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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
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MetaCyc Gene-Ontology-Terms Class: GO:0055114 - oxidation-reduction process

Synonyms: oxidation reduction, oxidoreductase process

Definition: A metabolic process that results in the removal or addition of one or more electrons to or from a substance, with or without the concomitant removal or addition of a proton or protons.

Parent Classes:
GO:0044710 - single-organism metabolic process

Child Classes:
GO:0006069 - ethanol oxidation (1) ,
GO:0006150 - hypoxanthine oxidation (1) ,
GO:0006740 - NADPH regeneration (19) ,
GO:0015944 - formate oxidation (1) ,
GO:0015980 - energy derivation by oxidation of organic compounds (99) ,
GO:0019419 - sulfate reduction (2) ,
GO:0019480 - L-alanine oxidation to pyruvate via D-alanine (1) ,
GO:0019516 - lactate oxidation (2) ,
GO:0022900 - electron transport chain (47) ,
GO:0034440 - lipid oxidation (19) ,
GO:0070989 - oxidative demethylation (1)

Term Members:
aldehyde dehydrogenase ,
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbDreduced ,
thioredoxin 1 (trxA) ,
reduced thioredoxin 2 (trxC) ,
reduced glutaredoxin 1 (grxA) ,
reduced ferredoxin (fdx) ,
aldehyde dehydrogenase, Fe-S subunit (yagT) ,
flavorubredoxin (norV) ,
quinol monooxygenase (ygiN) ,
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbBreduced ,
aldehyde dehydrogenase: molybdenum cofactor-binding subunit (yagR) ,
flavin reductase (rutF) ,
aldehyde dehydrogenase, FAD-binding subunit (yagS) ,
fused predicted xanthine/hypoxanthine oxidase: molybdopterin-binding subunit and Fe-S binding subunit (xdhD) ,
Fcl ,
Ugd ,
L-galactonate oxidoreductase (lgoD) ,
LeuB ,
Asd ,
4-hydroxy-tetrahydrodipicolinate reductase (dapB) ,
5-keto-D-gluconate 5-reductase (idnO) ,
L-idonate 5-dehydrogenase (idnD) ,
HisD ,
GdhA ,
glutamate synthase, small subunit (gltD) ,
glutamate synthase, large subunit (gltB) ,
dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, type 2 (pyrD) ,
2-octaprenyl-3-methyl-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinone hydroxylase (ubiF) ,
2-octaprenyl-6-methoxyphenol hydroxylase (ubiH) ,
2-octaprenylphenol hydroxylase (ubiI) ,
3-octaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate carboxy-lyase monomer (ubiD) ,
NADPH-dependent curcumin/dihydrocurcumin reductase subunit (curA) ,
glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gpsA) ,
choline dehydrogenase (betA) ,
BetB ,
2,3-diketo-L-gulonate reductase monomer (yiaK) ,
glycolate oxidase, predicted iron-sulfur subunit (glcF) ,
glycolate oxidase, predicted FAD-binding subunit (glcE) ,
glycolate oxidase, predicted FAD-linked subunit (glcD) ,
tartronate semialdehyde reductase 2 (glxR) ,
acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (mhpF) ,
GlpD ,
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit C (glpC) ,
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit B (glpB) ,
anaerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase subunit A (glpA) ,
altronate oxidoreductase (uxaB) ,
7-cyano-7-deazaguanine reductase (queF) ,
epoxyqueuosine reductase (queG) ,
TyrA ,
quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase (gcd) ,
acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (fadE) ,
predicted enoyl-CoA reductase (ydiO) ,
FadJ monomer ,
α-galactosidase monomer (melA) ,
D-mannonate oxidoreductase (uxuB) ,
galactitol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase (gatD) ,
SrlD ,
mannitol-1-phosphate 5-dehydrogenase (mtlD) ,
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, α subunit (pntA) ,
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, β subunit (pntB) ,
HemA ,
predicted malonic semialdehyde reductase (rutE) ,
N-acetylglutamylphosphate reductase (argC) ,
ThrA ,
MetL ,
lipoate synthase monomer (lipA) ,
coproporphyrinogen III oxidase (hemF) ,
coproporphyrinogen III dehydrogenase (hemN) ,
HemG ,
CysG ,
Tdh ,
L-threonine dehydrogenase (yiaY) ,
Sad ,
GabD ,
FeaB ,
xanthine dehydrogenase, Fe-S subunit (xdhC) ,
xanthine dehydrogenase subunit, FAD-binding domain (xdhB) ,
xanthine dehydrogenase subunit (xdhA) ,
GuaB ,
malate dehydrogenase (mdh) ,
Icd ,
