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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Compound: Mg2+

Synonyms: magnesium, Mg+2, Mg++, magnesium ion

Superclasses: an iona cationan inorganic cationa divalent inorganic cation
an ionan inorganic ionan inorganic cationa divalent inorganic cation

Component of:
magnesium hydrogenphosphate
magnesium sulfate
magnesium sulfate heptahydrate

Chemical Formula: Mg

Molecular Weight: 24.305 Daltons

Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 23.9850419 Daltons

SMILES: [Mg++]

InChI: InChI=1S/Mg/q+2


Unification Links: ChEBI:18420, ChemSpider:865, DrugBank:DB01378, HMDB:HMDB00547, IAF1260:1787372, KEGG:C00305, PubChem:888

Standard Gibbs Free Energy of Formation (ΔfG in kcal/mol): 0.0

In Transport reactions:
Mg2+[periplasm] + ATP + H2O → Mg2+[cytosol] + ADP + phosphate + H+,
an ion[periplasm]an ion[extracellular space]

Enzymes activated by Mg2+, sorted by the type of activation, are:

Activator (Allosteric) of: alkaline phosphatase aminopeptidase [Nakata79] Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase [Chen09, Henrich93], Rep helicase [Kornberg78], D-Tyr-tRNATyr deacylase [Soutourina99], pyridoxamine-phosphate transaminase [Beechey57], inorganic triphosphatase [Kohn12], EF-P-lysine lysyltransferase [Ambrogelly10], cyclic di-GMP phosphodiesterase [Lacey10], adenylate kinase [Tan09], glutaminase B [Prusiner76], ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase [HoveJensen86, Willemoes97], D-mannonate oxidoreductase [Portalier72], GDP-mannose 4,6-dehydratase [Sturla97], 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase [Comment 1], polyphosphate kinase [Ahn90, Haeusler92, Comment 2], acyl-CoA:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 1-O-acyltransferase [Vallari82, Comment 3], tRNA(m5U54)methyltransferase [Ny88]

Enzymes inhibited by Mg2+, sorted by the type of inhibition, are:

Inhibitor (Competitive) of: adenine phosphoribosyltransferase [Hochstadt78, Comment 4] Inhibitor (Mechanism unknown) of: D-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase [Amanuma80], lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase [Qian14], 5-aminomethyl-2-thiouridine synthase [Hagervall87], UDP-3-O-(R-3-hydroxymyristoyl)-glucosamine N-acyltransferase [Bartling08], acetoacetyl-[acp] reductase [Price04], RNase I endoribonuclease [Raziuddin79], glutaminase [Brown08], glutaminase [Brown08], Na+ / K+:H+ antiporter ChaA [Ivey93], imidazole glycerol phosphate synthase [Klem93], ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase [Eliasson92, Comment 5], RNase I endoribonuclease [Raziuddin79, Loskot78], dihydrofolate reductase [Baccanari75], 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine-forming methyltransferase [Hagervall87]

