Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Pathway: tRNA charging

Pathway diagram: tRNA charging

If an enzyme name is shown in bold, there is experimental evidence for this enzymatic activity.

Locations of Mapped Genes:

Schematic showing all replicons, marked with selected genes

Genetic Regulation Schematic: ?

Genetic regulation schematic for tRNA charging

Superclasses: Biosynthesis Aminoacyl-tRNA Charging
Metabolic Clusters

This pathway groups together all E. coli tRNA charging reactions.

References Related to Enzymes, Genes, Subpathways, and Substrates of this Pathway

Abibi14: Abibi A, Ferguson AD, Fleming PR, Gao N, Hajec LI, Hu J, Laganas VA, McKinney DC, McLeod SM, Prince DB, Shapiro AB, Buurman ET (2014). "The role of a novel auxiliary pocket in bacterial phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase druggability." J Biol Chem 289(31);21651-62. PMID: 24936059

Ahel02: Ahel I, Stathopoulos C, Ambrogelly A, Sauerwald A, Toogood H, Hartsch T, Soll D (2002). "Cysteine activation is an inherent in vitro property of prolyl-tRNA synthetases." J Biol Chem 277(38);34743-8. PMID: 12130657

Ahel05: Ahel D, Slade D, Mocibob M, Soll D, Weygand-Durasevic I (2005). "Selective inhibition of divergent seryl-tRNA synthetases by serine analogues." FEBS Lett 579(20);4344-8. PMID: 16054140

Airas06: Airas RK (2006). "Analysis of the kinetic mechanism of arginyl-tRNA synthetase." Biochim Biophys Acta 1764(2);307-19. PMID: 16427818

Airas07: Airas RK (2007). "Magnesium dependence of the measured equilibrium constants of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases." Biophys Chem 131(1-3);29-35. PMID: 17889423

Airas96: Airas RK (1996). "Differences in the magnesium dependences of the class I and class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases from Escherichia coli." Eur J Biochem 240(1);223-31. PMID: 8797857

Airas99: Airas RK (1999). "Chloride affects the interaction between tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase and tRNA." Biochim Biophys Acta 1472(1-2);51-61. PMID: 10572925

Akesson78: Akesson B, Lundvik L (1978). "Simultaneous purification and some properties of aspartate: tRNA ligase and seven other amino-acid:tRNA ligases from Escherichia coli." Eur J Biochem 83(1);29-36. PMID: 342244

Aldinger12: Aldinger CA, Leisinger AK, Igloi GL (2012). "The influence of identity elements on the aminoacylation of tRNA(Arg) by plant and Escherichia coli arginyl-tRNA synthetases." FEBS J 279(19);3622-38. PMID: 22831759

Andrews85: Andrews D, Trezeguet V, Merle M, Graves PV, Muench KH, Labouesse B (1985). "Tryptophanamide formation by Escherichia coli tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase." Eur J Biochem 146(1);201-9. PMID: 3881255

Ankilova75: Ankilova VN, Vlassov VV, Knorre DG, Melamed NV, Nuzdihna NA (1975). "Involvement of the D-stem of tRNAPhe (E. coli) in interaction with phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase as shown by chemical modification." FEBS Lett 60(1);168-71. PMID: 776674

Anselme89: Anselme J, Hartlein M (1989). "Asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase from Escherichia coli has significant sequence homologies with yeast aspartyl-tRNA synthetase." Gene 84(2);481-5. PMID: 2693216

Anselme91: Anselme J, Hartlein M (1991). "Tyr-426 of the Escherichia coli asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase, an amino acid in a C-terminal conserved motif, is involved in ATP binding." FEBS Lett 280(1);163-6. PMID: 2009959

Aoki92: Aoki H, Yaworsky PJ, Patel SD, Margolin-Brzezinski D, Park KS, Ganoza MC (1992). "The asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase gene encodes one of the complementing factors for thermosensitive translation in the Escherichia coli mutant strain, N4316." Eur J Biochem 209(2);511-21. PMID: 1425658

Archibold72: Archibold ER, Williams LS (1972). "Regulation of synthesis of methionyl-, prolyl-, and threonyl-transfer ribonucleic acid synthetases of Escherichia coli." J Bacteriol 109(3);1020-6. PMID: 4551738

Archontis01: Archontis G, Simonson T, Karplus M (2001). "Binding free energies and free energy components from molecular dynamics and Poisson-Boltzmann calculations. Application to amino acid recognition by aspartyl-tRNA synthetase." J Mol Biol 306(2);307-27. PMID: 11237602

Archontis01a: Archontis G, Simonson T (2001). "Dielectric relaxation in an enzyme active site: molecular dynamics simulations interpreted with a macroscopic continuum model." J Am Chem Soc 123(44);11047-56. PMID: 11686711

Archontis98: Archontis G, Simonson T, Moras D, Karplus M (1998). "Specific amino acid recognition by aspartyl-tRNA synthetase studied by free energy simulations." J Mol Biol 275(5);823-46. PMID: 9480772

Arifuzzaman06: Arifuzzaman M, Maeda M, Itoh A, Nishikata K, Takita C, Saito R, Ara T, Nakahigashi K, Huang HC, Hirai A, Tsuzuki K, Nakamura S, Altaf-Ul-Amin M, Oshima T, Baba T, Yamamoto N, Kawamura T, Ioka-Nakamichi T, Kitagawa M, Tomita M, Kanaya S, Wada C, Mori H (2006). "Large-scale identification of protein-protein interaction of Escherichia coli K-12." Genome Res 16(5);686-91. PMID: 16606699

Armstrong75: Armstrong JB, Fairfield JA (1975). "A new method for the isolation of methionyl transfer RNA synthetase mutants from Escherichia coli." Can J Microbiol 21(6);754-8. PMID: 1097064

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
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