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, membrane protein SdhC (sdhD) ,
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, membrane protein SdhC ,
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, iron-sulfur cluster binding protein (sdhB) ,
succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, FAD binding protein (sdhA) ,
malate:quinone oxidoreductase (mqo) ,
CysH ,
PdxH ,
Epd ,
erythronate-4-phosphate dehydrogenase (pdxB) ,
PdxA ,
ureidoglycolate dehydrogenase (allD) ,
FrmA ,
UDP-N-acetylenolpyruvoylglucosamine reductase (murB) ,
glucose 6-phosphate-1-dehydrogenase (zwf) ,
Gnd ,
γ-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (patD) ,
γ-glutamylputrescine oxidase (puuB) ,
glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase-A monomer (gapA) ,
tartronate semialdehyde reductase (garR) ,
AldA ,
L-lactate dehydrogenase (lldD) ,
EntA ,
RffD ,
shikimate dehydrogenase (aroE) ,
3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase subunit (fabG) ,
dihydrofolate reductase ,
dihydromonapterin reductase / dihydrofolate reductase (folM) ,
3-hydroxyadipyl-CoA dehydrogenase (NAD+) (paaH) ,
ring 1,2-phenylacetyl-CoA epoxidase, monooxygenase subunit (paaA) ,
ring 1,2-phenylacetyl-CoA epoxidase, reductase subunit (paaE) ,
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, α subunit (hcaE) ,
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, β subunit (hcaF) ,
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, predicted ferredoxin reductase subunit (hcaD) ,
3-phenylpropionate dioxygenase, predicted ferredoxin subunit (hcaC) ,
3-(2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)propionate dioxygenase monomer (mhpB) ,
2,3-dihydroxy-2,3-dihydrophenylpropionate dehydrogenase (hcaB) ,
3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate 2-hydroxylase (mhpA) ,
NAD(P)H-dependent FMN reductase (ssuE) ,
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (metF) ,
FolD ,
2-dehydropantoate 2-reductase (panE) ,
IlvC ,
Dxr ,
1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate reductase (ispH) ,
1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate synthase (ispG) ,
malate dehydrogenase, NAD-requiring (maeA) ,
MaeB ,
arsenate reductase (arsC) ,
fused UDP-L-Ara4N formyltransferase and UDP-GlcA C-4''-decarboxylase (arnA) ,
E3 monomer (lpd) ,
subunit of E1(0) component of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (sucA) ,
glycine decarboxylase (gcvP) ,
AceF ,
subunit of E1p component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (aceE) ,
D-lactate dehydrogenase - fermentative (ldhA) ,
fumarate reductase iron-sulfur protein (frdB) ,
fumarate reductase flavoprotein (frdA) ,
thioredoxin reductase monomer (trxB) ,
glutathione reductase (NADPH) (gor) ,
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit III (cyoC) ,
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit I (cyoB) ,
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit II (cyoA) ,
cytochrome bo terminal oxidase subunit IV (cyoD) ,
formate dehydrogenase N, γ subunit (fdnI) ,
formate dehydrogenase N, β subunit (fdnH) ,
formate dehydrogenase N, α subunit (fdnG) ,
formate dehydrogenase-O, γ subunit (fdoI) ,
formate dehydrogenase-O, β subunit (fdoH) ,
formate dehydrogenase-O, α subunit (fdoG) ,
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase III, c-type cytochrome subunit (torY) ,
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase III, TorZ subunit ,
trimethylamine N-oxide reductase, catalytic subunit (torA) ,
TorC trimethylamine N-oxide reductase, cytochrome c-type subunit ,
taurine dioxygenase monomer (tauD) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain C (dmsC) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain B (dmsB) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide reductase, chain A (dmsA) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain B (nuoB) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain CD (nuoC) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain I (nuoI) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain E (nuoE) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain F (nuoF) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, chain G (nuoG) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit N (nuoN) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit M (nuoM) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit L (nuoL) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit K (nuoK) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit J (nuoJ) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit H (nuoH) ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, membrane subunit A (nuoA) ,
