Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Compound: ammonium

Synonyms: NH4+

Superclasses: an ion a cation

Component of:
ammonium heptamolybdate
diammonium phosphate
monoammonium dihydrogen phosphate
ammonium molybdate
ammonium sulfate
ammonium chloride

Chemical Formula: H4N

Molecular Weight: 18.038 Daltons

Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 18.0343741336 Daltons

SMILES: [NH4+]

InChI: InChI=1S/H3N/h1H3/p+1

InChIKey: InChIKey=QGZKDVFQNNGYKY-UHFFFAOYSA-O

Unification Links: CAS:14798-03-9 , ChEBI:28938 , ChemSpider:218 , HMDB:HMDB41827 , IAF1260:33515 , KEGG:C01342 , MetaboLights:MTBLC28938 , PubChem:223

Standard Gibbs Free Energy of Change Formation (ΔfG in kcal/mol): 0.0

Reactions known to consume the compound:

asparagine biosynthesis II :
L-aspartate + ammonium + ATP → L-asparagine + AMP + diphosphate + H+

glutamine biosynthesis I , Nitrogen Regulation Two-Component System :
ammonium + L-glutamate + ATP → L-glutamine + ADP + phosphate + H+

NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) :
ammonium + ATP + nicotinate adenine dinucleotide → AMP + NAD+ + diphosphate + H+

preQ0 biosynthesis :
7-carboxy-7-deazaguanine + ammonium + ATP → preQ0 + ADP + phosphate + H+ + H2O

Not in pathways:
a tRNA 2-thiouridine34 + a 5,10-methylene-tetrahydrofolate + ammonium + GTP + H2O → a tRNA containing 5-aminomethyl-2-thiouridine + a 7,8-dihydrofolate + GDP + phosphate
XMP + ammonium + ATP → GMP + AMP + diphosphate + 2 H+
2 ATP + hydrogen carbonate + ammonium → 2 ADP + carbamoyl-phosphate + phosphate + 2 H+
ATP + UTP + ammonium → ADP + CTP + phosphate + 2 H+

Reactions known to produce the compound:

adenine and adenosine salvage III , adenine and adenosine salvage V , adenosine nucleotides degradation II , purine ribonucleosides degradation :
adenosine + H+ + H2O → ammonium + inosine

alanine degradation I :
D-alanine + an electron-transfer-related quinone[inner membrane] + H2O → ammonium + pyruvate + an electron-transfer-related quinol[inner membrane]

allantoin degradation IV (anaerobic) :
ammonium + CO2 + ATP ← carbamoyl-phosphate + ADP + 2 H+

allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) :
S-ureidoglycine + H2O → S-ureidoglycolate + ammonium
allantoate + 2 H+ + H2O → S-ureidoglycine + ammonium + CO2

arginine degradation II (AST pathway) :
N2-succinyl-L-arginine + 2 H+ + 2 H2O → 2 ammonium + N2-succinyl-L-ornithine + CO2

asparagine degradation I , superpathway of aspartate and asparagine biosynthesis; interconversion of aspartate and asparagine :
L-asparagine + H2O → L-aspartate + ammonium

cyanate degradation :
carbamate + 2 H+ammonium + CO2

D-serine degradation , L-cysteine degradation II , L-serine degradation , tryptophan degradation II (via pyruvate) :
2-iminopropanoate + H+ + H2O → pyruvate + ammonium

ethanolamine utilization :
ethanolamine → ammonium + acetaldehyde

flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants) :
2,5-diamino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribosylamino)pyrimidin-4(3H)-one + H+ + H2O → 5-amino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribosylamino)uracil + ammonium

glutamine degradation I :
L-glutamine + H2O → L-glutamate + ammonium

guanosine nucleotides degradation III :
guanine + H+ + H2O → ammonium + xanthine

isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) , threonine degradation I :
2-iminobutanoate + H+ + H2O → 2-oxobutanoate + ammonium

N10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis :
glycine + a tetrahydrofolate + NAD+ → a 5,10-methylene-tetrahydrofolate + ammonium + CO2 + NADH

