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discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015
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Intro Tutorial
discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015
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Intro Tutorial
discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015
Pathway Tools
Intro Tutorial
discounted registration ends Sept 5, 2015
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MetaCyc Taxon: Proteobacteria

Synonyms: purple photosynthetic bacteria and relatives, purple photosynthetic bacteria, purple non-sulfur bacteria, purple bacteria and relatives, purple bacteria, proteobacteria, proteobacteria

Rank: phylum

Taxonomic lineage: cellular organisms , Bacteria

Direct sub-taxa of Proteobacteria: Alphaproteobacteria , Betaproteobacteria , delta/epsilon subdivisions , environmental samples , Gammaproteobacteria , Oligoflexia, unclassified Proteobacteria , Zetaproteobacteria

Unification Links: NCBI-Taxonomy:1224


Pathways present in Proteobacteria or one of its sub-taxa (1115).
These pathways were observed experimentally in this taxon or one of its sub-taxa:
(+)-camphor degradation ,
1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2,4-trichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2-dichloroethane degradation ,
1,2-propanediol biosynthesis from lactate (engineered) ,
(1,3)-β-D-xylan degradation ,
1,3-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
1,4-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate biosynthesis I ,
1,4-dihydroxy-6-naphthoate biosynthesis I ,
1,4-dihydroxy-6-naphthoate biosynthesis II ,
1,5-anhydrofructose degradation ,
2,2'-dihydroxybiphenyl degradation ,
2,2'-dihydroxyketocarotenoids biosynthesis ,
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate biosynthesis ,
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate degradation ,
2,3-dihydroxypropane-1-sulfonate degradation ,
2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate degradation ,
2,4,6-trichlorophenol degradation ,
2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate degradation ,
2,4-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
2,4-dinitrotoluene degradation ,
2,5-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
2,6-dinitrotoluene degradation ,
2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde degradation to 2-oxopentenoate ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation I ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation II ,
2-aminophenol degradation ,
2-chloroacrylate degradation I ,
2-chloroacrylate degradation II ,
2-chlorobenzoate degradation ,
2'-deoxy-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis ,
2-heptyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis ,
2-hydroxybiphenyl degradation ,
2-hydroxyphenazine biosynthesis ,
2-isopropylphenol degradation ,
2-keto-L-gulonate biosynthesis ,
2-methylcitrate cycle I ,
2-methylcitrate cycle II ,
2-methylisoborneol biosynthesis ,
2-nitrobenzoate degradation I ,
2-nitrobenzoate degradation II ,
2-nitrophenol degradation ,
2-nitrotoluene degradation ,
2-O-α-mannosyl-D-glycerate degradation ,
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA ,
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA ,
2-oxopentenoate degradation ,
2-propylphenol degradation ,
3,3'-dithiodipropanoate degradation ,
3,3'-thiodipropanoate degradation ,
3,4,6-trichlorocatechol degradation ,
3,4-dichlorobenzoate degradation ,
3,4-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
3-(4-sulfophenyl)butanoate degradation ,
3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol degradation ,
3,5-dichlorocatechol degradation ,
3,6-anhydro-α-L-galactopyranose degradation ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation III (via gentisate) ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation II (via protocatechuate) ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation I (via chlorocatechol) ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation III (meta pathway) ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation I (ortho) ,
3-chlorotoluene degradation I ,
3-chlorotoluene degradation II ,
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I ,
3-methylarginine biosynthesis ,
3-methylbutanol biosynthesis ,
3-methylquinoline degradation ,
3-methylthiopropanoate biosynthesis ,
3-oxoadipate degradation ,
3-phenylpropanoate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate degradation ,
3-phenylpropanoate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
4,4'-diapolycopenedioate biosynthesis ,
4,5-dichlorocatechol degradation ,
4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis ,
4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoate degradation ,
4-aminobenzoate biosynthesis ,
4-aminobutanoate degradation I ,
4-aminobutanoate degradation II ,
4-aminobutanoate degradation III ,
4-aminophenol degradation ,
4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetate degradation ,
4-chlorobenzoate degradation ,
4-chlorocatechol degradation ,
4-chloronitrobenzene degradation ,
4-coumarate degradation (anaerobic) ,
4-deoxy-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranuronate degradation ,
4-ethylphenol degradation (anaerobic) ,
4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis ,
4-hydroxyacetophenone degradation ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
4-hydroxymandelate degradation ,
4-hydroxyphenylacetate degradation ,
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis ,
4-methylcatechol degradation (ortho cleavage) ,
4-nitrobenzoate degradation ,
4-nitrophenol degradation I ,
4-nitrophenol degradation II ,
4-nitrotoluene degradation I ,
4-sulfocatechol degradation ,
4-toluenecarboxylate degradation ,
4-toluenesulfonate degradation I ,
4-toluenesulfonate degradation II ,
5,5'-dehydrodivanillate degradation ,
5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole biosynthesis ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis II ,
5-(carboxymethoxy)uridine biosynthesis ,
5-chloro-3-methyl-catechol degradation ,
5-hydroxymethylfurfural degradation ,
5-nitroanthranilate degradation ,
(5R)-carbapenem carboxylate biosynthesis ,
(5Z)-dodec-5-enoate biosynthesis ,
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis I ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis III ,
acetan biosynthesis ,
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA I ,
acetoacetate degradation (to acetyl CoA) ,
acetoin biosynthesis III ,
acetoin degradation ,
acetone degradation II (to acetoacetate) ,
acetylene degradation ,
achromobactin biosynthesis ,
acrylate degradation ,
acrylonitrile degradation I ,
acyl carrier protein metabolism I ,
acyl-CoA hydrolysis ,
adamantanone degradation ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage III ,
adenine and adenosine salvage IV ,