This compound has been characterized as a cofactor or prosthetic group of the following enzymes: methionyl-tRNA synthetase, methionyl-tRNA synthetase, ADP-sugar pyrophosphatase, phosphoglycerate kinase, bis(molybdenum cofactor) guanylyltransferase, PII-UMP deuridylylation, molybdopterin adenylyltransferase, UDP-D-glucose:(glucosyl)LPS α-1,3-glucosyltransferase, lipopolysaccharide core heptose (I) kinase, lipoate-AceF ligase, 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate-adenylate:[EntB] 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate transferase, 3' → 5' ssDNA exonuclease, cellulose synthase, nucleoside di- and triphosphate hydrolase, DNA endonuclease, short chain acyl-CoA synthetase, ATP synthase, dTTP pyrophosphatase, UTP pyrophosphatase, succinyl-CoA synthetase, 5-amino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribitylamino)uracil phosphatase, 5-amino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribitylamino)uracil phosphatase, L-1-glycerophophorylethanolamine phosphodiesterase, glycerophosphoserine phosphodiesterase, glycerophosphoglycerol phosphodiesterase, pyridoxal kinase, alkaline phosphatase, RNase R, UDP-N-acetylmuramate:L-alanyl-γ-D-glutamyl-meso-diaminoheptanedioate-D-alanine ligase, inorganic triphosphatase, propanoate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming), 2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase, 5'-nucleotidase, 3'-nucleotidase, malate dehydrogenase, 8-oxo-dGTP diphosphatase, ThiS adenylyltransferase, inorganic pyrophosphatase, GDP-mannose hydrolase, lactose galactohydrolase, alkaline phosphatase, UTP--glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase, phosphatidylglycerophosphatase, peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase, orotate phosphoribosyltransferase, di-trans,poly-cis-decaprenyl diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate undecaprenylcistransferase, (E)-heptaprenyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate octaprenyltranstransferase, D-malate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating), glutamate-cysteine ligase, inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase, xanthosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase, deoxyinosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase, 10-formyltetrahydrofolate:L-methionyl-tRNAfMet N-formyltransferase, c-di-GMP phosphodiesterase, molybdenum cofactor cytidylyltransferase, diacylglycerol kinase, tRNA nucleotidyltransferase, 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate synthase, glucose dehydrogenase, 16S rRNA m62A1518,m62A1519 dimethyltransferase, 2-keto-3-deoxy-L-rhamnonate aldolase, L-rhamnonate dehydratase, adenosine-3'(2'),5'-bisphosphate nucleotidase, glycerol-2-phosphatase, mannokinase, phosphopantetheine adenylyltransferase, pantothenate kinase, transport of a lipopolysaccharide, nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase, phosphoglycolate phosphatase, DNA ligase, glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase, tRNA m1G37 methyltransferase, NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, 2,3-dihydroxy-isovalerate:NADP+ oxidoreductase (isomerizing), D-ribulokinase, acetohydroxybutanoate synthase, glyoxylate carboligase, 4-diphosphocytidyl-2-C-methylerythritol kinase, UDP-N-acetylmuramate:L-alanyl-γ-D-glutamyl-meso-diaminopimelate ligase, 3,4-dihydroxy-2-butanone 4-phosphate synthase, o-succinylbenzoate synthase, serine/threonine kinase, asparagine synthetase, 1-deoxy-D-xylulose kinase, L-aspartate:ammonia ligase (AMP-forming), lysyl-tRNA synthetase, xanthosine-5'-phosphate:L-glutamine amido-ligase (AMP-forming), 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate 8-phosphate phosphatase, D,D-heptose 1,7-bisphosphate phosphatase, pyridoxal phosphatase, trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase, pyridoxal phosphatase, phosphosugar phosphatase, FMN phosphatase, pyridoxal phosphatase, fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase, sugar phosphatase, sugar-phosphatase, β-phosphoglucomutase, inosine-5'-phosphate phosphohydrolase, guanosine-5'-phosphate phosphohydrolase, FMN phosphatase, fructose-1-phosphatase, α-D-glucose-1-phosphatase, 6-phosphogluconate phosphatase, sugar phosphatase, 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase, 6-phosphofructokinase, tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase, valyl-tRNA synthetase, phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase, L-serine:tRNASer ligase (AMP-forming), histidyl-tRNA synthetase, L-rhamnulose kinase, tRNA(i6A37) synthase, nicotinate-mononucleotide adenylyltransferase, ITPase, XTPase, 16S rRNA m2G1207 methyltransferase, glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase, pantothenate synthetase, acetyl-CoA synthetase (AMP-forming), 3-keto-L-gulonate 6-phosphate decarboxylase, 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate cytidylyltransferase, guanosine kinase, 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol synthase, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, DNA primase, dTDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, pyruvate kinase, α-dehydro-β-deoxy-D-glucarate aldolase, anthranilate synthase, tetraacyldisaccharide 4'-kinase, 2-hydroxyglutarate synthase, acetolactate synthase, ribokinase, UDP-N-acetylmuramate-alanine ligase, farnesyl diphosphate synthase, nucleoside diphosphate kinase, dihydroneopterin triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase, methionine adenosyltransferase, enolase, 2-methylisocitrate lyase, phosphoenolpyruvate synthetase, phosphoserine phosphatase, guanosine-5'-triphosphate, 3'-diphosphate pyrophosphatase, guanylate kinase, geranyl diphosphate synthase, 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate octaprenyltransferase, arginyl-tRNA synthetase, adenylosuccinate synthetase, 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase, UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine:D-glutamate ligase, biotin-[acetyl-CoA-carboxylase] ligase, CMP kinase, RNase D exonuclease, isocitrate lyase, glutathione synthetase, dethiobiotin synthetase, acetohydroxybutanoate synthase, pyruvate kinase, γ-glutamyl kinase, inosine kinase, acid phosphatase / phosphotransferase, pyruvate oxidase, glutamyl-tRNA synthetase, homoserine kinase, DNA polymerase, holo-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase, NAD+ synthetase, NH3-dependent, thiamine phosphate synthase, thymidylate synthase, thiamin kinase, ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase, 4-hydroxybenzoate octaprenyltransferase, 2-acylglycerophosphoethanolamine acyltransferase, ribonuclease, L-seryl-adenylate synthase, isochorismate synthase, folylpoly-γ-glutamate synthetase, ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase, citryl-ACP lyase, phosphatidylglycerophosphatase, transketolase, ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase, isocitrate dehydrogenase kinase, ADP-sugar pyrophosphorylase, dihydropteroate synthase, isochorismate synthase, fatty acyl-CoA synthetase, L-fuculokinase, NAD kinase, arginine decarboxylase, biosynthetic, adenylylsulfate kinase, isocitrate dehydrogenase phosphatase, ribonuclease, L-xylulose kinase, imidazoleglycerol-phosphate dehydratase, RNase BN exoribonuclease, RNase T exonuclease, dihydroneopterin triphosphate 2'-epimerase, malate synthase G, thymidine kinase, phosphopantothenoylcysteine synthetase, 6-phosphofructokinase, adenylate kinase, aspartate ammonia-lyase, quinolinate phosphoribosyltransferase (decarboxylating), phosphoglucomutase, Rnase, GTP cyclohydrolase, carbamoyl phosphate synthetase, polynucleotide phosphorylase, o-succinylbenzoate-CoA ligase, NMN adenylyltransferase, 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, glutathionylspermidine synthetase, phosphoribosylglycinamide formyltransferase, acetate kinase, pyrophosphohydrolase, acetylglutamate kinase, acyl carrier protein phosphodiesterase, anhydro-N-acetylmuramic acid kinase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate-AMP ligase, adenine phosphoribosyltransferase, D-glucarate dehydratase, amidophosphoribosyl transferase, oxidized nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (ATP), undecaprenyl-phosphate α-N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase, adenosylmethionine decarboxylase, [protein-PII] uridylyltransferase, 1-phosphofructokinase, histidinol-phosphatase, acetolactate synthase, exopolyphosphatase, glycerol kinase, CTP synthase, galactokinase, CTP:2,3,4-saturated L-phosphatidate cytidylyltransferase, acyl-ACP synthetase, phosphoribosylformylglycinamide cyclo-ligase, hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase, thiamine monophosphate kinase, shikimate kinase, pyruvate dehydrogenase, phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthase, 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate synthase, N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate uridyltransferase, isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase, heme O synthase, 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin pyrophosphokinase, glutamine synthetase adenylyltransferase, glucosamine-1-phosphate acetyltransferase, GDP-mannose mannosyl hydrolase, phosphoribosylformylglycinamide synthetase, GDP-glucose glucosyl hydrolase, phosphodiesterase, c-di-GMP-specific, glutamate-putrescine ligase, ribonuclease, McrBC restriction endonuclease, molybdenum cofactor guanylyltransferase, DNA ligase, selenide, water dikinase, inositol monophosphatase, lipoyl-adenylate--protein ligase, dTMP kinase, deoxyguanosine triphosphate triphosphohydrolase, L-aspartate:L-glutamine amido-ligase (AMP-forming), adenylate cyclase, endonuclease I, gyrase, DNA polymerase, ATP-dependent DNA helicase, DNA polymerase

