Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
twitter

Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Polypeptide: 50S ribosomal subunit protein L27



Gene: rpmA Accession Numbers: EG50002 (EcoCyc), b3185, ECK3174

Synonyms: rpz

Regulation Summary Diagram: ?

Component of:
50S ribosomal subunit
ribosome (summary available)

Summary:
The L27 protein is a component of the 50S subunit of the ribosome and may be an integral and functional component of the peptidyl transferase center [Hindennach71a, Chen75]. Single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer studies have indicated that L27 stabilizes the peptidyl-tRNA [Wang12b].

L27 participates both in the assembly of the 50S subunit and in the peptidyl transferase reaction [Wower98, Maguire05]. L27 crosslinks to aminoacylated tRNA in the A and P site [Wower89, Parker83, Rosen93, Osswald95, Maguire05]. Involvement of L27 with the peptidyl transferase center was also suggested by its interactions with various antibiotics: N-bromoacetyl chloramphenicol, an antibiotic that interacts with the peptidyl transferase center, affinity labels L27 [Sonenberg73]. L27 is labeled by the macrolides carbomycin A, niddamycin and tylosin, which inhibit ribosomal activity [Tejedor85]. L27 can also be crosslinked to the spiramycin derivative dihydrospiramycin [Bischof95].

L27 interacts with domain V of 23S rRNA [Osswald90, Urlaub95, Thiede98] and can be crosslinked to L33 [Redl89]. L27 is exposed on the surface of the 70S ribosome [Agafonov97].

An rpmA deletion mutant has a severe growth defect and is cold- and temperature-sensitive [Wower98]. Deleting as few as three amino acids from the amino terminus of L27 leads to a defect in peptidyl transferase activity of the resulting ribosomes [Maguire05].

Citations: [Wower95, WittmannLiebold95, Amarantos01, Maguire01, Kirillov02, Shoji11]

Gene Citations: [Kitakawa79]

Locations: cytosol, ribosome

Map Position: [3,330,884 <- 3,331,141] (71.79 centisomes)
Length: 258 bp / 85 aa

Molecular Weight of Polypeptide: 9.124 kD (from nucleotide sequence)

Unification Links: ASAP:ABE-0010468 , CGSC:241 , DIP:DIP-47933N , DisProt:DP00140 , EchoBASE:EB4296 , EcoGene:EG50002 , EcoliWiki:b3185 , Mint:MINT-1317488 , OU-Microarray:b3185 , PortEco:rpmA , PR:PRO_000023832 , Pride:P0A7L8 , Protein Model Portal:P0A7L8 , RefSeq:NP_417652 , RegulonDB:EG50002 , SMR:P0A7L8 , String:511145.b3185 , UniProt:P0A7L8