adenine and adenosine salvage V ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation II ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation III ,
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis from cobyrinate a,c-diamide I ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis from cobyrinate a,c-diamide II ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis I (early cobalt insertion) ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis II (late cobalt incorporation) ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobalamin ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobinamide I ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobinamide II ,
ADP-L-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis ,
aerobactin biosynthesis ,
agarose degradation ,
alcaligin biosynthesis ,
aldoxime degradation ,
alginate biosynthesis II (bacterial) ,
alginate degradation ,
allantoin degradation IV (anaerobic) ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate I ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate III ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) ,
all-trans-decaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis I ,
aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis II ,
aminopropylcadaverine biosynthesis ,
ammonia assimilation cycle III ,
ammonia oxidation I (aerobic) ,
ammonia oxidation III ,
ammonia oxidation IV (autotrophic ammonia oxidizers) ,
anaerobic aromatic compound degradation (Thauera aromatica) ,
androstenedione degradation ,
anhydromuropeptides recycling ,
aniline degradation ,
anthranilate degradation I (aerobic) ,
anthranilate degradation II (aerobic) ,
anthranilate degradation III (anaerobic) ,
arginine dependent acid resistance ,
aromatic biogenic amine degradation (bacteria) ,
aromatic compounds degradation via β-ketoadipate ,
arsenate detoxification II (glutaredoxin) ,
arsenate reduction (respiratory) ,
arsenite oxidation II (respiratory) ,
arsenite oxidation I (respiratory) ,
aspartate superpathway ,
astaxanthin biosynthesis (bacteria, fungi, algae) ,
astaxanthin dirhamnoside biosynthesis ,
atrazine degradation I (aerobic) ,
aurachin A, B, C and D biosynthesis ,
autoinducer AI-1 biosynthesis ,
autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis I ,
autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis II (Vibrio) ,
autoinducer AI-2 degradation ,
autoinducer CAI-1 biosynthesis ,
bacimethrin and bacimethrin pyrophosphate biosynthesis ,
bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis ,
benzene degradation ,
benzenesulfonate degradation ,
benzoate degradation I (aerobic) ,
benzoate degradation II (aerobic and anaerobic) ,
benzoate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate) ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation I (aerobic) ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation II (anaerobic) ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation III (anaerobic) ,
β-alanine biosynthesis III ,
β-alanine degradation II ,
β-carotene biosynthesis ,
β-carotene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine biosynthesis ,
β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation ,
β myrcene degradation ,
biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I ,
biotin biosynthesis I ,
biotin biosynthesis II ,
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly ,
bisabolene biosynthesis ,
bis(guanylyl molybdenum cofactor) biosynthesis ,
bisucaberin biosynthesis ,
caffeine degradation III (bacteria, via demethylation) ,
caffeine degradation IV (bacteria, via demethylation and oxidation) ,
caffeine degradation V (bacteria, via trimethylurate) ,
(-)-camphor degradation ,
carbazole degradation ,
carbon disulfide oxidation I (anaerobic) ,
carbon disulfide oxidation II (aerobic) ,
carbon tetrachloride degradation I ,
carbon tetrachloride degradation II ,
cardiolipin and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis (Xanthomonas) ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis I ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis III ,
catechol degradation III (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation II (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate I ,
catechol degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate II ,
catechol degradation to β-ketoadipate ,
CDP-4-dehydro-3,6-dideoxy-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
CDP-abequose biosynthesis ,
CDP-ascarylose biosynthesis ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis III ,
CDP-paratose biosynthesis ,
CDP-tyvelose biosynthesis ,
chitin degradation II ,
chitin derivatives degradation ,
chitobiose degradation ,
chlorate reduction ,
chlorinated phenols degradation ,
chlorobenzene degradation ,
chlorogenic acid degradation ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent) ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis II (anaerobic) ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent) ,
chlorosalicylate degradation ,
choline degradation I ,
choline degradation III ,
choline-O-sulfate degradation ,
chondroitin sulfate degradation I (bacterial) ,
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate ,
chorismate biosynthesis I ,
cinnamate and 3-hydroxycinnamate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
cis-genanyl-CoA degradation ,
cis-vaccenate biosynthesis ,
citrate degradation ,
citrate lyase activation ,
citronellol degradation ,
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate biosynthesis I ,
CMP-8-amino-3,8-dideoxy-D-manno-octulosonate biosynthesis ,
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis I ,
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis II ,
CMP-N-acetyl-7-O-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis ,
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis II (bacteria) ,
CMP phosphorylation ,
CMP-pseudaminate biosynthesis ,
cob(II)yrinate a,c-diamide biosynthesis I (early cobalt insertion) ,
cob(II)yrinate a,c-diamide biosynthesis II (late cobalt incorporation) ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
coenzyme M biosynthesis I ,
colanic acid building blocks biosynthesis ,
conversion of succinate to propanoate ,
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered) ,
creatinine degradation I ,
creatinine degradation II ,
creatinine degradation III ,
crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate) ,
curcumin degradation ,
cyanate degradation ,
cyanide degradation ,
cyanophycin metabolism ,
cyanurate degradation ,
cyclohexane-1-carboxylate degradation (anaerobic) ,
cyclohexanol degradation ,
cyclopropane fatty acid (CFA) biosynthesis ,
cytidylyl molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
D-allose degradation ,
D-arabinose degradation I ,
D-arabinose degradation II ,
D-arabitol degradation ,
D-arginine degradation ,
D-carnitine degradation I ,
D-carnitine degradation II ,
dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol degradation ,
demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis II ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis I ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis III ,
demethylmenaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
dermatan sulfate degradation I (bacterial) ,
D-fructuronate degradation ,
D-galactarate degradation I ,
D-galactarate degradation II ,
D-galactonate degradation ,
D-galactosamine and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation ,
D-galacturonate degradation I ,
D-galacturonate degradation II ,
D-glucarate degradation I ,
D-glucarate degradation II ,
D-gluconate degradation ,
D-glucosaminate degradation ,
D-glucuronate degradation II ,
diacylglyceryl-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine biosynthesis ,
dibenzofuran degradation ,
dibenzo-p-dioxin degradation ,
diethylphosphate degradation ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation I ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation III (oxidation) ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation II (oxidation) ,
dimethyl sulfone degradation ,
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation I (cleavage) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation II (cleavage) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation III (demethylation) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide degradation ,
diphenylamine degradation ,
di-trans,poly-cis-undecaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis ,
D-lactate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transport ,
D-malate degradation ,
D-mannose degradation ,
docosahexaenoate biosynthesis II (bacteria) ,
D-serine degradation ,
D-sorbitol degradation I ,
D-sorbitol degradation II ,
dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-β-fucofuranose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis I ,
dTDP-N-acetylthomosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-N-acetylviosamine biosynthesis ,
ectoine biosynthesis ,
enterobacterial common antigen biosynthesis ,
enterobactin biosynthesis ,
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I ,
epoxysqualene biosynthesis ,
Escherichia coli serotype O86 O-antigen biosynthesis ,
ethanedisulfonate degradation ,
ethanolamine utilization ,
ethanol degradation I ,
ethylbenzene degradation (anaerobic) ,
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis IV ,
ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered) ,
ethylene glycol biosynthesis ,
ethylene glycol degradation ,
ethylmalonyl-CoA pathway ,
fatty acid β-oxidation I ,
fatty acid β-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number) ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation I ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation II ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation III ,
fatty acid elongation -- saturated ,
fatty acid salvage ,
Fe(II) oxidation ,
ferulate degradation ,
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants) ,
fluorene degradation II ,
fluoroacetate degradation ,
folate polyglutamylation ,
folate transformations I ,
formaldehyde assimilation II (RuMP Cycle) ,
formaldehyde assimilation I (serine pathway) ,
formaldehyde oxidation I ,
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent) ,
formaldehyde oxidation IV (thiol-independent) ,
formaldehyde oxidation V (H4MPT pathway) ,
formate oxidation to CO2 ,
formate reduction to 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate ,
formate to dimethyl sulfoxide electron transfer ,
formate to trimethylamine N-oxide electron transfer ,
fructose degradation ,
fructoselysine and psicoselysine degradation ,
fucose degradation ,
furfural degradation ,
galactitol degradation ,
galactose degradation II ,
galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway) ,
galena oxidation ,
gallate biosynthesis ,
gallate degradation I ,
gallate degradation II ,
γ-butyrobetaine degradation ,
γ-hexachlorocyclohexane degradation ,
GDP-6-deoxy-D-altro-heptose biosynthesis ,
GDP-6-deoxy-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis ,
GDP-6-deoxy-D-talose biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-perosamine biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-rhamnose biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-colitose biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose) ,
GDP-mannose biosynthesis ,
gentisate degradation I ,
gentisate degradation II ,
geosmin biosynthesis ,
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
gluconeogenesis I ,
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation ,
glucose degradation (oxidative) ,
glucosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
glutamate dependent acid resistance ,
glutaminyl-tRNAgln biosynthesis via transamidation ,
glutaryl-CoA degradation ,
glutathione amide metabolism ,
glutathione biosynthesis ,
glutathione redox reactions II ,
glutathionylspermidine biosynthesis ,
glycerol-3-phosphate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
glycerol-3-phosphate to fumarate electron transfer ,
glycerol and glycerophosphodiester degradation ,
glycerol degradation I ,
glycerol degradation II ,
glycerol degradation III ,
glycerol degradation V ,
glycerophosphodiester degradation ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis I (Gram-negative bacteria) ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis IV (from glycine) ,
glycine betaine degradation I ,
glycine biosynthesis I ,
glycine cleavage ,
glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose) ,
glycogen degradation I (bacterial) ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation I ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation II ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation III ,
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate) ,
glyoxylate cycle ,
guaiacylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether degradation ,
guanine and guanosine salvage ,
guanine and guanosine salvage III ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation III ,
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
guanylyl molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
heme biosynthesis I (aerobic) ,
heme biosynthesis II (anaerobic) ,
heme biosynthesis III (from siroheme) ,
heme d1 biosynthesis ,
hentriaconta-3,6,9,12,15,19,22,25,28-nonaene biosynthesis ,
heptaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
histamine biosynthesis ,
homotaurine degradation ,
hopanoid biosynthesis (bacteria) ,
hydrogen oxidation I (aerobic) ,
hydrogen oxidation II (aerobic, NAD) ,
hydrogen oxidation III (anaerobic, NADP) ,
hydrogen production V ,
hydrogen production VI ,
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis I ,
hydrogen to dimethyl sulfoxide electron transfer ,
hydrogen to fumarate electron transfer ,
hydrogen to trimethylamine N-oxide electron transfer ,
hydroxymethylpyrimidine salvage ,
hypotaurine degradation ,
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
imidazole-lactate degradation ,
