MetaCyc Enzyme: dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-glucose transaminase

Gene: desI Accession Number: G-14770 (MetaCyc)

Species: Streptomyces venezuelae

Subunit composition of dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-glucose transaminase = [DesI]2
         dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-glucose transaminase monomer = DesI

DesI belongs to the aspartate aminotransferase family, and catalyzes the PLP-dependent amination of the C-4' position in dTDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranose, the first committed step in the biosynthesis of dTDP-D-desosamine. This ping-pong reaction first requires the conversion of PLP to PMP using glutamate as the nitrogen source, followed by amination of the sugar substrate.

The desI gene, which encodes the enzyme, was cloned from Streptomyces venezuelae and expressed in Escherichia coli, and the recombinant protein was purified to homogeneity [Burgie07]. The structure of DesI was solved in complex with its product, dTDP-viosamine, to a nominal resolution of 2.1A [Burgie07].

Molecular Weight of Polypeptide: 44.292 kD (from nucleotide sequence)

Unification Links: Protein Model Portal:Q9ZGH0 , SMR:Q9ZGH0 , UniProt:Q9ZGH0

Relationship Links: Entrez-Nucleotide:PART-OF:AF079762 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR000653 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR015421 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR015422 , InterPro:IN-FAMILY:IPR015424 , PDB:Structure:2PO3 , Pfam:IN-FAMILY:PF01041

Gene-Reaction Schematic: ?

Gene-Reaction Schematic

Created 21-Oct-2011 by Caspi R , SRI International
Revised 27-Oct-2011 by Caspi R , SRI International

Enzymatic reaction of: dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-glucose transaminase

EC Number:

2-oxoglutarate + dTDP-viosamine <=> L-glutamate + dTDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranose

The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.

This reaction is reversible.

In Pathways: dTDP-D-desosamine biosynthesis

Cofactors or Prosthetic Groups: pyridoxal 5'-phosphate [Burgie07]


Burgie07: Burgie ES, Holden HM (2007). "Molecular architecture of DesI: a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of desosamine." Biochemistry 46(31);8999-9006. PMID: 17630700

Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 19.0 on Fri Oct 9, 2015, biocyc12.