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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Polypeptide: 50S ribosomal subunit protein L15



Gene: rplO Accession Numbers: EG10876 (EcoCyc), b3301, ECK3288

Regulation Summary Diagram: ?

Component of:
50S ribosomal subunit
ribosome (summary available)

Summary:
The L15 protein is a component of the 50S subunit of the ribosome.

L15 is a late assembly protein [Franceschi90] that appears to be required for 5S rRNA incorporation [Rohl82]. L15 interacts with domain II of 23S rRNA in a partially assembled ribosomal particle [Littlechild77, Lieberman98]. L15 appears to be dispensible for protein synthesis and cell growth [Ito84], and ribosomes lacking L15 are translationally active [Franceschi90].

L15 is a component of the binding site for erythromycin on the ribosome [Arevalo88].

L15 has RNA chaperone-like activity in an in vitro trans splicing assay [Semrad04].

Gene Citations: [Cerretti83]

Locations: ribosome

Map Position: [3,442,127 <- 3,442,561] (74.19 centisomes)
Length: 435 bp / 144 aa

Molecular Weight of Polypeptide: 14.98 kD (from nucleotide sequence)

Unification Links: ASAP:ABE-0010819 , CGSC:251 , DIP:DIP-10752N , EchoBASE:EB0869 , EcoGene:EG10876 , EcoliWiki:b3301 , Mint:MINT-1260355 , ModBase:P02413 , OU-Microarray:b3301 , PortEco:rplO , PR:PRO_000023821 , Pride:P02413 , Protein Model Portal:P02413 , RefSeq:NP_417760 , RegulonDB:EG10876 , SMR:P02413 , String:511145.b3301 , UniProt:P02413

Relationship Links: InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR001196 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR005749 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR021131 , Panther:IN-FAMILY:PTHR12934 , PDB:Structure:1ML5 , PDB:Structure:1P85 , PDB:Structure:1P86 , PDB:Structure:1VS6 , PDB:Structure:1VS8 , PDB:Structure:1VT2 , PDB:Structure:2AW4 , PDB:Structure:2AWB , PDB:Structure:2GYA , PDB:Structure:2GYC , PDB:Structure:2I2T , PDB:Structure:2I2V , PDB:Structure:2J28 , PDB:Structure:2QAM , PDB:Structure:2QAO , PDB:Structure:2QBA , PDB:Structure:2QBC , PDB:Structure:2QBE , PDB:Structure:2QBG , PDB:Structure:2QBI , PDB:Structure:2QBK , PDB:Structure:2QOV , PDB:Structure:2QOX , PDB:Structure:2QOZ , PDB:Structure:2QP1 , PDB:Structure:2RDO , PDB:Structure:2VHM , PDB:Structure:2VHN , PDB:Structure:2WWQ , PDB:Structure:2Z4L , PDB:Structure:2Z4N , PDB:Structure:3BBX , PDB:Structure:3DF2 , PDB:Structure:3DF4 , PDB:Structure:3E1B , PDB:Structure:3E1D , PDB:Structure:3FIK , PDB:Structure:3I1N , PDB:Structure:3I1P , PDB:Structure:3I1R , PDB:Structure:3I1T , PDB:Structure:3I20 , PDB:Structure:3I22 , PDB:Structure:3IY9 , PDB:Structure:3IZT , PDB:Structure:3IZU , PDB:Structure:3J01 , PDB:Structure:3J0T , PDB:Structure:3J0W , PDB:Structure:3J0Y , PDB:Structure:3J11 , PDB:Structure:3J12 , PDB:Structure:3J14 , PDB:Structure:3J19 , PDB:Structure:3J37 , PDB:Structure:3KCR , PDB:Structure:3OAS , PDB:Structure:3OAT , PDB:Structure:3OFC , PDB:Structure:3OFD , PDB:Structure:3OFQ , PDB:Structure:3OFR , PDB:Structure:3OFZ , PDB:Structure:3OG0 , PDB:Structure:3ORB , PDB:Structure:3R8S , PDB:Structure:3R8T , PDB:Structure:3SGF , PDB:Structure:3UOS , PDB:Structure:4GAR , PDB:Structure:4GAU , PDB:Structure:4KIX , PDB:Structure:4KIZ , PDB:Structure:4KJ1 , PDB:Structure:4KJ3 , PDB:Structure:4KJ5 , PDB:Structure:4KJ7 , PDB:Structure:4KJ9 , PDB:Structure:4KJB , Pfam:IN-FAMILY:PF00828 , Prosite:IN-FAMILY:PS00475

Gene-Reaction Schematic: ?

Genetic Regulation Schematic: ?