indigo biosynthesis ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria) ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis V (bacteria and fungi) ,
indole-3-acetate degradation VIII (bacterial) ,
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis I ,
ι-carrageenan degradation ,
isethionate degradation ,
isopropanol biosynthesis ,
isopropylamine degradation ,
itaconate degradation ,
κ-carrageenan degradation ,
(Kdo)2-lipid A biosynthesis I ,
Kdo8N transfer to lipid IVA ,
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA I ,
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA II ,
ketogluconate metabolism ,
L-1,2-propanediol degradation ,
lactose degradation II ,
lactose degradation III ,
L-alanine biosynthesis I ,
L-alanine biosynthesis II ,
L-alanine biosynthesis III ,
L-alanine degradation I ,
L-alanine degradation IV ,
λ-carrageenan degradation ,
lanosterol biosynthesis ,
L-arabinose degradation I ,
L-arabinose degradation III ,
L-arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle) ,
L-arginine biosynthesis III (via N-acetyl-L-citrulline) ,
L-arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine) ,
L-arginine degradation I (arginase pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation II (AST pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation III (arginine decarboxylase/agmatinase pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation IV (arginine decarboxylase/agmatine deiminase pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation IX (arginine:pyruvate transaminase pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation VII (arginase 3 pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation VIII (arginine oxidase pathway) ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis III ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (engineered pathway) ,
L-ascorbate degradation I (bacterial, anaerobic) ,
L-ascorbate degradation II (bacterial, aerobic) ,
L-asparagine biosynthesis I ,
L-asparagine biosynthesis II ,
L-asparagine degradation I ,
L-aspartate biosynthesis ,
L-aspartate degradation I ,
L-carnitine degradation I ,
L-carnitine degradation II ,
L-carnitine degradation III ,
L-citrulline degradation ,
L-cysteine biosynthesis I ,
L-cysteine degradation II ,
L-dopachrome biosynthesis ,
L-galactonate degradation ,
L-glucose degradation ,
L-glutamate and L-glutamine biosynthesis ,
L-glutamate biosynthesis I ,
L-glutamate biosynthesis III ,
L-glutamate degradation II ,
L-glutamate degradation VII (to butanoate) ,
L-glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate) ,
L-glutamine biosynthesis I ,
L-glutamine degradation I ,
L-glutamine degradation II ,
L-gulonate degradation ,
L-histidine biosynthesis ,
L-histidine degradation I ,
L-histidine degradation II ,
L-histidine degradation IV ,
L-homocysteine biosynthesis ,
L-homoserine and L-methionine biosynthesis ,
L-homoserine biosynthesis ,
L-idonate degradation ,
limonene degradation III (to perillate) ,
linuron degradation ,
Lipid A-core biosynthesis ,
lipid IVA biosynthesis ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation II ,
lipoate salvage I ,
L-isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) ,
L-isoleucine biosynthesis III ,
L-isoleucine biosynthesis IV ,
L-isoleucine degradation I ,
L-lactaldehyde degradation (aerobic) ,
L-lactaldehyde degradation (anaerobic) ,
L-leucine biosynthesis ,
L-leucine degradation I ,
L-lysine biosynthesis I ,
L-lysine biosynthesis III ,
L-lysine degradation I ,
L-lysine degradation IV ,
L-lysine degradation V ,
L-lysine degradation VI ,
L-lysine degradation VIII ,
L-lysine degradation X ,
L-lyxonate degradation ,
L-lyxose degradation ,
L-methionine biosynthesis I ,
L-methionine degradation II ,
L-methionine salvage cycle I (bacteria and plants) ,
L-methionine salvage cycle III ,
long-chain fatty acid activation ,
long chain fatty acid ester synthesis for microdiesel production ,
L-ornithine biosynthesis ,
L-ornithine degradation I (L-proline biosynthesis) ,
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis I ,
L-phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic) ,
L-phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic) ,
L-proline betaine degradation ,
L-proline biosynthesis I ,
L-proline degradation ,
L-pyrrolysine biosynthesis ,
L-rhamnose degradation I ,
L-rhamnose degradation II ,
L-rhamnose degradation III ,
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
L-serine biosynthesis ,
L-serine degradation ,
L-sorbose degradation ,
L-threonine biosynthesis ,
L-threonine degradation I ,
L-threonine degradation II ,
L-threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal) ,
L-threonine degradation IV ,
L-tryptophan biosynthesis ,
L-tryptophan degradation II (via pyruvate) ,
L-tryptophan degradation I (via anthranilate) ,
L-tryptophan degradation IX ,
L-tryptophan degradation to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
L-tryptophan degradation VII (via indole-3-pyruvate) ,
L-tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine) ,
L-tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway) ,
L-tyrosine biosynthesis I ,
L-tyrosine degradation I ,
L-valine biosynthesis ,
L-valine degradation I ,
malonate decarboxylase activation ,
malonate degradation I (biotin-independent) ,
malonate degradation II (biotin-dependent) ,
maltose degradation ,
mandelate degradation I ,
mandelate degradation to acetyl-CoA ,
manganese oxidation I ,
manganese oxidation II ,
mannitol degradation I ,
mannosylfructose biosynthesis ,
m-cresol degradation ,
melamine degradation ,
melibiose degradation ,
menaquinol-6 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-7 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-8 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
mercaptosuccinate degradation ,
meso-butanediol biosynthesis I ,
meta cleavage pathway of aromatic compounds ,
methane oxidation to methanol I ,
methane oxidation to methanol II ,
methanesulfonate degradation ,
methanol and methylamine oxidation to formaldehyde ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde I ,
methylamine degradation I ,
methylamine degradation II ,
methylerythritol phosphate pathway I ,
methylgallate degradation ,
methylglyoxal degradation I ,
methylglyoxal degradation II ,
methylglyoxal degradation III ,
methylglyoxal degradation IV ,
methylglyoxal degradation VII ,
methyl ketone biosynthesis ,
methyl parathion degradation ,
methylphosphonate degradation I ,
methylsalicylate degradation ,
methylthiopropanoate degradation I (cleavage) ,
mevalonate degradation ,
mixed acid fermentation ,
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
muropeptide degradation ,
m-xylene degradation (anaerobic) ,
m-xylene degradation to m-toluate ,
myo-inositol biosynthesis ,
myo-inositol degradation I ,
N10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation I ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation II ,
N-acetylglutaminylglutamine amide biosynthesis ,