L-1,2-propanediol oxidoreductase (fucO) ,
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase - CydX subunit ,
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase subunit II (cydB) ,
cytochrome bd-I terminal oxidase subunit I (cydA) ,
cytochrome bd-II terminal oxidase subunit II (appB) ,
cytochrome bd-II terminal oxidase subunit I (appC) ,
D-lactate dehydrogenase (dld) ,
aldehyde dehydrogenase (astD) ,
fused PutA transcriptional repressor / proline dehydrogenase / 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase ,
SodA ,
SodB ,
superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn) (sodC) ,
RibC ,
fused diaminohydroxyphosphoribosylaminopyrimidine deaminase / 5-amino-6-(5-phosphoribosylamino)uracil reductase (ribD) ,
methylglyoxal reductase (yeaE) ,
pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase monomer (proC) ,
glutathione S-transferase (yfcF) ,
L-2-hydroxyglutarate oxidase (lhgO) ,
hybrid-cluster protein (hcp) ,
disulfide bond reductase (yfcG) ,
disulfide reductase / organic hydroperoxide reductase (yghU) ,
cryptic adenine deaminase monomer (adeD) ,
pyrimidine oxygenase (rutA) ,
sulfite reductase, flavoprotein subunit (cysJ) ,
L-aspartate oxidase (nadB) ,
NADPH nitroreductase (nfsA) ,
2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase (fadH) ,
oxepin-CoA hydrolase/3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase (paaZ) ,
AdhE ,
ethanol dehydrogenase / alcohol dehydrogenase (adhP) ,
GldA ,
AldB ,
AidB ,
NADPH quinone reductase monomer (mdaB) ,
NfsB monomer ,
nitric oxide dioxygenase (hmp) ,
N-ethylmaleimide reductase, FMN-linked (nemA) ,
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (wrbA) ,
regulator of KefC-mediated potassium transport and quinone oxidoreductase (kefF) ,
catalase II (katE) ,
pirin-like protein (yhhW) ,
L-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate reductase (yghZ) ,
nitrate reductase A, γ subunit (narI) ,
nitrate reductase A, β subunit (narH) ,
nitrate reductase A, α subunit (narG) ,
nitrate reductase Z, γ subunit (narV) ,
nitrate reductase Z, α subunit (narZ) ,
nitrate reductase Z, β subunit (narY) ,
acrylyl-CoA reductase (yhdH) ,
pyruvate oxidase monomer (poxB) ,
ProA ,
TynA ,
hydrogenase 2, large subunit (hybC) ,
hydrogenase 2, small subunit (hybO) ,
predicted hydrogenase 2 cytochrome b type component (hybB) ,
hydrogenase 2 4Fe-4S ferredoxin-type component (hybA) ,
hydrogenase 1, b-type cytochrome subunit (hyaC) ,
hydrogenase 1, large subunit (hyaB) ,
hydrogenase 1, small subunit (hyaA) ,
D-amino acid dehydrogenase (dadA) ,
ferritin iron storage protein (ftnA) ,
dTDP-4-dehydrorhamnose reductase (rfbD) ,
SerA ,
putative selenate reductase ,
oxidoreductase, predicted membrane anchor subunit (ynfH) ,
oxidoreductase, predicted Fe-S subunit (ynfG) ,
oxidoreductase subunit (ynfF) ,
oxidoreductase subunit (ynfE) ,
pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase, soluble (sthA) ,
large subunit of periplasmic nitrate reductase, molybdoprotein (napA) ,
ferredoxin-type protein (napG) ,
ferredoxin-type protein (napH) ,
periplasmic nitrate reductase, cytochrome c protein (napC) ,
subunit of periplasmic nitrate reductase, cytochrome c550 protein (napB) ,
N-methyltryptophan oxidase (solA) ,
chromate reductase monomer (yieF) ,
NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase (yqhD) ,
aldehyde reductase, NADPH-dependent (ahr) ,
dodecenoyl-CoA δ-isomerase, enoyl-CoA hydratase, 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA epimerase, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (fadB) ,
aldose sugar dehydrogenase (yliI) ,
fused 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine-forming methyltransferase and FAD-dependent demodification enzyme (mnmC) ,
