Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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MetaCyc Taxon: Bacteria

Synonyms: prokaryotes , prokaryotes, prokaryote , prokaryote, not Bacteria Haeckel 1894, eubacteria, bacteria , bacteria, Prokaryotae , Prokaryotae, Prokaryota , Prokaryota, Procaryotae , Procaryotae, Monera , Monera, Bacteria

Rank: superkingdom

Taxonomic lineage: cellular organisms

Direct sub-taxa of Bacteria : Actinobacteria , Aquificae , Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi group , Caldiserica , Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia group , Chloroflexi , Chrysiogenetes , Cyanobacteria , Deferribacteres , Deinococcus-Thermus , Dictyoglomi , Elusimicrobia , environmental samples , Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria group , Firmicutes , Fusobacteria , Gemmatimonadetes , Nitrospinae , Nitrospirae , Planctomycetes , Proteobacteria , Spirochaetes , Synergistetes , Tenericutes , Thermodesulfobacteria , Thermotogae , unclassified Bacteria , (+ 1 more...)

Unification Links: NCBI-Taxonomy:2


Pathways present in Bacteria or one of its sub-taxa (1432).
These pathways were observed experimentally in this taxon or one of its sub-taxa:
(+)-camphor degradation ,
1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2,4-trichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,2-dichloroethane degradation ,
1,2-propanediol biosynthesis from lactate (engineered) ,
(1,3)-β-D-xylan degradation ,
1,3-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
(1,4)-β-xylan degradation ,
1,4-dichlorobenzene degradation ,
1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate biosynthesis I ,
1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate biosynthesis II (plants) ,
1,4-dihydroxy-6-naphthoate biosynthesis I ,
1,4-dihydroxy-6-naphthoate biosynthesis II ,
1,5-anhydrofructose degradation ,
1,8-cineole degradation ,
1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis ,
2,2'-dihydroxybiphenyl degradation ,
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate biosynthesis ,
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate degradation ,
2,3-dihydroxypropane-1-sulfonate degradation ,
2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetate degradation ,
2,4,6-trichlorophenol degradation ,
2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate degradation ,
2,4-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
2,4-dinitrotoluene degradation ,
2,5-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
2,6-dinitrotoluene degradation ,
2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde degradation to 2-oxopentenoate ,
2-amino-3-hydroxycyclopent-2-enone biosynthesis ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation I ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation II ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate degradation III ,
2-aminophenol degradation ,
2-chloroacrylate degradation I ,
2-chloroacrylate degradation II ,
2-chlorobenzoate degradation ,
2'-deoxy-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis ,
2-heptyl-3-hydroxy-4(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis ,
2-hydroxybiphenyl degradation ,
2-hydroxyphenazine biosynthesis ,
2-isopropylphenol degradation ,
2-keto-L-gulonate biosynthesis ,
2-methylcitrate cycle I ,
2-methylcitrate cycle II ,
2-methylisoborneol biosynthesis ,
2-nitrobenzoate degradation I ,
2-nitrobenzoate degradation II ,
2-nitrophenol degradation ,
2-nitrotoluene degradation ,
2-O-α-mannosyl-D-glycerate degradation ,
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA ,
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA ,
2-oxopentenoate degradation ,
2-propylphenol degradation ,
3,3'-dithiodipropionate degradation ,
3,3'-thiodipropionate degradation ,
3,4,6-trichlorocatechol degradation ,
3,4-dichlorobenzoate degradation ,
3,4-dichlorotoluene degradation ,
3-(4-sulfophenyl)butyrate degradation ,
3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol degradation ,
3,5-dichlorocatechol degradation ,
3-amino-4,7-dihydroxy-coumarin biosynthesis ,
3-amino-5-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation III (via gentisate) ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation II (via protocatechuate) ,
3-chlorobenzoate degradation I (via chlorocatechol) ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation III (meta pathway) ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation II (ortho) ,
3-chlorocatechol degradation I (ortho) ,
3-chlorotoluene degradation I ,
3-chlorotoluene degradation II ,
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I ,
3-dimethylallyl-4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis ,
3-hydroxypropanoate cycle ,
3-methylarginine biosynthesis ,
3-methylbutanol biosynthesis ,
3-methylquinoline degradation ,
3-methylthiopropanoate biosynthesis ,
3-oxoadipate degradation ,
3-phenylpropanoate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
3-phenylpropionate and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionate degradation ,