N-acetylneuraminate and N-acetylmannosamine degradation I ,
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) ,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan) ,
NAD biosynthesis III ,
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I ,
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transport II ,
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer I ,
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer II ,
NADH to dimethyl sulfoxide electron transfer ,
NADH to fumarate electron transfer ,
NADH to trimethylamine N-oxide electron transfer ,
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation I ,
NAD salvage pathway I ,
NAD salvage pathway II ,
naphthalene degradation (aerobic) ,
naphthalene degradation (anaerobic) ,
naphthalene degradation to acetyl-CoA ,
N-cyclopropylmelamine degradation ,
neurosporene biosynthesis ,
nicotinate degradation I ,
nicotine degradation III (VPP pathway) ,
nicotine degradation II (pyrrolidine pathway) ,
nitrate reduction I (denitrification) ,
nitrate reduction III (dissimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction IV (dissimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction IX (dissimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction VII (denitrification) ,
nitrate reduction VIII (dissimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction X (periplasmic, dissimilatory) ,
nitrifier denitrification ,
nitrilotriacetate degradation ,
nitrite oxidation ,
nitrobenzene degradation I ,
nitrobenzene degradation II ,
nitrogen fixation I (ferredoxin) ,
nitrogen fixation II (flavodoxin) ,
nitroglycerin degradation ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
nopaline degradation ,
norspermidine biosynthesis ,
nostoxanthin biosynthesis ,
nylon-6 oligomer degradation ,
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
octane oxidation ,
octaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
octopine degradation ,
okenone biosynthesis ,
oleate β-oxidation ,
orcinol degradation ,
ornithine lipid biosynthesis ,
orthanilate degradation ,
oxalate degradation II ,
oxalate degradation III ,
oxidized GTP and dGTP detoxification ,
palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis I (from (5Z)-dodec-5-enoate) ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis II (plants and bacteria) ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
paraoxon degradation ,
parathion degradation ,
p-cumate degradation ,
p-cumate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
p-cymene degradation ,
p-cymene degradation to p-cumate ,
pectin degradation I ,
pectin degradation II ,
pentachlorophenol degradation ,
pentose phosphate pathway ,
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing) ,
peptidoglycan maturation (meso-diaminopimelate containing) ,
perchlorate reduction ,
petrobactin biosynthesis ,
phenazine-1-carboxylate biosynthesis ,
phenol degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenol degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylacetate degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenylacetate degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylethylamine degradation I ,
phenylethylamine degradation II ,
phenylmercury acetate degradation ,
phosphate acquisition ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis V ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VI ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VII ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis I ,
phosphonoacetate degradation ,
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I ,
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered) ,
polyhydroxybutanoate biosynthesis ,
polyhydroxydecanoate biosynthesis ,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
polymyxin resistance ,
polyvinyl alcohol degradation ,
ppGpp biosynthesis ,
preQ0 biosynthesis ,
prodigiosin biosynthesis ,
proline to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
propanoyl CoA degradation I ,
propylene degradation ,
protein N-glycosylation (bacterial) ,
protein O-glycosylation (bacterial) ,
protocatechuate degradation II (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
protocatechuate degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
PRPP biosynthesis I ,
PRPP biosynthesis II ,
pseudouridine degradation ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
purine nucleotides degradation II (aerobic) ,
purine ribonucleosides degradation ,
putrebactin biosynthesis ,
putrescine biosynthesis I ,
putrescine biosynthesis II ,
putrescine biosynthesis III ,
putrescine degradation I ,
putrescine degradation II ,
putrescine degradation V ,
p-xylene degradation to p-toluate ,
pyochelin biosynthesis ,
pyocyanin biosynthesis ,
pyoverdine I biosynthesis ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis I ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III ,
pyrrolnitrin biosynthesis ,
pyrroloquinoline quinone biosynthesis ,
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol ,
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered) ,
pyruvate fermentation to propanoate I ,
queuosine biosynthesis ,
quinate degradation I ,
(R)-acetoin biosynthesis I ,
(R)-acetoin biosynthesis II ,
(R)- and (S)-3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis ,
(R)-cysteate degradation ,
reductive TCA cycle I ,
resorcinol degradation ,
rhamnolipid biosynthesis ,
rhizobactin 1021 biosynthesis ,
rhodoquinone-10 biosynthesis ,
ribitol degradation ,
ribose degradation ,
ricinine degradation ,
(R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
(S)-acetoin biosynthesis ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle I ,
salicylate biosynthesis I ,
salicylate degradation I ,
salicylate degradation II ,
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass ,
shikimate degradation I ,
siroheme amide biosynthesis ,
siroheme biosynthesis ,
sitosterol degradation to androstenedione ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation II ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation III ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation IV ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation II ,
sorbitol biosynthesis II ,
spermidine biosynthesis I ,
spermidine biosynthesis II ,
spermine biosynthesis ,
spheroidene and spheroidenone biosynthesis ,
spirilloxanthin and 2,2'-diketo-spirilloxanthin biosynthesis ,
(S,S)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
(S,S)-butanediol degradation ,
styrene degradation ,
succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer ,
succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
sucrose biosynthesis III ,
sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase) ,
sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase) ,
sulfate activation for sulfonation ,
sulfate reduction I (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction III (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction IV (dissimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction V (dissimilatory) ,
