|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions → Composite Reactions → Electron-Transfer-Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 22.214.171.124
In Pathway: nitrate reduction X (periplasmic, dissimilatory)
Note that this reaction equation differs from the official Enzyme Commission reaction equations for this EC number.
Reaction Locations: inner membrane (sensu Gram-negative Bacteria)
The direction shown, i.e. which substrates are on the left and right sides, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: nitrate reductase (quinone)
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: nitrate reductase A, nitrate reductase Z, quinol/nitrate oxidoreductase, quinol-nitrate oxidoreductase, quinol:nitrate oxidoreductase, NarA, NarZ, NarGHI, dissimilatory nitrate reductase
Enzyme Commission Summary:
A membrane-bound enzyme which supports anaerobic respiration on nitrate under anaerobic conditions and in the presence of nitrate. Contains the bicyclic form of the molybdo-bis(molybdopterin guanine dinucleotide) cofactor, iron-sulfur clusters and heme b. Escherichia coli expresses two forms - NarA and NarZ, both being comprised of three subunits.
Bertero03: Bertero MG, Rothery RA, Palak M, Hou C, Lim D, Blasco F, Weiner JH, Strynadka NC (2003). "Insights into the respiratory electron transfer pathway from the structure of nitrate reductase A." Nat Struct Biol 10(9);681-7. PMID: 12910261
Bertero05: Bertero MG, Rothery RA, Boroumand N, Palak M, Blasco F, Ginet N, Weiner JH, Strynadka NC (2005). "Structural and biochemical characterization of a quinol binding site of Escherichia coli nitrate reductase A." J Biol Chem 280(15);14836-43. PMID: 15615728
Enoch74: Enoch HG, Lester RL (1974). "The role of a novel cytochrome b-containing nitrate reductase and quinone in the in vitro reconstruction of formate-nitrate reductase activity of E. coli." Biochem Biophys Res Commun 61(4);1234-41. PMID: 4616697
Guigliarelli92: Guigliarelli B, Asso M, More C, Augier V, Blasco F, Pommier J, Giordano G, Bertrand P (1992). "EPR and redox characterization of iron-sulfur centers in nitrate reductases A and Z from Escherichia coli. Evidence for a high-potential and a low-potential class and their relevance in the electron-transfer mechanism." Eur J Biochem 207(1);61-8. PMID: 1321049
IobbiNivol90: Iobbi-Nivol C, Santini CL, Blasco F, Giordano G (1990). "Purification and further characterization of the second nitrate reductase of Escherichia coli K12." Eur J Biochem 188(3);679-87. PMID: 2139607
Lanciano07: Lanciano P, Magalon A, Bertrand P, Guigliarelli B, Grimaldi S (2007). "High-stability semiquinone intermediate in nitrate reductase A (NarGHI) from Escherichia coli is located in a quinol oxidation site close to heme bD." Biochemistry 46(18);5323-9. PMID: 17439244
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