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Updated BioCyc iOS App now
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MetaCyc Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0016020 - membrane

Definition: A lipid bilayer along with all the proteins and protein complexes embedded in it an attached to it.

Parent Classes:
GO:0005575 - cellular_component

Part Of:
GO:0005623 - cell

Child Classes:
GO:0005886 - plasma membrane (655),
GO:0019867 - outer membrane (67),
GO:0031090 - organelle membrane (201),
GO:0034357 - photosynthetic membrane (122),
GO:0042175 - nuclear outer membrane-endoplasmic reticulum membrane network,
GO:0098805 - whole membrane (50)

Parts:
GO:0098796 - membrane protein complex (145),
GO:0098533 - ATPase dependent transmembrane transport complex (89),
GO:0098552 - side of membrane (9),
GO:0044425 - membrane part (677),
GO:0019866 - organelle inner membrane (40),
GO:0031224 - intrinsic component of membrane (484),
GO:0019867 - outer membrane (67)

Term Members:
cytochrome b561 (cybB),
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbBreduced,
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbDreduced,
NlpD divisome associated factor; activates peptidoglycan hydrolase,
chaperone protein DnaK,
putative protein secretion protein for export (gspD),
scaffolding protein that interacts with murein polymerase and murein hydrolase (mipA),
30S ribosomal subunit protein S7 (rpsG),
putative protein secretion protein for export (gspK),
30S ribosomal subunit protein S1 (rpsA),
putative protein secretion protein (gspM),
penicillin-binding protein 6 (dacC),
putative protein secretion protein for export (gspL),
Enterobacterial Common Antigen (ECA) polysaccharide chain length modulation protein (wzzE),
lipoprotein required for capsular polysaccharide translocation through the outer membrane (wza),
putative protein secretion protein for export (gspF),
cell shape; peptidoglycan synthetase; penicillin-binding protein 2 (mrdA),
essential cell division protein FtsI; penicillin-binding protein 3,
DnaJ monomer,
putative protein secretion protein for export (gspC),
DD-carboxypeptidase, penicillin-binding protein 6b (dacD),
predicted Wzy protein involved in ECA polysaccharide chain elongation (wzyE),
conserved protein (hemX),
hypothetical protein of the OFeT transport family (efeU_1),
predicted PTS permease - FrwC subunit,
GlvB subunit of predicted PTS permease (pseudogene),
predicted PTS permease - FrvB subunit,
fructose PTS permease - FruA subunit,
predicted PTS permease - SgcC subunit,
L-lactate dehydrogenase (lldD),
choline dehydrogenase (betA),
NadR DNA-binding transcriptional repressor and NMN adenylyltransferase,
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit C (glpC),
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit B (glpB),
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit A (glpA),
formate dehydrogenase N, γ subunit (fdnI),
formate dehydrogenase N, β subunit (fdnH),
formate dehydrogenase N, α subunit (fdnG),
formate dehydrogenase-O, γ subunit (fdoI),
formate dehydrogenase-O, β subunit (fdoH),
formate dehydrogenase-O, α subunit (fdoG),
anhydro-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase,
glutamine synthetase (glnA),
deoxyribose-phosphate aldolase (deoC),
quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase (gcd),
biosynthetic peptidoglycan transglycosylase (mtgA),
peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase (pbpC),
outer membrane lipoprotein - activator of MrcB activity (lpoB),
MrcB,
MrcA,
outer membrane lipoprotein - activator of MrcA activity (lpoA),
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, α subunit (pntA),
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, β subunit (pntB),
AspA,
Udp,
cobalamin 5'-phosphate synthase (cobS),
HemG,
Gpt,
DeoA,
D-lactate dehydrogenase (dld),
PurC,
PurA,
PssA,
phosphatidylserine decarboxylase, proenzyme (psd),
phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthase (pgsA),
phosphatidylglycerophosphatase A (pgpA),
phosphatidylglycerophosphatase C (pgpC),
cardiolipin synthase 3 (clsC),
cardiolipin synthase 1 (clsA),
cardiolipin synthase 2 (clsB),
acetate kinase (ackA),
KDO transferase (waaA),
Upp,
