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discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
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MetaCyc Compound: Hg2+

Synonyms: Hg++, Hg(II), mercury ion, mercury (II)

Superclasses: an ion a cation

Citations: [Budavari89]

Chemical Formula: Hg

Molecular Weight: 200.59 Daltons

Monoisotopic Molecular Weight: 201.970626 Daltons

SMILES: [Hg++]

InChI: InChI=1S/Hg/q+2

InChIKey: InChIKey=BQPIGGFYSBELGY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Unification Links: ChEBI:16793 , ChemSpider:24800 , HMDB:HMDB03625 , IAF1260:35741 , KEGG:C00703 , PubChem:26623

Standard Gibbs Free Energy of Change Formation (ΔfG in kcal/mol): -1.2482376 Inferred by computational analysis [Latendresse13]

Reactions known to consume the compound:

phenylmercury acetate degradation :
Hg0 + NADP+ + H+Hg2+ + NADPH

Reactions known to produce the compound:

phenylmercury acetate degradation :
mercuriphenyl acetate + H+Hg2+ + benzene + acetate

In Reactions of unknown directionality:

Not in pathways:
an alkylmercury + H+ = an alkane + Hg2+

Enzymes activated by Hg2+, sorted by the type of activation, are:

Activator (Allosteric) of: malonyl-CoA:shisonin 6-O-malonyltransferase [Suzuki01a]

Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: daphnetin 8-O-β-glucosyltransferase [Sato71]

Enzymes inhibited by Hg2+, sorted by the type of inhibition, are:

Inhibitor (Competitive) of: hexulose-6-phosphate synthase [Kato78]

Inhibitor (Noncompetitive) of: furcatin hydrolase [IMASEKI61] , L-alanine dehydrogenase [Yoshida70]

