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discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites MAYBE down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites MAYBE down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites MAYBE down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites MAYBE down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
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MetaCyc Class: Superpathways

Summary:
Pathways within this class are constructed by combining individual pathways (elsewhere shown separately) to show relationships between them. In some cases those individual pathways start from a common precursor, or produce a common product, but they can have other relationships as well. Superpathways can have individual reactions as their components in addition to other pathways. Superpathways can be defined recursively, that is, the component pathway of a Superpathway can be a base pathway or a child of Superpathways. Most Superpathways will have an additional parent class within the pathway ontology to define their biological role.

Parent Classes:
Pathways

Instances:
β-carotene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
γ-butyrobetaine degradation ,
γ-glutamyl cycle ,
1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis ,
2-nitrobenzoate degradation I ,
2-oxobutanoate degradation I ,
3-phenylpropionate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate degradation ,
3-phenylpropionate degradation ,
meta cleavage pathway of aromatic compounds ,
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum biosynthetic metabolism ,
myo-, chiro- and scillo-inositol degradation ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation II ,
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
p-cumate degradation ,
p-cymene degradation ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle I ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
acetyl-CoA fermentation to butyrate II ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis I (early cobalt insertion) ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis II (late cobalt incorporation) ,
allantoin degradation IV (anaerobic) ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate I ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate II ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate III ,
ammonia assimilation cycle III ,
ammonia oxidation IV (autotrophic ammonia oxidizers) ,
anaerobic aromatic compound degradation (Thauera aromatica) ,
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial) ,
archaetidylinositol biosynthesis ,
archaetidylserine and archaetidylethanolamine biosynthesis ,
arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine) ,
arginine biosynthesis IV (archaebacteria) ,
arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway) ,
arginine, ornithine and proline interconversion ,
aromatic compounds degradation via β-ketoadipate ,
aspartate superpathway ,
bacillibactin biosynthesis ,
benzoate biosynthesis I (CoA-dependent, β-oxidative) ,
benzoate biosynthesis III (CoA-dependent, non-β-oxidative) ,
benzoate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate) ,
biotin biosynthesis I ,
biotin biosynthesis II ,
bitter acids biosynthesis ,
caffeine degradation IV (bacteria, via demethylation and oxidation) ,
cardiolipin and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis (Xanthomonas) ,
catechol degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation II (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation III (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
cellulose and hemicellulose degradation (cellulolosome) ,
chitin biosynthesis ,
cholesterol biosynthesis I ,
cholesterol biosynthesis II (via 24,25-dihydrolanosterol) ,
cholesterol biosynthesis III (via desmosterol) ,
choline degradation IV ,
choline-O-sulfate degradation ,
chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis ,
chorismate biosynthesis I ,
chorismate biosynthesis II (archaea) ,
colanic acid building blocks biosynthesis ,
crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate) ,
curcuminoid biosynthesis ,
cysteine biosynthesis III (mammalian) ,
cysteine biosynthesis IV (fungi) ,
dermatan sulfate biosynthesis ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis III (fungi) ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
enterobacterial common antigen biosynthesis ,
enterobactin biosynthesis ,
ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered) ,
GABA shunt ,
gluconeogenesis II (Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum) ,
glutamate and glutamine biosynthesis ,
glutamate degradation VII (to butanoate) ,
glutamate degradation VIII (to propionate) ,
glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutyrate) ,
glycerol and glycerophosphodiester degradation ,
glycerol degradation to butanol ,
glycine biosynthesis II ,
glycogen degradation III ,
heparan sulfate biosynthesis ,
hexitol fermentation to lactate, formate, ethanol and acetate ,
homolactic fermentation ,
homoserine and methionine biosynthesis ,
hyperxanthone E biosynthesis ,
isoleucine biosynthesis I ,
isoprene biosynthesis I ,
kanamycin biosynthesis ,
kauralexin biosynthesis ,
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA II (Chlamydia) ,
ketogluconate metabolism ,
L-alanine fermentation to propionate and acetate ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis IV ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis V ,
mandelate degradation to acetyl-CoA ,
methanol and methylamine oxidation to formaldehyde ,
methionine biosynthesis III ,
methionine salvage cycle I (bacteria and plants) ,
methionine salvage cycle II (plants) ,
methionine salvage cycle III (animals) ,
methylglyoxal degradation IV ,
mRNA capping II ,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan) ,
NAD salvage pathway II ,
naphthalene degradation to acetyl-CoA ,
nitrifier denitrification ,
novobiocin biosynthesis ,
oxygenic photosynthesis ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis II (plants) ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis III ,
pentose phosphate pathway ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing) ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis II (staphylococci) ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis III (mycobacteria) ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis IV (Enterococcus faecium) ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis V (β-lactam resistance) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic) ,