This compound has been characterized as an alternative cofactor or prosthetic group of the following enzymes: malate dehydrogenase, NAD-requiring, isocitrate dehydrogenase, 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase, malate dehydrogenase, pyridoxal kinase, phenylhydantoinase

Inhibits: ATP + PhoQ sensory histidine kinase → ADP + PhoQ sensory histidine kinase - phosphorylated

In Growth Media: PMA carbon source test + ser, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + N-acetylneuraminate, PMA carbon source test + N-acetylneuraminate, PMA carbon source test + D-mannose, PMA carbon source test + D-fructose, MOPS medium with 2% glycerol, M63 medium with 2% glycerol, MOPS medium with 2% glucose, MOPS medium with 0.4% glucose, MOPS medium base, Neidhardt EZ rich defined medium, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + ethyl-4-aminobutyrate, PMA carbon source test + putrescine, Davis and Mingioli glucose minimal medium, Davis and Mingioli medium A, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + xanthosine, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + xanthine, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + putrescine, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + orotate, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + trp, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + thr, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + L-ornithine, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + glt, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + gln, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + asp, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + asn, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + arg, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + inosine, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + gly, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + D-glucosamine, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + D-alanine, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + cyanate, Gutnick minimal salts medium base + 2'-deoxyinosine, Gutnick minimal salts medium base, PMA sulfur source test + 3-sulfinoalanine, PMA nitrogen source test + L-2-aminopentanoate, PMA carbon source test + citramalate, AB medium with 0.4% acetate, AB medium with 0.2% glucose, M63 medium with 2% glucose, M9 medium with 2% glycerol, M9 medium with 1% glycerol, M9 medium with 0.4% glucose, LB enriched, PMA carbon source test + methyl-β -D-glucoside, M9 medium base, PMA carbon source test + 3-hydroxybutanoate, PMA carbon source test + 2-hydroxybutyrate, ATCC medium 57, PMA carbon source test + Tween 80, PMA carbon source test + Tween 40, PMA carbon source test + Tween 20, PMA carbon source test + trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline, PMA carbon source test + gelatin, PMA carbon source test + L-galactono-1,4-lactone, PMA carbon source test + α-hydroxyglutarate-γ-lactone, PMA nitrogen source test + N-acetyl-D,L-glutamate, PMA carbon source test + melezitose, PMA carbon source test + D-ribono-1,4-lactone, PMA carbon source test + salicylate, PMA carbon source test + methyl-α-D-galactopyranoside, PMA nitrogen source test + D-mannosamine, PMA nitrogen source test + ala-gln, PMA nitrogen source test + ala-asp, PMA nitrogen source test + D,L-lactamide, PMA carbon source test + methyl D-lactate, PMA carbon source test + bromosuccinate, PMA carbon source test + gly-asp, PMA nitrogen source test + ala-his, PMA nitrogen source test + L-Ala-L-Glu, PMA nitrogen source test + ala-thr, PMA nitrogen source test + ala-leu, PMA carbon source test + turanose, PMA carbon source test + ala-gly, PMA nitrogen source test + gln, PMA nitrogen source test + gly-asn, PMA carbon source test + diacetyl, PMA carbon source test + lactitol, PMA nitrogen source test + methionine-alanine dipeptide, PMA nitrogen source test + gly-met, PMA sulfur source test + gly-met, PMA sulfur source test + cysteinylglycine, PMA phosphorus source test + 1D-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakisphosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + 3-phospho-D-glycerate, PMA phosphorus source test + 2-phospho-D-glycerate, PMA phosphorus source test + cyclic-AMP, PMA phosphorus source test + 3'-adenosine monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + phosphinate, PMA sulfur source test + 4-aminobenzenesulfonate, PMA sulfur source test + ethionine, PMA sulfur source test + sulfolane, PMA sulfur source test + methanesulfonate, PMA sulfur source test + isethionate, PMA sulfur source test + 1-butanesulfonate, PMA sulfur source test + hypotaurine, PMA sulfur source test + taurine, PMA sulfur source test + taurocholate, PMA sulfur source test + lipoamide, PMA sulfur source test + 1-thio-β-D-glucose, PMA