NAD salvage pathway I :
β-nicotinamide D-ribonucleotide + H2O → ammonium + β-nicotinate D-ribonucleotide
nicotinamide + H2O → ammonium + nicotinate

phenylethylamine degradation I :
2-phenylethylamine[periplasmic space] + H2O[periplasmic space] + oxygen[periplasmic space] → phenylacetaldehyde[periplasmic space] + ammonium[periplasmic space] + hydrogen peroxide[periplasmic space]

preQ0 biosynthesis :
6-carboxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin + H+ → 7-carboxy-7-deazaguanine + ammonium

purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I :
2'-deoxyadenosine + H+ + H2O → ammonium + 2'-deoxyinosine

putrescine degradation II :
γ-glutamyl-L-putrescine + H2O + oxygen → 4-(γ-glutamylamino)butanal + hydrogen peroxide + ammonium

pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I :
pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate + oxygen + H2O → ammonium + hydrogen peroxide + pyridoxal 5'-phosphate

pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation , salvage pathways of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides :
2'-deoxycytidine + H+ + H2O → 2'-deoxyuridine + ammonium

pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II , superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli) :
dCTP + H+ + H2O → ammonium + dUTP

pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II , pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III :
cytosine + H+ + H2O → ammonium + uracil

pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation , pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I , pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II :
cytidine + H+ + H2O → uridine + ammonium

salvage pathways of pyrimidine ribonucleotides :
cytidine + H+ + H2O → uridine + ammonium
cytosine + H+ + H2O → ammonium + uracil

tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate) :
4 porphobilinogen + H2O → 4 ammonium + hydroxymethylbilane

threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal) :
aminoacetone[periplasmic space] + H2O[periplasmic space] + oxygen[periplasmic space] → methylglyoxal[periplasmic space] + ammonium[periplasmic space] + hydrogen peroxide[periplasmic space]

uracil degradation III :
aminoacrylate + H+ + H2O → malonate semialdehyde + ammonium
carbamate + 2 H+ammonium + CO2

Not in pathways:
a D-amino acid + an electron-transfer-related quinone[inner membrane] + H2O → ammonium + a 2-oxo carboxylate + an electron-transfer-related quinol[inner membrane]
a [protein]-L-glutamine + H2O → a [protein]-α-L-glutamate + ammonium
L-threonine → 2-oxobutanoate + ammonium
isoguanine + H+ + H2O → xanthine + ammonium
an adenosine34 in [tRNAArg2] + H+ + H2O → an inosine34 in [tRNAArg2] + ammonium
a primary amine[periplasmic space] + H2O[periplasmic space] + oxygen[periplasmic space] → an aldehyde[periplasmic space] + ammonium[periplasmic space] + hydrogen peroxide[periplasmic space]
2-iminoacetate + H+ + H2O → glyoxylate + ammonium
L-cysteine + H2O → pyruvate + ammonium + hydrogen sulfide
L-cystathionine + H2O → ammonium + pyruvate + L-homocysteine
an aliphatic amine[periplasmic space] + H2O[periplasmic space] + oxygen[periplasmic space] → an aldehyde[periplasmic space] + ammonium[periplasmic space] + hydrogen peroxide[periplasmic space]
adenine + H+ + H2O → ammonium + hypoxanthine
L-serine → pyruvate + ammonium
2,3-diaminopropanoate + H+ + H2O → 2 ammonium + pyruvate
O-succinyl-L-homoserine + H2O → 2-oxobutanoate + succinate + ammonium + H+
2-aminoprop-2-enoate + H+ + H2O → pyruvate + ammonium
D-cysteine + H2O → ammonium + pyruvate + hydrogen sulfide
ammonium + IMP + NADP+ ← GMP + NADPH + 2 H+
ammonium + an oxidized electron acceptor + H2O ← hydroxylamine + a reduced electron acceptor + H+
ammonium + 3 NAD+ + 2 H2O ← nitrite + 3 NADH + 5 H+

Reactions known to both consume and produce the compound:

glutamate biosynthesis III :
L-glutamate + NADP+ + H2O ↔ ammonium + 2-oxoglutarate + NADPH + H+

glutamate degradation II :
L-aspartate ↔ ammonium + fumarate

glycine cleavage :
a [glycine-cleavage complex H protein] N6-aminomethyldihydrolipoyl-L-lysine + a tetrahydrofolate ↔ a [glycine-cleavage complex H protein] N6-dihydrolipoyl-L-lysine + a 5,10-methylene-tetrahydrofolate + ammonium

N-acetylglucosamine degradation I :
α-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate + H2O ↔ ammonium + β-D-fructofuranose 6-phosphate

Not in pathways:
ammonia + H+ammonium

In Reactions of unknown directionality:

Not in pathways:
D-serine = pyruvate + ammonium
L-tryptophan + H2O = ammonium + indole + pyruvate
pyrazinamide + H2O = ammonium + pyrazine-2-carboxylate