sulfide oxidation III (sulfur dioxygenase) ,
sulfide oxidation II (sulfide dehydrogenase) ,
sulfide oxidation I (sulfide-quinone reductase) ,
sulfite oxidation II ,
sulfite oxidation III ,
sulfite oxidation I (sulfite oxidoreductase) ,
sulfite oxidation V (SoeABC) ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation I ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation II ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation III ,
sulfoacetate degradation ,
sulfoglycolysis ,
sulfolactate degradation I ,
sulfolactate degradation II ,
sulfolactate degradation III ,
sulfolipid biosynthesis ,
sulfur disproportionation I (anaerobic) ,
sulfur oxidation I (aerobic) ,
sulfur oxidation II (Fe+3-dependent) ,
sulfur oxidation IV (intracellular sulfur) ,
sulfur reduction I ,
sulfur reduction II (via polysulfide) ,
superoxide radicals degradation ,
superpathay of heme biosynthesis from glutamate ,
superpathway of 2,3-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of 4-aminobutanoate degradation ,
superpathway of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis ,
superpathway of acetate utilization and formation ,
superpathway of acrylonitrile degradation ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of aerobic toluene degradation ,
superpathway of arginine and polyamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 3-oxoadipate ,
superpathway of atrazine degradation ,
superpathway of bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis ,
superpathway of β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of branched amino acid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of C1 compounds oxidation to CO2 ,
superpathway of CDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of chorismate metabolism ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of D-glucarate and D-galactarate degradation ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfone degradation ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation ,
superpathway of dTDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fucose and rhamnose degradation ,
superpathway of GDP-mannose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis II (via MEP) ,
superpathway of glycerol degradation to 1,3-propanediol ,
superpathway of glycol metabolism and degradation ,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff ,
superpathway of glycolysis, pyruvate dehydrogenase, TCA, and glyoxylate bypass ,
superpathway of glyoxylate bypass and TCA ,
superpathway of guanine and guanosine salvage ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from glycine ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from uroporphyrinogen-III ,
superpathway of hexitol degradation (bacteria) ,
superpathway of hexuronide and hexuronate degradation ,
superpathway of histidine, purine, and pyrimidine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of (Kdo)2-lipid A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-alanine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-arginine and L-ornithine degradation ,
superpathway of L-arginine, putrescine, and 4-aminobutanoate degradation ,
superpathway of L-asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-aspartate and L-asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-isoleucine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of L-lysine degradation ,
superpathway of L-lysine, L-threonine and L-methionine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of L-methionine biosynthesis (by sulfhydrylation) ,
superpathway of L-methionine biosynthesis (transsulfuration) ,
superpathway of L-phenylalanine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-serine and glycine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of L-threonine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-threonine metabolism ,
superpathway of L-tryptophan biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-tyrosine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-7 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of methylglyoxal degradation ,
superpathway of microbial D-galacturonate and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylmannosamine and N-acetylneuraminate degradation ,
superpathway of N-acetylneuraminate degradation ,
superpathway of nicotinate degradation ,
superpathway of ornithine degradation ,
superpathway of pentose and pentitol degradation ,
superpathway of phenylethylamine degradation ,
superpathway of phospholipid biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis III ,
superpathway of purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis and salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of pyrimidine nucleobases salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of quinolone and alkylquinolone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of (R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of salicylate degradation ,
superpathway of sialic acids and CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfate assimilation and cysteine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans) ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (phototrophic sulfur bacteria) ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Starkeya novella) ,
superpathway of sulfolactate degradation ,
superpathway of sulfur metabolism (Desulfocapsa sulfoexigens) ,
superpathway of taurine degradation ,
superpathway of testosterone and androsterone degradation ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis and salvage ,
superpathway of tetrathionate reduction (Salmonella typhimurium) ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of thiosulfate metabolism (Desulfovibrio sulfodismutans) ,
superpathway of trimethylamine degradation ,
superpathway of ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
superpathway of UDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of unsaturated fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of vanillin and vanillate degradation ,
syringate degradation ,
taurine degradation I ,
taurine degradation II ,
taurine degradation III ,
taurine degradation IV ,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
TCA cycle I (prokaryotic) ,
TCA cycle VII (acetate-producers) ,
TCA cycle VIII (helicobacter) ,
TCA cycle VI (obligate autotrophs) ,
testosterone and androsterone degradation to androstendione ,
tetrachloroethene degradation ,
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate ,
tetrahydromethanopterin biosynthesis ,
tetrahydromonapterin biosynthesis ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate) ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine) ,
tetrathionate oxidation ,
tetrathionate reduction I (to thiosulfate) ,
tetrathionate reductiuon II (to trithionate) ,
theophylline degradation ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
thiamin salvage I ,
thiamin salvage II ,