Inhibitor (Mechanism unknown) of: NADPH-dependent curcumin reductase [Hassaninasab11] , betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase [Falkenberg90] , phosphatidylglycerophosphatase [Funk92] , rhamnulose-1-phosphate aldolase [Chiu75] , 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate 8-phosphate synthase [Ray80, Comment 1] , D-arabinose 5-phosphate isomerase [Meredith03] , glyoxylate carboligase [Gupta66] , glycolate oxidase [Lord72] , o-succinylbenzoate-CoA ligase [Kwon96] , glutaminase [Hartman68] , N-acetylglutamate synthase [Marvil77] , threonine dehydrogenase [Craig86] , 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate CoA ligase [Mukherjee87] , 4-aminobutyrate transaminase [Schulz90] , isocitrate lyase , glutamate decarboxylase A [Helmward89] , glutamate decarboxylase B [Helmward89] , glycogen phosphorylase [Chen68, Chen68a] , glycogen phosphorylase-limit dextrin α-1,6-glucohydrolase [Jeanningros76] , glutathione S-transferase [Arca90] , D-aminopropanol dehydrogenase [Kelley84, Comment 2] , phenylethylamine oxidase [Roh94] , fumarase A [Xu12] , 7-α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase [Yoshimoto91] , amylomaltase [Wiesmeyer60] , diffusion of glycerol [Maurel94] , quercetin 7-O-glucosyltransferase [Stich] , gossypetin 7-O-glucosyltransferase [Stich] , 1,4-β-mannanase [Kawaguchi14] , maltose 1-epimerase [Shirokane95] , synephrine dehydratase [Manne86] , cystathionine γ-lyase [Matsuo59] , ginsenoside Rh2 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , (20S)-ginsenoside Rg3 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , ginsenoside C-O 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , ginsenoside Rb2 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , ginsenoside F2 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , ginsenoside Rd 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , ginsenoside C-Mc1 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , ginsenoside Rc 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , ginsenoside XVII 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , ginsenoside Rb1 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , ginsenoside C-Mx1 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , ginsenoside Rb3 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , protopanaxadiol-type ginsenoside 3-O-glucosidase [An10] , UDP-glucose:cyanidin 3-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase [Ogata98] , pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate oxidase [Tsuge82] , pyridoxine 5'-phosphate oxidase II [Tsuge82] , vicianin hydrolase [Lizotte88] , 2-hydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone reductase [Takenaka11] , 1,2,4-trihydroxybenzene 1,2-dioxygenase [Takenaka03] , UDPG:ginsenoside Rd glucosyltransferase [Yue05] , esculetin 6-O-glucosyltransferase [Sato72] , cichorrin transglucosylase (β-glucosidase activity) [Sato72] , daphnin transglucosylase (β-glucosidase activity) [Sato71] , 6-oxocamphor hydrolase [Grogan01] , (-)-maackiain-3-O-glucoside β-glucosidase [Hsieh01] , 2-hydroxybiphenyl-3-monooxygenase [Suske97] , 2-oxopent-4-enoate hydratase [Orii06] , 2-hydroxymuconate 6-semialdehyde dehydrogenase [Orii06] , 4-amino-3-hydroxy-benzoate 2,3-dioxygenase [Takenaka02] , pesudooxynicotine oxidase [Qiu12a] , nicotine dehydrogenase [Tang09a] , pseudoroxynicotine dehydrogenase [Tang09a] , trehalase [App89] , β-N-acetylglucosaminidase [Keyhani96] , chitotriose synthase [Keyhani96a] , rutinase [HAY61] , phosphatidyl-N-methylethanolamine N-methyltransferase [Gaynor90] , phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase [Gaynor90] , choline kinase [Kim98b] , oligoxyloglucan β-glycosidase [Kato85] , N-cyclohexylformamide hydratase [Goda01] , N-benzylformamide deformylase [Fukatsu04] , 7-methylxanthine demethylase [Gluck88] , cholate 12α-hydroxy dehydrogenase [Braun91] , cholate 7α-hydroxy dehydrogenase [Bennett03] , glycocholate hydrolase [Tanaka00] , D-galacturonate dehydrogenase [Bateman70] , oxidized polyvinylalcohol hydrolase [Klomklang05] , β-alanine amide amidase [Komeda04] , L-proline amide hydrolase [Komeda04a] , 2-aminomuconate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase [Ichiyama65] , tropinone reductase (TR-II) [Hashimoto92] , tropinone reductase (TR-I) [Hashimoto92] , dihydropteridine reductase [Firgaira81] , anthocyanidin-3-O-rutinoside-5-O-glucosyltransferase [Kamsteeg78] , ribitol dehydrogenase [Taylor74] , hydroxyproline 2-epimerase [Adams64] , Δ1-pyrroline-4-hydroxy-2-carboxylate deaminase [Singh65a] , arginine-α-ketoglutarate transaminase [Tachiki80] , porphobilinogen deaminase [Jordan73] , ferrochelatase [Dailey86a] , 6-hydroxynicotinate 3-monooxygenase [Nakano99] , tryptophan decarboxylase [Buki85] , tryptophan 2-monooxygenase [Kosuge66] , N-methylputrescine oxidase [Hashimoto90] , glycerol dehydratase [Schneider70] , NAD-dependent formate dehydrogenase [Asano88] , 4-oxalomesaconate hydratase [Hara00] , 4-oxalocitramalate aldolase [Maruyama90] , 2-pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate hydrolase [Maruyama83] , taurine:α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase [Toyama78] , 1,4-dichlorobenzene cis-dihydrodiol dehydrogenase [Spiess96] , haloalkane dehalogenase [Keuning85] , 6-hydroxymellein synthase [Kurosaki93] , acetate kinase [Winzer97] , sinapoylglucose:choline O-sinapoyltransferase [Vogt93] , 4-oxalomesaconate hydratase [Maruyama85] , hydrogenase [Schink79] , 2-hydroxy-4-carboxymuconate-6-semialdehyde dehydrogenase [Masai00] , 4-oxalocitramalate aldolase [Hara03] , 4-carboxy-2-hydroxymuconate-6-semialdehyde dehydrogenase [Maruyama78] , methylamine dehydrogenase [Matsumoto78] , asparaginase [Sodek80] , methylamine dehydrogenase [Husain87] , linamarase [Eksittikul88] , S-formylglutathione hydrolase [Uotila74] , N-acetylneuraminate synthase [Komaki97] , 2-aminomuconate deaminase [Takenaka00] , 2-aminomuconic 6-semialdehyde dehydrogenase [Takenaka00] , 2-aminophenol 1,6-dioxygenase [Takenaka97] , cytidine 5'-monophosphate N-acetylneuraminate synthetase [RodriguezAparic92] , (25R)-3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholestanoyl-CoA racemase [Schmitz94] , sterigmatocystin O-methyltransferase [Liu99a] , hydantoin racemase [Wiese00] , nicotinate nucleotide adenylyltransferase [Emanuelli99] , isopenicillin N epimerase [Laiz90] , L-lysine 6-dehydrogenase [Heydari04] , L-lysine ε-dehydrogenase [Misono89] , L-gulono-γ-lactone oxidase [Nishikimi79] , succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase [Chambliss92] , L-lysine-α-ketoglutarate reductase [Hutzler75] , porphobilinogen deaminase [Jones94] , glycerol-3-phosphate cytidylyltransferase [Park93a] , maltooligosyl-trahalose synthase [Nakada96] , trehalose synthase [Nishimoto96] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside-6''-O-malonate malonyltransferase [Hinderer86] , phospho-β-galactosidase [Hengstenberg70] , maltooligosyl-trehalose trehalohydrolase , lysine N6-acetyltransferase [Bode93] , L-carnitine dehydrogenase [Mori88] , (S)-tetrahydroprotoberberine oxidase [Amann88] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside-6''-O-malonate malonylesterase [Hinderer86] , kynurenine formamidase [Brown86] , trehalose synthase [Lee05d] , choline dehydrogenase [Nagasawa76] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside β-glucosidase [Hosel75] , L-carnitine dehydrogenase [Hanschmann96] , kynurenine formamidase [Brown86] , trehalose synthase [Nishimoto96a] , (-)-maackiain-3-O-glucoside β-glucosidase [Hosel75] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside-6''-O-malonate malonylesterase [Hinderer86] , maltooligosyl-trehalose synthase [Nakada95] , glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase [Krishnan90] , glutathione peroxidase [Takahashi87] , sarcosine oxidase [Nishiya93] , N-carbamoylsarcosine amidohydrolase [Kim86] , arginine deiminase [Monstadt91] , (S)-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase [Dai68] , allantoicase [Trijbels66] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside β-glucosidase [Hsieh01] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside β-glucosidase [Hosel75] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside β-glucosidase [Hsieh01] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside β-glucosidase [Hosel75] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside-6''-O-malonate malonylesterase [Hinderer86] , maltooligosyl-trehalose trehalohydrolase [Nakada95a] , isethionate dehydrogenase [Kondo77] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside-6''-O-malonate malonylesterase [Hinderer86] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside β-glucosidase [Hosel75] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside β-glucosidase [Hsieh01] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside β-glucosidase [Hosel75] , isoflavone-7-O-glucoside-6''-O-malonate malonylesterase [Hinderer86] , D-carnitine dehydrogenase [Setyahadi97] , galactokinase [Dey83] , hydrogenase [Schneider79] , naringenin 7-O-methyltransferase [Rakwal00] , nicotinate N-methyltransferase [Upmeier88] , nicotinate dehydrogenase [Hurh94] , uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase [Jones93a] , agmatine deiminase [Nakada03] , N-carbamoylputrescine amidohydrolase [Nakada03] , D-galactonate dehydratase [Szumilo81] , L-lysine monooxygenase [Nakazawa72] , δ-aminovaleramidase [Reitz70] , Δ1-piperideine-2-carboxylate reductase [Payton82] , phosphohexose isomerase [Sangwan90] , coumarinic acid glucoside β-glucosidase [Kosuge61] , cannabidiolate synthase [Taura96] , malonyl-CoA:pelargonidin-3-O-(6-caffeoyl-β-D-glucoside)-5-O-β-D-glucoside 6-O-malonyltransferase [Suzuki01a] , anthocyanin 5-O-glucoside-4'''-O-malonyltransferase [Suzuki04a] , L-asparaginase [Raha90] , L-lysine α-oxidase [Weber94] , L-lysine:pyruvate aminotransferase [Schmidt87] , nitroalkane oxidase [Kido78a] , chlorophyllase [HorneroMendez] , α-D-galactosyl-(1-3)-1D-myo-inositol:raffinose galactosyltransferase [Gaudreault81] , alanine aminotransferase [Umemura94] , alanine dehydrogenase [Chowdhury98]

