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MetaCyc Compound Class: poly-3-hydroxybutanoate

Synonyms: a poly-β-hydroxybutanoate, PHB, polyhydroxybutyrate, 2-methyl-3-ketobutyrate, poly-hydroxybutyrate, poly-3-hydroxybutyrate, a poly-β-hydroxybutyrate

Superclasses: a secondary metabolite
an ester a poly[(R)-3-hydroxyalkanoate]

Summary:
During enzymatic polymerization the ester bond in this polymer is derived from the hydroxyl group of the (R)-3-hydroxybutanoyl moiety of (R)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA [Jia01].

poly-3-hydroxybutanoate compound structure

SMILES: CC(O[R])CC(=O)OC(C)CC(=O)OC(C)CC([O-])=O

Unification Links: KEGG:C06143 , Wikipedia:Polyhydroxybutyrate

Reactions known to consume the compound:

polyhydroxybutanoate biosynthesis :
(R)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA + [(R)-3-hydroxybutanoate]n[(R)-3-hydroxybutanoate](n+1) + coenzyme A

Not in pathways:
[(R)-3-hydroxybutanoate]n + H2O → [(R)-3-hydroxybutanoate](n-1) + (R)-3-hydroxybutanoate

This compound has been characterized as an alternative substrate of the following enzymes: acetoacetate decarboxylase

Credits:
Revised 16-Apr-2014 by Fulcher CA , SRI International


References

Jia01: Jia Y, Yuan W, Wodzinska J, Park C, Sinskey AJ, Stubbe J (2001). "Mechanistic studies on class I polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) synthase from Ralstonia eutropha: class I and III synthases share a similar catalytic mechanism." Biochemistry 40(4);1011-9. PMID: 11170423


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 19.0 on Thu Sep 3, 2015, BIOCYC14A.