thiazole biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
thiocyanate degradation I ,
thiocyanate degradation II ,
thioredoxin pathway ,
thiosulfate disproportionation III (rhodanese) ,
thiosulfate disproportionation II (non thiol-dependent) ,
thiosulfate disproportionation I (thiol-dependent) ,
thiosulfate oxidation III (multienzyme complex) ,
thiosulfate oxidation II (via tetrathionate) ,
thiosulfate oxidation I (to tetrathionate) ,
thiosulfate oxidation IV (multienzyme complex) ,
thymine degradation ,
toluene degradation I (aerobic) (via o-cresol) ,
toluene degradation II (aerobic) (via 4-methylcatechol) ,
toluene degradation III (aerobic) (via p-cresol) ,
toluene degradation IV (aerobic) (via catechol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate I (via o-cresol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate (via 4-methylcatechol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate (via toluene-cis-diol) ,
toluene degradation to benzoate ,
toluene degradation to benzoyl-CoA (anaerobic) ,
toluene degradation to protocatechuate (via p-cresol) ,
toluene degradation V (aerobic) (via toluene-cis-diol) ,
toluene degradation VI (anaerobic) ,
trans-3-hydroxy-L-proline degradation ,
trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline degradation II ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
trehalose biosynthesis I ,
trehalose biosynthesis IV ,
trehalose biosynthesis V ,
trehalose degradation II (trehalase) ,
trehalose degradation I (low osmolarity) ,
trehalose degradation IV ,
trehalose degradation VI (periplasmic) ,
triclosan resistance ,
trimethylamine degradation ,
tRNA charging ,
tRNA processing ,
two-component alkanesulfonate monooxygenase ,
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-7 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-α-D-mannuronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose) ,
UDP-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis I (from UDP-D-glucuronate) ,
UDP-D-xylose biosynthesis ,
UDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
UDP-L-arabinose biosynthesis I (from UDP-xylose) ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-fucosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminuronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-mannosaminouronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-quinovosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-β-L-fucosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-β-L-quinovosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing) ,
UDP-N,N'-diacetylbacillosamine biosynthesis ,
UMP biosynthesis ,
uracil degradation III ,
uracil degradation II (oxidative) ,
uracil degradation I (reductive) ,
urate biosynthesis/inosine 5'-phosphate degradation ,
urate degradation to allantoin I ,
urate degradation to allantoin II ,
urea degradation I ,
urea degradation II ,
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis ,
vanillin and vanillate degradation I ,
vanillin and vanillate degradation II ,
vibriobactin biosynthesis ,
violacein biosynthesis ,
vitamin B6 degradation ,
wax esters biosynthesis II ,
xanthan biosynthesis ,
xanthine and xanthosine salvage ,
xylitol degradation ,
xylose degradation I ,
yersiniabactin biosynthesis ,
zeaxanthin-β-D-diglucoside biosynthesis ,
zeaxanthin biosynthesis

Additional pathways which may be present in Proteobacteria and all its sub-taxa (263)
These pathways were inferred using their expected taxonomic range:
(1,4)-β-xylan degradation ,
1,8-cineole degradation ,
2,4,6-trinitrophenol and 2,4-dinitrophenol degradation ,
2,4-dinitroanisole degradation ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation III ,
2-oxobutanoate degradation I ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation II (ortho) ,
3-phenylpropanoate degradation ,
4-methyl-5(β-hydroxyethyl)thiazole salvage (yeast) ,
4-nitrotoluene degradation II ,
(4R)-carveol and (4R)-dihydrocarveol degradation ,
(4S)-carveol and (4S)-dihydrocarveol degradation ,
5-hexynoate biosynthesis ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis II ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA II ,
acrylonitrile degradation II ,
acyl-ACP thioesterase pathway ,
adenine and adenosine salvage I ,
adenine and adenosine salvage VI ,
adenosine 5'-phosphoramidate biosynthesis ,
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c) ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing) ,
all trans undecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
amygdalin and prunasin degradation ,
anthranilate degradation IV (aerobic) ,
arachidonate biosynthesis II (bacteria) ,
arginomycin biosynthesis ,
arsenate detoxification III (mycothiol) ,
arsonoacetate degradation ,
atrazine degradation II ,
aurachin RE biosynthesis ,
bacillithiol biosynthesis ,
bacilysin biosynthesis ,
base-degraded thiamin salvage ,
benzoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
β-alanine biosynthesis II ,
biphenyl degradation ,
blasticidin S biosynthesis ,
butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
butirosin biosynthesis ,
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle ,
CDP-2-glycerol biosynthesis ,
CDP-D-arabitol biosynthesis ,
CDP-D-mannitol biosynthesis ,
cellulose and hemicellulose degradation (cellulolosome) ,
cellulose biosynthesis ,
cellulose degradation I (cellulosome) ,
cephamycin C biosynthesis ,
cholate degradation (bacteria, anaerobic) ,
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione I (cholesterol oxidase) ,
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione II (cholesterol dehydrogenase) ,
cis-calamenene related sesquiterpenoids biosynthesis ,
CMP-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate biosynthesis ,
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate biosynthesis II (from D-arabinose 5-phosphate) ,
coniferin metabolism ,
costunolide biosynthesis ,
daidzin and daidzein degradation ,
dammara-20,24-diene biosynthesis ,
deacetylcephalosporin C biosynthesis ,
deethylsimazine degradation ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis II ,
di-myo-inositol phosphate biosynthesis ,
D-serine metabolism ,
dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-6-deoxy-α-D-allose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-β-L-digitoxose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-desosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-olivose, dTDP-D-oliose and dTDP-D-mycarose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-megosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-mycarose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-olivose biosynthesis ,
echinenone and zeaxanthin biosynthesis (Synechocystis) ,
echinocandin B degradation ,
erythromycin A biosynthesis ,
erythromycin D biosynthesis ,
ethanol degradation II ,
eumelanin biosynthesis ,
flaviolin dimer and mompain biosynthesis ,
fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis ,
fosfomycin biosynthesis ,
FR-900098 and FR-33289 antibiotics biosynthesis ,
