MetaCyc Compound Class: an acid

Synonyms: a carboxylate, a carboxylic anion, acid, RCOOH

This special compound collects under one roof a number of synonyms that occur in the ENZYME db v.23.

an acid compound structure

Child Classes: a mercapturate (2), a teichoic acid (1), all carboxy acids (930)

isopimaric acid,
levopimaric acid,
neoabietic acid,
nitric acid,
palustric acid,

SMILES: C(=O)([O-])[R]

Unification Links: ChEBI:37527, KEGG:C00174


Armstrong58: Armstrong, J. J., Baddiley, J., Buchanan, J. G., Carss, B., Greenberg, G. R. (1958). "Isolation and structure of ribitol phosphate derivatives (teichoic acids) from bacterial cell walls." J. Chem. Soc. :4344-4354.

Baddiley89: Baddiley J (1989). "Bacterial cell walls and membranes. Discovery of the teichoic acids." Bioessays 10(6);207-10. PMID: 2662967

Grant79: Grant WD (1979). "Cell wall teichoic acid as a reserve phosphate source in Bacillus subtilis." J Bacteriol 137(1);35-43. PMID: 104966

Heptinstall70: Heptinstall S, Archibald AR, Baddiley J (1970). "Teichoic acids and membrane function in bacteria." Nature 225(5232);519-21. PMID: 5411858

Kemper93: Kemper MA, Urrutia MM, Beveridge TJ, Koch AL, Doyle RJ (1993). "Proton motive force may regulate cell wall-associated enzymes of Bacillus subtilis." J Bacteriol 175(17);5690-6. PMID: 8396121

Lambert77: Lambert PA, Hancock IC, Baddiley J (1977). "Occurrence and function of membrane teichoic acids." Biochim Biophys Acta 472(1);1-12. PMID: 406922

Mauel89: Mauel C, Young M, Margot P, Karamata D (1989). "The essential nature of teichoic acids in Bacillus subtilis as revealed by insertional mutagenesis." Mol Gen Genet 215(3);388-94. PMID: 2496299

Miorner83: Miorner H, Johansson G, Kronvall G (1983). "Lipoteichoic acid is the major cell wall component responsible for surface hydrophobicity of group A streptococci." Infect Immun 39(1);336-43. PMID: 6337099

Shibaev73: Shibaev VN, Duckworth M, Archibald AR, Baddiley J (1973). "The structure of a polymer containing galactosamine from walls of Bacillus subtilis 168." Biochem J 135(2);383-4. PMID: 4202940

Wicken75: Wicken AJ, Knox KW (1975). "Lipoteichoic acids: a new class of bacterial antigen." Science 187(4182);1161-7. PMID: 46620

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
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