4,4'-diapolycopenedioate biosynthesis ,
4,5-dichlorocatechol degradation ,
4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis ,
4-amino-3-hydroxybenzoate degradation ,
4-aminobenzoate biosynthesis ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation II ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation III ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation V ,
4-aminophenol degradation ,
4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetate degradation ,
4-chlorobenzoate degradation ,
4-chlorocatechol degradation ,
4-chloronitrobenzene degradation ,
4-coumarate degradation (anaerobic) ,
4-ethylphenol degradation (anaerobic) ,
4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis ,
4-hydroxyacetophenone degradation ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
4-hydroxymandelate degradation ,
4-hydroxyphenylacetate degradation ,
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis ,
4-methylcatechol degradation (ortho cleavage) ,
4-nitrobenzoate degradation ,
4-nitrophenol degradation I ,
4-nitrophenol degradation II ,
4-nitrotoluene degradation I ,
4-nitrotoluene degradation II ,
(4R)-carveol and (4R)-dihydrocarveol degradation ,
(4S)-carveol and (4S)-dihydrocarveol degradation ,
4-sulfocatechol degradation ,
4-toluenecarboxylate degradation ,
4-toluenesulfonate degradation I ,
4-toluenesulfonate degradation II ,
5,5'-dehydrodivanillate degradation ,
5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole biosynthesis ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis II ,
5-(carboxymethoxy)uridine biosynthesis ,
5-chloro-3-methyl-catechol degradation ,
5-dehydro-4-deoxy-D-glucuronate degradation ,
5-hydroxymethylfurfural degradation ,
5-nitroanthranilate degradation ,
(5R)-carbapenem carboxylate biosynthesis ,
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis III (Chlamydia) ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis I ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis II ,
8-amino-7-oxononanoate biosynthesis III ,
acetan biosynthesis ,
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA I ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA II ,
acetoacetate degradation (to acetyl CoA) ,
acetoin biosynthesis III ,
acetoin degradation ,
acetone degradation II (to acetoacetate) ,
acetyl-CoA fermentation to butyrate II ,
acetylene degradation ,
achromobactin biosynthesis ,
aclacinomycin biosynthesis ,
acrylate degradation ,
acrylonitrile degradation I ,
acrylonitrile degradation II ,
actinorhodin biosynthesis ,
acyl carrier protein metabolism I ,
acyl-CoA hydrolysis ,
adamantanone degradation ,
adenine and adenosine salvage I ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage III ,
adenine and adenosine salvage IV ,
adenine and adenosine salvage V ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation II ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation III ,
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis from cobyrinate a,c-diamide I ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis from cobyrinate a,c-diamide II ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis I (early cobalt insertion) ,
adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis II (late cobalt incorporation) ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobalamin ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobinamide I ,
adenosylcobalamin salvage from cobinamide II ,
ADP-L-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis ,
aerobactin biosynthesis ,
agarose degradation ,
alanine biosynthesis I ,
alanine biosynthesis II ,
alanine biosynthesis III ,
alanine degradation I ,
alanine degradation II (to D-lactate) ,
alanine degradation IV ,
albaflavenone biosynthesis ,
alcaligin biosynthesis ,
aldoxime degradation ,
alginate biosynthesis I ,
alginate biosynthesis II ,
alginate degradation ,
alkane biosynthesis I ,
allantoin degradation IV (anaerobic) ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate I ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate III ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) ,
all-trans-decaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
all trans undecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis I ,
aminopropanol phosphate biosynthesis II ,
aminopropylcadaverine biosynthesis ,
ammonia assimilation cycle II ,
ammonia assimilation cycle III ,
ammonia oxidation I (aerobic) ,
ammonia oxidation II (anaerobic) ,
ammonia oxidation III ,
ammonia oxidation IV (autotrophic ammonia oxidizers) ,
anaerobic aromatic compound degradation (Thauera aromatica) ,
androstenedione degradation ,
anhydromuropeptides recycling ,
aniline degradation ,
anthranilate degradation I (aerobic) ,
anthranilate degradation II (aerobic) ,
anthranilate degradation III (anaerobic) ,
anthranilate degradation IV (aerobic) ,
arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle) ,
arginine biosynthesis III (via N-acetyl-L-citrulline) ,
arginine biosynthesis IV (archaebacteria) ,
arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine) ,
arginine degradation I (arginase pathway) ,
