|Gene:||mtfA||Accession Numbers: G7063 (EcoCyc), b1976, ECK1972|
MtfA interacts with the transcriptional repressor Mlc, thereby modulating the expression of genes which are regulated by Mlc [Becker06]. Binding of MtfA to Mlc prevents interaction of Mlc with the ptsG operator region [Gohler12].
The C-terminal region of MtfA is responsible for interaction with Mlc [Gohler12].
MtfA has aminopeptidase activity. The Mlc-binding and peptidase activities of MtfA are separable, and Mlc does not appear to be a biologically relevant peptidase substrate [Gohler12].
An mtfA insertion mutant shows slow growth on glucose and decreased expression of ptsG, the gene encoding the major glucose transporter in the cell. Expression of ptsG is regulated by several mechanisms, including transcriptional repression by Mlc. Mlc is epistatic to MtfA, and MtfA interacts with Mlc directly in vitro [Becker06].
MtfA: "Mlc titration factor A" [Becker06]
|Map Position: [2,041,675 -> 2,042,472] (44.0 centisomes, 158°)||Length: 798 bp / 265 aa|
Molecular Weight of Polypeptide: 30.279 kD (from nucleotide sequence)
Unification Links: ASAP:ABE-0006558 , EchoBASE:EB3159 , EcoGene:EG13377 , EcoliWiki:b1976 , OU-Microarray:b1976 , PortEco:mtfA , PR:PRO_000023301 , Pride:P76346 , Protein Model Portal:P76346 , RefSeq:NP_416484 , RegulonDB:G7063 , SMR:P76346 , String:511145.b1976 , UniProt:P76346
|Biological Process:||GO:0006508 - proteolysis
GO:0043433 - negative regulation of sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity [Gohler12]
|Molecular Function:||GO:0004177 - aminopeptidase activity
GO:0005515 - protein binding [Gohler12, Becker06]
GO:0008134 - transcription factor binding [Becker06]
GO:0008237 - metallopeptidase activity [GOA01a]
|Cellular Component:||GO:0005829 - cytosol
GO:0005737 - cytoplasm [UniProtGOA11, UniProtGOA11a, GOA06]
|MultiFun Terms:||regulation → type of regulation → posttranscriptional|
|Growth Medium||Growth?||T (°C)||O2||pH||Osm/L||Growth Observations|
|LB Lennox||Yes||37||Aerobic||7||Yes [Baba06, Comment 1]|
|M9 medium with 1% glycerol||Yes||37||Aerobic||7.2||0.35||Yes [Joyce06, Comment 2]|
|MOPS medium with 0.4% glucose||Yes||37||Aerobic||7.2||0.22||Yes [Baba06, Comment 1]|
Enzymatic reaction of: aminopeptidase (Mlc titration factor)
EC Number: 3.4.11.-
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.
The reaction is physiologically favored in the direction shown.
Peter D. Karp on Wed Jan 18, 2006:
Gene left-end position adjusted based on analysis performed in the 2005 E. coli annotation update [Riley06 ].
Peter D. Karp on Thu Jan 16, 2003:
Predicted gene function revised as a result of E. coli genome reannotation by Serres et al. [Serres01 ].
Markus Krummenacker on Tue Oct 14, 1997:
Gene object created from Blattner lab Genbank (v. M52) entry.
Baba06: Baba T, Ara T, Hasegawa M, Takai Y, Okumura Y, Baba M, Datsenko KA, Tomita M, Wanner BL, Mori H (2006). "Construction of Escherichia coli K-12 in-frame, single-gene knockout mutants: the Keio collection." Mol Syst Biol 2;2006.0008. PMID: 16738554
Becker06: Becker AK, Zeppenfeld T, Staab A, Seitz S, Boos W, Morita T, Aiba H, Mahr K, Titgemeyer F, Jahreis K (2006). "YeeI, a Novel Protein Involved in Modulation of the Activity of the Glucose-Phosphotransferase System in Escherichia coli K-12." J Bacteriol 188(15);5439-49. PMID: 16855233
DiazMejia09: Diaz-Mejia JJ, Babu M, Emili A (2009). "Computational and experimental approaches to chart the Escherichia coli cell-envelope-associated proteome and interactome." FEMS Microbiol Rev 33(1);66-97. PMID: 19054114
Gohler12: Gohler AK, Staab A, Gabor E, Homann K, Klang E, Kosfeld A, Muus JE, Wulftange JS, Jahreis K (2012). "Characterization of MtfA, a novel regulatory output signal protein of the glucose-phosphotransferase system in Escherichia coli K-12." J Bacteriol 194(5);1024-35. PMID: 22178967
Joyce06: Joyce AR, Reed JL, White A, Edwards R, Osterman A, Baba T, Mori H, Lesely SA, Palsson BO, Agarwalla S (2006). "Experimental and computational assessment of conditionally essential genes in Escherichia coli." J Bacteriol 188(23);8259-71. PMID: 17012394
Riley06: Riley M, Abe T, Arnaud MB, Berlyn MK, Blattner FR, Chaudhuri RR, Glasner JD, Horiuchi T, Keseler IM, Kosuge T, Mori H, Perna NT, Plunkett G, Rudd KE, Serres MH, Thomas GH, Thomson NR, Wishart D, Wanner BL (2006). "Escherichia coli K-12: a cooperatively developed annotation snapshot--2005." Nucleic Acids Res 34(1);1-9. PMID: 16397293
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