3-octaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate carboxy-lyase monomer (ubiD),
4-hydroxybenzoate octaprenyltransferase (ubiA),
1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate octaprenyltransferase (menA),
pyruvate kinase I monomer (pykF),
glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase-A monomer (gapA),
triosephosphate isomerase monomer (tpiA),
fructose bisphosphate aldolase monomer (fbaB),
transaldolase B (talB),
alanyl-tRNA synthetase (alaS),
tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (tyrS),
phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase β-chain (pheT),
lysyl tRNA synthetase (LysRSs), constitutive (lysS),
methionyl-tRNA synthetase (metG),
glutamate decarboxylase A subunit (gadA),
glutamate decarboxylase B subunit (gadB),
malate dehydrogenase (mdh),
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, FAD binding protein (sdhA),
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, iron-sulfur cluster binding protein (sdhB),
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, membrane protein SdhC,
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, membrane protein SdhD,
N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase (murG),
phospho-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide transferase (mraY),
SodB,
undecaprenyl phosphate-L-Ara4FN transferase (arnC),
4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose (L-Ara4N) transferase (arnT),
dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, type 2 (pyrD),
4-acetamido-4,6-dideoxy-D-galactose transferase (rffT),
Rfe,
D-arabinose 5-phosphate isomerase (gutQ),
ADP-L-glycero-D-mannoheptose-6-epimerase (rfaD),
2-ketobutyrate formate-lyase/pyruvate formate-lyase 4, inactive (tdcE),
PflB,
fumarate reductase membrane protein (frdD),
fumarate reductase membrane protein (frdC),
fumarate reductase iron-sulfur protein (frdB),
fumarate reductase flavoprotein (frdA),
glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (plsB),
3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase monomer (panB),
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit III (cyoC),
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit I (cyoB),
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit II (cyoA),
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit IV (cyoD),
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase - CydX subunit,
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase subunit II (cydB),
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase subunit I (cydA),
cytochrome bd-II terminal oxidase subunit II (appB),
cytochrome bd-II terminal oxidase subunit I (appC),
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase, c-type cytochrome subunit (torY),
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase, cytochrome c-type subunit (torC),
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase,
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain C (dmsC),
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain B (dmsB),
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain A (dmsA),
hydrogenase 2, large subunit (hybC),
hydrogenase 2, small subunit (hybO),
hydrogenase 2 - integral membrane subunit HybB,
lipopolysaccharide core heptose (I) kinase (waaP),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain B (nuoB),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain CD (nuoC),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain G (nuoG),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain I (nuoI),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit N (nuoN),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit M (nuoM),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit L (nuoL),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit K (nuoK),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit J (nuoJ),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit H (nuoH),
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit A (nuoA),
tetraacyldisaccharide 4'-kinase (lpxK),
lauroyl acyltransferase (lpxL),
palmitoleoyl acyltransferase (lpxP),
myristoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP)-dependent acyltransferase (lpxM),
FadD,
short chain acyl-CoA synthetase (fadK),
glutathione reductase (NADPH) (gor),
