H+ symporter (fucP),
nitrate:nitrite antiporter NarK,
mechanosensitive channel MscS monomer,
ProP,
xanthine:H+ symporter XanP,
uracil:H+ symporter UraA,
xylose:H+ symporter (xylE),
hexose-6-phosphate:phosphate antiporter (uhpT),
K+ transporter TrkH,
SbmA,
inner membrane protein YibH,
putative transport protein (yfbS),
C4 dicarboxylate / C4 monocarboxylate transporter DauA,
guanine / hypoxanthine transporter GhxP,
multidrug efflux transporter MdfA (multifunctional),
α-ketoglutarate:H+ symporter (kgtP),
galactose:H+ symporter (galP),
EmrAB-TolC multidrug efflux transport system - membrane subunit (emrB),
mechanosensitive channel YnaI monomer,
citrate:succinate antiporter (citT),
arabinose:H+ symporter (araE),
muropeptide:H+ symporter (ampG),
purine ribonucleoside efflux transporter (nepI),
mechanosensitive channel of miniconductance YbdG monomer,
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily (mdlB),
proline:H+ symporter - cryptic (proY),
serine / alanine / glycine / cycloserine:H+symporter (cycA),
galactarate / glucarate / glycerate transporter GarP,
hexuronate transporter (exuT),
galactonate transporter (dgoT),
putative transport protein, auxin efflux carrier family (yfdV),
inner membrane protein sensing glucose-6-phosphate (uhpC),
glycerol-3-phosphate:phosphate antiporter (glpT),
proline:Na+ symporter (putP),
tellurite resistance protein / ethidium efflux transporter (tehA),
cystine efflux transporter (yijE),
putative transport protein, drug/metabolite exporter family (yedA),
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (ydcO),
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily (mdlA),
drug (nitroimidazole) efflux transporter (nimT),
ATP-binding lipopolysaccharide transport protein (msbA),
inner membrane protein YrbG,
N-acetylneuraminate:H+ symporter (nanT),
cyanate transporter (cynX)

Unification Links: GO:0055085

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by Pathway Tools version 19.5 (software by SRI International) on Thu May 5, 2016, biocyc14.