arginine degradation II (AST pathway) ,
arginine degradation III (arginine decarboxylase/agmatinase pathway) ,
arginine degradation IV (arginine decarboxylase/agmatine deiminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation IX (arginine:pyruvate transaminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation VI (arginase 2 pathway) ,
arginine degradation VII (arginase 3 pathway) ,
arginine degradation VIII (arginine oxidase pathway) ,
arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway) ,
arginine degradation XI ,
arginine dependent acid resistance ,
arginine, ornithine and proline interconversion ,
aromatic biogenic amine degradation (bacteria) ,
aromatic compounds degradation via β-ketoadipate ,
arsenate detoxification II (glutaredoxin) ,
arsenate detoxification III (mycothiol) ,
arsenate reduction (respiratory) ,
arsenite oxidation II (respiratory) ,
arsenite oxidation I (respiratory) ,
arsonoacetate degradation ,
asparagine biosynthesis I ,
asparagine biosynthesis II ,
asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent) ,
asparagine degradation I ,
aspartate biosynthesis ,
aspartate degradation I ,
aspartate superpathway ,
astaxanthin biosynthesis ,
atrazine degradation I (aerobic) ,
atrazine degradation II ,
atrazine degradation III ,
aurachin A, B, C and D biosynthesis ,
aurachin RE biosynthesis ,
autoinducer AI-1 biosynthesis ,
autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis I ,
autoinducer AI-2 biosynthesis II (Vibrio) ,
bacillibactin biosynthesis ,
bacillithiol biosynthesis ,
bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis ,
bactoprenyl-diphospho-acetamido-4-amino-6-deoxygalactopyranose biosynthesis ,
base-degraded thiamin salvage ,
benzene degradation ,
benzenesulfonate degradation ,
benzoate degradation I (aerobic) ,
benzoate degradation II (aerobic and anaerobic) ,
benzoate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate) ,
benzoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation I (aerobic) ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation II (anaerobic) ,
benzoyl-CoA degradation III (anaerobic) ,
β-alanine biosynthesis III ,
β-alanine degradation II ,
β-carotene biosynthesis ,
β-carotene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine biosynthesis ,
β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation ,
β myrcene degradation ,
Bifidobacterium shunt ,
biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I ,
biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate II ,
biotin biosynthesis I ,
biotin biosynthesis II ,
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly ,
biphenyl degradation ,
bisabolene biosynthesis ,
bisucaberin biosynthesis ,
butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
butirosin biosynthesis ,
caffeine degradation III (bacteria, via demethylation) ,
caffeine degradation IV (bacteria, via demethylation and oxidation) ,
caffeine degradation V (bacteria, via trimethylurate) ,
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle ,
(-)-camphor degradation ,
candicidin biosynthesis ,
carbazole degradation ,
carbon disulfide oxidation I (anaerobic) ,
carbon disulfide oxidation II (aerobic) ,
carbon tetrachloride degradation I ,
carbon tetrachloride degradation II ,
cardiolipin and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis (Xanthomonas) ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis I ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis III ,
catechol degradation III (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation II (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
catechol degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate I ,
catechol degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate II ,
catechol degradation to β-ketoadipate ,
CDP-2-glycerol biosynthesis ,
CDP-4-dehydro-3,6-dideoxy-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
CDP-abequose biosynthesis ,
CDP-ascarylose biosynthesis ,
CDP-D-arabitol biosynthesis ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis III ,
CDP-D-mannitol biosynthesis ,
CDP-paratose biosynthesis ,
CDP-tyvelose biosynthesis ,
cellulose and hemicellulose degradation (cellulolosome) ,
cellulose degradation I (cellulosome) ,
cephamycin C biosynthesis ,
chitin degradation II ,
chitin derivatives degradation ,
chitobiose degradation ,
chlorate reduction ,
chlorinated phenols degradation ,
chlorobenzene degradation ,
chlorogenic acid degradation ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent) ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis II (anaerobic) ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent) ,
chlorosalicylate degradation ,
cholate degradation (bacteria, anaerobic) ,
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione I (cholesterol oxidase) ,
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione II (cholesterol dehydrogenase) ,
choline degradation I ,
choline degradation II ,
choline degradation III ,
choline-O-sulfate degradation ,
chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate degradation I (bacterial) ,