phospholipid biosynthesis I ,
phospholipid biosynthesis II ,
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutyrate biosynthesis (engineered) ,
plant sterol biosynthesis ,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
purine nucleotides degradation I (plants) ,
purine nucleotides degradation II (aerobic) ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and alanine ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate II ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate III ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate V ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VI ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VII ,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis I ,
serine racemization ,
sphingolipid biosynthesis (mammals) ,
sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis) ,
sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase) ,
sulfate reduction I (assimilatory) ,
superpathay of heme biosynthesis from glutamate ,
superpathway avenacin A biosynthesis ,
superpathway NAD/NADP - NADH/NADPH interconversion (yeast) ,
superpathway of β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of (R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of (KDO)2-lipid A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis (plants) ,
superpathway of 2,3-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of 4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
superpathway of 4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis (yeast) ,
superpathway of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis ,
superpathway of Clostridium acetobutylicum acidogenic and solventogenic fermentation ,
superpathway of Clostridium acetobutylicum acidogenic fermentation ,
superpathway of Clostridium acetobutylicum solventogenic fermentation ,
superpathway of N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylmannosamine and N-acetylneuraminate degradation ,
superpathway of N-acetylneuraminate degradation ,
superpathway of S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of acetate utilization and formation ,
superpathway of acetyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
superpathway of acrylonitrile degradation ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of aerobic toluene degradation ,
superpathway of aflatoxin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of alanine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of allantoin degradation in plants ,
superpathway of allantoin degradation in yeast ,
superpathway of alliin degradation ,
superpathway of ammonia assimilation (plants) ,
superpathway of anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates) ,
superpathway of anaerobic sucrose degradation ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from cyanidin and cyanidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from delphinidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of arginine and ornithine degradation ,
superpathway of arginine and polyamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of arginine, putrescine, and 4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 3-oxoadipate ,
superpathway of asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of aspartate and asparagine biosynthesis; interconversion of aspartate and asparagine ,
superpathway of atrazine degradation ,
superpathway of bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis ,
superpathway of benzoxazinoid glucosides biosynthesis ,
superpathway of betalain biosynthesis ,
superpathway of butirocin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of C1 compounds oxidation to CO2 ,
superpathway of C28 brassinosteroid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of carotenoid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of CDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of cholesterol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation I (cholesterol oxidase) ,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation II (cholesterol dehydrogenase) ,
superpathway of choline biosynthesis ,
superpathway of chorismate metabolism ,
superpathway of citrulline metabolism ,
superpathway of cytosolic glycolysis (plants), pyruvate dehydrogenase and TCA cycle ,
superpathway of D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate metabolism ,
superpathway of D-glucarate and D-galactarate degradation ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfone degradation ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation ,
superpathway of diterpene resin acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of dTDP-glucose-derived antibiotic building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of dTDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of ergosterol biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of ergosterol biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of ergotamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis (without sugar biosynthesis) ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis II (plant) ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii) ,
superpathway of flavones and derivatives biosynthesis ,
superpathway of formononetin derivative biosynthesis ,
superpathway of fucose and rhamnose degradation ,
superpathway of fumitremorgin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of GDP-mannose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis II (via MEP) ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate) ,
superpathway of gibberellin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of gibberellin GA12 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation ,
superpathway of glycerol degradation to 1,3-propanediol ,
superpathway of glycol metabolism and degradation ,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff ,
superpathway of glycolysis, pyruvate dehydrogenase, TCA, and glyoxylate bypass ,
superpathway of glyoxylate bypass and TCA ,
superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation ,
superpathway of guanine and guanosine salvage ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides degradation (plants) ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from glycine ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from uroporphyrinogen-III ,
superpathway of hexitol degradation (bacteria) ,
superpathway of hexuronide and hexuronate degradation ,