3,4-dihydroxy-2-butanone 4-phosphate synthase (ribB),
tryptophanase (tnaA),
inner membrane protein with thiosulfate sulfurtransferase activity (ygaP),
undecaprenyl pyrophosphate phosphatase (bacA),
undecaprenyl pyrophosphate phosphatase (ybjG),
protease IV (sppA),
leader peptidase (signal peptidase I) (lepB),
O-antigen ligase (waaL),
nitrate reductase A, γ subunit (narI),
nitrate reductase A, β subunit (narH),
nitrate reductase A, α subunit (narG),
nitrate reductase Z,
nitrate reductase Z, γ subunit (narV),
nitrate reductase Z, α subunit (narZ),
nitrate reductase Z, β subunit (narY),
hydrogenase 1, small subunit (hyaA),
hydrogenase 1, large subunit (hyaB),
hydrogenase 1, b-type cytochrome subunit (hyaC),
NADH:quinone oxidoreductase II (ndh),
DgkA,
leader peptidase, integral membrane protein (gspO),
AdhE,
L,D-transpeptidase LdtD,
RNA polymerase, α subunit (rpoA),
RNA polymerase, β' subunit (rpoC),
RNA polymerase, β subunit (rpoB),
Ppa,
adenosine-3'(2'),5'-bisphosphate nucleotidase (cysQ),
phosphoethanolamine transferase EptA,
diguanylate cyclase (dgcT),
diguanylate cyclase (dgcC),
PagP monomer,
heme O synthase (cyoE),
DegP,
poly-β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine N-deacetylase (pgaB),
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (wrbA),
regulator of KefC-mediated potassium transport and quinone oxidoreductase (kefF),
Eda,
phosphoethanolamine transferase (opgE),
autophosphorylating protein tyrosine kinase (etk),
protein-tyrosine kinase (wzc),
exopolyphosphatase (ppx),
Deg S monomer (degS),
outer membrane protease VII (outer membrane protein 3b) (ompT),
NAD+ glycohydrolase,
Kdo2-lipid A phosphotransferase (lpxT),
phosphoglycerol transferase I (opgB),
D-amino acid dehydrogenase (dadA),
ferredoxin-type protein (napH),
periplasmic nitrate reductase, cytochrome c protein (napC),
enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase subunit (fabI),
E3 monomer (lpd),
subunit of E1p component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (aceE),
phosphatidylglycerol-prolipoprotein diacylglyceryl transferase (lgt),
1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase (plsC),
formate dependent nitrite reductase - NrfD subunit,
2-acylglycerophosphoethanolamine acyltransferase / acyl-ACP synthetase (aas),
prolipoprotein signal peptidase II (lspA),
alkyl hydroperoxide reductase, AhpC component,
undecaprenyl-phosphate glucose phosphotransferase (wcaJ),
membrane-bound lytic murein transglycosylase B (mltB),
membrane-bound lytic murein transglycosylase A (mltA),
soluble lytic murein transglycosylase (slt),
membrane-bound lytic murein transglycosylase C (mltC),
membrane-bound lytic murein transglycosylase D (mltD),
lytic murein transglycosylase E (emtA),
membrane-bound lytic murein transglycosylase F (mltF),
purine nucleoside phosphorylase (deoD),
phosphatidylglycerophosphatase [multifunctional] (pgpB),
phosphoethanolamine transferase EptC,
CDP-diglyceride synthetase (cdsA),
D-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase, fraction A; penicillin-binding protein 5 (dacA),
cyclic di-GMP phosphodiesterase (pdeF),
tail-specific protease (prc),
DNA gyrase, subunit A,
lysophospholipase L2 (pldB),
Kdo2-lipid A phosphoethanolamine 7''-transferase (eptB),
ATP-dependent zinc metalloprotease FtsH,
regulator of FtsH protease (hflK),
regulator of FtsH protease (hflC),
outer membrane metallopeptidase (loiP),
ClpP,
NAD(P)H nitroreductase NfsB,
tRNA threonylcarbamoyladenosine dehydratase (tcdA),
pyruvate oxidase monomer (poxB),
hydrogenase 3, membrane subunit (hycD),
hydrogenase 3, membrane subunit (hycC),
hydrogenase 3, Fe-S subunit (hycB),
CDP-diacylglycerol pyrophosphatase (cdh),
lipopolysaccharide core biosynthesis; heptosyl transferase IV; probably hexose transferase (waaU),
DD-endopeptidase / DD-carboxypeptidase (ampH),
murein DD-endopeptidase MepM,
murein DD-endopeptidase / murein LD-carboxypeptidase (mepS),
aminopeptidase N (pepN),
UDP-glucuronate:LPS(HepIII) glycosyltransferase (waaH),
cellulose synthase, catalytic subunit (bcsA),
cellulose synthase, periplasmic subunit (bcsB),
Eno,
polynucleotide phosphorylase monomer (pnp),
RNase E (rne),
Ppk,
poly(A) polymerase I (pcnB),
PldA,
oxidoreductase, predicted membrane anchor subunit (ynfH),