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate ,
chorismate biosynthesis I ,
cinnamate and 3-hydroxycinnamate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
cis-dodecenoyl biosynthesis ,
cis-genanyl-CoA degradation ,
cis-vaccenate biosynthesis ,
citrate degradation ,
citrate lyase activation ,
citronellol degradation ,
citrulline degradation ,
clavulanate biosynthesis ,
CMP-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate biosynthesis ,
CMP-KDO biosynthesis I ,
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis I ,
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis II ,
CMP-N-acetyl-7-O-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis ,
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis II (bacteria) ,
CMP phosphorylation ,
CMP-pseudaminate biosynthesis ,
cob(II)yrinate a,c-diamide biosynthesis I (early cobalt insertion) ,
cob(II)yrinate a,c-diamide biosynthesis II (late cobalt incorporation) ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
coenzyme M biosynthesis I ,
colanic acid building blocks biosynthesis ,
coniferin metabolism ,
conversion of succinate to propionate ,
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered) ,
creatinine degradation I ,
creatinine degradation II ,
creatinine degradation III ,
crotonate fermentation (to acetate and cyclohexane carboxylate) ,
curcumin degradation ,
cyanate degradation ,
cyanide degradation ,
cyanophycin metabolism ,
cyanurate degradation ,
cyclohexane-1-carboxylate degradation (anaerobic) ,
cyclohexanol degradation ,
cyclooctatin biosynthesis ,
cyclopropane fatty acid (CFA) biosynthesis ,
cysteine biosynthesis/homocysteine degradation ,
cysteine biosynthesis I ,
cytidylyl molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
daidzin and daidzein degradation ,
D-allose degradation ,
D-arabinose degradation I ,
D-arabinose degradation II ,
D-arabitol degradation ,
D-arginine degradation ,
daunorubicin biosynthesis ,
D-carnitine degradation I ,
D-carnitine degradation II ,
D-cycloserine biosynthesis ,
deacetylcephalosporin C biosynthesis ,
deethylsimazine degradation ,
dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol degradation ,
dehydrophos biosynthesis ,
demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis II ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis I ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis II ,
demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis III ,
demethylmenaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
desferrioxamine B biosynthesis ,
desferrioxamine E biosynthesis ,
D-fructuronate degradation ,
D-galactarate degradation I ,
D-galactarate degradation II ,
D-galactonate degradation ,
D-galactosamine and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation ,
D-galacturonate degradation I ,
D-galacturonate degradation II ,
D-glucarate degradation I ,
D-glucarate degradation II ,
D-gluconate degradation ,
D-glucosaminate degradation ,
D-glucuronate degradation II ,
diacylglyceryl-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine biosynthesis ,
dibenzofuran degradation ,
dibenzo-p-dioxin degradation ,
dibenzothiophene desulfurization ,
diethylphosphate degradation ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation I ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation III (oxidation) ,
dimethyl sulfide degradation II (oxidation) ,
dimethyl sulfone degradation ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation I (cleavage) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation II (cleavage) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation III (demethylation) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide degradation ,
di-myo-inositol phosphate biosynthesis ,
diphenylamine degradation ,
di-trans,poly-cis-undecaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis ,
D-lactate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transport ,
D-malate degradation ,
D-mannose degradation ,
dodecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
doxorubicin biosynthesis ,
D-serine degradation ,
D-sorbitol degradation I ,
D-sorbitol degradation II ,
dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-6-deoxy-α-D-allose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-α-D-mycaminose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-β-L-4-epi-vancosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-β-L-evernitrose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-β-L-noviose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-β-fucofuranose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-desosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-forosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-D-olivose, dTDP-D-oliose and dTDP-D-mycarose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-megosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-mycarose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-olivose biosynthesis ,
dTDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis I ,
dTDP-N-acetylthomosamine biosynthesis ,
dTDP-N-acetylviosamine biosynthesis ,