Relationship Links: InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR001684 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR018261 , Panther:IN-FAMILY:PTHR15893 , PDB:Structure:1P85 , PDB:Structure:1P86 , PDB:Structure:1VS6 , PDB:Structure:1VS8 , PDB:Structure:1VT2 , PDB:Structure:2AW4 , PDB:Structure:2AWB , PDB:Structure:2GYA , PDB:Structure:2GYC , PDB:Structure:2I2T , PDB:Structure:2I2V , PDB:Structure:2J28 , PDB:Structure:2QAM , PDB:Structure:2QAO , PDB:Structure:2QBA , PDB:Structure:2QBC , PDB:Structure:2QBE , PDB:Structure:2QBG , PDB:Structure:2QBI , PDB:Structure:2QBK , PDB:Structure:2QOV , PDB:Structure:2QOX , PDB:Structure:2QOZ , PDB:Structure:2QP1 , PDB:Structure:2RDO , PDB:Structure:2VHM , PDB:Structure:2VHN , PDB:Structure:2WWQ , PDB:Structure:2Z4L , PDB:Structure:2Z4N , PDB:Structure:3BBX , PDB:Structure:3DF2 , PDB:Structure:3DF4 , PDB:Structure:3E1B , PDB:Structure:3E1D , PDB:Structure:3FIK , PDB:Structure:3I1N , PDB:Structure:3I1P , PDB:Structure:3I1R , PDB:Structure:3I1T , PDB:Structure:3I20 , PDB:Structure:3I22 , PDB:Structure:3IZT , PDB:Structure:3IZU , PDB:Structure:3J01 , PDB:Structure:3J0T , PDB:Structure:3J0W , PDB:Structure:3J0Y , PDB:Structure:3J11 , PDB:Structure:3J12 , PDB:Structure:3J14 , PDB:Structure:3J19 , PDB:Structure:3J37 , PDB:Structure:3KCR , PDB:Structure:3OAS , PDB:Structure:3OAT , PDB:Structure:3OFC , PDB:Structure:3OFD , PDB:Structure:3OFQ , PDB:Structure:3OFR , PDB:Structure:3OFZ , PDB:Structure:3OG0 , PDB:Structure:3ORB , PDB:Structure:3R8S , PDB:Structure:3R8T , PDB:Structure:3SGF , PDB:Structure:3UOS , PDB:Structure:4GAR , PDB:Structure:4GAU , PDB:Structure:4KIX , PDB:Structure:4KIZ , PDB:Structure:4KJ1 , PDB:Structure:4KJ3 , PDB:Structure:4KJ5 , PDB:Structure:4KJ7 , PDB:Structure:4KJ9 , PDB:Structure:4KJB , Pfam:IN-FAMILY:PF01016 , Prints:IN-FAMILY:PR00063 , ProDom:IN-FAMILY:PD003114 , Prosite:IN-FAMILY:PS00831

Gene-Reaction Schematic: ?

Genetic Regulation Schematic: ?

GO Terms:

Biological Process: GO:0006412 - translation Inferred by computational analysis [GOA01a]
Molecular Function: GO:0005515 - protein binding Inferred from experiment [Rajagopala14]
GO:0000049 - tRNA binding Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11a]
GO:0003723 - RNA binding Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11a]
GO:0003735 - structural constituent of ribosome Inferred by computational analysis [GOA01a]
GO:0019843 - rRNA binding Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11a]
Cellular Component: GO:0022625 - cytosolic large ribosomal subunit Inferred from experiment [Hindennach71a]
GO:0005829 - cytosol Inferred by computational analysis [DiazMejia09]
GO:0005840 - ribosome Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11a, GOA01a]
GO:0030529 - ribonucleoprotein complex Inferred by computational analysis [UniProtGOA11a]

MultiFun Terms: cell structure ribosomes
information transfer protein related ribosomal proteins
information transfer protein related translation

Essentiality data for rpmA knockouts: ?

Growth Medium Growth? T (°C) O2 pH Osm/L Growth Observations
LB Lennox No 37 Aerobic 7   No [Baba06, Comment 1]

Credits:
Last-Curated ? 13-Mar-2013 by Keseler I , SRI International


Subunit of: 50S ribosomal subunit

Synonyms: ribosome, large subunit

Subunit composition of 50S ribosomal subunit = [RrlA][RrfA][RplA][RplB][RplC][RplD][RplE][RplF][(RplJ)([RplL]2)2][RplI][RplK][RplM][RplN][RplO][RplP][RplQ][RplR][RplS][RplT][RplU][RplV][RplW][RplX][RplY][RpmA][RpmB][RpmC][RpmD][RpmE][RpmF][RpmG][RpmH][RpmI][RpmJ]
         23S ribosomal RNA (rrlA) = RrlA (extended summary available)
         5S ribosomal RNA (rrfA) = RrfA (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L1 = RplA (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L2 = RplB (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L3 = RplC (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L4 = RplD (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L5 = RplE (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L6 = RplF (summary available)
         50S ribosomal protein complex L8 = (RplJ)([RplL]2)2 (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L10 = RplJ (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L7/L12 dimer = (RplL)2
                         50S ribosomal subunit protein L12 = RplL
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L9 = RplI (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L11 = RplK (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L13 = RplM (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L14 = RplN (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L15 = RplO (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L16 = RplP (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L17 = RplQ (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L18 = RplR (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L19 = RplS (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L20 = RplT (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L21 = RplU (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L22 = RplV (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L23 = RplW (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L24 = RplX (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L25 = RplY (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L27 = RpmA (extended summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L28 = RpmB (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L29 = RpmC (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L30 = RpmD (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L31 = RpmE (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L32 = RpmF (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L33 = RpmG (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L34 = RpmH (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L35 = RpmI (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit protein L36 = RpmJ (summary available)

