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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0055085 - transmembrane transport

Synonyms: membrane transport

Definition: The process in which a solute is transported from one side of a membrane to the other.

Summary:
Transmembrane transport requires transport of a solute across a lipid bilayer. Note that transport through the nuclear pore complex is not transmembrane because the nuclear membrane is a double membrane and is not traversed. For transport through the nuclear pore, consider instead the term 'nucleocytoplasmic transport ; GO:0006913' and its children. Note also that this term is not intended for use in annotating lateral movement within membranes.

Parent Classes:
GO:0044763 - single-organism cellular process ,
GO:0044765 - single-organism transport

Child Classes:
GO:0006855 - drug transmembrane transport (27) ,
GO:0034219 - carbohydrate transmembrane transport (51) ,
GO:0034220 - ion transmembrane transport (180) ,
GO:0035461 - vitamin transmembrane transport (4) ,
GO:0035672 - oligopeptide transmembrane transport (17) ,
GO:0044718 - siderophore transmembrane transport (2) ,
GO:0071806 - protein transmembrane transport (28) ,
GO:0072530 - purine-containing compound transmembrane transport (4) ,
GO:0072531 - pyrimidine-containing compound transmembrane transport (3) ,
GO:0098660 - inorganic ion transmembrane transport (90) ,
GO:0098661 - inorganic anion transmembrane transport (18) ,
GO:0098662 - inorganic cation transmembrane transport (75) ,
GO:1901642 - nucleoside transmembrane transport (8) ,
GO:1901679 - nucleotide transmembrane transport (1) ,
GO:1902047 - polyamine transmembrane transport (7) ,
GO:1903825 - organic acid transmembrane transport (67)