ectoine biosynthesis ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
elloramycin biosynthesis ,
enterobacterial common antigen biosynthesis ,
enterobactin biosynthesis ,
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I ,
epoxysqualene biosynthesis ,
ergothioneine biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
erythromycin A biosynthesis ,
erythromycin D biosynthesis ,
Escherichia coli serotype O86 O-antigen biosynthesis ,
ethanedisulfonate degradation ,
ethanolamine utilization ,
ethanol degradation I ,
ethylbenzene degradation (anaerobic) ,
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis IV ,
ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered) ,
ethylene glycol biosynthesis ,
ethylene glycol degradation ,
ethylmalonyl pathway ,
factor 420 biosynthesis ,
factor 420 polyglutamylation ,
fatty acid activation ,
fatty acid β-oxidation I ,
fatty acid β-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number) ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation I ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation II ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation III ,
fatty acid elongation -- saturated ,
fatty acid salvage ,
Fe(II) oxidation ,
ferulate degradation ,
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants) ,
flaviolin dimer and mompain biosynthesis ,
fluorene degradation I ,
fluorene degradation II ,
fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis ,
fluoroacetate degradation ,
folate polyglutamylation ,
folate transformations I ,
formaldehyde assimilation II (RuMP Cycle) ,
formaldehyde assimilation I (serine pathway) ,
formaldehyde oxidation I ,
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent) ,
formaldehyde oxidation III (mycothiol-dependent) ,
formaldehyde oxidation IV (thiol-independent) ,
formaldehyde oxidation V (H4MPT pathway) ,
formate oxidation to CO2 ,
formate reduction to 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate ,
formate to dimethyl sulfoxide electron transfer ,
formate to trimethylamine N-oxide electron transfer ,
fosfomycin biosynthesis ,
FR-900098 and FR-33289 antibiotics biosynthesis ,
fructose degradation ,
fructoselysine and psicoselysine degradation ,
fucose degradation ,
furfural degradation ,
galactitol degradation ,
galactose degradation II ,
galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway) ,
galena oxidation ,
gallate biosynthesis ,
gallate degradation I ,
gallate degradation II ,
gallate degradation III (anaerobic) ,
γ-butyrobetaine degradation ,
γ-hexachlorocyclohexane degradation ,
γ-linolenate biosynthesis I (plants) ,
GDP-6-deoxy-D-talose biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-glycero-α-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-perosamine biosynthesis ,
GDP-D-rhamnose biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-colitose biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose) ,
GDP-mannose biosynthesis ,
gellan degradation ,
gentamicin biosynthesis ,
gentisate degradation I ,
gentisate degradation II ,
geosmin biosynthesis ,
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
ginsenoside degradation II ,
gluconeogenesis I ,
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation ,
glucose degradation (oxidative) ,
glucosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
glucosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
glucuronoarabinoxylan degradation ,
glutamate and glutamine biosynthesis ,
glutamate biosynthesis I ,
glutamate biosynthesis III ,
glutamate biosynthesis V ,
glutamate degradation I ,
glutamate degradation II ,
glutamate degradation VIII (to propionate) ,
glutamate degradation VII (to butanoate) ,
glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate) ,
glutamate degradation V (via hydroxyglutarate) ,
glutamate degradation X ,
glutamate dependent acid resistance ,
glutamine biosynthesis I ,
glutamine degradation I ,
glutamine degradation II ,
glutaryl-CoA degradation ,
glutathione amide metabolism ,
glutathione biosynthesis ,
glutathione redox reactions II ,
glutathionylspermidine biosynthesis ,
glycerol-3-phosphate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
glycerol-3-phosphate to fumarate electron transfer ,
glycerol and glycerophosphodiester degradation ,
glycerol degradation I ,
glycerol degradation II ,
glycerol degradation III ,
glycerol degradation to butanol ,
glycerol degradation V ,
glycerophosphodiester degradation ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis I (Gram-negative bacteria) ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis II (Gram-positive bacteria) ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis IV (from glycine) ,
glycine betaine degradation I ,
glycine biosynthesis I ,
glycine cleavage ,
glycocholate metabolism (bacteria) ,
glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose) ,
glycogen degradation I ,
glycogen degradation III ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation I ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation II ,
glycolate and glyoxylate degradation III ,