Component of: ribosome (summary available)

Relationship Links: PDB:Structure:1P85 , PDB:Structure:1P86 , PDB:Structure:2AW4 , PDB:Structure:2AWB

Credits:
Created 02-Jun-2006 by Keseler I , SRI International


Subunit of: ribosome

Subunit composition of ribosome = [(RrsA)(RpsA)(RpsB)(RpsC)(RpsD)(RpsE)(RpsF)(RpsG)(RpsH)(RpsI)(RpsJ)(RpsK)(RpsL)(RpsM)(RpsN)(RpsO)(RpsP)(RpsQ)(RpsR)(RpsS)(RpsT)(RpsU)(Sra)][(RrlA)(RrfA)(RplA)(RplB)(RplC)(RplD)(RplE)(RplF)([RplJ][(RplL)2]2)(RplI)(RplK)(RplM)(RplN)(RplO)(RplP)(RplQ)(RplR)(RplS)(RplT)(RplU)(RplV)(RplW)(RplX)(RplY)(RpmA)(RpmB)(RpmC)(RpmD)(RpmE)(RpmF)(RpmG)(RpmH)(RpmI)(RpmJ)]
         30S ribosomal subunit = (RrsA)(RpsA)(RpsB)(RpsC)(RpsD)(RpsE)(RpsF)(RpsG)(RpsH)(RpsI)(RpsJ)(RpsK)(RpsL)(RpsM)(RpsN)(RpsO)(RpsP)(RpsQ)(RpsR)(RpsS)(RpsT)(RpsU)(Sra) (summary available)
                 16S ribosomal RNA (rrsA) = RrsA (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S1 = RpsA (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S2 = RpsB (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S3 = RpsC (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S4 = RpsD (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S5 = RpsE (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S6 = RpsF (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S7 = RpsG (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S8 = RpsH (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S9 = RpsI (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S10 = RpsJ (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S11 = RpsK (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S12 = RpsL (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S13 = RpsM (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S14 = RpsN (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S15 = RpsO (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S16 = RpsP (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S17 = RpsQ (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S18 = RpsR (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S19 = RpsS (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S20 = RpsT (extended summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S21 = RpsU (summary available)
                 30S ribosomal subunit protein S22 = Sra (summary available)
         50S ribosomal subunit = (RrlA)(RrfA)(RplA)(RplB)(RplC)(RplD)(RplE)(RplF)([RplJ][(RplL)2]2)(RplI)(RplK)(RplM)(RplN)(RplO)(RplP)(RplQ)(RplR)(RplS)(RplT)(RplU)(RplV)(RplW)(RplX)(RplY)(RpmA)(RpmB)(RpmC)(RpmD)(RpmE)(RpmF)(RpmG)(RpmH)(RpmI)(RpmJ)
                 23S ribosomal RNA (rrlA) = RrlA (extended summary available)
                 5S ribosomal RNA (rrfA) = RrfA (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L1 = RplA (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L2 = RplB (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L3 = RplC (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L4 = RplD (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L5 = RplE (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L6 = RplF (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal protein complex L8 = (RplJ)([RplL]2)2 (summary available)
                         50S ribosomal subunit protein L10 = RplJ (extended summary available)
                         50S ribosomal subunit protein L7/L12 dimer = (RplL)2
                                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L12 = RplL
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L9 = RplI (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L11 = RplK (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L13 = RplM (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L14 = RplN (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L15 = RplO (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L16 = RplP (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L17 = RplQ (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L18 = RplR (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L19 = RplS (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L20 = RplT (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L21 = RplU (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L22 = RplV (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L23 = RplW (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L24 = RplX (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L25 = RplY (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L27 = RpmA (extended summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L28 = RpmB (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L29 = RpmC (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L30 = RpmD (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L31 = RpmE (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L32 = RpmF (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L33 = RpmG (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L34 = RpmH (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L35 = RpmI (summary available)
                 50S ribosomal subunit protein L36 = RpmJ (summary available)

Summary:
The ribosome is a complex machinery that translates the genetic code.

