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discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
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Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
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MetaCyc Polypeptide: apocytochrome f

Gene: petA Accession Number: CHRECP001 (MetaCyc)

Species: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Component of:
Cyt b6f monomer
Cyt b6f complex (summary available)

Summary:
PetA is one the large subunits of the cytochrome b6-f complex, which mediates electron transfer between photosystem II (PSII) and photosystem I (PSI). It covalently binds one heme group.

Citations: [Maul02, Sainz00, Chi00, Pierre95, Buschlen91, Bertsch91]

Locations: chloroplast, chloroplast thylakoid membrane

Map Position: [2,898 -> 3,851]

Molecular Weight of Polypeptide: 34.29 kD (from nucleotide sequence)

Unification Links: DIP:DIP-48404N , Entrez-gene:2716989 , Pride:P23577 , Protein Model Portal:P23577 , RefSeq:NP_958358.1 , SMR:P23577 , UniProt:P23577

Relationship Links: InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR002325 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR011054 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR024058 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR024094 , PDB:Structure:1CFM , PDB:Structure:1E2V , PDB:Structure:1E2W , PDB:Structure:1E2Z , PDB:Structure:1EWH , PDB:Structure:1Q90 , Pfam:IN-FAMILY:PF01333 , Prints:IN-FAMILY:PR00610 , Prosite:IN-FAMILY:PS51010 , RefSeq:PART-OF:NC_005353.1

Gene-Reaction Schematic: ?

GO Terms:

Cellular Component: GO:0009507 - chloroplast
GO:0042651 - thylakoid membrane

MultiFun Terms: metabolism energy production/transport

Credits:
Created 12-Jan-2010 by May P , MPI-MP
Revised 04-May-2011 by Weerasinghe D


Subunit of: Cyt b6f monomer

Species: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Subunit composition of Cyt b6f monomer = [PetC][PetM][PetN][PetL][PetG][PetD][PetB][PetA]
         Cytochrome b6f complex iron-sulfur subunit = PetC (summary available)
         Cytochrome b6f complex subunit 7 = PetM (summary available)
         Cytochrome b6f complex subunit 8 = PetN (summary available)
         Cytochrome b6f complex subunit 6 = PetL (summary available)
         Cytochrome b6f complex subunit 5 = PetG (summary available)
         Cytochrome b6f complex subunit 4 = PetD (summary available)
         Cytochrome b6 = PetB (summary available)
         apocytochrome f = PetA (summary available)

Component of: Cyt b6f complex (summary available)

Locations: chloroplast, chloroplast thylakoid membrane

GO Terms:

Cellular Component: GO:0009507 - chloroplast
GO:0042651 - thylakoid membrane

Credits:
Created 12-Jan-2010 by May P , MPI-MP


Subunit of: Cyt b6f complex

Species: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Subunit composition of Cyt b6f complex = [(PetC)(PetM)(PetN)(PetL)(PetG)(PetD)(PetB)(PetA)]2
         Cyt b6f monomer = (PetC)(PetM)(PetN)(PetL)(PetG)(PetD)(PetB)(PetA)
                 Cytochrome b6f complex iron-sulfur subunit = PetC (summary available)
                 Cytochrome b6f complex subunit 7 = PetM (summary available)
                 Cytochrome b6f complex subunit 8 = PetN (summary available)
                 Cytochrome b6f complex subunit 6 = PetL (summary available)
                 Cytochrome b6f complex subunit 5 = PetG (summary available)
                 Cytochrome b6f complex subunit 4 = PetD (summary available)
                 Cytochrome b6 = PetB (summary available)
                 apocytochrome f = PetA (summary available)

Summary:
Cytochrome b6f is a plastohydroquinone:plastocyanin oxidoreductase present in chloroplasts and plays a major role in the photosynthetic electron transport chain [Kuras07]. It contributes to the proton motive force via the Q-cycle [Malnoe11]. The Q-cycle is a chemic process for proton translocation from the chloroplast stroma into the lumen across the thylakoid membrane [Allen04]. Specifically it couples electron transfer with proton translocation to generate a transmembrane electrochemical H+ gradient [Stroebel03]. X-ray structure of cytochrome b6f has revealed the presence of an atypical heme [deLacroix09]. Furthermore, there is biochemical evidence to suggest that the cytochrome b6f complex contains within its folds a chlorophyll and β carotene molecule, though the function of these two pigments is not known [Pierre97][Zhang99].

