Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Polypeptide: hydroxylated, aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter - putative membrane fusion protein

Gene: aaeA Accession Numbers: G7686 (EcoCyc), b3241, ECK3230

Synonyms: yhcQ

Regulation Summary Diagram: ?

Regulation summary diagram for aaeA

Component of: hydroxylated aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter (extended summary available)

Locations: inner membrane

Map Position: [3,386,216 <- 3,387,148] (72.98 centisomes, 263°)
Length: 933 bp / 310 aa

Molecular Weight of Polypeptide: 34.775 kD (from nucleotide sequence)

Unification Links: ASAP:ABE-0010631 , DIP:DIP-12289N , EchoBASE:EB2674 , EcoGene:EG12823 , EcoliWiki:b3241 , Mint:MINT-1252694 , ModBase:P46482 , OU-Microarray:b3241 , PortEco:aaeA , PR:PRO_000022021 , Pride:P46482 , Protein Model Portal:P46482 , RefSeq:NP_417708 , RegulonDB:G7686 , SMR:P46482 , String:511145.b3241 , UniProt:P46482

Relationship Links: InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR006143 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR022871 , Pfam:IN-FAMILY:PF00529

In Paralogous Gene Group: 132 (13 members)

Gene-Reaction Schematic: ?

Gene-Reaction Schematic

Genetic Regulation Schematic: ?

Genetic regulation schematic for aaeA

GO Terms:

Biological Process: GO:0006810 - transport Inferred from experiment Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11a, GOA06, Van04a]
GO:0046942 - carboxylic acid transport Inferred from experiment [Van04a]
GO:0055085 - transmembrane transport Inferred by computational analysis [GOA01a]
Cellular Component: GO:0005886 - plasma membrane Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11, UniProtGOA11a, GOA06, DiazMejia09]
GO:0016020 - membrane Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11a, GOA01a]
GO:0016021 - integral component of membrane Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11a]

MultiFun Terms: cell structure membrane

Essentiality data for aaeA knockouts: ?

Growth Medium Growth? T (°C) O2 pH Osm/L Growth Observations
LB enriched Yes 37 Aerobic 6.95   Yes [Gerdes03, Comment 1]
LB Lennox Yes 37 Aerobic 7   Yes [Baba06, Comment 2]
M9 medium with 1% glycerol Yes 37 Aerobic 7.2 0.35 Yes [Joyce06, Comment 3]
MOPS medium with 0.4% glucose Yes 37 Aerobic 7.2 0.22 Yes [Baba06, Comment 2]

Subunit of: hydroxylated aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter

Synonyms: AaeAB

Subunit composition of hydroxylated aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter = [AaeA][AaeB]
         hydroxylated, aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter - putative membrane fusion protein = AaeA
         hydroxylated, aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter - putative membrane subunit = AaeB

The aaeA and aaeB genes are members of the aaeXAB operon. Informatics analysis indicates that AaeA is a membrane fusion protein (MFP) family protein, and forms an efflux pump with AaeB [Van04a], which is a member of the putative efflux transport (PET) family of proteins. PET family proteins are often located in operons with MFP family proteins that function in efflux transport. PET family proteins are believed to be membrane localized, having 12 predicted transmembrane segments in gram-negative bacteria [Harley00]. DNA microarray analysis has shown that the aaeXAB operon is upregulated by growth in p-hydroxybenzoic acid (pHBA). Growth inhibition tests and Phenotype Microarrays show that an aaeB mutant is hypersensitive to hydroxylated, aromatic carboxylic acids including pHBA, 6-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, and 2-hydroxycinamate. In a mutant of AaeR, which mutation and gene fusion studies show is a positive transcription factor for the divergently transcribed aaeXAB operon, mutation and expression studies show that both AaeA and AaeB are required for pHBA resistance and presumably function together as an efflux system for hydroxylated, aromatic carboxylic acids [Van04a].

Enzymatic reaction of: 4-hydroxybenzoate:H+ antiport (hydroxylated aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter)

Transport reaction diagram for 4-hydroxybenzoate:H+ antiport

Sequence Features

Protein sequence of hydroxylated, aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter - putative membrane fusion protein with features indicated

Feature Class Location Citations Comment
Transmembrane-Region 12 -> 32
UniProt: Helical;; Non-Experimental Qualifier: potential;

Gene Local Context (not to scale): ?

Gene local context diagram

Transcription Units:

Transcription-unit diagram

Transcription-unit diagram


Markus Krummenacker on Tue Oct 14, 1997:
Gene object created from Blattner lab Genbank (v. M52) entry.


Baba06: Baba T, Ara T, Hasegawa M, Takai Y, Okumura Y, Baba M, Datsenko KA, Tomita M, Wanner BL, Mori H (2006). "Construction of Escherichia coli K-12 in-frame, single-gene knockout mutants: the Keio collection." Mol Syst Biol 2;2006.0008. PMID: 16738554

DiazMejia09: Diaz-Mejia JJ, Babu M, Emili A (2009). "Computational and experimental approaches to chart the Escherichia coli cell-envelope-associated proteome and interactome." FEMS Microbiol Rev 33(1);66-97. PMID: 19054114

Gerdes03: Gerdes SY, Scholle MD, Campbell JW, Balazsi G, Ravasz E, Daugherty MD, Somera AL, Kyrpides NC, Anderson I, Gelfand MS, Bhattacharya A, Kapatral V, D'Souza M, Baev MV, Grechkin Y, Mseeh F, Fonstein MY, Overbeek R, Barabasi AL, Oltvai ZN, Osterman AL (2003). "Experimental determination and system level analysis of essential genes in Escherichia coli MG1655." J Bacteriol 185(19);5673-84. PMID: 13129938

GOA01a: GOA, DDB, FB, MGI, ZFIN (2001). "Gene Ontology annotation through association of InterPro records with GO terms."

GOA06: GOA, SIB (2006). "Electronic Gene Ontology annotations created by transferring manual GO annotations between orthologous microbial proteins."

Harley00: Harley KT, Saier MH (2000). "A novel ubiquitous family of putative efflux transporters." J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 2(2);195-8. PMID: 10939244

Joyce06: Joyce AR, Reed JL, White A, Edwards R, Osterman A, Baba T, Mori H, Lesely SA, Palsson BO, Agarwalla S (2006). "Experimental and computational assessment of conditionally essential genes in Escherichia coli." J Bacteriol 188(23);8259-71. PMID: 17012394

UniProt10: UniProt Consortium (2010). "UniProt version 2010-07 released on 2010-06-15 00:00:00." Database.

UniProtGOA11: UniProt-GOA (2011). "Gene Ontology annotation based on the manual assignment of UniProtKB Subcellular Location terms in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries."

UniProtGOA11a: UniProt-GOA (2011). "Gene Ontology annotation based on manual assignment of UniProtKB keywords in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries."

Van04a: Van Dyk TK, Templeton LJ, Cantera KA, Sharpe PL, Sariaslani FS (2004). "Characterization of the Escherichia coli AaeAB efflux pump: a metabolic relief valve?." J Bacteriol 186(21);7196-204. PMID: 15489430

Other References Related to Gene Regulation

Raghavan11: Raghavan R, Sage A, Ochman H (2011). "Genome-wide identification of transcription start sites yields a novel thermosensing RNA and new cyclic AMP receptor protein-regulated genes in Escherichia coli." J Bacteriol 193(11);2871-4. PMID: 21460078

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 19.0 on Sat Oct 10, 2015, biocyc11.