GO Terms:

Biological Process: GO:0006412 - translation Inferred by computational analysis [GOA06, GOA01]
Molecular Function: GO:0005515 - protein binding Inferred from experiment [Rajagopala14, Butland05]
GO:0003723 - RNA binding Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11]
GO:0003735 - structural constituent of ribosome Inferred by computational analysis [GOA01]
GO:0019843 - rRNA binding Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11, GOA06]
Cellular Component: GO:0022625 - cytosolic large ribosomal subunit Inferred from experiment [Hindennach71]
GO:0005840 - ribosome Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11, GOA01]
GO:0015934 - large ribosomal subunit Inferred by computational analysis [GOA01]
GO:0030529 - ribonucleoprotein complex Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11]

MultiFun Terms: cell structure ribosomes
information transfer protein related ribosomal proteins
information transfer protein related translation

Essentiality data for rplO knockouts: ?

Growth Medium Growth? T (°C) O2 pH Osm/L Growth Observations
LB Lennox No 37 Aerobic 7   No [Baba06, Comment 1]

Credits:
Last-Curated ? 06-Apr-2006 by Keseler I , SRI International


Subunit of: 50S ribosomal subunit

Synonyms: ribosome, large subunit

Subunit composition of 50S ribosomal subunit = [RrlA][RrfA][RplA][RplB][RplC][RplD][RplE][RplF][(RplJ)([RplL]2)2][RplI][RplK][RplM][RplN][RplO][RplP][RplQ][RplR][RplS][RplT][RplU][RplV][RplW][RplX][RplY][RpmA][RpmB][RpmC][RpmD][RpmE][RpmF][RpmG][RpmH][RpmI][RpmJ]
         23S ribosomal RNA (rrlA) = RrlA (extended summary available)
         5S ribosomal RNA (rrfA) = RrfA (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L1 = RplA (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L2 = RplB (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L3 = RplC (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L4 = RplD (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L5 = RplE (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L6 = RplF (summary available)
         50S ribosomal protein complex L8 = (RplJ)([RplL]2)2 (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L10 = RplJ (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L7/L12 dimer = (RplL)2
                         50S ribosomal subunit protein L12 = RplL
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L9 = RplI (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L11 = RplK (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L13 = RplM (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L14 = RplN (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L15 = RplO (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L16 = RplP (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L17 = RplQ (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L18 = RplR (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L19 = RplS (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L20 = RplT (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L21 = RplU (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L22 = RplV (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L23 = RplW (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L24 = RplX (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L25 = RplY (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L27 = RpmA (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L28 = RpmB (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L29 = RpmC (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L30 = RpmD (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L31 = RpmE (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L32 = RpmF (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L33 = RpmG (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L34 = RpmH (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L35 = RpmI (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L36 = RpmJ (summary available)

Component of: ribosome (summary available)

Relationship Links: PDB:Structure:1P85 , PDB:Structure:1P86 , PDB:Structure:2AW4 , PDB:Structure:2AWB

