MetaCyc Class: Superpathways

Pathways within this class are constructed by combining individual pathways (elsewhere shown separately) to show relationships between them. In some cases those individual pathways start from a common precursor, or produce a common product, but they can have other relationships as well. Superpathways can have individual reactions as their components in addition to other pathways. Superpathways can be defined recursively, that is, the component pathway of a Superpathway can be a base pathway or a child of Superpathways. Most Superpathways will have an additional parent class within the pathway ontology to define their biological role.

Parent Classes:

β-carotene biosynthesis (engineered),
γ-butyrobetaine degradation,
γ-glutamyl cycle,
(3R)-linalool biosynthesis,
1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis (engineered),
2-nitrobenzoate degradation I,
2-oxobutanoate degradation I,
3-phenylpropanoate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate degradation,
3-phenylpropanoate degradation,
meta cleavage pathway of aromatic compounds,
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum biosynthetic metabolism,
myo-, chiro- and scillo-inositol degradation,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation II,
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli),
p-cumate degradation,
p-cymene degradation,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle I,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria),
acetyl-CoA fermentation to butanoate II,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis I (anaerobic),
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis II (aerobic),
allantoin degradation IV (anaerobic),
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate I,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate II,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate III,
ammonia assimilation cycle I,
ammonia assimilation cycle III,
ammonia oxidation IV (autotrophic ammonia oxidizers),
anaerobic aromatic compound degradation (Thauera aromatica),
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial),
arachidonate biosynthesis III (6-desaturase, mammals),
archaetidylinositol biosynthesis,
archaetidylserine and archaetidylethanolamine biosynthesis,
arginine, ornithine and proline interconversion,
aromatic compounds degradation via β-ketoadipate,
aspartate superpathway,
bacillibactin biosynthesis,
benzoate biosynthesis I (CoA-dependent, β-oxidative),
benzoate biosynthesis III (CoA-dependent, non-β-oxidative),
benzoate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate),
biotin biosynthesis I,
biotin biosynthesis II,
bitter acids biosynthesis,
caffeine degradation IV (bacteria, via demethylation and oxidation),
cardiolipin and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis (Xanthomonas),
catechol degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway),
catechol degradation II (meta-cleavage pathway),
catechol degradation III (ortho-cleavage pathway),
cellulose and hemicellulose degradation (cellulolosome),
chitin biosynthesis,
cholesterol biosynthesis I,
cholesterol biosynthesis II (via 24,25-dihydrolanosterol),
cholesterol biosynthesis III (via desmosterol),
choline degradation IV,
choline-O-sulfate degradation,
chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis,
chorismate biosynthesis I,
chorismate biosynthesis II (archaea),
colanic acid building blocks biosynthesis,
crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate),
curcuminoid biosynthesis,
D-serine metabolism,
dermatan sulfate biosynthesis,
enterobacterial common antigen biosynthesis,
enterobactin biosynthesis,
ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered),
GABA shunt,
gluconeogenesis II (Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum),
glycerol and glycerophosphodiester degradation,
glycerol degradation to butanol,
glycine biosynthesis II,
heparan sulfate biosynthesis,
hexitol fermentation to lactate, formate, ethanol and acetate,
homolactic fermentation,
hyperxanthone E biosynthesis,
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis III (fungi),
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis IV (bacteria),
isoprene biosynthesis I,
kanamycin biosynthesis,
kauralexin biosynthesis,
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA III (Chlamydia),
ketogluconate metabolism,
L-alanine fermentation to propanoate and acetate,
L-arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine),
L-arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway),
L-ascorbate biosynthesis V,
L-cysteine biosynthesis IV (fungi),
L-glutamate and L-glutamine biosynthesis,
L-glutamate degradation VII (to butanoate),
L-glutamate degradation VIII (to propanoate),
L-glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutanoate),
L-homoserine and L-methionine biosynthesis,
L-methionine biosynthesis III,
L-methionine salvage cycle I (bacteria and plants),
L-methionine salvage cycle II (plants),
L-methionine salvage cycle III,
L-tryptophan degradation III (eukaryotic),
L-tryptophan degradation IX,
L-tryptophan degradation XI (mammalian, via kynurenine),
L-tryptophan degradation XII (Geobacillus),
L-tyrosine degradation IV (to 4-methylphenol),
mandelate degradation to acetyl-CoA,
methanol and methylamine oxidation to formaldehyde,
methanol oxidation to carbon dioxide,
methylglyoxal degradation IV,
mRNA capping II,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan),
NAD salvage pathway III,
naphthalene degradation to acetyl-CoA,
nitrifier denitrification,
novobiocin biosynthesis,
oxygenic photosynthesis,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis I,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis II (plants),
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis III,
pentose phosphate pathway,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing),
peptidoglycan biosynthesis II (staphylococci),
peptidoglycan biosynthesis III (mycobacteria),
peptidoglycan biosynthesis IV (Enterococcus faecium),
peptidoglycan biosynthesis V (β-lactam resistance),
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic),
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic),
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered),
plant sterol biosynthesis,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli),
purine nucleotides degradation I (plants),
purine nucleotides degradation II (aerobic),