oxidoreductase, predicted Fe-S subunit (ynfG),
oxidoreductase subunit (ynfF),
oxidoreductase subunit (ynfE),
intramembrane serine protease GlpG,
ATPase component of the HslVU protease (hslU),
lysyl-tRNA synthetase (lysU),
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate-AMP ligase,
EntE,
phosphopantetheinyl transferase (entD),
serine hydroxymethyltransferase (glyA),
chaperone protein Tig; trigger factor,
MalX PTS permease,
poly-β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine synthase - PgaC subunit,
poly-β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine synthase - PgaD subunit,
NagE,
2-O-α-mannosyl-D-glycerate PTS permease (mngA),
chitobiose PTS permease - ChbC subunit,
galactitol PTS permease - GatC subunit,
L-ascorbate PTS permease - UlaA subunit,
AscF monomer,
glucose PTS permease - PtsG subunit,
mannose PTS permease - ManX subunit,
mannose PTS permease - ManY subunit,
mannose PTS permease - ManZ subunit,
BglF,
trehalose PTS permease - TreB subunit,
Enzyme IIAGlc; Crr,
N-acetylmuramic acid PTS permease / anhydro-N-acetylmuramic acid permease (murP),
predicted PTS permease - CmtA subunit,
MtlA,
sorbitol PTS permease - SrlE subunit,
sorbitol PTS permease - SrlA subunit,
xylose ABC transporter - membrane subunit (xylH),
xylose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (xylG),
taurine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (tauB),
taurine ABC transporter - membrane subunit (tauC),
ABC complex for formation and release of holoCcmE - membrane subunit CcmC,
membrane anchored periplasmic heme chaperone CcmE,
ABC complex for formation and release of holoCcmE - ATP binding subunit (ccmA),
ABC complex for formation and release of holoCcmE - membrane subunit CcmB,
ABC complex for formation and release of holoCcmE - membrane subunit CcmD,
dipeptide ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (dppC),
dipeptide ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (dppB),
dipeptide ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (dppF),
dipeptide ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (dppD),
glutamate / aspartate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (gltL),
glutamate / aspartate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (gltJ),
glutamate / aspartate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (gltK),
arabinose ABC transporter - membrane subunit (araH),
arabinose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (araG),
glutathione ABC transporter - membrane subunit (gsiC),
glutathione ABC transporter - membrane subunit (gsiD),
glutathione ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (gsiA),
phosphate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (pstC),
phosphate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (pstA),
phosphate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (pstB),
D-allose ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (alsB),
D-allose ABC transporter - membrane subunit (alsC),
D-allose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (alsA),
glutamine ABC transporter - membrane subunit (glnP),
glutamine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (glnQ),
Zn2+ ABC transporter - membrane subunit (znuB),
Zn2+ ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (znuC),
glycine betaine ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (yehW),
glycine betaine ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (yehY),
branched chain amino acid transporter - membrane subunit (livM),
branched chain amino acid transporter - membrane subunit (livH),
ATP synthase F1 complex - epsilon subunit (atpC),
ATP synthase F1 complex - delta subunit (atpH),
ATP synthase F1 complex - alpha subunit (atpA),
ATP synthase F1 complex - gamma subunit (atpG),
ATP synthase F1 complex - beta subunit (atpD),
AtpE,
ATP synthase F0 complex - b subunit (atpF),
ATP synthase F0 complex - a subunit (atpB),
Cu+ efflux ATPase (copA),
molybdate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (modB),
molybdate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (modC),
L-arginine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (artP),
L-arginine ABC transporter - membrane subunit (artM),
L-arginine ABC transporter - membrane subunit (artQ),