Inhibitor (Other types) of: selaginose phosphorylase [Chaen99] , kojibiose phosphorylase [Chaen99] , xylan 1,3-β-xylosidase [Umemoto08] , endo-1,3-β-xylanase , dimethylsulfide monooxygenase [Boden11] , trans-permethrin hydrolase [Wu06] , 2-methylbutanoyl-CoA dehydrogenase [Komuniecki85] , chitin disaccharide deacetylase [Ohishi97] , tetrathionate decomposing enzyme [Ng00] , sulfite dehydrogenase [Nakamura95] , 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase [Chowdhury96] , (-)-dihydrocarvone monooxygenase [Van00] , (1S,4R)-iso-dihydrocarvone monooxygenase [Van00] , (1R,4S)-iso-dihydrocarvone monooxygenase [Van00] , (1R,4R)-dihydrocarvone monooxygenase [Van00] , (1R,4S)-1-hydroxy-2-oxolimonene monooxygenase [Van00] , (1S,4R)-1-hydroxy-2-oxolimonene monooxygenase [Van00] , cis-aconitate decarboxylase [Bentley57] , diacetyl reductase , amidase [Nawaz94] , (S)-acetoin reductase [(S,S)-2,3-butanediol forming] [Takusagawa01] , nitrilase [Nagasawa90] , L-allo-threonine aldolase [Kataoka97] , 4-pyridoxolactonase [Funami05] , raffinose synthase [Lehle73] , 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene dioxygenase [Patel80]


References

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
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