Credits:
Created 02-Jun-2006 by Keseler I , SRI International


Subunit of: ribosome

Subunit composition of ribosome = [(RrsA)(RpsA)(RpsB)(RpsC)(RpsD)(RpsE)(RpsF)(RpsG)(RpsH)(RpsI)(RpsJ)(RpsK)(RpsL)(RpsM)(RpsN)(RpsO)(RpsP)(RpsQ)(RpsR)(RpsS)(RpsT)(RpsU)(Sra)][(RrlA)(RrfA)(RplA)(RplB)(RplC)(RplD)(RplE)(RplF)([RplJ][(RplL)2]2)(RplI)(RplK)(RplM)(RplN)(RplO)(RplP)(RplQ)(RplR)(RplS)(RplT)(RplU)(RplV)(RplW)(RplX)(RplY)(RpmA)(RpmB)(RpmC)(RpmD)(RpmE)(RpmF)(RpmG)(RpmH)(RpmI)(RpmJ)]
         30S ribosomal subunit = (RrsA)(RpsA)(RpsB)(RpsC)(RpsD)(RpsE)(RpsF)(RpsG)(RpsH)(RpsI)(RpsJ)(RpsK)(RpsL)(RpsM)(RpsN)(RpsO)(RpsP)(RpsQ)(RpsR)(RpsS)(RpsT)(RpsU)(Sra) (summary available)
                 16S ribosomal RNA (rrsA) = RrsA (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S1 = RpsA (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S2 = RpsB (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S3 = RpsC (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S4 = RpsD (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S5 = RpsE (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S6 = RpsF (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S7 = RpsG (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S8 = RpsH (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S9 = RpsI (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S10 = RpsJ (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S11 = RpsK (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S12 = RpsL (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S13 = RpsM (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S14 = RpsN (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S15 = RpsO (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S16 = RpsP (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S17 = RpsQ (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S18 = RpsR (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S19 = RpsS (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S20 = RpsT (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S21 = RpsU (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S22 = Sra (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit = (RrlA)(RrfA)(RplA)(RplB)(RplC)(RplD)(RplE)(RplF)([RplJ][(RplL)2]2)(RplI)(RplK)(RplM)(RplN)(RplO)(RplP)(RplQ)(RplR)(RplS)(RplT)(RplU)(RplV)(RplW)(RplX)(RplY)(RpmA)(RpmB)(RpmC)(RpmD)(RpmE)(RpmF)(RpmG)(RpmH)(RpmI)(RpmJ)
                 23S ribosomal RNA (rrlA) = RrlA (extended summary available)
                 5S ribosomal RNA (rrfA) = RrfA (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L1 = RplA (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L2 = RplB (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L3 = RplC (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L4 = RplD (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L5 = RplE (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L6 = RplF (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal protein complex L8 = (RplJ)([RplL]2)2 (summary available)
                         50S ribosomal subunit protein L10 = RplJ (extended summary available)
                         50S ribosomal subunit protein L7/L12 dimer = (RplL)2
                                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L12 = RplL
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L9 = RplI (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L11 = RplK (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L13 = RplM (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L14 = RplN (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L15 = RplO (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L16 = RplP (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L17 = RplQ (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L18 = RplR (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L19 = RplS (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L20 = RplT (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L21 = RplU (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L22 = RplV (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L23 = RplW (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L24 = RplX (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L25 = RplY (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L27 = RpmA (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L28 = RpmB (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L29 = RpmC (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L30 = RpmD (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L31 = RpmE (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L32 = RpmF (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L33 = RpmG (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L34 = RpmH (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L35 = RpmI (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L36 = RpmJ (summary available)

Summary:
The ribosome is a complex machinery that translates the genetic code.

A crystal structure of the E. coli ribosome has been determined at 3.5 Å resolution [Schuwirth05]. Additional crystal structures of the ribosome with tRNA bound in two functionally distinct states reveal how a ratchet-like motion of the small and large subunits contributes to translocation, termination of translation, and ribosome recycling [Zhang09a, Dunkle11].

Approximately eight molecules of Zn2+ are bound to the ribosome; therefore, it appears that a large fraction of intracellular Zn2+ is ribosome-associated [Hensley11].

Selected reviews: [Ramakrishnan02, Yonath05, Ogle05, Kaczanowska07]

Citations: [Kuhlenkoetter11]

Relationship Links: PDB:Structure:3R8N , PDB:Structure:3R8O , PDB:Structure:3R8S , PDB:Structure:3R8T

Credits:
Created 15-Jun-2006 by Keseler I , SRI International


Gene Local Context (not to scale): ?

Transcription Unit:

Notes:

History:
10/20/97 Gene b3301 from Blattner lab Genbank (v. M52) entry merged into EcoCyc gene EG10876; confirmed by SwissProt match.


References

Arevalo88: Arevalo MA, Tejedor F, Polo F, Ballesta JP (1988). "Protein components of the erythromycin binding site in bacterial ribosomes." J Biol Chem 263(1);58-63. PMID: 3275651

Baba06: Baba T, Ara T, Hasegawa M, Takai Y, Okumura Y, Baba M, Datsenko KA, Tomita M, Wanner BL, Mori H (2006). "Construction of Escherichia coli K-12 in-frame, single-gene knockout mutants: the Keio collection." Mol Syst Biol 2;2006.0008. PMID: 16738554

Butland05: Butland G, Peregrin-Alvarez JM, Li J, Yang W, Yang X, Canadien V, Starostine A, Richards D, Beattie B, Krogan N, Davey M, Parkinson J, Greenblatt J, Emili A (2005). "Interaction network containing conserved and essential protein complexes in Escherichia coli." Nature 433(7025);531-7. PMID: 15690043

Cerretti83: Cerretti DP, Dean D, Davis GR, Bedwell DM, Nomura M (1983). "The spc ribosomal protein operon of Escherichia coli: sequence and cotranscription of the ribosomal protein genes and a protein export gene." Nucleic Acids Res 1983;11(9);2599-616. PMID: 6222285

Dunkle11: Dunkle JA, Wang L, Feldman MB, Pulk A, Chen VB, Kapral GJ, Noeske J, Richardson JS, Blanchard SC, Cate JH (2011). "Structures of the bacterial ribosome in classical and hybrid states of tRNA binding." Science 332(6032);981-4. PMID: 21596992

Franceschi90: Franceschi FJ, Nierhaus KH (1990). "Ribosomal proteins L15 and L16 are mere late assembly proteins of the large ribosomal subunit. Analysis of an Escherichia coli mutant lacking L15." J Biol Chem 265(27);16676-82. PMID: 2204629

GOA01: GOA, DDB, FB, MGI, ZFIN (2001). "Gene Ontology annotation through association of InterPro records with GO terms."

