Pathway Tools
Intro Tutorial
discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015 (Sat)
Pathway Tools
Intro Tutorial
discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015 (Sat)
Pathway Tools
Intro Tutorial
discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015 (Sat)
Pathway Tools
Intro Tutorial
discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015 (Sat)
Pathway Tools
Intro Tutorial
discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015 (Sat)
twitter

MetaCyc Compound: O-acetyl-L-homoserine

Synonyms: acetylhomoserine, O-acetylhomoserine

Superclasses: an acid all carboxy acids a carboxylate an amino acid a modified amino acid an amino acid derivative
an amino acid or its derivative an amino acid a modified amino acid an amino acid derivative

Summary:
Naturally occurring O-acetyl-L-homoserine was first found in the legume plant Pisum sativum in 1958 [Grobbelaar58].

Chemical Formula: C6H11NO4

Molecular Weight: 161.16 Daltons

Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 161.0688078467 Daltons

<i>O</i>-acetyl-L-homoserine compound structure

SMILES: CC(OCCC(C([O-])=O)[N+])=O

InChI: InChI=1S/C6H11NO4/c1-4(8)11-3-2-5(7)6(9)10/h5H,2-3,7H2,1H3,(H,9,10)/t5-/m0/s1

InChIKey: InChIKey=FCXZBWSIAGGPCB-YFKPBYRVSA-N

Unification Links: ChEBI:57716 , KEGG:C01077 , MetaboLights:MTBLC57716 , PubChem:25244888

Standard Gibbs Free Energy of Change Formation (ΔfG in kcal/mol): -46.997684 Inferred by computational analysis [Latendresse13]

Reactions known to consume the compound:

S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation II :
O-acetyl-L-homoserine + methanethiol → L-methionine + acetate + H+

3-hydroxy-L-homotyrosine biosynthesis :
4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxobutanoate + an amino acidL-homotyrosine + a 2-oxo acid

methyl ketone biosynthesis :
a carboxylate + ATP + coenzyme A → an acyl-CoA + AMP + diphosphate

Not in pathways:
an acyl-protein synthetase + a carboxylate + ATP → an acyl-protein thioester + AMP + diphosphate
a carboxylate + GTP + coenzyme A → an acyl-CoA + GDP + phosphate

Reactions known to produce the compound:

3,3'-thiodipropanoate degradation :
3-sulfinopropionate + an acyl-CoA → 3-sulfinopropanoyl-CoA + a carboxylate

dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation II (cleavage) :
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate + an acyl-CoA → dimethylsulfoniopropioyl-CoA + a carboxylate

NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH mitochondrial interconversion (yeast) :
an aldehyde + NADP+ + H2O → a carboxylate + NADPH + 2 H+
an aldehyde + NAD+ + H2O → a carboxylate + NADH + 2 H+

phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine :
a phosphatidylcholine + 2 H2O → sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 2 a carboxylate + 2 H+

Not in pathways:
a 1-acyl 2-lyso-phosphatidylcholine[periplasmic space] + H2O[periplasmic space]a carboxylate[periplasmic space] + sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine[periplasmic space] + H+[periplasmic space]
an acyl-CoA + H2O → a carboxylate + coenzyme A + H+
an L-1-phosphatidyl-inositol + H2O → a 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-D-myo-inositol + a carboxylate + H+
a carboxylic ester + H2O → an alcohol + a carboxylate + H+
an aldehyde + oxygen + H2O → a carboxylate + hydrogen peroxide + H+
an aldehyde + FMNH2 + oxygen → hν + a carboxylate + FMN + H2O + 2 H+
an acylcholine + H2O → choline + a carboxylate + H+
a β-monogalactosyldiacylglycerol + 2 H2O → 2 a carboxylate + 3-β-D-galactosyl-sn-glycerol + 2 H+
an acyl phosphate + H2O → a carboxylate + phosphate + H+
an S-acylglutathione + H2O → a carboxylate + glutathione
an N-acyl-L-aspartate + H2O → L-aspartate + a carboxylate