In Transport reactions:
ammonium[periplasmic space]ammonium[cytosol]

In Redox half-reactions:
nitrite[out] + 8 H+[out] + 6 e-ammonium[out] + 2 H2O[out] ,
a 2-oxo carboxylate[in] + ammonium[in] + 2 H+[in] + 2 e- → a D-amino acid[in] + H2O[in] ,
pyruvate[in] + ammonium[in] + 2 H+[in] + 2 e- → D-alanine[in] + H2O[in]

Enzymes activated by ammonium, sorted by the type of activation, are:

Activator (Allosteric) of: carbamoyl phosphate synthetase [Anderson77, Trotta74]

Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: UDP-N-acetyl-D-mannosaminuronic acid dehydrogenase [Kawamura79] , UDP-N-acetylenolpyruvoylglucosamine reductase [Dhalla95, Comment 1] , guanylate kinase [Oeschger66] , RNase D exonuclease [Ghosh78] , tryptophanase [Tokushige89, HogbergRaibaud75, Comment 2] , thiamin kinase [Iwashima72] , malate dehydrogenase [Sanwal69, Spina70] , IMP dehydrogenase [Kerr00, Comment 3] , thiamin monophosphate kinase [Nishino72] , glycerol dehydrogenase [Tang79, Comment 4] , 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine-forming methyltransferase [Hagervall87]

Enzymes inhibited by ammonium, sorted by the type of inhibition, are:

Inhibitor (Mechanism unknown) of: aspartate semialdehyde dehydrogenase [Helmward89, Hegeman70] , dTMP kinase [Helmward89]

This compound has been characterized as a cofactor or prosthetic group of the following enzymes: guanosine-5'-triphosphate, 3'-diphosphate pyrophosphatase , ribonuclease