Term Members:
periplasmic binding protein SapA of predicted ABC transporter ,
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily - periplasmic binding protein (ygiS) ,
murein tripeptide ABC transporter OppBCDFMppA - periplasmic binding protein ,
YddS (ddpA) ,
glutathione ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (gsiB) ,
peptide ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (yejA) ,
nickel ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (nikA) ,
dipeptide ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (dppA) ,
peptide ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (oppA) ,
LptF ,
LptG ,
LptB ,
predicted outer membrane export usher protein (sfmD) ,
AI-2 ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (lsrA) ,
predicted outer membrane usher protein (ybgQ) ,
predicted outer membrane protein (yhcD) ,
predicted outer membrane export usher protein (yraJ) ,
putative outer membrane usher protein (yehB) ,
putative outer membrane usher protein (htrE) ,
ferric enterobactin / colicin B / colicin D outer membrane porin FepA ,
membrane-associated protein (uidC) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (hcaT) ,
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily - ATP binding component (ydcT) ,
predicted lipoprotein (yddL) ,
putative transport protein, ABC family - ATP binding component (ycjV) ,
predicted outer membrane porin L (ompL) ,
L-valine efflux transporter - YgaZ subunit ,
predicted protein, middle fragment (yedS_2) ,
predicted protein, C-ter fragment (yedS_3) ,
predicted protein, N-ter fragment (yedS_1) ,
outer membrane porin OmpG ,
predicted outer membrane usher protein (elfC) ,
chitobiose outer membrane porin (chiP) ,
putative transport protein, glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide (GPH):cation symporter family (yagG) ,
putrescine / spermidine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (potA) ,
N-acetylneuraminic acid outer membrane channel (nanC) ,
partially N-deacetylated poly-β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine outer membrane porin (pgaA) ,
maltose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (malK) ,
phosphate transporter (pitB) ,
L-valine efflux transporter - YgaH subunit ,
Zn2+ ABC transporter - membrane subunit (znuB) ,
CP4-6 prophage; predicted ferric transporter subunit/ATP-binding component of ABC superfamily (afuC) ,
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbDreduced ,
peptide ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (yejF) ,
putative 2,3-dihydroxypropane-1-sulfonate export protein (yihP) ,
sulfoquinovose transporter (yihO) ,
CaiT ,
thiamin ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (tbpA) ,
thiamin ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (thiQ) ,
regulatory ATPase (ravA) ,
putative transport protein, glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide:cation symporter family (yicJ) ,
putrescine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (potG) ,
O-acetylserine / cysteine export protein (eamA) ,
L-methionine / D-methionine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (metN) ,
putative transport protein YaaJ ,
FimD monomer ,
rhamnose / lyxose:H+ symporter (rhaT) ,
EmrE ,
outer membrane porin protein; locus of qsr prophage (nmpC) ,
glutamate / aspartate : H+ symporter GltP ,
phosphonate ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (phnD) ,
sulfate / thiosulfate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (cysA) ,
NhaA ,
glycerol-3-phosphate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (ugpC) ,
phosphate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (pstC) ,
serine / threonine:Na+ symporter (sstT) ,
peptide ABC transporter - membrane subunit (yejB) ,
quorum signal AI-2 exporter (tqsA) ,
sodium:H+ antiporter (nhaB) ,
glutamate:sodium symporter (gltS) ,
dicarboxylate transporter DcuB ,
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit II (cyoA) ,
ModE ,
predicted exopolysaccharide export protein (gfcE) ,
lipoprotein required for capsular polysaccharide translocation through the outer membrane (wza) ,
nucleoside channel; receptor of phage T6 and colicin K (tsx) ,
C4 dicarboxylate / orotate:H+ symporter (dctA) ,
Mn2+ / Fe2+: H+ symporter MntH ,
MscL ,
molybdate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (modC) ,
OmpC ,
D-lactate dehydrogenase (dld) ,
vitamin B12 / E colicin / bacteriophage BF23 outer membrane porin BtuB ,
LamB ,
PhoE ,
TolC monomer ,
melibiose:H+/Na+/Li+ symporter (melB) ,
lactose / melibiose:H+ symporter LacY ,
inner membrane protein - predicted transporter (yjiY) ,
membrane transport protein; required for proton-motive force (PMF) dependent drug efflux (yqjA) ,
membrane transport protein; required for proton-motive force (PMF) dependent drug efflux (yghB) ,
copper / silver efflux system - membrane fusion protein (cusB) ,
MdtABC-TolC multidrug efflux transport system - putative membrane fusion protein ,
multidrug efflux transporter / bile salt:H+ antiporter / Na+:H+ antiporter / K+:H+ antiporter (mdtM) ,
SdsRQP multidrug efflux transport system - predicted membrane fusion protein (mdtN) ,
ActP monomer ,
glutathione / L-cysteine efflux transporter - CydD subunit ,
glutathione / L-cysteine efflux transporter - CydC subunit ,
AcrAB-TolC multidrug efflux system - membrane fusion protein ,
Ni2+ / Co2+ / Mg2+ transporter (corA) ,
heavy metal divalent cation transporter ZupT ,
undecaprenyl-phosphate-α-L-Ara4N flippase - ArnE subunit ,
undecaprenyl-phosphate-α-L-Ara4N flippase - ArnF subunit ,
S-methyl-L-methionine transporter (mmuP) ,
galactarate / glucarate / glycerate transporter GudP ,
YgcS MFS transporter ,
urate:H+ symporter (uacT) ,
guanine / hypoxanthine transporter GhxQ ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (yajR) ,
L-asparagine transporter ,
3-hydroxyphenylpropionate / 3-hydroxycinnamate:H+ symporter (mhpT) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yfcJ) ,
putative transport protein - major facilitator superfamily (ydhP) ,
potassium dependent mechanosensitive channel MscK ,