AI-2 ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (lsrA),
Autoinducer-2 ABC transporter - membrane subunit (lsrC),
Autoinducer-2 ABC transporter - membrane subunit (lsrD),
K+ transporting ATPase - KdpC subunit,
K+ transporting ATPase - ATP binding subunit (kdpB),
K+ transporting ATPase - K+ channel forming subunit (kdpA),
K+ transporting ATPase - KdpF subunit,
glycine betaine / proline ABC transporter - membrane subunit (proW),
glycine betaine / proline ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (proV),
phosphonate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (phnC),
maltose ABC transporter - membrane subunit (malG),
maltose ABC transporter - membrane subunit (malF),
maltose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (malK),
aliphatic sulfonate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (ssuB),
aliphatic sulfonate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (ssuC),
aliphatic sulfonate ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (ssuA),
glycerol-3-phosphate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (ugpE),
glycerol-3-phosphate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (ugpA),
glycerol-3-phosphate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (ugpC),
zinc, cadmium and lead efflux system (zntA),
L-methionine / D-methionine ABC transporter - periplasmic binding protein (metQ),
L-methionine / D-methionine ABC transporter - membrane subunit (metI),
L-methionine / D-methionine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (metN),
L-cystine ABC transporter - predicted membrane subunit (tcyL),
L-cystine ABC transporter - predicted ATP binding subunit (tcyN),
galactose ABC transporter - membrane subunit (mglC),
galactose ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (mglA),
murein tripeptide ABC transporter / peptide ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (oppF),
murein tripeptide ABC transporter / peptide ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (oppD),
murein tripeptide ABC transporter / peptide ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (oppC),
murein tripeptide ABC transporter / peptide ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (oppB),
nickel ABC transporter - membrane subunit (nikC),
nickel ABC transporter - membrane subunit (nikB),
nickel ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (nikE),
nickel ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (nikD),
sulfate / thiosulfate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (cysU),
sulfate / thiosulfate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (cysW),
sulfate / thiosulfate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (cysA),
putrescine ABC transporter - membrane subunit (potI),
putrescine ABC transporter - membrane subunit (potH),
putrescine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (potG),
putrescine / spermidine ABC transporter - membrane subunit (potC),
putrescine / spermidine ABC transporter - membrane subunit (potB),
putrescine / spermidine ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (potA),
glutathione / L-cysteine efflux transporter - CydC subunit,
glutathione / L-cysteine efflux transporter - CydD subunit,
galactofuranose / galactopyranose ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (ytfT),
galactofuranose / galactospyranose ABC transporter - putative membrane subunit (yjfF),
ATP-binding lipopolysaccharide transport protein (msbA),
ribose ABC transporter - putative periplasmic binding protein (rbsB),
ribose ABC transporter - membrane subunit (rbsC),
ribose ABC transporter - putative ATP binding subunit (rbsA),
fosmidomycin efflux transporter (fsr),
hydroxylated, aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter - putative membrane subunit (aaeB),
hydroxylated, aromatic carboxylic acid efflux transporter - putative membrane fusion protein (aaeA),
fucose:H+ symporter (fucP),
α-ketoglutarate:H+ symporter (kgtP),
4-aminobutyrate:H+ symporter (gabP),
nitrate / nitrite transporter NarU,
CaiT,
2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-gluconate:H+ symporter (kdgT),
tartrate:succinate antiporter (ttdT),
RhtC threonine Rht Transporter,
threonine / homoserine efflux transporter (rhtA),
ArsB monomer,