superpathway of histidine, purine, and pyrimidine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of hydrogen production ,
superpathway of hydrolyzable tannin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of indole-3-acetate conjugate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds ,
superpathway of isoflavonoids (via naringenin) ,
superpathway of jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis ,
superpathway of leucine, valine, and isoleucine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of linalool biosynthesis ,
superpathway of linamarin and lotaustralin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation (PDH, KGDH, GCV, yeast) ,
superpathway of lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lipoxygenase ,
superpathway of lysine degradation ,
superpathway of lysine, threonine and methionine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of lysine, threonine and methionine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of megalomicin A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of melatonin degradation ,
superpathway of menaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-7 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of menaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-10 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-11 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-12 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-13 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of methanogenesis ,
superpathway of methionine biosynthesis (by sulfhydrylation) ,
superpathway of methionine biosynthesis (transsulfuration) ,
superpathway of methionine salvage and degradation ,
superpathway of methylglyoxal degradation ,
superpathway of microbial D-galacturonate and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of mycolate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of mycolyl-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan complex biosynthesis ,
superpathway of NAD biosynthesis in eukaryotes ,
superpathway of neomycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of nicotinate degradation ,
superpathway of nicotine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of oleoresin turpentine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of ornithine degradation ,
superpathway of penicillin, cephalosporin and cephamycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pentose and pentitol degradation ,
superpathway of phenylalanine and tyrosine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phenylalanine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phenylethylamine degradation ,
superpathway of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phylloquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of plastoquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis III ,
superpathway of pterocarpan biosynthesis (via daidzein) ,
superpathway of pterocarpan biosynthesis (via formononetin) ,
superpathway of purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of purine nucleotide salvage ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of purines degradation in plants ,
superpathway of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis and salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of pyrimidine nucleobases salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of quinolone and alkylquinolone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of rifamycin B biosynthesis ,
superpathway of rosmarinic acid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of salicylate degradation ,
superpathway of scopolin and esculin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of seleno-compound metabolism ,
superpathway of serine and glycine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of sialic acids and CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of steroid hormone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfate assimilation and cysteine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans) ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Starkeya novella) ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (phototrophic sulfur bacteria) ,
superpathway of sulfolactate degradation ,
superpathway of sulfur amino acid biosynthesis (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) ,
superpathway of sulfur metabolism (Desulfocapsa sulfoexigens) ,
superpathway of sulfur oxidation (Acidianus ambivalens) ,
superpathway of taurine degradation ,
superpathway of testosterone and androsterone degradation ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis and salvage ,
superpathway of tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tetrathionate reduction (Salmonella typhimurium) ,
superpathway of the 3-hydroxypropionate cycle ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis III (eukaryotes) ,
superpathway of thiosulfate metabolism (Desulfovibrio sulfodismutans) ,
superpathway of threonine metabolism ,
superpathway of trimethylamine degradation ,
superpathway of tryptophan biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tyrosine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of ubiquinol-6 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
superpathway of ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
superpathway of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of UDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of unsaturated fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of vanillin and vanillate degradation ,
superpathway phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast) ,
superpathway polymethylated quercetin/quercetagetin glucoside biosynthesis (Chrysosplenium) ,
syringate degradation ,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
thiamin salvage II ,
threonine biosynthesis ,
toluene degradation I (aerobic) (via o-cresol) ,
toluene degradation II (aerobic) (via 4-methylcatechol) ,
toluene degradation III (aerobic) (via p-cresol) ,
toluene degradation IV (aerobic) (via catechol) ,
toluene degradation V (aerobic) (via toluene-cis-diol) ,
toluene degradation VI (anaerobic) ,
tryptophan degradation III (eukaryotic) ,
tryptophan degradation IX ,
tryptophan degradation XI (mammalian, via kynurenine) ,
tryptophan degradation XII (Geobacillus) ,
tyrosine degradation IV (to 4-methylphenol) ,
UDP-D-xylose biosynthesis ,
UDP-sugars interconversion ,
ureide biosynthesis ,
vibriobactin biosynthesis ,
wybutosine biosynthesis


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Sat Dec 27, 2014, biocyc14.