Reactions known to both consume and produce the compound:

L-homocysteine and L-cysteine interconversion :
O-acetyl-L-homoserine + L-cysteine ↔ L-cystathionine + acetate + H+

L-homocysteine biosynthesis :
L-homoserine + acetyl-CoA ↔ O-acetyl-L-homoserine + coenzyme A
O-acetyl-L-homoserine + hydrogen sulfide ↔ L-homocysteine + acetate + H+

sphingolipid recycling and degradation (yeast) :
a dihydroceramide + H2O ↔ sphinganine + a carboxylate

In Reactions of unknown directionality:

Not in pathways:
a 5-L-glutamyl-[peptide] + an amino acid = a 5-L-glutamyl-amino acid + a peptide

Not in pathways:
eugenol + a carboxylate + NADP+ = a coniferyl ester + NADPH
a 2-acyl 1-lyso-phosphatidylcholine[periplasmic space] + H2O[periplasmic space] = a carboxylate[periplasmic space] + sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine[periplasmic space] + H+[periplasmic space]
an aldehyde + an electron-transfer quinone + H2O = a carboxylate + an electron-transfer quinol + H+
a triacyl-sn-glycerol + H2O = a 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol + a carboxylate + H+
a penicillin + H2O = 6-aminopenicillanate + a carboxylate
an aldehyde[periplasmic space] + FAD[periplasmic space] + H2O[periplasmic space] = a carboxylate[periplasmic space] + FADH2[periplasmic space]
a nitrile + 2 H2O = a carboxylate + ammonium
an aliphatic nitrile + 2 H2O = a carboxylate + ammonium
an N-acyl-L-homoserine lactone + H2O = L-homoserine lactone + a carboxylate
an aldehyde + an oxidized unknown electron acceptor + H2O = a carboxylate + an reduced unknown electron acceptor + H+
an N-acylated aromatic-L-amino acid + H2O = a carboxylate + an aromatic L-amino acid
an N-acylated-D-amino acid + H2O = a D-amino acid + a carboxylate
an N-acylated aliphatic-L-amino acid + H2O = a carboxylate + an aliphatic L-amino acid
a D-hexose + an acyl phosphate = a D-hexose-phosphate + a carboxylate
an aldehyde + 2 an oxidized ferredoxin + H2O = a carboxylate + 2 a reduced ferredoxin + 3 H+
an aldehyde + NAD(P)+ + H2O = a carboxylate + NAD(P)H + 2 H+
an N-acyl-D-glutamate + H2O = a carboxylate + D-glutamate
an anilide + H2O = aniline + a carboxylate + H+
a 5'-acylphosphoadenosine + H2O = a carboxylate + AMP + 2 H+
a 3-acylpyruvate + H2O = a carboxylate + pyruvate + H+
an N6acyl-L-lysine + H2O = a carboxylate + L-lysine
an N-acyl-D-aspartate + H2O = a carboxylate + D-aspartate

Enzymes inhibited by O-acetyl-L-homoserine, sorted by the type of inhibition, are:

Inhibitor (Mechanism unknown) of: homoserine O-acetyltransferase [Yamagata87a, Comment 1]

This compound has been characterized as an alternative substrate of the following enzymes: O-succinylhomoserine(thiol)-lyase

Credits:
Revised 05-Dec-2013 by Caspi R , SRI International


References

Grobbelaar58: Grobbelaar, N, Steward FC (1958). "O-acetylhomoserine in Pisum." Nature 182(4646);1358-9. PMID: 13600320

Latendresse13: Latendresse M. (2013). "Computing Gibbs Free Energy of Compounds and Reactions in MetaCyc."

Yamagata87a: Yamagata S (1987). "Partial purification and some properties of homoserine O-acetyltransferase of a methionine auxotroph of Saccharomyces cerevisiae." J Bacteriol 1987;169(8);3458-63. PMID: 3301801


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 19.0 on Fri Sep 4, 2015, biocyc11.