Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Compound: n-propanol

Synonyms: osmosol extra, optal, 1-hydroxypropane, ethylcarbinol, propane-1-ol, 1-propanol, propanol, propylalcohol

Superclasses: an alcohola primary alcohol
an alcohola short-chain alcohol

Chemical Formula: C3H8O

Molecular Weight: 60.096 Daltons

Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 60.057514878899994 Daltons

n-propanol compound structure


InChI: InChI=1S/C3H8O/c1-2-3-4/h4H,2-3H2,1H3


Unification Links: CAS:71-23-8, ChEBI:28831, ChemSpider:1004, DrugBank:DB03175, HMDB:HMDB00820, KEGG:C05979, PubChem:1031

Standard Gibbs Free Energy of Change Formation (ΔfG in kcal/mol): -42.02

Reactions known to produce the compound:

β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation :
a β-D-glucuronoside + H2O → D-glucopyranuronate + an alcohol

glycerophosphodiester degradation :
a glycerophosphodiester + H2O → an alcohol + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + H+

Not in pathways:
an organic hydroperoxide + NADH + H+an alcohol + NAD+ + H2O
an N-acetyl-β-D-hexosaminide + H2O → an N-acetyl-β-D-hexosamine + an alcohol
a carboxylic ester + H2O → an alcohol + a carboxylate + H+
an acetic ester + H2O → an alcohol + acetate + H+
an organic hydroperoxide + a reduced thioredoxin → an alcohol + an oxidized thioredoxin + H2O
a phosphate monoester[periplasm] + H2O[periplasm]an alcohol[periplasm] + phosphate[periplasm]
a phosphate monoester[periplasm] + H2O[periplasm]an alcohol[periplasm] + phosphate[periplasm]

Reactions known to both consume and produce the compound:

Not in pathways:
a primary alcohol + NAD+ ↔ an aldehyde + NADH + H+

In Reactions of unknown directionality:

Not in pathways:
an alcohol + NADP+ = an aldehyde + NADPH + H+

In Transport reactions:
a short-chain alcohol[periplasm]a short-chain alcohol[extracellular space]

Enzymes inhibited by n-propanol, sorted by the type of inhibition, are:

Inhibitor (Mechanism unknown) of: lactose galactohydrolase [Wallenfels72] Inhibitor (Other types) of: aspartate ammonia-lyase

This compound has been characterized as an alternative substrate of the following enzymes: L-1,2-propanediol oxidoreductase, alcohol dehydrogenase


Wallenfels72: Wallenfels K, Weil R "beta-Galactosidase." Academic Press, NY 1972;617-663.

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
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