|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Macromolecule Reactions → Polynucleotide-Reactions → RNA-Reactions → tRNA-Reactions|
EC Number: 18.104.22.168
Enzymes and Genes:
tRNA (cytidine/uridine-2'-O)-ribose methyltransferase : trmL
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Most BioCyc compounds have been protonated to a reference pH value of 7.3, and some reactions have been computationally balanced for hydrogen by adding free protons. Please see the PGDB Concepts Guide for more information.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: tRNA (cytidine34-2′-O)-methyltransferase
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: yibK (gene name), methyltransferase yibK, TrmL, tRNA methyltransferase L, tRNA (cytidine34/5-carboxymethylaminomethyluridine34-2'-O)-methyltransferase
Enzyme Commission Summary:
The enzyme from Escherichia coli catalyses the 2'-O-methylation of cytidine or 5-carboxymethylaminomethyluridine at the wobble position at nucleotide 34 in tRNALeuCmAA and tRNALeuCmnm5UmAA. The enzyme is selective for the two tRNALeu isoacceptors and only methylates these when they present the correct anticodon loop sequence and modification pattern. Specifically, YibK requires a pyrimidine nucleoside at position 34, it has a clear preference for an adenosine at position 35, and it fails to methylate without prior addition of the N6-(isopentenyl)-2-methylthioadenosine modification at position 37.
A second reaction catalyzed by this enzyme is:
BenitezPaez10: Benitez-Paez A, Villarroya M, Douthwaite S, Gabaldon T, Armengod ME (2010). "YibK is the 2'-O-methyltransferase TrmL that modifies the wobble nucleotide in Escherichia coli tRNA(Leu) isoacceptors." RNA 16(11);2131-43. PMID: 20855540
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