Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
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BioCyc websites down
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Compound: Mg2+

Synonyms: magnesium, Mg+2, Mg++, magnesium ion

Superclasses: an ion a cation

Component of:
MgCl2
MgATP2-
MgADP
magnesium sulfate
magnesium sulfate heptahydrate

Chemical Formula: Mg

Molecular Weight: 24.305 Daltons

Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 26.000691964199998 Daltons

SMILES: [Mg++]

InChI: InChI=1S/Mg/q+2

InChIKey: InChIKey=JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Unification Links: ChEBI:18420 , ChemSpider:865 , HMDB:HMDB00547 , IAF1260:1787372 , KEGG:C00305 , PubChem:888

Standard Gibbs Free Energy of Change Formation (ΔfG in kcal/mol): 0.0

In Transport reactions:
Mg2+[periplasmic space]Mg2+[cytosol] ,
Mg2+[periplasmic space] + ATP + H2O → Mg2+[cytosol] + ADP + phosphate + H+

Enzymes activated by Mg2+, sorted by the type of activation, are:

Activator (Allosteric) of: alkaline phosphatase aminopeptidase [Nakata79]

Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: D-Tyr-tRNATyr deacylase [Soutourina99] , pyridoxamine-phosphate transaminase [Beechey57] , inorganic triphosphatase [Kohn12] , EF-P-lysine lysyltransferase [Ambrogelly10] , cyclic di-GMP phosphodiesterase [Lacey10] , adenylate kinase [Tan09a] , glutaminase B [Prusiner76] , ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase [HoveJensen86, Willemoes97] , D-mannonate oxidoreductase [Portalier72] , GDP-mannose 4,6-dehydratase [Sturla97] , 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase [Comment 1] , polyphosphate kinase [Ahn90, Haeusler92, Comment 2] , acyl-CoA:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 1-O-acyltransferase [Vallari82, Comment 3] , tRNA(m5U54)methyltransferase [Ny88]

Enzymes inhibited by Mg2+, sorted by the type of inhibition, are:

Inhibitor (Competitive) of: adenine phosphoribosyltransferase [Hochstadt78, Comment 4]

Inhibitor (Mechanism unknown) of: lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase [Qian14] , 5-aminomethyl-2-thiouridine synthase [Hagervall87] , UDP-3-O-(R-3-hydroxymyristoyl)-glucosamine N-acyltransferase [Bartling08] , acetoacetyl-[acp] reductase [Price04] , RNase I endoribonuclease [Raziuddin79] , glutaminase [Brown08] , glutaminase [Brown08] , Na+ / K+:H+ antiporter ChaA [Ivey93] , imidazole glycerol phosphate synthase [Klem93] , ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase [Eliasson92, Comment 5] , RNase I endoribonuclease [Raziuddin79, Loskot78] , dihydrofolate reductase [Baccanari75] , 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine-forming methyltransferase [Hagervall87]