GOA06: GOA, SIB (2006). "Electronic Gene Ontology annotations created by transferring manual GO annotations between orthologous microbial proteins."

Hensley11: Hensley MP, Tierney DL, Crowder MW (2011). "Zn(II) binding to Escherichia coli 70S ribosomes." Biochemistry 50(46);9937-9. PMID: 22026583

Hindennach71: Hindennach I, Kaltschmidt E, Wittmann HG (1971). "Ribosomal proteins. Isolation of proteins from 50S ribosomal subunits of Escherichia coli." Eur J Biochem 23(1);12-6. PMID: 4942547

Ito84: Ito K, Cerretti DP, Nashimoto H, Nomura M (1984). "Characterization of an amber mutation in the structural gene for ribosomal protein L15, which impairs the expression of the protein export gene, secY, in Escherichia coli." EMBO J 3(10);2319-24. PMID: 6389119

Kaczanowska07: Kaczanowska M, Ryden-Aulin M (2007). "Ribosome biogenesis and the translation process in Escherichia coli." Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 71(3);477-94. PMID: 17804668

Kuhlenkoetter11: Kuhlenkoetter S, Wintermeyer W, Rodnina MV (2011). "Different substrate-dependent transition states in the active site of the ribosome." Nature 476(7360);351-4. PMID: 21804565

Lieberman98: Lieberman KR, Noller HF (1998). "Ribosomal protein L15 as a probe of 50 S ribosomal subunit structure." J Mol Biol 284(5);1367-78. PMID: 9878356

Littlechild77: Littlechild J, Dijk J, Garrett RA (1977). "The identification of new RNA-binding proteins in the Escherichia coli ribosome." FEBS Lett 74(2);292-4. PMID: 321250

Ogle05: Ogle JM, Ramakrishnan V (2005). "Structural insights into translational fidelity." Annu Rev Biochem 74;129-77. PMID: 15952884

Rajagopala14: Rajagopala SV, Sikorski P, Kumar A, Mosca R, Vlasblom J, Arnold R, Franca-Koh J, Pakala SB, Phanse S, Ceol A, Hauser R, Siszler G, Wuchty S, Emili A, Babu M, Aloy P, Pieper R, Uetz P (2014). "The binary protein-protein interaction landscape of Escherichia coli." Nat Biotechnol 32(3);285-90. PMID: 24561554

Ramakrishnan02: Ramakrishnan V (2002). "Ribosome structure and the mechanism of translation." Cell 108(4);557-72. PMID: 11909526

Rohl82: Rohl R, Nierhaus KH (1982). "Assembly map of the large subunit (50S) of Escherichia coli ribosomes." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 79(3);729-33. PMID: 7038683

Schuwirth05: Schuwirth BS, Borovinskaya MA, Hau CW, Zhang W, Vila-Sanjurjo A, Holton JM, Cate JH (2005). "Structures of the bacterial ribosome at 3.5 A resolution." Science 310(5749);827-34. PMID: 16272117

Semrad04: Semrad K, Green R, Schroeder R (2004). "RNA chaperone activity of large ribosomal subunit proteins from Escherichia coli." RNA 10(12);1855-60. PMID: 15525706

UniProtGOA11: UniProt-GOA (2011). "Gene Ontology annotation based on manual assignment of UniProtKB keywords in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries."

Yonath05: Yonath A (2005). "Antibiotics targeting ribosomes: resistance, selectivity, synergism and cellular regulation." Annu Rev Biochem 74;649-79. PMID: 16180279

Zhang09a: Zhang W, Dunkle JA, Cate JH (2009). "Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting." Science 325(5943);1014-7. PMID: 19696352

Other References Related to Gene Regulation

Lemke11: Lemke JJ, Sanchez-Vazquez P, Burgos HL, Hedberg G, Ross W, Gourse RL (2011). "Direct regulation of Escherichia coli ribosomal protein promoters by the transcription factors ppGpp and DksA." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108(14);5712-7. PMID: 21402902

Post78: Post LE, Arfsten AE, Reusser F, Nomura M (1978). "DNA sequences of promoter regions for the str and spc ribosomal protein operons in E. coli." Cell 15(1);215-29. PMID: 151587

Post78a: Post LE, Arfsten AE, Nomura M, Jaskunas SR (1978). "Isolation and characterization of a promoter mutant in the str ribosomal protein operon in E. coli." Cell 1978;15(1);231-6. PMID: 359165


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Thu Nov 27, 2014, BIOCYC13A.