A crystal structure of the E. coli ribosome has been determined at 3.5 Å resolution [Schuwirth05]. Additional crystal structures of the ribosome with tRNA bound in two functionally distinct states reveal how a ratchet-like motion of the small and large subunits contributes to translocation, termination of translation, and ribosome recycling [Zhang09, Dunkle11].

Approximately eight molecules of Zn2+ are bound to the ribosome; therefore, it appears that a large fraction of intracellular Zn2+ is ribosome-associated [Hensley11].

Selected reviews: [Ramakrishnan02, Yonath05, Ogle05, Kaczanowska07]

Citations: [Kuhlenkoetter11]

Relationship Links: PDB:Structure:3R8N , PDB:Structure:3R8O , PDB:Structure:3R8S , PDB:Structure:3R8T

Credits:
Created 15-Jun-2006 by Keseler I , SRI International


Sequence Features

Feature Class Location Citations Comment
Cleavage-of-Initial-Methionine 1
[Chen75, UniProt11a]
UniProt: Removed.
Chain 2 -> 85
[UniProt09]
UniProt: 50S ribosomal protein L27;


Gene Local Context (not to scale): ?

Transcription Unit:

Notes:

History:
10/20/97 Gene b3185 from Blattner lab Genbank (v. M52) entry merged into EcoCyc gene EG50002; confirmed by SwissProt match.


References

Agafonov97: Agafonov DE, Kolb VA, Spirin AS (1997). "Proteins on ribosome surface: measurements of protein exposure by hot tritium bombardment technique." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94(24);12892-7. PMID: 9371771

Amarantos01: Amarantos I, Xaplanteri MA, Choli-Papadopoulou T, Kalpaxis DL (2001). "Effects of two photoreactive spermine analogues on peptide bond formation and their application for labeling proteins in Escherichia coli functional ribosomal complexes." Biochemistry 40(25);7641-50. PMID: 11412118

Baba06: Baba T, Ara T, Hasegawa M, Takai Y, Okumura Y, Baba M, Datsenko KA, Tomita M, Wanner BL, Mori H (2006). "Construction of Escherichia coli K-12 in-frame, single-gene knockout mutants: the Keio collection." Mol Syst Biol 2;2006.0008. PMID: 16738554

Bischof95: Bischof O, Urlaub H, Kruft V, Wittmann-Liebold B (1995). "Peptide environment of the peptidyl transferase center from Escherichia coli 70 S ribosomes as determined by thermoaffinity labeling with dihydrospiramycin." J Biol Chem 270(39);23060-4. PMID: 7559446

Chen75: Chen R, Mende L, Arfsten U (1975). "The primary structure of protein L27 from the peptidyl-tRNA binding site of Escherichia coli ribosomes." FEBS Lett 59(1);96-9. PMID: 1225626

DiazMejia09: Diaz-Mejia JJ, Babu M, Emili A (2009). "Computational and experimental approaches to chart the Escherichia coli cell-envelope-associated proteome and interactome." FEMS Microbiol Rev 33(1);66-97. PMID: 19054114

Dunkle11: Dunkle JA, Wang L, Feldman MB, Pulk A, Chen VB, Kapral GJ, Noeske J, Richardson JS, Blanchard SC, Cate JH (2011). "Structures of the bacterial ribosome in classical and hybrid states of tRNA binding." Science 332(6032);981-4. PMID: 21596992

GOA01a: GOA, DDB, FB, MGI, ZFIN (2001). "Gene Ontology annotation through association of InterPro records with GO terms."

