Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
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MetaCyc Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0006412 - translation

Synonyms: GO:0006416, GO:0006453, GO:0043037, protein anabolism, protein biosynthesis, protein biosynthetic process, protein formation, protein synthesis, protein translation

Definition: The cellular metabolic process in which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome.

Parent Classes:
GO:0034645 - cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process ,
GO:0044267 - cellular protein metabolic process

Part Of:
GO:0010467 - gene expression

Child Classes:
GO:0002181 - cytoplasmic translation (1)

Parts:
GO:0006417 - regulation of translation (27)

Term Members:
30S ribosomal subunit protein S20 (rpsT) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L20 (rplT) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S14 (rpsN) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S21 (rpsU) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S3 (rpsC) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S16 (rpsP) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L4 (rplD) ,
selenocysteine synthase (selA) ,
glutamyl-tRNA synthetase (gltX) ,
adenylate kinase (adk) ,
arginyl-tRNA synthetase (argS) ,
cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase (cysS) ,
glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase (glnS) ,
isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (ileS) ,
leucyl-tRNA synthetase (leuS) ,
valyl-tRNA synthetase (valS) ,
alanyl-tRNA synthetase (alaS) ,
asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase (asnS) ,
aspartyl-tRNA synthetase (aspS) ,
tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (tyrS) ,
tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (trpS) ,
threonyl-tRNA synthetase (thrS) ,
seryl-tRNA synthetase (serS) ,
prolyl-tRNA synthetase (proS) ,
phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase β-chain (pheT) ,
phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase α-chain (pheS) ,
methionyl-tRNA synthetase (metG) ,
lysyl tRNA synthetase (LysRSs), constitutive (lysS) ,
histidyl-tRNA synthetase (hisS) ,
glycyl-tRNA synthetase, α subunit (glyQ) ,
glycyl-tRNA synthetase, β subunit (glyS) ,
ribosomal protein S6 modification protein (rimK) ,
peptide deformylase ,
lysyl-tRNA synthetase (lysU) ,
10-formyltetrahydrofolate:L-methionyl-tRNAfMet N-formyltransferase (fmt) ,
selenocysteyl-tRNA-specific translation elongation factor (selB) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L11 (rplK) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L14 (rplN) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S11 (rpsK) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L10 (rplJ) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S8 (rpsH) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L25 (rplY) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L5 (rplE) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S5 (rpsE) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L22 (rplV) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L1 (rplA) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S18 (rpsR) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S2 (rpsB) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L35 (rpmI) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S15 (rpsO) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L34 (rpmH) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L15 (rplO) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S12 (rpsL) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L12 (rplL) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S9 (rpsI) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L6 (rplF) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S6 (rpsF) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L23 (rplW) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L2 (rplB) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L27 (rpmA) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S22 (sra) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L19 (rplS) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L16 (rplP) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S13 (rpsM) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L13 (rplM) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S10 (rpsJ) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S7 (rpsG) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L24 (rplX) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S4 (rpsD) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S17 (rpsQ) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S1 (rpsA) ,
RING-type E3 ubiquitin transferase UBR1 ,
Hydroxyindole O-methyltransferase (ASMT) ,
protein chain elongation factor EF-P (efp) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L3 (rplC) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L9 (rplI) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L17 (rplQ) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L18 (rplR) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L21 (rplU) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L28 (rpmB) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L29 (rpmC) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L30 (rpmD) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L31 (rpmE) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L32 (rpmF) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L33 (rpmG) ,
50S ribosomal subunit protein L36 (rpmJ) ,
5S ribosomal RNA (rrfA) ,
23S ribosomal RNA (rrlA) ,
30S ribosomal subunit protein S19 (rpsS) ,
16S ribosomal RNA (rrsA)

Unification Links: GO:0006412


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Mon Dec 22, 2014, biocyc13.