In Growth Media: PMA carbon source test + N-acetylneuraminate , PMA carbon source test + D-mannose , PMA carbon source test + D-fructose , MOPS medium with 2% glycerol , M63 medium with 2% glycerol , MOPS medium with 2% glucose , MOPS medium with 0.4% glucose , MOPS medium base , Neidhardt EZ rich defined medium , PMA carbon source test + putrescine , Davis and Mingioli glucose minimal medium , Davis and Mingioli medium A , trace metal solution , PMA sulfur source test + 3-sulfinoalanine , PMA carbon source test + citramalate , AB medium with 0.4% acetate , AB medium with 0.2% glucose , M63 medium with 2% glucose , M9 medium with 2% glycerol , M9 medium with 1% glycerol , M9 medium with 0.4% glucose , LB enriched , PMA carbon source test + methyl-β -D-glucoside , M9 medium base , PMA carbon source test + 3-hydroxybutanoate , PMA carbon source test + 2-hydroxybutyrate , ATCC medium 57 , PMA carbon source test + Tween 80 , PMA carbon source test + Tween 40 , PMA carbon source test + Tween 20 , PMA carbon source test + trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline , PMA carbon source test + gelatin , PMA carbon source test + L-galactono-1,4-lactone , PMA carbon source test + α-hydroxyglutarate-γ-lactone , PMA carbon source test + melezitose , PMA carbon source test + D-ribono-1,4-lactone , PMA carbon source test + salicylate , PMA carbon source test + methyl-α-D-galactopyranoside , PMA carbon source test + methyl D-lactate , PMA carbon source test + bromosuccinate , PMA carbon source test + gly-asp , PMA carbon source test + turanose , PMA carbon source test + ala-gly , PMA carbon source test + diacetyl , PMA carbon source test + lactitol , PMA sulfur source test + gly-met , PMA sulfur source test + cysteinylglycine , PMA phosphorus source test + 1D-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakisphosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 3-phospho-D-glycerate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-phospho-D-glycerate , PMA phosphorus source test + cyclic-AMP , PMA phosphorus source test + 3'-adenosine monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphinate , PMA sulfur source test + 4-aminobenzenesulfonate , PMA sulfur source test + ethionine , PMA sulfur source test + sulfolane , PMA sulfur source test + methanesulfonate , PMA sulfur source test + isethionate , PMA sulfur source test + 1-butanesulfonate , PMA sulfur source test + hypotaurine , PMA sulfur source test + taurine , PMA sulfur source test + taurocholate , PMA sulfur source test + lipoamide , PMA sulfur source test + 1-thio-β-D-glucose , PMA sulfur source test + thiourea , PMA sulfur source test + djenkolate , PMA sulfur source test + L-Methionine sulfone , PMA sulfur source test + L-methionine S-oxide , PMA sulfur source test + N-acetyl-DL-methionine , PMA sulfur source test + D-methionine , PMA sulfur source test + met , PMA sulfur source test + glutathione , PMA sulfur source test + lanthionine , PMA sulfur source test + L-cystathionine , PMA sulfur source test + S-methyl-L-cysteine , PMA sulfur source test + N-acetyl-L-cysteine , PMA sulfur source test + cysteamine , PMA sulfur source test + (R)-cysteate , PMA sulfur source test + D-cysteine , PMA sulfur source test + cys , PMA sulfur source test + dithiophosphate , PMA sulfur source test + thiophosphate , PMA sulfur source test + tetrathionate , PMA sulfur source test + thiosulfate , PMA sulfur source test + sulfate , PMA phosphorus source test + thymidine 3'5'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + dTMP , PMA phosphorus source test + thymidine 3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + methylenediphosphonate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-aminoethylphosphonate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphonoacetate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoryl-ethanolamine , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoryl-choline , PMA phosphorus source test + creatine-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-L-tyrosine , PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-D-tyrosine , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 3'5'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 2'3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + UMP , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + L-threonine O-3-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 3-phospho-L-serine , PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-D-serine , PMA phosphorus source test + N-phospho-L-arginine , PMA phosphorus source test + cysteamine S-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + D-mannose 6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + α-D-mannose 1-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 3',5'-cyclic CMP , PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine 2',3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + CMP , PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine-3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 6-phospho-D-gluconate , PMA phosphorus source test + D-glucosamine-6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-deoxy-D-glucose 6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + D-glucose-6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-phosphoglycolate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoenolpyruvate , PMA phosphorus source test + cyclic-GMP , PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 2',3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + GMP , PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + carbamoyl-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + glycerol 2-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + sn-glycerol-3-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + dithiophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + thiophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + adenosine 2'3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + AMP , PMA phosphorus source test + adenosine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + triethyl phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + PPPi , PMA phosphorus source test + trimetaphosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + diphosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphate , PMA carbon source test + acetoin , PMA carbon source test + (R,R)-2,3-butanediol , PMA carbon source test + dihydroxyacetone , PMA carbon source test + 1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-aminoethanol , PMA carbon source test + sec-butylamine , PMA carbon source test + a D,L-carnitine , PMA carbon source test + val , PMA carbon source test + 5-oxoproline , PMA carbon source test + phe , PMA carbon source test + L-ornithine , PMA carbon source test + met , PMA carbon source test + lys , PMA carbon source test + leu , PMA carbon source test + ile , PMA carbon source test + L-homoserine , PMA carbon source test + his , PMA carbon source test + gly , PMA carbon source test + arg , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-L-glutamate , PMA carbon source test + L-alanine amide , PMA carbon source test + acetamide , PMA carbon source test + L-tartrate , PMA carbon source test + D-tartrate , PMA carbon source test + succinamate , PMA carbon source test + sorbate , PMA carbon source test + sebacate , PMA carbon source test + L-quinate , PMA carbon source test + 3-oxalomalate , PMA carbon source test + oxalate , PMA carbon source test + melibionate , PMA carbon source test + malonate , PMA carbon source test + 5-dehydro-D-gluconate , PMA carbon source test + itaconate , PMA carbon source test + 2-ketopentanoate , PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxybutyrate , PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxybenzoate , PMA carbon source test + D-glucosamine , PMA carbon source test + citraconate , PMA carbon source test + hexanoate , PMA carbon source test + caprate , PMA carbon source test + 2-butanoate , PMA carbon source test + 5-aminopentanoate , PMA carbon source test + 4-aminobutyrate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl -D- glucosaminitol , PMA carbon source test + D-xylitol , PMA carbon source test + D-tagatose , PMA carbon source test + stachyose , PMA carbon source test + L-sorbose , PMA carbon source test + sedoheptulose anhydride , PMA carbon source test + salicin , PMA carbon source test + raffinose , PMA carbon source test + palatinose , PMA carbon source test + 1-O-methyl-β-D-xylopyranose , PMA carbon source test + methyl α-D-mannopyranoside , PMA carbon source test + 1-O-methyl-β-D-glucuronate , PMA carbon source test + 3-O-methyl-d-glucose , PMA carbon source test + methyl-β-D-galactoside , PMA carbon source test + methyl α-D-glucoside , PMA carbon source test + maltitol , PMA carbon source test + L-glucose , PMA carbon source test + β-gentiobiose , PMA carbon source test + 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-D-arabinose , PMA carbon source test + D-fucose , PMA carbon source test + erythritol , PMA carbon source test + 2'-deoxyribose , PMA carbon source test + hydroquinone-O-β-D-glucopyranoside , PMA carbon source test + L-arabitol , PMA carbon source test + D-arabitol , PMA carbon source test + D-arabinose , PMA carbon source test + (R)-amygdalin , PMA carbon source test + D-allose , PMA carbon source test + an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine , PMA carbon source test + a pectin , PMA carbon source test + a mannan , PMA carbon source test + a laminaran , PMA carbon source test + an inulin , PMA carbon source test + glycogen , PMA carbon source test + a dextrin , PMA carbon source test + γ-cyclodextrin , PMA carbon source test + β-cyclodextrin , PMA carbon source test + α-cyclodextrin , PMA carbon source test + chondroitin sulfate C , PMA carbon source test + ethanolamine , PMA carbon source test + 2-phenylethylamine , PMA carbon source test + D-galacturonate , PMA carbon source test + pyruvate , PMA carbon source test + glucuronamide , PMA carbon source test + β-L-lyxopyranose , PMA carbon source test + D-psicose , PMA carbon source test + tyramine , PMA carbon source test + 3-hydroxyphenylacetate , PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxyphenylacetate , PMA carbon source test + glycylproline , PMA carbon source test + (S)-malate , PMA carbon source test + (R)-malate , PMA carbon source test + methyl pyruvate , PMA carbon source test + mono-methyl hydrogen succinate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-D-mannosamine , PMA carbon source test + acetoacetate , PMA carbon source test + ala , PMA carbon source test + thr , PMA carbon source test + ser , PMA carbon source test + propane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate , PMA carbon source test + glycyl-L-glutamate , PMA carbon source test + inosine , PMA carbon source test + cellobiose , PMA carbon source test + glyoxylate , PMA carbon source test + glycolate , PMA carbon source test + D-galactarate , PMA carbon source test + propionate , PMA carbon source test + fumarate , PMA carbon source test + D-threonine , PMA carbon source test + myo-inositol , PMA carbon source test + citrate , PMA carbon source test + adenosine , PMA carbon source test + deoxyadenosine , PMA carbon source test + maltotriose , PMA carbon source test + D-ribitol , PMA carbon source test + D-fructose-6-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + meso-tartrate , PMA carbon source test + gln , PMA carbon source test + uridine , PMA carbon source test + sucrose , PMA carbon source test + lactulose , PMA carbon source test + lactose , PMA carbon source test + 2-oxobutanoate , PMA carbon source test + 2-oxoglutarate , PMA carbon source test + L-1,2-propanediol , PMA carbon source test + glucosaminate , PMA carbon source test + D-aspartate , PMA carbon source test + asn , PMA carbon source test + thymidine , PMA carbon source test + melibiose , PMA carbon source test + maltose , PMA carbon source test + α-D-glucose , PMA carbon source test + acetate , PMA carbon source test + L-rhamnose , PMA carbon source test + D-ribose , PMA carbon source test + (RS)-malate , PMA carbon source test + D-galactono-1,4-lactone , PMA carbon source test + D-glucose-6-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + glt , PMA carbon source test + D-mannitol , PMA carbon source test + formate , PMA carbon source test + (S)-lactate , PMA carbon source test + D-xylose , PMA carbon source test + sn-glycerol-3-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + D-gluconate , PMA carbon source test + D-glucuronate , PMA carbon source test + L-fucose , PMA carbon source test + glycerol , PMA carbon source test + D-sorbitol , PMA carbon source test + D-serine , PMA carbon source test + D-galactitol , PMA carbon source test + trehalose , PMA carbon source test + D-alanine , PMA carbon source test + pro , PMA carbon source test + asp , PMA carbon source test + D-galactose , PMA carbon source test + succinate , PMA carbon source test + D-glucarate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine , PMA carbon source test + L-arabinose , Bochner defined minimal medium without phosphorous , Bochner defined minimal medium without sulfur , Bochner defined minimal medium without carbon , Bochner defined minimal medium , Davis and Mingioli Modified medium , M56 medium , AB medium base , M63 medium base


References

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
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