glycolate degradation II ,
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis III (from glucose) ,
glyoxylate assimilation ,
glyoxylate cycle ,
gramicidin S biosynthesis ,
grixazone biosynthesis ,
guaiacylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether degradation ,
guanine and guanosine salvage ,
guanine and guanosine salvage III ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation III ,
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
guanylyl molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
heme biosynthesis I (aerobic) ,
heme biosynthesis II (anaerobic) ,
heme biosynthesis III (from siroheme) ,
heme d1 biosynthesis ,
hentriaconta-3,6,9,12,15,19,22,25,28-nonaene biosynthesis ,
heptadecane biosynthesis ,
heptaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
heterolactic fermentation ,
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
hexitol fermentation to lactate, formate, ethanol and acetate ,
histamine biosynthesis ,
histidine biosynthesis ,
histidine degradation I ,
histidine degradation II ,
histidine degradation IV ,
homocysteine biosynthesis ,
homolactic fermentation ,
homoserine and methionine biosynthesis ,
homoserine biosynthesis ,
homotaurine degradation ,
hopanoid biosynthesis (bacteria) ,
hydrogen oxidation I (aerobic) ,
hydrogen oxidation II (aerobic, NAD) ,
hydrogen oxidation III (anaerobic, NADP) ,
hydrogen production I ,
hydrogen production II ,
hydrogen production III ,
hydrogen production V ,
hydrogen production VI ,
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis I ,
hydroxymethylpyrimidine salvage ,
hypotaurine degradation ,
imidazole-lactate degradation ,
indigo biosynthesis ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria) ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis V (bacteria and fungi) ,
indole-3-acetate degradation VIII (bacterial) ,
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis I ,
intra-aerobic nitrite reduction ,
ι-carrageenan degradation ,
isethionate degradation ,
isoleucine biosynthesis I ,
isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) ,
isoleucine biosynthesis II ,
isoleucine biosynthesis III ,
isoleucine biosynthesis IV ,
isoleucine biosynthesis V ,
isoleucine degradation I ,
isopenicillin N biosynthesis ,
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered) ,
isopropanol biosynthesis ,
isopropylamine degradation ,
itaconate degradation ,
jadomycin biosynthesis ,
K-252 biosynthesis ,
kanamycin biosynthesis ,
kanosamine biosynthesis I ,
kanosamine biosynthesis II ,
κ-carrageenan degradation ,
(KDO)2-lipid A biosynthesis I ,
KDO transfer to lipid IVA I ,
Kdo transfer to lipid IVA II (Chlamydia) ,
ketogluconate metabolism ,
kojibiose degradation ,
L-1,2-propanediol degradation ,
L-1-phosphatidyl-inositol biosynthesis (Mycobacteria) ,
lactose and galactose degradation I ,
lactose degradation II ,
lactose degradation III ,
L-alanine fermentation to propionate and acetate ,
λ-carrageenan degradation ,
lanosterol biosynthesis ,
L-arabinan degradation ,
L-arabinose degradation I ,
L-arabinose degradation III ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis III ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (engineered pathway) ,
L-ascorbate degradation I (bacterial, anaerobic) ,
L-ascorbate degradation II (bacterial, aerobic) ,
L-carnitine degradation I ,
L-carnitine degradation II ,
L-carnitine degradation III ,
L-cysteine biosynthesis V ,
L-cysteine degradation II ,
L-dopachrome biosynthesis ,
leucine biosynthesis ,
leucine degradation I ,
leucine degradation II ,
L-galactonate degradation ,
L-glucose degradation ,
L-glutamine biosynthesis II (tRNA-dependent) ,
L-homophenylalanine biosynthesis ,
L-idonate degradation ,
limonene degradation I (D-limonene) ,
limonene degradation III (to perillate) ,
limonene degradation II (L-limonene) ,
lincomycin biosynthesis ,
linezolid resistance ,
linuron degradation ,
Lipid A-core biosynthesis ,
lipid IVA biosynthesis ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation II ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation III (Bacillus) ,
lipoate salvage I ,
lipoate salvage II ,
L-lactaldehyde degradation (aerobic) ,
L-lactaldehyde degradation (anaerobic) ,
L-lyxonate degradation ,
L-lyxose degradation ,
long chain fatty acid ester synthesis for microdiesel production ,
L-rhamnose degradation I ,
L-rhamnose degradation II ,
L-rhamnose degradation III ,
L-serine degradation ,
L-sorbose degradation ,
lysine biosynthesis I ,
lysine biosynthesis II ,
lysine biosynthesis III ,
lysine biosynthesis V ,
lysine biosynthesis VI ,
lysine degradation I ,
lysine degradation IV ,
lysine degradation V ,
lysine degradation VI ,
lysine degradation VIII ,
lysine degradation X ,
lysine fermentation to acetate and butyrate ,
malonate decarboxylase activation ,
malonate degradation I (biotin-independent) ,
malonate degradation II (biotin-dependent) ,
maltose degradation ,
mandelate degradation I ,
mandelate degradation to acetyl-CoA ,
manganese oxidation I ,
manganese oxidation II ,
mannan degradation ,
mannitol degradation I ,