fructan biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-glycero-α-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
GDP-mycosamine biosynthesis ,
gellan degradation ,
gibberellin inactivation I (2β-hydroxylation) ,
ginsenoside degradation II ,
glucosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
glucuronoarabinoxylan degradation ,
glutathione redox reactions I ,
glycerol degradation to butanol ,
glycine biosynthesis III ,
glycocholate metabolism (bacteria) ,
glycolysis III (from glucose) ,
gondoate biosynthesis (anaerobic) ,
guanine and guanosine salvage II ,
heparan sulfate degradation ,
heparin degradation ,
heptadecane biosynthesis ,
homolactic fermentation ,
homospermidine biosynthesis ,
hyaluronan degradation ,
hydrogen production I ,
hydrogen production II ,
hydrogen production III ,
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis V (Δ8 desaturase) ,
isopenicillin N biosynthesis ,
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered) ,
kanosamine biosynthesis I ,
kanosamine biosynthesis II ,
kojibiose degradation ,
lactate biosynthesis (archaea) ,
laminaribiose degradation ,
L-arabinan degradation ,
L-arginine biosynthesis IV (archaebacteria) ,
L-asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent) ,
L-cysteine biosynthesis III (from L-homocysteine) ,
L-cysteine biosynthesis V ,
L-galactose degradation ,
L-glutamate biosynthesis II ,
L-glutamate degradation I ,
L-glutamate degradation X ,
L-homophenylalanine biosynthesis ,
limonene degradation I (D-limonene) ,
limonene degradation II (L-limonene) ,
lincomycin biosynthesis ,
linezolid resistance ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation III (Bacillus) ,
lipoate salvage II ,
L-isoleucine biosynthesis V ,
L-lysine biosynthesis V ,
L-lysine fermentation to acetate and butanoate ,
L-methionine biosynthesis III ,
L-methionine degradation I (to L-homocysteine) ,
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis II ,
L-tryptophan degradation XII (Geobacillus) ,
L-tyrosine biosynthesis II ,
L-tyrosine biosynthesis III ,
L-valine degradation II ,
mannan degradation ,
mannosylglucosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
mannosylglucosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
mannosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
mannosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
megalomicin A biosynthesis ,
meso-butanediol biosynthesis II ,
methanol oxidation to carbon dioxide ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde III ,
methylhalides biosynthesis (plants) ,
methylphosphonate degradation II ,
methylthiolincosamide biosynthesis ,
methylthiopropanonate degradation II (demethylation) ,
mevalonate pathway I ,
mithramycin biosynthesis ,
mycocyclosin biosynthesis ,
myo-, chiro- and scillo-inositol degradation ,
myo-inositol degradation II ,
NADH repair ,
NAD salvage pathway III ,
neomycin biosynthesis ,
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory) ,
nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation ,
oleandomycin activation/inactivation ,
oleandomycin biosynthesis ,
oleate biosynthesis IV (anaerobic) ,
oxalate degradation I ,
oxalate degradation IV ,
oxalate degradation V ,
paromamine biosynthesis II ,
paromomycin biosynthesis ,
pectin degradation III ,
phenylethanol biosynthesis ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic) ,
phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
phospholipases ,
photosynthesis light reactions ,
phthalate degradation ,
plumbagin biosynthesis ,
porphyran degradation ,
propanoyl-CoA degradation II ,
protocatechuate degradation III (para-cleavage pathway) ,
pulcherrimin biosynthesis ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate II ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate II ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetone ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanoate ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III ,
pyruvate fermentation to lactate ,
pyruvate fermentation to propanoate II (acrylate pathway) ,
reactive oxygen species degradation ,
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway ,
reductive monocarboxylic acid cycle ,
rhamnogalacturonan type I degradation II (bacteria) ,
rhizocticin A and B biosynthesis ,
ribostamycin biosynthesis ,
rosamicin biosynthesis ,
(R,R)-butanediol degradation ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II ,
saframycin A biosynthesis ,
salicylate biosynthesis II ,
salicylate degradation IV ,
sciadonate biosynthesis ,
selenate reduction ,
selinene biosynthesis ,
spermidine biosynthesis III ,
sphingomyelin metabolism ,
stearate biosynthesis I (animals and fungi) ,
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
superpathway of Allium flavor precursors ,
superpathway of butirocin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of candicidin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation I (cholesterol oxidase) ,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation II (cholesterol dehydrogenase) ,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis (without sugar biosynthesis) ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate) ,
superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation ,
superpathway of hydrogen production ,
superpathway of L-cysteine biosynthesis (mammalian) ,
superpathway of megalomicin A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of neomycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of penicillin, cephalosporin and cephamycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage ,
superpathway of seleno-compound metabolism ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis II ,
taurine biosynthesis ,
TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase) ,
TCA cycle V (2-oxoglutarate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase) ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis I ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis II ,
tetramethylpyrazine degradation ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis II (Bacillus) ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis III (Staphylococcus) ,
thiamin salvage III ,
thiamin salvage IV (yeast) ,
thiamin triphosphate metabolism ,
thiazole biosynthesis II (Bacillus) ,
thio-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
trans-cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
triacylglycerol degradation ,
triethylamine degradation ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis II (from D-galacturonate) ,
UDP-galactofuranose biosynthesis ,
ulvan degradation ,
urea cycle ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II ,
valencene and 7-epi-α-selinene biosynthesis ,
vancomycin resistance I ,
vancomycin resistance II ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II ,
xylose degradation III


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
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