pantothenate:Na+ symporter (panF),
uracil:H+ symporter UraA,
uracil:H+ symporter RutG,
putrescine:H+ symporter PuuP,
putrescine:H+ symporter PlaP,
citrate:succinate antiporter (citT),
glutamate / aspartate : H+ symporter GltP,
xanthosine:H+ symporter XapB,
tryptophan:H+ symporter TnaB,
dipeptide / tripeptide:H+ symporter DtpB,
dipeptide / tripeptide:H+ symporter DptC (dtpC),
dipeptide:H+ symporter DtpD,
tripeptide / dipeptide:H+ symporter DtpA,
glutamate:sodium symporter (gltS),
glutamic acid:4-aminobutyrate antiporter (gadC),
arabinose efflux transporter (ydeA),
sugar / lactose efflux transporter SetA,
sugar / lactose efflux transporter SetB,
p-aminobenzoyl glutamate:H+ symporter (abgT),
outer membrane receptor involved in uptake of ferric dihyroxybenzoylserine (cirA),
glycerol-3-phosphate:phosphate antiporter (glpT),
phenylalanine:H+ symporter PheP,
arabinose:H+ symporter (araE),
rhamnose / lyxose:H+ symporter (rhaT),
Mn2+ / Fe2+: H+ symporter MntH,
3-hydroxyphenylpropionate / 3-hydroxycinnamate:H+ symporter (mhpT),
choline:H+ symporter (betT),
purine ribonucleoside efflux transporter (nepI),
(R)-lactate / (S)-lactate / glycolate:H+ symporter LldP,
glycolate / lactate:H+ symporter (glcA),
cytosine transporter (codB),
sodium:H+ antiporter (nhaB),
ProP,
cadaverine:H+ symporter / lysine:cadaverine antiporter (cadB),
Zn2+ / Cd2+ / Ni2+ / Cu2+ efflux transporter ZitB,
multidrug / spermidine efflux transporter - membrane subunit MdtI,
multidrug / spermidine efflux transporter - membrane subunit MdtJ,
serine / threonine:Na+ symporter (sstT),
nucleoside:H+ symporter NupG,
xylose:H+ symporter (xylE),
putrescine:H+ symporter / putrescine:ornithine antiporter PotE,
copper / silver efflux system - membrane subunit (cusA),
copper / silver efflux system - membrane fusion protein (cusB),
copper / silver efflux system - outer membrane porin (cusC),
galactose:H+ symporter (galP),
galactonate:H+ symporter (lgoT),
acetate / succinate:H+ symporter (satP),
xanthine:H+ symporter XanP,
xanthine:H+ symporter XanQ,
urate:H+ symporter (uacT),
hexuronate transporter (exuT),
shikimate:H+ symporter (shiA),
K+ : H+ antiporter KefB,
KefC,
2,3-diketo-L-gulonate:Na+ symporter - membrane subunit (yiaM),
2,3-diketo-L-gulonate:Na+ symporter - membrane subunit (yiaN),
O-acetylserine / cysteine export protein (eamA),
O-Acetylserine / cysteine export protein (eamB),
TolC monomer,
enterobactin efflux transporter EntS,
branched chain amino acid transporter BrnQ,
lactose / melibiose:H+ symporter LacY,
lysine:H+ symporter (lysP),
glucuronide:H+ symporter (uidB),
FieF,
AdiC monomer,
Na+ / K+:H+ antiporter ChaA,
multidrug efflux transporter MdfA (multifunctional),
multidrug efflux transporter / bile salt:H+ antiporter / Na+:H+ antiporter / K+:H+ antiporter (mdtM),
NhaA,
homoserine / homoserine lactone efflux transporter (rhtB),
twin arginine protein translocation system - TatA protein,
twin arginine protein translocation system - TatE protein,
twin arginine protein translocation system - TatC protein,
twin arginine protein translocation system - TatB protein,
aromatic amino acid exporter (yddG),
melibiose:H+/Na+/Li+ symporter (melB),
ClcA,
tryptohan / indole:H+ symporter Mtr,
K+ transporter TrkG,
K+ transporter TrkH,
serine:H+ symporter SdaC,
serine / threonine:H+ symporter TdcC,
L-idonate / 5-ketogluconate / gluconate transporter IdnT,
gluconate transporter GntU,
gluconate transporter GntT,
gluconate / fructuronate transporter GntP,
leucine efflux transporter (leuE),
L-methionine / branched chain amino acid efflux transporter (yjeH),
EmrE,
dicarboxylate transporter DcuB,
dicarboxylate transporter DcuA,
dicarboxylate transporter DcuC,
nucleoside:H+ symporter NupC,
C4 dicarboxylate / orotate:H+ symporter (dctA),
hexose-6-phosphate:phosphate antiporter (uhpT),
aromatic amino acid:H+ symporter AroP,
muropeptide:H+ symporter (ampG),
adenine:H+ symporter (adeP),
metal phosphate:H+ symporter PitB,
N-acetylneuraminate:H+ symporter (nanT),
serine / alanine / glycine / cycloserine:H+symporter (cycA),
vitamin B12 ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (btuD),
vitamin B12 ABC transporter - membrane subunit (btuC),
vitamin B12 / E colicin / bacteriophage BF23 outer membrane porin BtuB,
ferrichrome / phage / antibiotic outer membrane porin FhuA,
