|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 22.214.171.124
Note that this reaction equation differs from the official Enzyme Commission reaction equation for this EC number, which can be found here .
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.
Most BioCyc compounds have been protonated to a reference pH value of 7.3, and some reactions have been computationally balanced for hydrogen by adding free protons. Please see the PGDB Concepts Guide for more information.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Direct generic reaction:
a primary alcohol + NAD+ ↔ an aldehyde + NADH + H+ (126.96.36.199)
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: alcohol dehydrogenase
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: aldehyde reductase, ADH, alcohol dehydrogenase (NAD), aliphatic alcohol dehydrogenase, ethanol dehydrogenase, NAD-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase, NAD-specific aromatic alcohol dehydrogenase, NADH-alcohol dehydrogenase, NADH-aldehyde dehydrogenase, primary alcohol dehydrogenase, yeast alcohol dehydrogenase
The final reaction in the fermentation pathway leading to ethanol.
Enzyme Commission Summary:
A zinc protein. Acts on primary or secondary alcohols or hemi-acetals with very broad specificity; however the enzyme oxidizes methanol much more poorly than ethanol. The animal, but not the yeast, enzyme acts also on cyclic secondary alcohols.
Instance reaction of [a primary alcohol + NAD+ ↔ an aldehyde + NADH + H+] (188.8.131.52):
i1: ethanol + NAD+ ↔ acetaldehyde + NADH + H+ (184.108.40.206)
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