sulfur source test + thiourea, PMA sulfur source test + djenkolate, PMA sulfur source test + L-Methionine sulfone, PMA sulfur source test + L-methionine S-oxide, PMA sulfur source test + N-acetyl-DL-methionine, PMA sulfur source test + D-methionine, PMA sulfur source test + met, PMA sulfur source test + glutathione, PMA sulfur source test + lanthionine, PMA sulfur source test + L-cystathionine, PMA sulfur source test + S-methyl-L-cysteine, PMA sulfur source test + N-acetyl-L-cysteine, PMA sulfur source test + cysteamine, PMA sulfur source test + (R)-cysteate, PMA sulfur source test + D-cysteine, PMA sulfur source test + cys, PMA sulfur source test + dithiophosphate, PMA sulfur source test + thiophosphate, PMA sulfur source test + tetrathionate, PMA sulfur source test + thiosulfate, PMA sulfur source test + sulfate, PMA phosphorus source test + thymidine 3'5'-cyclic monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + dTMP, PMA phosphorus source test + thymidine 3'-monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + methylenediphosphonate, PMA phosphorus source test + 2-aminoethylphosphonate, PMA phosphorus source test + phosphonoacetate, PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoryl-ethanolamine, PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoryl-choline, PMA phosphorus source test + creatine-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-L-tyrosine, PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-D-tyrosine, PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 3'5'-cyclic monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 2'3'-cyclic monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + UMP, PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 3'-monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 2'-monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + L-threonine O-3-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + 3-phospho-L-serine, PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-D-serine, PMA phosphorus source test + N-phospho-L-arginine, PMA phosphorus source test + cysteamine S-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + D-mannose 6-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + α-D-mannose 1-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + 3',5'-cyclic CMP, PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine 2',3'-cyclic monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + CMP, PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine-3'-monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine 2'-monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + 6-phospho-D-gluconate, PMA phosphorus source test + D-glucosamine-6-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + 2-deoxy-D-glucose 6-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + D-glucose-6-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + 2-phosphoglycolate, PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoenolpyruvate, PMA phosphorus source test + cyclic-GMP, PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 2',3'-cyclic monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + GMP, PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 3'-monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 2'-monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + carbamoyl-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + glycerol 2-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + sn-glycerol-3-phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + dithiophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + thiophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + adenosine 2'3'-cyclic monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + AMP, PMA phosphorus source test + adenosine 2'-monophosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + triethyl phosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + PPPi, PMA phosphorus source test + trimetaphosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + diphosphate, PMA phosphorus source test + phosphate, PMA nitrogen source test + glycyl-L-glutamate, PMA nitrogen source test + ala-gly, PMA nitrogen source test + 5-aminopentanoate, PMA nitrogen source test + 2-aminocaprylate, PMA nitrogen source test + 6-aminohexanoate, PMA nitrogen source test + 4-aminobutyrate, PMA nitrogen source test + 2-aminobutyrate, PMA nitrogen source test + parabanate, PMA nitrogen source test + allantoin, PMA nitrogen source test + alloxan, PMA nitrogen source test + urate, PMA nitrogen source test + xanthosine, PMA nitrogen source test + xanthine, PMA nitrogen source test + inosine, PMA nitrogen source test + uridine, PMA nitrogen source test + uracil, PMA nitrogen source test + thymidine, PMA nitrogen source test + thymine, PMA nitrogen source test + guanosine, PMA nitrogen source test + guanine, PMA nitrogen source test + cytosine, PMA nitrogen source test + cytidine, PMA nitrogen source test + adenosine, PMA nitrogen source test + adenine, PMA nitrogen source test + N-acetyl-D-mannosamine, PMA nitrogen source test + an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, PMA nitrogen source test + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, PMA nitrogen source test + galactosamine, PMA nitrogen source test + D-glucosamine, PMA nitrogen source test + glucuronamide, PMA nitrogen source test + formamide, PMA nitrogen source test + acetamide, PMA nitrogen source test + tyramine, PMA nitrogen source test + 2-phenylethylamine, PMA nitrogen source test + histamine, PMA nitrogen source test + agmatine, PMA nitrogen source test + putrescine, PMA nitrogen source test + ethylenediamine, PMA nitrogen source test + ethanolamine, PMA nitrogen source test + ethylamine, PMA nitrogen source test + butylamine, PMA nitrogen source test + n-amylamine, PMA nitrogen source test + methylamine, PMA nitrogen source test + hydroxylamine, PMA nitrogen source test + 5-oxoproline, PMA nitrogen source test + 2-phthalimidoglutarate, PMA nitrogen source test + L-ornithine, PMA nitrogen source test + L-homoserine, PMA nitrogen source test + L-citrulline, PMA nitrogen source test + D-valine, PMA nitrogen source test + D-serine, PMA nitrogen source test + D-lysine, PMA nitrogen source test + D-glutamate, PMA nitrogen source test + D-aspartate, PMA nitrogen source test + D-asparagine, PMA nitrogen source test + D-alanine, PMA nitrogen source test + val, PMA nitrogen source test + tyr, PMA nitrogen source test + trp, PMA nitrogen source test + thr, PMA nitrogen source test + ser, PMA nitrogen source test + pro, PMA nitrogen source test + phe, PMA nitrogen source test + met, PMA nitrogen source test + lys, PMA nitrogen source test + leu, PMA nitrogen source test + ile, PMA nitrogen source test + his, PMA nitrogen source test + gly, PMA nitrogen source test + gln, PMA nitrogen source test + glt, PMA nitrogen source test + cys, PMA nitrogen source test + asp, PMA nitrogen source test + asn, PMA nitrogen source test + arg, PMA nitrogen source test + ala, PMA nitrogen source test + biuret, PMA nitrogen source test + urea, PMA nitrogen source test + nitrate, PMA nitrogen source test + nitrite, PMA nitrogen source test + ammonia, PMA carbon source test + acetoin, PMA carbon source test + (R,R)-2,3-butanediol, PMA carbon source test + dihydroxyacetone, PMA carbon source test + 1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-aminoethanol, PMA carbon source test + sec-butylamine, PMA carbon source test + a D,L-carnitine, PMA carbon source test + val, PMA carbon source test + 5-oxoproline, PMA carbon source test + phe, PMA carbon source test + L-ornithine, PMA carbon source test + met, PMA carbon source test + lys, PMA carbon source test + leu, PMA carbon source test + ile, PMA carbon source test + L-homoserine, PMA carbon source test + his, PMA carbon source test + gly, PMA carbon source test + arg, PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-L-glutamate, PMA carbon source test + L-alanine amide, PMA carbon source test + acetamide, PMA carbon source test + L-tartrate, PMA carbon source test + D-tartrate, PMA carbon source test + succinamate, PMA carbon source test + sorbate, PMA carbon source test + sebacate, PMA carbon source test + L-quinate, PMA carbon source test + 3-oxalomalate, PMA carbon source test + oxalate, PMA carbon source test + melibionate, PMA carbon source test + malonate, PMA carbon source test + 5-dehydro-D-gluconate, PMA carbon source test + itaconate, PMA carbon source test + 2-ketopentanoate, PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxybutyrate, PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxybenzoate, PMA carbon source test + D-glucosamine, PMA carbon source test + citraconate, PMA carbon source test + hexanoate, PMA carbon source test + caprate, PMA carbon source test + 2-butanoate, PMA carbon source test + 5-aminopentanoate, PMA carbon source test + 4-aminobutyrate, PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl -D- glucosaminitol, PMA carbon source test + D-xylitol, PMA carbon source test + D-tagatose, PMA carbon source test + stachyose, PMA carbon source test + L-sorbose, PMA carbon source test + sedoheptulose anhydride, PMA carbon source test + salicin, PMA carbon source test + raffinose, PMA carbon source test + palatinose, PMA carbon source test + 1-O-methyl-β-D-xylopyranose, PMA carbon source test + methyl α-D-mannopyranoside, PMA carbon source test + 1-O-methyl-β-D-glucuronate, PMA carbon source test + 3-O-methyl-d-glucose, PMA carbon source test + methyl-β-D-galactoside, PMA