mannojirimycin biosynthesis ,
mannosylfructose biosynthesis ,
mannosylglucosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
mannosylglucosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
mannosylglycerate biosynthesis I ,
mannosylglycerate biosynthesis II ,
m-cresol degradation ,
megalomicin A biosynthesis ,
melamine degradation ,
melibiose degradation ,
menaquinol-10 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-11 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-12 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-13 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-6 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-7 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-8 biosynthesis ,
menaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
meso-butanediol biosynthesis I ,
meta cleavage pathway of aromatic compounds ,
methane oxidation to methanol I ,
methane oxidation to methanol II ,
methanesulfonate degradation ,
methanol and methylamine oxidation to formaldehyde ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde I ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde II ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde III ,
methionine biosynthesis I ,
methionine biosynthesis III ,
methionine degradation II ,
methionine salvage cycle I (bacteria and plants) ,
methylamine degradation I ,
methylamine degradation II ,
methylerythritol phosphate pathway I ,
methylerythritol phosphate pathway II ,
methylgallate degradation ,
methylglyoxal degradation I ,
methylglyoxal degradation II ,
methylglyoxal degradation III ,
methylglyoxal degradation IV ,
methylglyoxal degradation VII ,
methyl ketone biosynthesis ,
methyl parathion degradation ,
methylphosphonate degradation I ,
methylphosphonate degradation II ,
methylsalicylate degradation ,
methylthiolincosamide biosynthesis ,
methylthiopropionate degradation I (cleavage) ,
methylthiopropionate degradation II (demethylation) ,
methymycin, neomethymycin and novamethymycin biosynthesis ,
mevalonate degradation ,
mithramycin biosynthesis ,
mixed acid fermentation ,
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
mono-trans, poly-cis decaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis ,
muropeptide degradation ,
m-xylene degradation (anaerobic) ,
m-xylene degradation to m-toluate ,
mycinamicin biosynthesis ,
mycocyclosin biosynthesis ,
mycolate biosynthesis ,
mycolyl-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan complex biosynthesis ,
mycothiol biosynthesis ,
mycothiol-mediated detoxification ,
mycothiol oxidation ,
myo-, chiro- and scillo-inositol degradation ,
myo-inositol biosynthesis ,
myo-inositol degradation I ,
myo-inositol degradation II ,
myxol-2' fucoside biosynthesis ,
N10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
N-acetyl-D-galactosamine degradation ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation I ,
N-acetylglucosamine degradation II ,
N-acetylglutaminylglutamine amide biosynthesis ,
N-acetylneuraminate and N-acetylmannosamine degradation ,
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) ,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan) ,
NAD biosynthesis III ,
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I ,
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transport II ,
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer I ,
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer II ,
NADH to dimethyl sulfoxide electron transfer ,
NADH to fumarate electron transfer ,
NADH to trimethylamine N-oxide electron transfer ,
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation I ,
NAD salvage pathway I ,
NAD salvage pathway II ,
naphthalene degradation (aerobic) ,
naphthalene degradation to acetyl-CoA ,
narbomycin, pikromycin and novapikromycin biosynthesis ,
N-cyclopropylmelamine degradation ,
neomycin biosynthesis ,
neopentalenoketolactone and pentalenate biosynthesis ,
neurosporene biosynthesis ,
nicotinate degradation I ,
nicotinate degradation II ,
nicotinate degradation III ,
nicotine degradation I ,
nicotine degradation II ,
nicotine degradation V ,
nitrate reduction I (denitrification) ,
nitrate reduction III (dissimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction IV (dissimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction VI (assimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction VII (denitrification) ,
nitrate reduction VIII (dissimilatory) ,
nitrifier denitrification ,
nitrilotriacetate degradation ,
nitrite oxidation ,
nitrobenzene degradation I ,
nitrobenzene degradation II ,
nitrogen fixation ,
nitroglycerin degradation ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
nopaline degradation ,
norspermidine biosynthesis ,
nostoxanthin biosynthesis ,
novobiocin biosynthesis ,
nylon-6 oligomer degradation ,
O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
octane oxidation ,
octaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
octopine degradation ,
oleandomycin activation/inactivation ,
oleandomycin biosynthesis ,
oleate β-oxidation ,
orcinol degradation ,
