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Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 Reaction: 2.1.1.228


Superclasses: Reactions Classified By Conversion TypeSimple ReactionsChemical Reactions
Reactions Classified By SubstrateMacromolecule ReactionsPolynucleotide-ReactionsRNA-ReactionstRNA-Reactions

EC Number: 2.1.1.228

Enzymes and Genes:
tRNA m1G37 methyltransferaseInferred from experiment: trmD

Supersedes EC number: 2.1.1.31

The direction shown, i.e. which substrates are on the left and right sides, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.

Most BioCyc compounds have been protonated to a reference pH value of 7.3. Please see the PGDB Concepts Guide for more information.

Mass balance status: Balanced.

Enzyme Commission Primary Name: tRNA (guanine37-N1)-methyltransferase

Enzyme Commission Synonyms: TrmD, tRNA (m1G37) methyltransferase, transfer RNA (m1G37) methyltransferase, Trm5p, TRMT5, tRNA-(N1G37) methyltransferase, MJ0883 (gene name)

Enzyme Commission Summary:
This enzyme is important for the maintenance of the correct reading frame during translation. Unlike TrmD from Escherichia coli, which recognizes the G36pG37 motif preferentially, the human enzyme (encoded by TRMT5) also methylates inosine at position 37 [Brule04]. .

Citations: [Takeda06, Lee07d, ODwyer04, GotoIto08, Ahn03]

Gene-Reaction Schematic

Gene-Reaction Schematic

Relationship Links: BRENDA:EC:2.1.1.228, ENZYME:EC:2.1.1.228, IUBMB-ExplorEnz:EC:2.1.1.228

Credits:
Created 17-Jun-2011 by Kothari A, SRI International


References

Ahn03: Ahn HJ, Kim HW, Yoon HJ, Lee BI, Suh SW, Yang JK (2003). "Crystal structure of tRNA(m1G37)methyltransferase: insights into tRNA recognition." EMBO J 22(11);2593-603. PMID: 12773376

Brule04: Brule H, Elliott M, Redlak M, Zehner ZE, Holmes WM (2004). "Isolation and characterization of the human tRNA-(N1G37) methyltransferase (TRM5) and comparison to the Escherichia coli TrmD protein." Biochemistry 43(28);9243-55. PMID: 15248782

GotoIto08: Goto-Ito S, Ito T, Ishii R, Muto Y, Bessho Y, Yokoyama S (2008). "Crystal structure of archaeal tRNA(m(1)G37)methyltransferase aTrm5." Proteins 72(4);1274-89. PMID: 18384044

Lee07d: Lee C, Kramer G, Graham DE, Appling DR (2007). "Yeast mitochondrial initiator tRNA is methylated at guanosine 37 by the Trm5-encoded tRNA (guanine-N1-)-methyltransferase." J Biol Chem 282(38);27744-53. PMID: 17652090

ODwyer04: O'Dwyer K, Watts JM, Biswas S, Ambrad J, Barber M, Brule H, Petit C, Holmes DJ, Zalacain M, Holmes WM (2004). "Characterization of Streptococcus pneumoniae TrmD, a tRNA methyltransferase essential for growth." J Bacteriol 186(8);2346-54. PMID: 15060037

Takeda06: Takeda H, Toyooka T, Ikeuchi Y, Yokobori S, Okadome K, Takano F, Oshima T, Suzuki T, Endo Y, Hori H (2006). "The substrate specificity of tRNA (m1G37) methyltransferase (TrmD) from Aquifex aeolicus." Genes Cells 11(12);1353-65. PMID: 17121543


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of EcoCyc: Nucleic Acids Research 41:D605-12 2013
Page generated by Pathway Tools version 19.5 (software by SRI International) on Sat Feb 13, 2016, biocyc14.