putative transport protein, nucleobase:cation symporter-2 (NCS2) family (ybbY) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (ydfJ) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yqcE) ,
putative transporter, major facilitator superfamily; pseudogene (ygaX) ,
putative transporter, major facilitator superfamily; pseudogene (ygaY) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yfaV) ,
shikimate:H+ symporter (shiA) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yebQ) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (ydjK) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (ydiN) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (ydiM) ,
inner membrane protein YdhJ ,
chloride ion transporter ClcB ,
putrescine:H+ symporter PuuP ,
uracil:H+ symporter RutG ,
MacAB-TolC macrolide efflux transport system - membrane fusion protein ,
inner membrane protein YbjJ ,
putative transport protein, ion transporter (IT) superfamily (ybiR) ,
mechanosensitive channel YbiO monomer ,
predicted membrane fusion protein (ybhG) ,
putative transport protein, divalent anion:Na+ symporter (DASS) family (ybhI) ,
multidrug efflux transporter MdtH ,
putative transport protein (yfeO) ,
xanthine:H+ symporter XanQ ,
putative zinc transport protein (ydaN) ,
AqpZ monomer ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS), implicated in the response to tellurite and selenite (tsgA) ,
EmrKY putative multidrug efflux transporter - membrane subunit (emrY) ,
EmrKY-TolC multidrug efflux transport system - membrane fusion protein ,
fosmidomycin efflux transporter (fsr) ,
hydroxylated, aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter - putative membrane fusion protein (aaeA) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (ynfM) ,
tartrate:succinate antiporter (ttdT) ,
galactonate:H+ symporter (lgoT) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yjhB) ,
mechanosensitive channel of miniconductance McsM monomer (mscM) ,
lysophospholipid transporter (lplT) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (ydjE) ,
nitrate / nitrite transporter NarU ,
putative membrane fusion protein (MFP) component of efflux pump (yiaV) ,
putative transporter, major facilitator superfamily (yhjX) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yhjE) ,
MdtEF-TolC multidrug efflux transport system - membrane fusion protein ,
predicted HlyD family secretion protein (yhiI) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yhhS) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (ydhC) ,
ClcA ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (mdtD) ,
microcin J25 efflux protein, putative ABC superfamily: membrane component / ATP-binding component (yojI) ,
sugar / lactose efflux transporter SetB ,
putative transport protein, monovalent cation:proton antiporter-1 family (yjcE) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (yihN) ,
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily - fused membrane component, ATP-binding component (yddA) ,
Na+ / K+:H+ antiporter ChaA ,
putative transport protein YaaU, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) ,
sugar / lactose efflux transporter SetA ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (hsrA) ,
adenine:H+ symporter (adeP) ,
multidrug efflux transporter MdtL ,
putative transport protein, sodium:solute symport family (yidK) ,
multidrug efflux transporter EmrD ,
adenine transporter (adeQ) ,
inner membrane protein SetC - putative arabinose efflux protein ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (ydeE) ,
arabinose efflux transporter (ydeA) ,
multidrug efflux transporter Bcr ,
putative transport protein, amino acid transporter family (yifK) ,
EmrAB-TolC multidrug efflux transport system - membrane fusion protein ,
multidrug efflux transporter MdtG ,
lysine:H+ symporter (lysP) ,
4-aminobutyrate:H+ symporter (gabP) ,
phenylalanine:H+ symporter PheP ,
AcrEF-TolC multidrug efflux system - membrane fusion protein ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (araJ) ,
K+ transporter TrkG ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (ycaD) ,
pantothenate:Na+ symporter (panF) ,
aromatic amino acid:H+ symporter AroP ,
fucose:H+ symporter (fucP) ,
nitrate:nitrite antiporter NarK ,
mechanosensitive channel MscS monomer ,
ProP ,
xanthine:H+ symporter XanP ,
uracil:H+ symporter UraA ,
xylose:H+ symporter (xylE) ,
hexose-6-phosphate:phosphate antiporter (uhpT) ,
K+ transporter TrkH ,
SbmA ,
inner membrane protein YibH ,
putative transport protein (yfbS) ,
C4 dicarboxylate / C4 monocarboxylate transporter DauA ,
guanine / hypoxanthine transporter GhxP ,
multidrug efflux transporter MdfA (multifunctional) ,
α-ketoglutarate:H+ symporter (kgtP) ,
galactose:H+ symporter (galP) ,
EmrAB-TolC multidrug efflux transport system - membrane subunit (emrB) ,
mechanosensitive channel YnaI monomer ,
citrate:succinate antiporter (citT) ,
arabinose:H+ symporter (araE) ,
muropeptide:H+ symporter (ampG) ,
purine ribonucleoside efflux transporter (nepI) ,
mechanosensitive channel of miniconductance YbdG monomer ,
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily (mdlB) ,
proline:H+ symporter - cryptic (proY) ,
serine / alanine / glycine / cycloserine:H+symporter (cycA) ,
galactarate / glucarate / glycerate transporter GarP ,
hexuronate transporter (exuT) ,
galactonate transporter (dgoT) ,
putative transport protein, auxin efflux carrier family (yfdV) ,
putrescine:H+ symporter PlaP ,
inner membrane protein sensing glucose-6-phosphate (uhpC) ,
glycerol-3-phosphate:phosphate antiporter (glpT) ,
proline:Na+ symporter (putP) ,
tellurite resistance protein / ethidium efflux transporter (tehA) ,
cystine efflux transporter (yijE) ,
putative transport protein, drug/metabolite exporter family (yedA) ,
putative transport protein, major facilitator superfamily (MFS) (ydcO) ,
putative transport protein, ABC superfamily (mdlA) ,
drug (nitroimidazole) efflux transporter (nimT) ,
ATP-binding lipopolysaccharide transport protein (msbA) ,
inner membrane protein YrbG ,
N-acetylneuraminate:H+ symporter (nanT) ,
cyanate transporter (cynX)

Unification Links: GO:0055085


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 19.0 on Tue Sep 1, 2015, biocyc13.