carbon source test + methyl α-D-glucoside, PMA carbon source test + maltitol, PMA carbon source test + L-glucose, PMA carbon source test + β-gentiobiose, PMA carbon source test + 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-D-arabinose, PMA carbon source test + D-fucose, PMA carbon source test + erythritol, PMA carbon source test + 2'-deoxyribose, PMA carbon source test + hydroquinone-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, PMA carbon source test + L-arabitol, PMA carbon source test + D-arabitol, PMA carbon source test + D-arabinose, PMA carbon source test + (R)-amygdalin, PMA carbon source test + D-allose, PMA carbon source test + an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, PMA carbon source test + a pectin, PMA carbon source test + a mannan, PMA carbon source test + a laminaran, PMA carbon source test + an inulin, PMA carbon source test + glycogen, PMA carbon source test + a dextrin, PMA carbon source test + γ-cyclodextrin, PMA carbon source test + β-cyclodextrin, PMA carbon source test + α-cyclodextrin, PMA carbon source test + chondroitin sulfate C, PMA carbon source test + ethanolamine, PMA carbon source test + 2-phenylethylamine, PMA carbon source test + D-galacturonate, PMA carbon source test + pyruvate, PMA carbon source test + glucuronamide, PMA carbon source test + β-L-lyxopyranose, PMA carbon source test + D-psicose, PMA carbon source test + tyramine, PMA carbon source test + 3-hydroxyphenylacetate, PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxyphenylacetate, PMA carbon source test + glycylproline, PMA carbon source test + (S)-malate, PMA carbon source test + (R)-malate, PMA carbon source test + methyl pyruvate, PMA carbon source test + mono-methyl hydrogen succinate, PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-D-mannosamine, PMA carbon source test + acetoacetate, PMA carbon source test + ala, PMA carbon source test + thr, PMA carbon source test + propane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate, PMA carbon source test + glycyl-L-glutamate, PMA carbon source test + inosine, PMA carbon source test + cellobiose, PMA carbon source test + glyoxylate, PMA carbon source test + glycolate, PMA carbon source test + D-galactarate, PMA carbon source test + propionate, PMA carbon source test + fumarate, PMA carbon source test + D-threonine, PMA carbon source test + myo-inositol, PMA carbon source test + citrate, PMA carbon source test + adenosine, PMA carbon source test + deoxyadenosine, PMA carbon source test + maltotriose, PMA carbon source test + D-ribitol, PMA carbon source test + D-fructose-6-phosphate, PMA carbon source test + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate, PMA carbon source test + meso-tartrate, PMA carbon source test + gln, PMA carbon source test + uridine, PMA carbon source test + sucrose, PMA carbon source test + lactulose, PMA carbon source test + lactose, PMA carbon source test + 2-oxobutanoate, PMA carbon source test + 2-oxoglutarate, PMA carbon source test + L-1,2-propanediol, PMA carbon source test + glucosaminate, PMA carbon source test + D-aspartate, PMA carbon source test + asn, PMA carbon source test + thymidine, PMA carbon source test + melibiose, PMA carbon source test + maltose, PMA carbon source test + α-D-glucose, PMA carbon source test + acetate, PMA carbon source test + L-rhamnose, PMA carbon source test + D-ribose, PMA carbon source test + (RS)-malate, PMA carbon source test + D-galactono-1,4-lactone, PMA carbon source test + D-glucose-6-phosphate, PMA carbon source test + glt, PMA carbon source test + D-mannitol, PMA carbon source test + formate, PMA carbon source test + (S)-lactate, PMA carbon source test + D-xylose, PMA carbon source test + sn-glycerol-3-phosphate, PMA carbon source test + D-gluconate, PMA carbon source test + D-glucuronate, PMA carbon source test + L-fucose, PMA carbon source test + glycerol, PMA carbon source test + D-sorbitol, PMA carbon source test + D-serine, PMA carbon source test + D-galactitol, PMA carbon source test + trehalose, PMA carbon source test + D-alanine, PMA carbon source test + pro, PMA carbon source test + asp, PMA carbon source test + D-galactose, PMA carbon source test + succinate, PMA carbon source test + D-glucarate, PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, PMA carbon source test + L-arabinose, Bochner defined minimal medium without phosphorous, Bochner defined minimal medium without sulfur, Bochner defined minimal medium without nitrogen, Bochner defined minimal medium without carbon, Bochner defined minimal medium, Davis and Mingioli Modified medium, M56 medium, AB medium base, M63 medium base


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
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