ferric citrate outer membrane porin FecA,
ferric dicitrate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (fecE),
ferric dicitrate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (fecC),
ferric dicitrate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (fecD),
ferric enterobactin / colicin B / colicin D outer membrane porin FepA,
ferric enterobactin ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (fepC),
ferric enterobactin ABC transporter - membrane subunit (fepD),
ferric enterobactin ABC transporter - membrane subunit (fepG),
ferric coprogen outer membrane porin FhuE,
tonB energy transducing system - ExbD subunit,
TonB energy transducing system - ExbB subunit,
TonB energy transducing system - TonB subunit,
iron (III) hydroxamate ABC transporter - ATP binding subunit (fhuC),
iron (III) hydroxamate ABC transporter - membrane subunit (fhuB),
OmpC monomer,
OmpF monomer,
FocA,
K+ transporter Kup,
K+ channel Kch monomer,
partially N-deacetylated poly-β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine outer membrane porin (pgaA),
N-acetylneuraminic acid outer membrane channel (nanC),
nucleoside channel; receptor of phage T6 and colicin K (tsx),
long-chain fatty acid outer membrane porin; bacteriophage T2 receptor (fadL),
nitrite transporter NirC,
nitrate:nitrite antiporter NarK,
AmtB monomer,
LamB,
GlpF,
AqpZ monomer,
chitobiose outer membrane porin (chiP),
proline:Na+ symporter (putP),
cystine efflux transporter (yijE),
predicted short chain fatty acid transporter (atoE),
L-alanine exporter (alaE),
Fe2+ transporter FeoB,
lipid II flippase (murJ),
essential cell division protein FtsW; lipid II flippase,
L-lysine efflux transporter (lysO),
nicotinamide riboside transporter (pnuC),
adenine transporter (adeQ),
L-arginine efflux transporter (argO),
Ni2+ / Co2+ / Mg2+ transporter (corA),
LptC,
LptG,
LptB,
LptF,
outer membrane lipopolysaccharide transport and assembly complex - LptD subunit,
outer membrane lipopolysaccharide transport and assembly complex - LptE subunit,
lipid III flippase (wzxE),
L-cystine / L-cysteine transporter (tcyP),
drug (nitroimidazole) efflux transporter (nimT),
ActP monomer,
manganese export protein (mntP),
F- efflux transporter / involved in resistance to camphor-induced chromosome decondensation (crcB),
C4 dicarboxylate / C4 monocarboxylate transporter DauA,
O-antigen flippase (rfbX),
heavy metal divalent cation transporter ZupT,
FMN / FAD exporter (yeeO),
putative inorganic phosphate export protein (yjbB),
galactarate / glucarate / glycerate transporter GarP,
galactarate / glucarate / glycerate transporter GudP,
fructoselysine / psicoselysine transporter (frlA),
S-methyl-L-methionine transporter (mmuP),
guanine / hypoxanthine transporter GhxP,
guanine / hypoxanthine transporter GhxQ,
L-valine efflux transporter - YgaZ subunit,
quorum signal AI-2 exporter (tqsA),
tellurite resistance protein / ethidium efflux transporter (tehA),
undecaprenyl-phosphate-α-L-Ara4N flippase - ArnF subunit,
undecaprenyl-phosphate-α-L-Ara4N flippase - ArnE subunit,
4-hydroxybenzoate polyprenyltransferase (COQ2),
malonyl CoA-acyl carrier protein transacylase (MCAT),
α-(1,3)-fucosyltransferase 9 (FUT9),
mucin core 3 beta 3-GlcNAc-transferase,
glycoprotein-N-acetylgalactosamine 3-β-galactosyltransferase 1 (C1GALT1),
Alpha-1,3-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase B (MGAT4B),
Alpha-1,3-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase A soluble form (MGAT4A),
2-methyl-4-hydroxyquinoline farnesyltransferase (auaA),
UDP-N-acetyl-β-L-fucosamine amidotransferase (lfnA),
gluconate 2-dehydrogenase complex,
prostaglandin-D2 synthase (PTGDS),
prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 (PTGS1),
prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2),
hexokinase-1 (HK1),
hexokinase-2 (HK2),
hexokinase-3 (HK3),
cyp11B2,
steroid 11β-hydroxylase (CYP11B1),
steroid 21-monooxygenase (CYP21A2),
a rhodopsin,
2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase 2 monomer (OAS2),
glutaconyl-CoA decarboxylase,
cyclodextrin glucanotransferase,
D-proline dehydrogenase,
D-sorbitol dehydrogenase,
4-hydroxybutyrate CoA-transferase,
nopaline oxidase,
octopine oxidase,
methyl-H4MPT:coenzyme M methyltransferase,