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and alanine,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate I,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate II,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate I,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate III,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate V,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VI,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VII,
reactive oxygen species degradation,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis I,
sphingolipid biosynthesis (mammals),
sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis),
sulfate reduction I (assimilatory),
superpathay of heme biosynthesis from glutamate,
superpathway avenacin A biosynthesis,
superpathway NAD/NADP - NADH/NADPH interconversion (yeast),
superpathway of β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation,
superpathway of (R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis,
superpathway of (Kdo)2-lipid A biosynthesis,
superpathway of 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis (plants),
superpathway of 2,3-butanediol biosynthesis,
superpathway of 4-aminobutanoate degradation,
superpathway of 4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis (yeast),
superpathway of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis,
superpathway of Clostridium acetobutylicum acidogenic and solventogenic fermentation,
superpathway of Clostridium acetobutylicum acidogenic fermentation,
superpathway of Clostridium acetobutylicum solventogenic fermentation,
superpathway of N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylmannosamine and N-acetylneuraminate degradation,
superpathway of N-acetylneuraminate degradation,
superpathway of S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis,
superpathway of acetate utilization and formation,
superpathway of acetyl-CoA biosynthesis,
superpathway of acrylonitrile degradation,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II,
superpathway of aerobic toluene degradation,
superpathway of aflatoxin biosynthesis,
superpathway of allantoin degradation in plants,
superpathway of allantoin degradation in yeast,
superpathway of Allium flavor precursors,
superpathway of ammonia assimilation (plants),
superpathway of anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates),
superpathway of anaerobic sucrose degradation,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from cyanidin and cyanidin 3-O-glucoside),
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from delphinidin 3-O-glucoside),
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside),
superpathway of arginine and polyamine biosynthesis,
superpathway of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 2-oxopent-4-enoate,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 3-oxoadipate,
superpathway of atrazine degradation,
superpathway of bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis,
superpathway of benzoxazinoid glucosides biosynthesis,
superpathway of betalain biosynthesis,
superpathway of branched chain amino acid biosynthesis,
superpathway of butirocin biosynthesis,
superpathway of C1 compounds oxidation to CO2,
superpathway of C28 brassinosteroid biosynthesis,
superpathway of candicidin biosynthesis,
superpathway of carotenoid biosynthesis,
superpathway of CDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis,
superpathway of cholesterol biosynthesis,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation I (cholesterol oxidase),
superpathway of cholesterol degradation II (cholesterol dehydrogenase),
superpathway of choline biosynthesis,
superpathway of chorismate metabolism,
superpathway of CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis,
superpathway of cytosolic glycolysis (plants), pyruvate dehydrogenase and TCA cycle,
superpathway of D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate metabolism,
superpathway of D-glucarate and D-galactarate degradation,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis I,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis II,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-9 biosynthesis,
superpathway of dimethylsulfone degradation,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation,
superpathway of diterpene resin acids biosynthesis,
superpathway of dTDP-glucose-derived antibiotic building blocks biosynthesis,
superpathway of dTDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis,
superpathway of ergosterol biosynthesis I,
superpathway of ergosterol biosynthesis II,
superpathway of ergotamine biosynthesis,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis (without sugar biosynthesis),
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis I (E. coli),
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis II (plant),
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (E. coli),
superpathway of fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli),
superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii),
superpathway of flavones and derivatives biosynthesis,
superpathway of formononetin derivative biosynthesis,
superpathway of fucose and rhamnose degradation,
superpathway of fumitremorgin biosynthesis,
superpathway of GDP-mannose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis,
superpathway of geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis II (via MEP),
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate),
superpathway of gibberellin biosynthesis,
superpathway of gibberellin GA12 biosynthesis,
superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation,
superpathway of glycerol degradation to 1,3-propanediol,
superpathway of glycol metabolism and degradation,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff,
superpathway of glycolysis, pyruvate dehydrogenase, TCA, and glyoxylate bypass,
superpathway of glyoxylate bypass and TCA,
superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation,
superpathway of guanine and guanosine salvage,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides degradation (plants),
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from glycine,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from uroporphyrinogen-III,
superpathway of hexitol degradation (bacteria),
superpathway of hexuronide and hexuronate degradation,
superpathway of histidine, purine, and pyrimidine biosynthesis,
superpathway of hydrogen production,
superpathway of hydrolyzable tannin biosynthesis,
superpathway of hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis,
superpathway of indole-3-acetate conjugate biosynthesis,
superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds,
superpathway of isoflavonoids (via naringenin),