This compound has been characterized as a cofactor or prosthetic group of the following enzymes: 3' → 5' ssDNA exonuclease , cellulose synthase , nucleoside di- and triphosphate hydrolase , DNA endonuclease , short chain acyl-CoA synthetase , ATP synthase , dTTP pyrophosphatase , UTP pyrophosphatase , succinyl-CoA synthetase , 5-amino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribitylamino)uracil phosphatase , 5-amino-6-(5-phospho-D-ribitylamino)uracil phosphatase , L-1-glycerophophorylethanolamine phosphodiesterase , glycerophosphoserine phosphodiesterase , glycerophosphoglycerol phosphodiesterase , pyridoxal kinase , alkaline phosphatase , RNase R , UDP-N-acetylmuramate:L-alanyl-γ-D-glutamyl-meso-diaminoheptanedioate-D-alanine ligase , inorganic triphosphatase , propanoate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming) , 2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase , 5'-nucleotidase , 3'-nucleotidase , malate dehydrogenase , 8-oxo-dGTP diphosphatase , ThiS adenylyltransferase , inorganic pyrophosphatase , GDP-mannose hydrolase , lactose galactohydrolase , alkaline phosphatase , UTP--glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase , phosphatidylglycerophosphatase , peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase , orotate phosphoribosyltransferase , di-trans,poly-cis-decaprenyl diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate undecaprenylcistransferase , (E)-heptaprenyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate octaprenyltranstransferase , D-malate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) , glutamate-cysteine ligase , inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase , xanthosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase , deoxyinosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase , 10-formyltetrahydrofolate:L-methionyl-tRNAfMet N-formyltransferase , c-di-GMP phosphodiesterase , molybdenum cofactor cytidylyltransferase , diacylglycerol kinase , tRNA nucleotidyltransferase , 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate synthase , glucose dehydrogenase , 16S rRNA m62A1518,m62A1519 dimethyltransferase , 2-keto-3-deoxy-L-rhamnonate aldolase , L-rhamnonate dehydratase , adenosine-3'(2'),5'-bisphosphate nucleotidase , glycerol-2-phosphatase , mannokinase , phosphopantetheine adenylyltransferase , pantothenate kinase , transport of a lipopolysaccharide , nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase , phosphoglycolate phosphatase , DNA ligase , glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase , tRNA m1G37 methyltransferase , NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase , 2,3-dihydroxy-isovalerate:NADP+ oxidoreductase (isomerizing) , D-ribulokinase , acetohydroxybutanoate synthase , glyoxylate carboligase , 4-diphosphocytidyl-2-C-methylerythritol kinase , UDP-N-acetylmuramate:L-alanyl-γ-D-glutamyl-meso-diaminopimelate ligase , 3,4-dihydroxy-2-butanone 4-phosphate synthase , o-succinylbenzoate synthase , serine/threonine kinase , asparagine synthetase , 1-deoxy-D-xylulose kinase , L-aspartate:ammonia ligase (AMP-forming) , lysyl-tRNA synthetase , xanthosine-5'-phosphate:L-glutamine amido-ligase (AMP-forming) , 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate 8-phosphate phosphatase , D,D-heptose 1,7-bisphosphate phosphatase , pyridoxal phosphatase , trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase , pyridoxal phosphatase , phosphosugar phosphatase , FMN phosphatase , pyridoxal phosphatase , fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase , sugar phosphatase , sugar-phosphatase , β-phosphoglucomutase , inosine-5'-phosphate phosphohydrolase , guanosine-5'-phosphate phosphohydrolase , FMN phosphatase , fructose-1-phosphatase , α-D-glucose-1-phosphatase , 6-phosphogluconate phosphatase , sugar phosphatase , 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase , 6-phosphofructokinase , tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase , valyl-tRNA synthetase , phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase , L-serine:tRNASer ligase (AMP-forming) , histidyl-tRNA synthetase , L-rhamnulose kinase , tRNA(i6A37) synthase , nicotinate-mononucleotide adenylyltransferase , ITPase , XTPase , 16S rRNA m2G1207 methyltransferase , glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase , pantothenate synthetase , acetyl-CoA synthetase (AMP-forming) , 3-keto-L-gulonate 6-phosphate decarboxylase , 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate cytidylyltransferase , guanosine kinase , 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol synthase , fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase , acetaldehyde dehydrogenase , DNA primase , dTDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase , pyruvate kinase , α-dehydro-β-deoxy-D-glucarate aldolase , anthranilate synthase , tetraacyldisaccharide 4'-kinase , 2-hydroxyglutarate synthase , acetolactate synthase , ribokinase , UDP-N-acetylmuramate-alanine ligase , D-gluconate kinase , farnesyl diphosphate synthase , nucleoside diphosphate kinase , dihydroneopterin triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase , methionine adenosyltransferase , enolase , 2-methylisocitrate lyase , phosphoenolpyruvate synthetase , phosphoserine phosphatase , guanosine-5'-triphosphate, 3'-diphosphate pyrophosphatase , guanylate kinase , geranyl diphosphate synthase , 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate octaprenyltransferase , arginyl-tRNA synthetase , adenylosuccinate synthetase , 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase , UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine:D-glutamate ligase , biotin-[acetyl-CoA-carboxylase] ligase , CMP kinase , RNase D exonuclease , isocitrate lyase , glutathione synthetase , dethiobiotin synthetase , acetohydroxybutanoate synthase , pyruvate kinase , γ-glutamyl kinase , glycerate kinase , inosine kinase , acid phosphatase / phosphotransferase , pyruvate oxidase , glutamyl-tRNA synthetase , homoserine kinase , DNA polymerase , holo-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase , NAD+ synthetase, NH3-dependent , thiamine phosphate synthase , thymidylate synthase , thiamin kinase , ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase , 4-hydroxybenzoate octaprenyltransferase , 2-acylglycerophosphoethanolamine acyltransferase , ribonuclease , L-seryl-AMP synthase , isochorismate synthase , folylpoly-γ-glutamate synthetase , ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase , citryl-ACP lyase , phosphatidylglycerophosphatase , transketolase , ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase , isocitrate dehydrogenase kinase , ADP-sugar pyrophosphorylase , dihydropteroate synthase , isochorismate synthase , fatty acyl-CoA synthetase , L-fuculokinase , NAD kinase , arginine decarboxylase, biosynthetic , adenylylsulfate kinase , isocitrate dehydrogenase phosphatase , ribonuclease , L-xylulose kinase , imidazoleglycerol-phosphate dehydratase , RNase BN exoribonuclease , RNase T exonuclease , dihydroneopterin triphosphate 2'-epimerase , malate synthase G , thymidine kinase , phosphopantothenoylcysteine synthetase , 6-phosphofructokinase , adenylate kinase , aspartate ammonia-lyase , quinolinate phosphoribosyltransferase (decarboxylating) , phosphoglucomutase , Rnase , GTP cyclohydrolase , carbamoyl phosphate synthetase , polynucleotide phosphorylase , o-succinylbenzoate-CoA ligase , NMN adenylyltransferase , 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase , glutathionylspermidine synthetase , phosphoribosylglycinamide formyltransferase , acetate kinase , pyrophosphohydrolase , acetylglutamate kinase , acyl carrier protein phosphodiesterase , anhydro-N-acetylmuramic acid kinase , phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase , 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate-AMP ligase , adenine phosphoribosyltransferase , D-glucarate dehydratase , amidophosphoribosyl transferase , oxidized nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase , phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (ATP) , undecaprenyl-phosphate α-N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase , adenosylmethionine decarboxylase , [protein-PII] uridylyltransferase , 1-phosphofructokinase , histidinol-phosphatase , acetolactate synthase , exopolyphosphatase , glycerol kinase , CTP synthase , galactokinase , CTP:2,3,4-saturated L-phosphatidate cytidylyltransferase , acyl-ACP synthetase , phosphoribosylformylglycinamide cyclo-ligase , hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase , thiamin monophosphate kinase , shikimate kinase , pyruvate dehydrogenase , phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthase , 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate synthase , N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate uridyltransferase , isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase , heme O synthase , 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin pyrophosphokinase , glutamine synthetase adenylyltransferase , glucosamine-1-phosphate acetyltransferase , GDP-mannose mannosyl hydrolase , phosphoribosylformylglycinamide synthetase , GDP-glucose glucosyl hydrolase , phosphodiesterase, c-di-GMP-specific , glutamate-putrescine ligase , ribonuclease , McrBC restriction endonuclease , molybdenum cofactor guanylyltransferase , DNA ligase , selenide, water dikinase , inositol monophosphatase , lipoyl-adenylate--protein ligase , dTMP kinase , deoxyguanosine triphosphate triphosphohydrolase , L-aspartate:L-glutamine amido-ligase (AMP-forming) , adenylate cyclase , deoxyribonuclease I , gyrase , DNA polymerase , ATP-dependent DNA helicase , DNA polymerase