Hensley11: Hensley MP, Tierney DL, Crowder MW (2011). "Zn(II) binding to Escherichia coli 70S ribosomes." Biochemistry 50(46);9937-9. PMID: 22026583

Hindennach71a: Hindennach I, Kaltschmidt E, Wittmann HG (1971). "Ribosomal proteins. Isolation of proteins from 50S ribosomal subunits of Escherichia coli." Eur J Biochem 23(1);12-6. PMID: 4942547

Kaczanowska07: Kaczanowska M, Ryden-Aulin M (2007). "Ribosome biogenesis and the translation process in Escherichia coli." Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 71(3);477-94. PMID: 17804668

Kirillov02: Kirillov SV, Wower J, Hixson SS, Zimmermann RA (2002). "Transit of tRNA through the Escherichia coli ribosome: cross-linking of the 3' end of tRNA to ribosomal proteins at the P and E sites." FEBS Lett 514(1);60-6. PMID: 11904182

Kitakawa79: Kitakawa M, Dabbs ER, Isono K (1979). "Genes coding for ribosomal proteins S15, L21, and L27 map near argG in Escherichia coli." J Bacteriol 1979;138(3);832-8. PMID: 378941

Kuhlenkoetter11: Kuhlenkoetter S, Wintermeyer W, Rodnina MV (2011). "Different substrate-dependent transition states in the active site of the ribosome." Nature 476(7360);351-4. PMID: 21804565

Maguire01: Maguire BA, Manuilov AV, Zimmermann RA (2001). "Differential effects of replacing Escherichia coli ribosomal protein L27 with its homologue from Aquifex aeolicus." J Bacteriol 183(22);6565-72. PMID: 11673426

Maguire05: Maguire BA, Beniaminov AD, Ramu H, Mankin AS, Zimmermann RA (2005). "A protein component at the heart of an RNA machine: the importance of protein l27 for the function of the bacterial ribosome." Mol Cell 20(3);427-35. PMID: 16285924

Ogle05: Ogle JM, Ramakrishnan V (2005). "Structural insights into translational fidelity." Annu Rev Biochem 74;129-77. PMID: 15952884

Osswald90: Osswald M, Greuer B, Brimacombe R (1990). "Localization of a series of RNA-protein cross-link sites in the 23S and 5S ribosomal RNA from Escherichia coli, induced by treatment of 50S subunits with three different bifunctional reagents." Nucleic Acids Res 18(23);6755-60. PMID: 1702198

Osswald95: Osswald M, Doring T, Brimacombe R (1995). "The ribosomal neighbourhood of the central fold of tRNA: cross-links from position 47 of tRNA located at the A, P or E site." Nucleic Acids Res 23(22);4635-41. PMID: 8524654

Parker83: Parker KK, Wickstrom E (1983). "Crosslinking of Escherichia coli 50S ribosomal subunits with chlorambucilyl oligoprolyl phenylalanyl-tRNA molecular rulers." Nucleic Acids Res 11(2);515-24. PMID: 6338479

Rajagopala14: Rajagopala SV, Sikorski P, Kumar A, Mosca R, Vlasblom J, Arnold R, Franca-Koh J, Pakala SB, Phanse S, Ceol A, Hauser R, Siszler G, Wuchty S, Emili A, Babu M, Aloy P, Pieper R, Uetz P (2014). "The binary protein-protein interaction landscape of Escherichia coli." Nat Biotechnol 32(3);285-90. PMID: 24561554

Ramakrishnan02: Ramakrishnan V (2002). "Ribosome structure and the mechanism of translation." Cell 108(4);557-72. PMID: 11909526

Redl89: Redl B, Walleczek J, Stoffler-Meilicke M, Stoffler G (1989). "Immunoblotting analysis of protein-protein crosslinks within the 50S ribosomal subunit of Escherichia coli. A study using dimethylsuberimidate as crosslinking reagent." Eur J Biochem 181(2);351-6. PMID: 2653827

Rosen93: Rosen KV, Alexander RW, Wower J, Zimmermann RA (1993). "Mapping the central fold of tRNA2(fMet) in the P site of the Escherichia coli ribosome." Biochemistry 32(47);12802-11. PMID: 8251501

