MetaCyc Compound: Ba2+

Synonyms: Ba+2, Ba++, barium (II) ion

Superclasses: an ion a cation

Component of: barium chloride

Chemical Formula: Ba

Molecular Weight: 137.34 Daltons

Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 137.905241 Daltons

SMILES: [Ba++]

InChI: InChI=1S/Ba/q+2


Unification Links: ChEBI:37136 , ChemSpider:94609 , HMDB:HMDB04142 , KEGG:C13881 , PubChem:104810

Standard Gibbs Free Energy of Change Formation (ΔfG in kcal/mol): -1.2482376 Inferred by computational analysis [Latendresse13]

Enzymes activated by Ba2+, sorted by the type of activation, are:

Activator (Allosteric) of: diacetyl reductase , (S)-acetoin reductase [(S,S)-2,3-butanediol forming] [Takusagawa01]

Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: phosphoenolpyruvate phosphatase [Veljanovski06] , iminodiacetate dehydrogenase [Uetz93]

Enzymes inhibited by Ba2+, sorted by the type of inhibition, are:

Inhibitor (Mechanism unknown) of: adenine phosphoribosyltransferase [Hochstadt78a] , hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase [Hochstadt78] , glutamate-5-semialdehyde dehydrogenase [Hayzer82] , omega-hydroxypalmitate O-feruloyl transferase [Rautengarten12] , δ-aminovaleramidase [Reitz70]


Hayzer82: Hayzer DJ, Leisinger T (1982). "Proline biosynthesis in Escherichia coli. Purification and characterisation of glutamate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase." Eur J Biochem 1982;121(3);561-5. PMID: 7035170

Hochstadt78: Hochstadt J (1978). "Hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase and guanine phosphoribosyltransferase from enteric bacteria." Methods Enzymol 1978;51;549-58. PMID: 692401

Hochstadt78a: Hochstadt J (1978). "Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase from Escherichia coli." Methods Enzymol 1978;51;558-67. PMID: 357906

Latendresse13: Latendresse M. (2013). "Computing Gibbs Free Energy of Compounds and Reactions in MetaCyc."

Rautengarten12: Rautengarten C, Ebert B, Ouellet M, Nafisi M, Baidoo EE, Benke P, Stranne M, Mukhopadhyay A, Keasling JD, Sakuragi Y, Scheller HV (2012). "Arabidopsis Deficient in Cutin Ferulate encodes a transferase required for feruloylation of ω-hydroxy fatty acids in cutin polyester." Plant Physiol 158(2);654-65. PMID: 22158675

Reitz70: Reitz MS, Rodwell VW (1970). "Delta-aminovaleramidase of Pseudomonas putida." J Biol Chem 245(12);3091-6. PMID: 5432799

Takusagawa01: Takusagawa Y, Otagiri M, Ui S, Ohtsuki T, Mimura A, Ohkuma M, Kudo T (2001). "Purification and characterization of L-2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase of Brevibacterium saccharolyticum C-1012 expressed in Escherichia coli." Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 65(8);1876-8. PMID: 11577733

Uetz93: Uetz T, Egli T (1993). "Characterization of an inducible, membrane-bound iminodiacetate dehydrogenase from Chelatobacter heintzii ATCC 29600." Biodegradation 3: 423-434.

Veljanovski06: Veljanovski V, Vanderbeld B, Knowles VL, Snedden WA, Plaxton WC (2006). "Biochemical and molecular characterization of AtPAP26, a vacuolar purple acid phosphatase up-regulated in phosphate-deprived Arabidopsis suspension cells and seedlings." Plant Physiol 142(3);1282-93. PMID: 16963519

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
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