superpathway of jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis,
superpathway of L-alanine biosynthesis,
superpathway of L-arginine and L-ornithine degradation,
superpathway of L-arginine, putrescine, and 4-aminobutanoate degradation,
superpathway of L-asparagine biosynthesis,
superpathway of L-aspartate and L-asparagine biosynthesis,
superpathway of L-citrulline metabolism,
superpathway of L-cysteine biosynthesis (mammalian),
superpathway of L-isoleucine biosynthesis I,
superpathway of L-lysine degradation,
superpathway of L-lysine, L-threonine and L-methionine biosynthesis I,
superpathway of L-lysine, L-threonine and L-methionine biosynthesis II,
superpathway of L-methionine biosynthesis (by sulfhydrylation),
superpathway of L-methionine biosynthesis (transsulfuration),
superpathway of L-methionine salvage and degradation,
superpathway of L-phenylalanine and L-tyrosine biosynthesis,
superpathway of L-phenylalanine biosynthesis,
superpathway of L-serine and glycine biosynthesis I,
superpathway of L-threonine biosynthesis,
superpathway of L-threonine metabolism,
superpathway of L-tryptophan biosynthesis,
superpathway of L-tyrosine biosynthesis,
superpathway of linalool biosynthesis,
superpathway of linamarin and lotaustralin biosynthesis,
superpathway of lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis,
superpathway of lipoxygenase,
superpathway of megalomicin A biosynthesis,
superpathway of melatonin degradation,
superpathway of menaquinol-6 biosynthesis I,
superpathway of menaquinol-7 biosynthesis,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis I,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis II,
superpathway of menaquinol-9 biosynthesis,
superpathway of menaquinol-10 biosynthesis,
superpathway of menaquinol-11 biosynthesis,
superpathway of menaquinol-12 biosynthesis,
superpathway of menaquinol-13 biosynthesis,
superpathway of methanogenesis,
superpathway of methylglyoxal degradation,
superpathway of microbial D-galacturonate and D-glucuronate degradation,
superpathway of mycolate biosynthesis,
superpathway of mycolyl-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan complex biosynthesis,
superpathway of NAD biosynthesis in eukaryotes,
superpathway of neomycin biosynthesis,
superpathway of nicotinate degradation,
superpathway of nicotine biosynthesis,
superpathway of oleoresin turpentine biosynthesis,
superpathway of ornithine degradation,
superpathway of penicillin, cephalosporin and cephamycin biosynthesis,
superpathway of pentose and pentitol degradation,
superpathway of phenylethylamine degradation,
superpathway of phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast),
superpathway of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis,
superpathway of phospholipid biosynthesis I (bacteria),
superpathway of phospholipid biosynthesis II (plants),
superpathway of photosynthetic hydrogen production,
superpathway of phylloquinol biosynthesis,
superpathway of plastoquinol biosynthesis,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis I,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis III,
superpathway of pterocarpan biosynthesis (via daidzein),
superpathway of pterocarpan biosynthesis (via formononetin),
superpathway of purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation,
superpathway of purine nucleotide salvage,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II,
superpathway of purines degradation in plants,
superpathway of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis and salvage,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli),
superpathway of pyrimidine nucleobases salvage,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis,
superpathway of quinolone and alkylquinolone biosynthesis,
superpathway of rifamycin B biosynthesis,
superpathway of roquefortine, meleagrin and neoxaline biosynthesis,
superpathway of rosmarinic acid biosynthesis,
superpathway of salicylate degradation,
superpathway of scopolin and esculin biosynthesis,
superpathway of seleno-compound metabolism,
superpathway of stearidonate biosynthesis (cyanobacteria),
superpathway of steroid hormone biosynthesis,
superpathway of sulfate assimilation and cysteine biosynthesis,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans),
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Starkeya novella),
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (phototrophic sulfur bacteria),
superpathway of sulfolactate degradation,
superpathway of sulfur amino acid biosynthesis (Saccharomyces cerevisiae),
superpathway of sulfur metabolism (Desulfocapsa sulfoexigens),
superpathway of sulfur oxidation (Acidianus ambivalens),
superpathway of taurine degradation,
superpathway of testosterone and androsterone degradation,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis and salvage,
superpathway of tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis,
superpathway of tetrathionate reduction (Salmonella typhimurium),
superpathway of the 3-hydroxypropanoate cycle,
superpathway of thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis I,
superpathway of thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis II,
superpathway of thiamine diphosphate biosynthesis III (eukaryotes),
superpathway of thiosulfate metabolism (Desulfovibrio sulfodismutans),
superpathway of trichothecene biosynthesis,
superpathway of trimethylamine degradation,
superpathway of ubiquinol-6 biosynthesis (eukaryotic),
superpathway of ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic),
superpathway of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis,
superpathway of UDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis,
superpathway of unsaturated fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli),
superpathway of vanillin and vanillate degradation,
superpathway polymethylated quercetin/quercetagetin glucoside biosynthesis (Chrysosplenium),
syringate degradation,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered),
thiamine salvage II,
toluene degradation I (aerobic) (via o-cresol),
toluene degradation II (aerobic) (via 4-methylcatechol),
toluene degradation III (aerobic) (via p-cresol),
toluene degradation IV (aerobic) (via catechol),
toluene degradation V (aerobic) (via toluene-cis-diol),
toluene degradation VI (anaerobic),
UDP-D-xylose biosynthesis,
UDP-galactofuranose biosynthesis,
UDP-sugars interconversion,
ureide biosynthesis,
vibriobactin biosynthesis,
wybutosine biosynthesis

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by Pathway Tools version 20.0 (software by SRI International) on Fri May 6, 2016, BIOCYC13B.