Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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MetaCyc Compound: MgCl2

Synonyms: magnesium chloride

Superclasses: a salt an inorganic salt
an inorganic compound an inorganic salt

Chemical Formula: MgCl2

Molecular Weight: 95.211 Daltons

Salt Constituents: Mg2+ , chloride

Unification Links: ChEBI:6636 , ChemSpider:22987 , KEGG:C07755 , PubChem:24584

Enzymes activated by MgCl2, sorted by the type of activation, are:

Activator (Mechanism unknown) of: 8-hydroxykaempferol 8-O-methyltransferase [Jay85] , gossypetin 8-O-methyltransferase [Jay85] , SAM: anol-O-methyltransferase [Kemmerer96] , D-xylose dehydrogenase [Johnsen04] , phosphate acetyltransferase [Bock99]

Enzymes inhibited by MgCl2, sorted by the type of inhibition, are:

Inhibitor (Mechanism unknown) of: D-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase [Amanuma80] , homogalacturonan methyltransferase [Goubet99] , UDP-D-apiose synthase [Molhoj03] , UDP-D-xylose synthase [Molhoj03] , uroporphyrinogen III cosynthetase [Stevens68]

This compound has been characterized as a cofactor or prosthetic group of the following enzymes: (+)-δ-cadinene synthase , (+)-δ-cadinene synthase


References

Amanuma80: Amanuma H, Strominger JL (1980). "Purification and properties of penicillin-binding proteins 5 and 6 from Escherichia coli membranes." J Biol Chem 255(23);11173-80. PMID: 7002918

Bock99: Bock AK, Glasemacher J, Schmidt R, Schonheit P (1999). "Purification and characterization of two extremely thermostable enzymes, phosphate acetyltransferase and acetate kinase, from the hyperthermophilic eubacterium Thermotoga maritima." J Bacteriol 1999;181(6);1861-7. PMID: 10074080

Goubet99: Goubet F, Mohnen D (1999). "Solubilization and partial characterization of homogalacturonan-methyltransferase from microsomal membranes of suspension-cultured tobacco cells." Plant Physiol 121(1);281-90. PMID: 10482684

Jay85: Jay M, De Luca V, Ibrahim RK (1985). "Purification, properties and kinetic mechanism of flavonol 8-O-methyltransferase from Lotus corniculatus L." Eur J Biochem 153(2);321-5. PMID: 4076180

Johnsen04: Johnsen U, Schonheit P (2004). "Novel xylose dehydrogenase in the halophilic archaeon Haloarcula marismortui." J Bacteriol 186(18);6198-207. PMID: 15342590

Kemmerer96: Kemmerer, B, Reichling, J (1996). "S-adenosyl-L-methionine: Anol-o-methyltransferase activtity in organ cultures of Pimpinella anisum." Phytochemistry, 42, 397-403.

Molhoj03: Molhoj M, Verma R, Reiter WD (2003). "The biosynthesis of the branched-chain sugar d-apiose in plants: functional cloning and characterization of a UDP-d-apiose/UDP-d-xylose synthase from Arabidopsis." Plant J 35(6);693-703. PMID: 12969423

Stevens68: Stevens E, Frydman B (1968). "Isolation and properties of wheat germ uroporphyrinogen 3 cosynthetase." Biochim Biophys Acta 151(2);429-37. PMID: 5636375


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Fri Nov 28, 2014, biocyc14.