Inhibits: PhoQ[inner membrane] + ATP → PhoQ sensory histidine kinase - phosphorylated[inner membrane] + ADP

In Growth Media: Gutnick minimal salts medium base + N-acetylneuraminate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetylneuraminate , PMA carbon source test + D-mannose , PMA carbon source test + D-fructose , MOPS medium with 2% glycerol , M63 medium with 2% glycerol , MOPS medium with 2% glucose , MOPS medium with 0.4% glucose , MOPS medium base , Neidhardt EZ rich defined medium , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + ethyl-4-aminobutyrate , PMA carbon source test + putrescine , Davis and Mingioli glucose minimal medium , Davis and Mingioli medium A , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + xanthosine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + xanthine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + putrescine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + orotate , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + trp , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + thr , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + L-ornithine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + glt , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + gln , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + asp , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + asn , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + arg , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + inosine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + gly , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + D-glucosamine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + D-alanine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + cyanate , Gutnick minimal salts medium base + 2'-deoxyinosine , Gutnick minimal salts medium base , PMA sulfur source test + 3-sulfinoalanine , PMA nitrogen source test + L-2-aminopentanoate , PMA carbon source test + citramalate , AB medium with 0.4% acetate , AB medium with 0.2% glucose , M63 medium with 2% glucose , M9 medium with 2% glycerol , M9 medium with 1% glycerol , M9 medium with 0.4% glucose , LB enriched , PMA carbon source test + methyl-β -D-glucoside , M9 medium base , PMA carbon source test + 3-hydroxybutanoate , PMA carbon source test + 2-hydroxybutyrate , ATCC medium 57 , PMA carbon source test + Tween 80 , PMA carbon source test + Tween 40 , PMA carbon source test + Tween 20 , PMA carbon source test + trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline , PMA carbon source test + gelatin , PMA carbon source test + L-galactono-1,4-lactone , PMA carbon source test + α-hydroxyglutarate-γ-lactone , PMA nitrogen source test + N-acetyl-D,L-glutamate , PMA carbon source test + melezitose , PMA carbon source test + D-ribono-1,4-lactone , PMA carbon source test + salicylate , PMA carbon source test + methyl-α-D-galactopyranoside , PMA nitrogen source test + D-mannosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-gln , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-asp , PMA nitrogen source test + D,L-lactamide , PMA carbon source test + methyl D-lactate , PMA carbon source test + bromosuccinate , PMA carbon source test + gly-asp , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-his , PMA nitrogen source test + L-Ala-L-Glu , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-thr , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-leu , PMA carbon source test + turanose , PMA carbon source test + ala-gly , PMA nitrogen source test + gln , PMA nitrogen source test + gly-asn , PMA carbon source test + diacetyl , PMA carbon source test + lactitol , PMA nitrogen source test + methionine-alanine dipeptide , PMA nitrogen source test + gly-met , PMA sulfur source test + gly-met , PMA sulfur source test + cysteinylglycine , PMA phosphorus source test + 1D-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakisphosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 3-phospho-D-glycerate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-phospho-D-glycerate , PMA phosphorus source test + cyclic-AMP , PMA phosphorus source test + 3'-adenosine monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphinate , PMA sulfur source test + 4-aminobenzenesulfonate , PMA sulfur source test + ethionine , PMA sulfur source test + sulfolane , PMA sulfur source test + methanesulfonate , PMA sulfur source test + isethionate , PMA sulfur source test + 1-butanesulfonate , PMA sulfur source test + hypotaurine , PMA sulfur source test + taurine , PMA sulfur source test + taurocholate , PMA sulfur source test + lipoamide , PMA sulfur source test + 1-thio-β-D-glucose , PMA sulfur source test + thiourea , PMA sulfur source test + djenkolate , PMA sulfur source