Citations: [Catherine09, Baniulis]

Credits:
Created 12-Jan-2010 by May P , MPI-MP
Revised 19-May-2011 by Weerasinghe D


Enzymatic reaction of: plastoquinol-plastocyanin reductase (Cyt b6f complex)

EC Number: 1.10.9.1

In Pathways: photosynthesis light reactions , hydrogen production VIII

Citations: [Baniulis]


References

Allen04: Allen JF (2004). "Cytochrome b6f: structure for signalling and vectorial metabolism." Trends Plant Sci 9(3);130-7. PMID: 15003236

Baniulis: Baniulis D, Yamashita E, Zhang H, Hasan SS, Cramer WA "Structure-function of the cytochrome b6f complex." Photochem Photobiol 84(6);1349-58. PMID: 19067956

Bertsch91: Bertsch J, Malkin R (1991). "Nucleotide sequence of the petA (cytochrome f) gene from the green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii." Plant Mol Biol 17(1);131-3. PMID: 1868213

Buschlen91: Buschlen S, Choquet Y, Kuras R, Wollman FA (1991). "Nucleotide sequences of the continuous and separated petA, petB and petD chloroplast genes in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii." FEBS Lett 284(2);257-62. PMID: 2060646

Catherine09: Catherine de Vitry, Richard Kuras (2009). "The Cytochrome b6f Complex." Chapter 17. In: The Chlamydomonas Sourcebook. Second Edition.

Chi00: Chi YI, Huang LS, Zhang Z, Fernandez-Velasco JG, Berry EA (2000). "X-ray structure of a truncated form of cytochrome f from chlamydomonas reinhardtii." Biochemistry 39(26);7689-701. PMID: 10869174

deLacroix09: de Lacroix de Lavalette A, Barucq L, Alric J, Rappaport F, Zito F (2009). "Is the redox state of the ci heme of the cytochrome b6f complex dependent on the occupation and structure of the Qi site and vice versa?." J Biol Chem 284(31);20822-9. PMID: 19478086

Hurt81: Hurt E, Hauska G (1981). "A cytochrome f/b6 complex of five polypeptides with plastoquinol-plastocyanin-oxidoreductase activity from spinach chloroplasts." Eur J Biochem 117(3);591-5. PMID: 6269845

Kuras07: Kuras R, Saint-Marcoux D, Wollman FA, de Vitry C (2007). "A specific c-type cytochrome maturation system is required for oxygenic photosynthesis." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104(23);9906-10. PMID: 17535914

Malnoe11: Malnoe A, Wollman FA, de Vitry C, Rappaport F (2011). "Photosynthetic growth despite a broken Q-cycle." Nat Commun 2;301. PMID: 21556055

Maul02: Maul JE, Lilly JW, Cui L, dePamphilis CW, Miller W, Harris EH, Stern DB (2002). "The Chlamydomonas reinhardtii plastid chromosome: islands of genes in a sea of repeats." Plant Cell 14(11);2659-79. PMID: 12417694

Pierre95: Pierre Y, Breyton C, Kramer D, Popot JL (1995). "Purification and characterization of the cytochrome b6 f complex from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii." J Biol Chem 270(49);29342-9. PMID: 7493968

Pierre97: Pierre Y, Breyton C, Lemoine Y, Robert B, Vernotte C, Popot JL (1997). "On the presence and role of a molecule of chlorophyll a in the cytochrome b6 f complex." J Biol Chem 272(35);21901-8. PMID: 9268323

Sainz00: Sainz G, Carrell CJ, Ponamarev MV, Soriano GM, Cramer WA, Smith JL (2000). "Interruption of the internal water chain of cytochrome f impairs photosynthetic function." Biochemistry 39(31);9164-73. PMID: 10924110

Stroebel03: Stroebel D, Choquet Y, Popot JL, Picot D (2003). "An atypical haem in the cytochrome b(6)f complex." Nature 426(6965);413-8. PMID: 14647374

Zhang99: Zhang H, Huang D, Cramer WA (1999). "Stoichiometrically bound beta-carotene in the cytochrome b6f complex of oxygenic photosynthesis protects against oxygen damage." J Biol Chem 274(3);1581-7. PMID: 9880536


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Sat Dec 20, 2014, biocyc14.