Schuwirth05: Schuwirth BS, Borovinskaya MA, Hau CW, Zhang W, Vila-Sanjurjo A, Holton JM, Cate JH (2005). "Structures of the bacterial ribosome at 3.5 A resolution." Science 310(5749);827-34. PMID: 16272117

Shoji11: Shoji S, Dambacher CM, Shajani Z, Williamson JR, Schultz PG (2011). "Systematic chromosomal deletion of bacterial ribosomal protein genes." J Mol Biol 413(4);751-61. PMID: 21945294

Sonenberg73: Sonenberg N, Wilchek M, Zamir A (1973). "Mapping of Escherichia coli ribosomal components involved in peptidyl transferase activity." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 70(5);1423-6. PMID: 4576018

Tejedor85: Tejedor F, Ballesta JP (1985). "Components of the macrolide binding site on the ribosome." J Antimicrob Chemother 16 Suppl A;53-62. PMID: 4055551

Thiede98: Thiede B, Urlaub H, Neubauer H, Grelle G, Wittmann-Liebold B (1998). "Precise determination of RNA-protein contact sites in the 50 S ribosomal subunit of Escherichia coli." Biochem J 334 ( Pt 1);39-42. PMID: 9693099

UniProt09: UniProt Consortium (2009). "UniProt version 15.8 released on 2009-10-01 00:00:00." Database.

UniProt11a: UniProt Consortium (2011). "UniProt version 2011-06 released on 2011-06-30 00:00:00." Database.

UniProtGOA11a: UniProt-GOA (2011). "Gene Ontology annotation based on manual assignment of UniProtKB keywords in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries."

Urlaub95: Urlaub H, Kruft V, Bischof O, Muller EC, Wittmann-Liebold B (1995). "Protein-rRNA binding features and their structural and functional implications in ribosomes as determined by cross-linking studies." EMBO J 14(18);4578-88. PMID: 7556101

Wang12b: Wang Y, Xiao M (2012). "Role of the ribosomal protein L27 revealed by single-molecule FRET study." Protein Sci 21(11);1696-704. PMID: 22930421

WittmannLiebold95: Wittmann-Liebold B, Uhlein M, Urlaub H, Muller EC, Otto A, Bischof O (1995). "Structural and functional implications in the eubacterial ribosome as revealed by protein-rRNA and antibiotic contact sites." Biochem Cell Biol 73(11-12);1187-97. PMID: 8722036

Wower89: Wower J, Hixson SS, Zimmermann RA (1989). "Labeling the peptidyltransferase center of the Escherichia coli ribosome with photoreactive tRNA(Phe) derivatives containing azidoadenosine at the 3' end of the acceptor arm: a model of the tRNA-ribosome complex." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 86(14);5232-6. PMID: 2664777

Wower95: Wower J, Wower IK, Kirillov SV, Rosen KV, Hixson SS, Zimmermann RA (1995). "Peptidyl transferase and beyond." Biochem Cell Biol 73(11-12);1041-7. PMID: 8722019

Wower98: Wower IK, Wower J, Zimmermann RA (1998). "Ribosomal protein L27 participates in both 50 S subunit assembly and the peptidyl transferase reaction." J Biol Chem 273(31);19847-52. PMID: 9677420

Yonath05: Yonath A (2005). "Antibiotics targeting ribosomes: resistance, selectivity, synergism and cellular regulation." Annu Rev Biochem 74;649-79. PMID: 16180279

Zhang09: Zhang W, Dunkle JA, Cate JH (2009). "Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting." Science 325(5943);1014-7. PMID: 19696352

Other References Related to Gene Regulation

Huerta03: Huerta AM, Collado-Vides J (2003). "Sigma70 promoters in Escherichia coli: specific transcription in dense regions of overlapping promoter-like signals." J Mol Biol 333(2);261-78. PMID: 14529615

Ogasawara10: Ogasawara H, Yamamoto K, Ishihama A (2010). "Regulatory role of MlrA in transcription activation of csgD, the master regulator of biofilm formation in Escherichia coli." FEMS Microbiol Lett 312(2);160-8. PMID: 20874755


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Sat Dec 20, 2014, BIOCYC13B.