methyl-H4SPT:CoM methyltransferase,
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase,
vinyl chloride reductase,
ammonia monooxygenase,
particulate methane monooxygenase hydroxylase component,
methyl-H4SPT:CoM methyltransferase,
nitrite oxidoreductase,
nitrite oxidoreductase,
taurine dehydrogenase,
phenylacetyl-CoA dehydrogenase,
taurine dehydrogenase,
Phosphoinositide phospholipase C 2,
phospholipase D,
phospholipase D,
cytochrome cm552 (cycB),
CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase subunit E (hdrE),
tetrachloroethene-reductive dehalogenase (pceA),
dichloroethene-reductive dehalogenase / trichloroethene-reductive dehalogenase (tceA),
tetrachloroethene-reductive dehalogenase,
ureidoglycolate urea-lyase (DAL3),
carboxypeptidase D (KEX1),
phosphotransacetylase (pta),
cytochrome b 559 b subunit (psbF),
cytochrome b 559 a subunit (psbE),
MtrH subunit,
MtrG subunit,
MtrF subunit,
MtrE subunit,
MtrD subunit,
MtrC subunit,
MtrB subunit,
2-chloroethanol dehydrogenase,
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine : undecaprenyl-P N-acetylglucosaminyl 1-P transferase (tagO),
quinate dehydrogenase,
HMG-CoA reductase 2 (HMG2),
HMG-CoA reductase 1 (HMG1),
isethionate dehydrogenase,
F0 a chain (atpB),
4-hydroxyphenylacetaldehyde oxime monooxygenase (cyp71E1),
cytochrome P-450TYR (cyp79A1),
rhodopsin kinase (GRK1),
particulate methane monooxygenase hydroxylase component β subunit (pmoA),
ammonia monooxygenase β subunit (amoB2),
nitrite oxidoreductase β subunit (norB),
nitrite oxidoreductase α subunit (norA),
organophosphate acid anhydrase (opd),
factor-independent urate hydroxylase (puuD),
hydroxylase subunit of xylene monooxygenase (xylM),
quinate/shikimate dehydrogenase (quiA),
choline dehydrogenase (betA),
(S)-mandelate dehydrogenase (mdlB),
nitric-oxide reductase small subunit (norC),
nitric oxide reductase large subunit (norB),
respiratory nitrate reductase α subunit (narH),
respiratory nitrate reductase α subunit (narG),
squalene hopene cyclase,
methylglutamate dehydrogenase,
nitrite oxidoreductase β subunit (norB),
S-adenosylmethionine:diacylglycerol 3-amino-3-carboxypropyl transferase (BtaA),
tetrahymanol synthase,
3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate kinase (kdkA),
benzoate 4-monooxygenase (bphA),
quinate-shikimate dehydrogenase (quiA),
zeaxanthin glucosyltransferase (crtX),
iminodiacetate dehydrogenase,
bacteriochlorophyll a synthase (bchG),
Enzyme IIscr (scrA),
Enzyme IIscr (scrA),
sulfite dehydrogenase,
pipecolate oxidase (amaB),
succinate dehydrogenase (sdhA),
phytyl-P kinase,
6-hydroxynicotinate 3-monooxygenase,
nicotinate dehydrogenase (cytochrome),
ferrochelatase (hemH),
phosphatidylserine synthase 2 (PTDSS2),
1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase beta (AGPAT2),
phosphatidylserine synthase 1 (PTDSS1),
1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase epsilon (AGPAT5),
phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate 4-kinase (PIP4K2A),
fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH),
catechol O-methyltransferase, membrane-bound form (COMT),
retinol dehydrogenase 8 (RDH8),
malate:quinone oxidoreductase (mqo),
sulfite:ferric ion oxidoreductase β subunit,
sulfite:ferric ion oxidoreductase α subunit,
UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase (UXS1),
CDP-diacylglycerol synthase (AT1G62430),
cytochrome P450 7A1 (CYP7A1),
cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4),
large neutral amino acids transporter small subunit 2 (SLC7A8),
11-cis retinol dehydrogenase monomer (RDH5),
cholesterol side chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrial (CYP11A1),
aromatase (CYP19A1),
steroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyase (CYP17A1),
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit II) (qoxA),
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit I) (qoxB),
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit III) (qoxC),
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit IV) (qoxD)

Unification Links: GO:0016020

Relationship Links: Wikipedia:RELATED-TO:Biological_membrane


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by Pathway Tools version 19.5 (software by SRI International) on Thu Feb 11, 2016, biocyc13.