tRNA-dihydrouridine synthase A (dusA) ,
tRNA-dihydrouridine synthase B (dusB) ,
tRNA-dihydrouridine synthase C (dusC) ,
Qor ,
protein disulfide oxidoreductase - DsbAreduced ,
DsbC monomer ,
DsbGreduced ,
methylglyoxal reductase [multifunctional] (dkgB) ,
pyruvate:flavodoxin oxidoreductase (ydbK) ,
NADH oxidoreductase (hcr) ,
enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase subunit (fabI) ,
EF-P-Lys34 hydroxylase (epmC) ,
ribosomal protein-arginine oxygenase (roxA) ,
formate dependent nitrite reductase - NrfA subunit ,
formate-dependent nitrite reductase - penta-heme cytochrome c (nrfB) ,
formate-dependent nitrite reductase, 4Fe-4S subunit (nrfC) ,
methylglyoxal reductase (NADH-dependent) (ydjG) ,
nitrite reductase, large subunit (nirB) ,
nitrite reductase, small subunit (nirD) ,
7-α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (hdhA) ,
lipid hydroperoxide peroxidase (tpx) ,
thiol peroxidase (bcp) ,
predicted 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-gluconate dehydrogenase (kduD) ,
flavodoxin NADP+ reductase (fpr) ,
NrdG ,
ribonucleoside-triphosphate reductase (nrdD) ,
AlkB repair system for alkylated DNA and RNA ,
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase II (ndh) ,
multicopper oxidase with role in copper homeostasis (cueO) ,
free methionine-(R)-sulfoxide reductase (msrC) ,
methionine sulfoxide reductase B (msrB) ,
riboflavin reductase / FMN reductase (fre) ,
NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (ytfG) ,
S-glutathionyl-(chloro)hydroquinone reductase (yqjG) ,
ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase 1, β subunit, ferritin-like (nrdB) ,
ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase 1, α subunit (nrdA) ,
NrdF ,
NrdE ,
methionine sulfoxide reductase A (msrA) ,
biotin sulfoxide reductase (bisC) ,
AhpF component ,
alkyl hydroperoxide reductase, AhpC component ,
D-malate / 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) (dmlA) ,
GhrB ,
glyoxylate reductase / hydroxypyruvate reductase (ghrA) ,
formate dehydrogenase H (fdhF) ,
hydrogenase 3, membrane subunit (hycD) ,
hydrogenase 3, membrane subunit (hycC) ,
formate hydrogenlyase complex iron-sulfur protein (hycF) ,
hydrogenase 3 and formate hydrogenlyase complex, HycG subunit ,
hydrogenase 3, Fe-S subunit (hycB) ,
hydrogenase 3, large subunit (hycE) ,
thioredoxin/glutathione peroxidase (btuE) ,
GuaC ,
γ-glutamyl-γ-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (puuC) ,
hydroperoxidase I (katG) ,
methylglyoxal reductase [multifunctional] (dkgA) ,
NADP+-dependent aldehyde reductase (ybbO) ,
NADP+-dependent aldehyde reductase (yghA) ,
3-hydroxy acid dehydrogenase monomer (ydfG) ,
alkanesulfonate monooxygenase, FMNH2-dependent (ssuD) ,
aldehyde reductase, NADPH-dependent (yahK) ,
YdiB ,
NADH-dependent dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase subunit (preA) ,
NADH-dependent dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase subunit (preT) ,
3-sulfolactaldehyde reductase (yihU) ,
monoacetylchitobiose-6-phosphate hydrolase (chbF) ,
PhoA ,
ferric reductase, NADPH-dependent (yqjH) ,
NADH:quinone oxidoreductase, FMN-dependent (azoR) ,
cytochrome b561 (cybB) ,
reduced glutaredoxin 2 (grxB) ,
bifunctional L-rhamnulose 1-phosphate aldolase/lactaldehyde dehydrogenase (rhaEW) ,
sulfite reductase, hemoprotein subunit (cysI) ,
glucose-6-phosphate 3-dehydrogenase (ntdC) ,
glucitol dehydrogenase monomer (gutB) ,
scyllo-inositol dehydrogenase (NADP+) (iolW) ,
(methyl)malonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase monomer (mmsA) ,
inositol 2-dehydrogenase monomer (iolG) ,
scyllo-inositol 2-dehydrogenase (NAD+) (iolX) ,
pulcherriminic acid synthase (cypX) ,
pimeloyl-[acp] synthase (bioI) ,
enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase III (fabL) ,
protoporphyrinogen oxidase (hemY) ,
glycine oxidase monomer (thiO) ,
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit II) (qoxA) ,
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit I) (qoxB) ,
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit III) (qoxC) ,
cytochrome aa3-600 quinol oxidase (subunit IV) (qoxD)

Unification Links: GO:0055114


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Sun Dec 21, 2014, biocyc14.