test + L-Methionine sulfone , PMA sulfur source test + L-methionine S-oxide , PMA sulfur source test + N-acetyl-DL-methionine , PMA sulfur source test + D-methionine , PMA sulfur source test + met , PMA sulfur source test + glutathione , PMA sulfur source test + lanthionine , PMA sulfur source test + L-cystathionine , PMA sulfur source test + S-methyl-L-cysteine , PMA sulfur source test + N-acetyl-L-cysteine , PMA sulfur source test + cysteamine , PMA sulfur source test + (R)-cysteate , PMA sulfur source test + D-cysteine , PMA sulfur source test + cys , PMA sulfur source test + dithiophosphate , PMA sulfur source test + thiophosphate , PMA sulfur source test + tetrathionate , PMA sulfur source test + thiosulfate , PMA sulfur source test + sulfate , PMA phosphorus source test + thymidine 3'5'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + dTMP , PMA phosphorus source test + thymidine 3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + methylenediphosphonate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-aminoethylphosphonate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphonoacetate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoryl-ethanolamine , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoryl-choline , PMA phosphorus source test + creatine-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-L-tyrosine , PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-D-tyrosine , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 3'5'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 2'3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + UMP , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + uridine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + L-threonine O-3-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 3-phospho-L-serine , PMA phosphorus source test + O-phospho-D-serine , PMA phosphorus source test + N-phospho-L-arginine , PMA phosphorus source test + cysteamine S-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + D-mannose 6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + α-D-mannose 1-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 3',5'-cyclic CMP , PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine 2',3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + CMP , PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine-3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + cytidine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 6-phospho-D-gluconate , PMA phosphorus source test + D-glucosamine-6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-deoxy-D-glucose 6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + D-glucose-6-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + 2-phosphoglycolate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphoenolpyruvate , PMA phosphorus source test + cyclic-GMP , PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 2',3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + GMP , PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 3'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + guanosine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + carbamoyl-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + glycerol 2-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + sn-glycerol-3-phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + dithiophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + thiophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + adenosine 2'3'-cyclic monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + AMP , PMA phosphorus source test + adenosine 2'-monophosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + triethyl phosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + PPPi , PMA phosphorus source test + trimetaphosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + diphosphate , PMA phosphorus source test + phosphate , PMA nitrogen source test + glycyl-L-glutamate , PMA nitrogen source test + ala-gly , PMA nitrogen source test + 5-aminopentanoate , PMA nitrogen source test + 2-aminocaprylate , PMA nitrogen source test + 6-aminohexanoate , PMA nitrogen source test + 4-aminobutyrate , PMA nitrogen source test + 2-aminobutyrate , PMA nitrogen source test + parabanate , PMA nitrogen source test + allantoin , PMA nitrogen source test + alloxan , PMA nitrogen source test + urate , PMA nitrogen source test + xanthosine , PMA nitrogen source test + xanthine , PMA nitrogen source test + inosine , PMA nitrogen source test + uridine , PMA nitrogen source test + uracil , PMA nitrogen source test + thymidine , PMA nitrogen source test + thymine , PMA nitrogen source test + guanosine , PMA nitrogen source test + guanine , PMA nitrogen source test + cytosine , PMA nitrogen source test + cytidine , PMA nitrogen source test + adenosine , PMA nitrogen source test + adenine , PMA nitrogen source test + N-acetyl-D-mannosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + galactosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + D-glucosamine , PMA nitrogen source test + glucuronamide , PMA nitrogen source test + formamide , PMA nitrogen source test + acetamide , PMA nitrogen source test + tyramine , PMA nitrogen source test + 2-phenylethylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + histamine , PMA nitrogen source test + agmatine , PMA nitrogen source test + putrescine , PMA nitrogen source test + ethylenediamine , PMA nitrogen source test + ethanolamine , PMA nitrogen source test + ethylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + butylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + n-amylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + methylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + hydroxylamine , PMA nitrogen source test + 5-oxoproline , PMA nitrogen source test + 2-phthalimidoglutarate , PMA nitrogen source test + L-ornithine , PMA nitrogen source test + L-homoserine , PMA nitrogen source test + L-citrulline , PMA nitrogen source test + D-valine , PMA nitrogen source test + D-serine , PMA nitrogen source test + D-lysine , PMA nitrogen source test + D-glutamate , PMA nitrogen source test + D-aspartate , PMA nitrogen source test + D-asparagine , PMA nitrogen source test + D-alanine , PMA nitrogen source test + val , PMA nitrogen source test + tyr , PMA nitrogen source test + trp , PMA nitrogen source test + thr , PMA nitrogen source test + ser , PMA nitrogen source test + pro , PMA nitrogen source test + phe , PMA nitrogen source test + met , PMA nitrogen source test + lys , PMA nitrogen source test + leu , PMA nitrogen source test + ile , PMA nitrogen source test + his , PMA nitrogen source test + gly , PMA nitrogen source test + gln , PMA nitrogen source test + glt , PMA nitrogen source test + cys , PMA nitrogen source test + asp , PMA nitrogen source test + asn , PMA nitrogen source test + arg , PMA nitrogen source test + ala , PMA nitrogen source test + biuret , PMA nitrogen source test + urea , PMA nitrogen source test + nitrate , PMA nitrogen source test + nitrite , PMA nitrogen source test + ammonia , PMA carbon source test + acetoin , PMA carbon source test + (R,R)-2,3-butanediol , PMA carbon source test + dihydroxyacetone , PMA carbon source test + 1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-aminoethanol , PMA carbon source test + sec-butylamine , PMA carbon source test + a D,L-carnitine , PMA carbon source test + val , PMA carbon source test + 5-oxoproline , PMA carbon source test + phe , PMA carbon source test + L-ornithine , PMA carbon source test + met , PMA carbon source test + lys , PMA carbon source test + leu , PMA carbon source test + ile , PMA carbon source test + L-homoserine , PMA carbon source test + his , PMA carbon source test + gly , PMA carbon source test + arg , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-L-glutamate , PMA carbon source test + L-alanine amide , PMA carbon source test + acetamide , PMA carbon source test + L-tartrate , PMA carbon source test + D-tartrate , PMA carbon source test + succinamate , PMA carbon source test + sorbate , PMA carbon source test + sebacate , PMA carbon source test + L-quinate , PMA carbon source test + 3-oxalomalate , PMA carbon source test + oxalate , PMA carbon source test + melibionate , PMA carbon source test + malonate , PMA carbon source test + 5-dehydro-D-gluconate , PMA carbon source test + itaconate , PMA carbon source test + 2-ketopentanoate , PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxybutyrate , PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxybenzoate , PMA carbon source test + D-glucosamine , PMA carbon source test + citraconate , PMA carbon source test + hexanoate , PMA carbon source test + caprate , PMA carbon source test + 2-butanoate , PMA carbon source test + 5-aminopentanoate , PMA carbon source test + 4-aminobutyrate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl -D- glucosaminitol , PMA carbon source test + D-xylitol , PMA carbon source test + D-tagatose , PMA carbon source test + stachyose , PMA carbon source test + L-sorbose , PMA carbon source test + sedoheptulose anhydride , PMA carbon source test + salicin , PMA carbon source test + raffinose , PMA carbon source test + palatinose , PMA carbon source test + 1-O-methyl-β-D-xylopyranose , PMA carbon source test + methyl α-D-mannopyranoside , PMA carbon source test + 1-O-methyl-β-D-glucuronate , PMA carbon source test + 3-O-methyl-d-glucose , PMA carbon source test + methyl-β-D-galactoside , PMA carbon source test + methyl α-D-glucoside , PMA carbon source test + maltitol , PMA carbon source test + L-glucose , PMA carbon source test + β-gentiobiose , PMA carbon source test + 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-D-arabinose , PMA carbon source test + D-fucose , PMA carbon source test + erythritol , PMA carbon source test + 2'-deoxyribose , PMA carbon source test + hydroquinone-O-β-D-glucopyranoside , PMA carbon source test + L-arabitol , PMA carbon source test + D-arabitol , PMA carbon source test + D-arabinose , PMA carbon source test + (R)-amygdalin , PMA carbon source test + D-allose , PMA carbon source test + an N-acetyl-D-galactosamine , PMA carbon source test + a pectin , PMA carbon source test + a mannan , PMA carbon source test + a laminaran , PMA carbon source test + an inulin , PMA carbon source test + glycogen , PMA carbon source test + a dextrin , PMA carbon source test + γ-cyclodextrin , PMA carbon source test + β-cyclodextrin , PMA carbon source test + α-cyclodextrin , PMA carbon source test + chondroitin sulfate C , PMA carbon source test + ethanolamine , PMA carbon source test + 2-phenylethylamine , PMA carbon source test + D-galacturonate , PMA carbon source test + pyruvate , PMA carbon source test + glucuronamide , PMA carbon source test + β-L-lyxopyranose , PMA carbon source test + D-psicose , PMA carbon source test + tyramine , PMA carbon source test + 3-hydroxyphenylacetate , PMA carbon source test + 4-hydroxyphenylacetate , PMA carbon source test + glycylproline , PMA carbon source test + (S)-malate , PMA carbon source test + (R)-malate , PMA carbon source test + methyl pyruvate , PMA carbon source test + mono-methyl hydrogen succinate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-D-mannosamine , PMA carbon source test + acetoacetate , PMA carbon source test + ala , PMA carbon source test + thr , PMA carbon source test + ser , PMA carbon source test + propane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate , PMA carbon source test + glycyl-L-glutamate , PMA carbon source test + inosine , PMA carbon source test + cellobiose , PMA carbon source test + glyoxylate , PMA carbon source test + glycolate , PMA carbon source test + D-galactarate , PMA carbon source test + propionate , PMA carbon source test + fumarate , PMA carbon source test + D-threonine , PMA carbon source test + myo-inositol , PMA carbon source test + citrate , PMA carbon source test + adenosine , PMA carbon source test + deoxyadenosine , PMA carbon source test + maltotriose , PMA carbon source test + D-ribitol , PMA carbon source test + D-fructose-6-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + meso-tartrate , PMA carbon source test + gln , PMA carbon source test + uridine , PMA carbon source test + sucrose , PMA carbon source test + lactulose , PMA carbon source test + lactose , PMA carbon source test + 2-oxobutanoate , PMA carbon source test + 2-oxoglutarate , PMA carbon source test + L-1,2-propanediol , PMA carbon source test + glucosaminate , PMA carbon source test + D-aspartate , PMA carbon source test + asn , PMA carbon source test + thymidine , PMA carbon source test + melibiose , PMA carbon source test + maltose , PMA carbon source test + α-D-glucose , PMA carbon source test + acetate , PMA carbon source test + L-rhamnose , PMA carbon source test + D-ribose , PMA carbon source test + (RS)-malate , PMA carbon source test + D-galactono-1,4-lactone , PMA carbon source test + D-glucose-6-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + glt , PMA carbon source test + D-mannitol , PMA carbon source test + formate , PMA carbon source test + (S)-lactate , PMA carbon source test + D-xylose , PMA carbon source test + sn-glycerol-3-phosphate , PMA carbon source test + D-gluconate , PMA carbon source test + D-glucuronate , PMA carbon source test + L-fucose , PMA carbon source test + glycerol , PMA carbon source test + D-sorbitol , PMA carbon source test + D-serine , PMA carbon source test + D-galactitol , PMA carbon source test + trehalose , PMA carbon source test + D-alanine , PMA carbon source test + pro , PMA carbon source test + asp , PMA carbon source test + D-galactose , PMA carbon source test + succinate , PMA carbon source test + D-glucarate , PMA carbon source test + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine , PMA carbon source test + L-arabinose , Bochner defined minimal medium without phosphorous , Bochner defined minimal medium without sulfur , Bochner defined minimal medium without nitrogen , Bochner defined minimal medium without carbon , Bochner defined minimal medium , Davis and Mingioli Modified medium , M56 medium , AB medium base , M63 medium base


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
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