ornithine biosynthesis ,
ornithine degradation II (Stickland reaction) ,
ornithine degradation I (proline biosynthesis) ,
ornithine lipid biosynthesis ,
orthanilate degradation ,
oxalate degradation I ,
oxalate degradation II ,
oxalate degradation III ,
oxalate degradation V ,
oxidized GTP and dGTP detoxification ,
oxygenic photosynthesis ,
palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis I ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis II ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
paraoxon degradation ,
parathion degradation ,
paromamine biosynthesis I ,
paromamine biosynthesis II ,
paromomycin biosynthesis ,
p-cumate degradation ,
p-cumate degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
p-cymene degradation ,
p-cymene degradation to p-cumate ,
pectin degradation I ,
pectin degradation II ,
pectin degradation III ,
pentachlorophenol degradation ,
pentalenolactone biosynthesis ,
pentose phosphate pathway ,
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I ,
pentose phosphate pathway (partial) ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis III (mycobacteria) ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis II (staphylococci) ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing) ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis IV (Enterococcus faecium) ,
peptidoglycan biosynthesis V (β-lactam resistance) ,
peptidoglycan cross-bridge biosynthesis II (E. faecium) ,
peptidoglycan cross-bridge biosynthesis III (Enterococcus faecalis) ,
peptidoglycan cross-bridge biosynthesis I (S. aureus) ,
peptidoglycan cross-bridge biosynthesis IV (Weissella viridescens) ,
perchlorate reduction ,
petrobactin biosynthesis ,
phenazine-1-carboxylate biosynthesis ,
phenol degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenol degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylacetate degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenylacetate degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis I ,
phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylethylamine degradation I ,
phenylethylamine degradation II ,
phenylmercury acetate degradation ,
phosphate acquisition ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis V ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VI ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis VII ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis I ,
phosphinothricin tripeptide biosynthesis ,
phospholipid biosynthesis I ,
phosphonoacetate degradation ,
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I ,
photosynthesis light reactions ,
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutyrate biosynthesis (engineered) ,
phthalate degradation ,
phycocyanobilin biosynthesis ,
phycoerythrobilin biosynthesis ,
phylloquinol biosynthesis ,
plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis II ,
polyhydroxybutyrate biosynthesis ,
polyhydroxydecanoate biosynthesis ,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
polymyxin A biosynthesis ,
polymyxin resistance ,
polyvinyl alcohol degradation ,
porphyran degradation ,
ppGpp biosynthesis ,
preQ0 biosynthesis ,
prodigiosin biosynthesis ,
proline biosynthesis I ,
proline degradation ,
proline to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
propionyl CoA degradation ,
propylene degradation ,
protein citrullination ,
protocatechuate degradation III (para-cleavage pathway) ,
protocatechuate degradation II (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
protocatechuate degradation I (meta-cleavage pathway) ,
PRPP biosynthesis I ,
PRPP biosynthesis II ,
pseudouridine degradation ,
pulcherrimin biosynthesis ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
purine nucleobases degradation I (anaerobic) ,
purine nucleobases degradation II (anaerobic) ,
purine nucleotides degradation II (aerobic) ,
purine ribonucleosides degradation ,
puromycin biosynthesis ,
putrebactin biosynthesis ,
putrescine biosynthesis I ,
putrescine biosynthesis II ,
putrescine biosynthesis III ,
putrescine degradation I ,
putrescine degradation II ,
putrescine degradation IV ,
putrescine degradation V ,
p-xylene degradation to p-toluate ,
pyochelin biosynthesis ,
pyocyanin biosynthesis ,
pyoverdine I biosynthesis ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis I ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides biosynthesis from CTP ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III ,
pyrrolnitrin biosynthesis ,
pyrroloquinoline quinone biosynthesis ,
pyrrolysine biosynthesis ,
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and lactate II ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate II ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate IV ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetone ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanoate ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanol I ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III ,
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol ,
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered) ,
pyruvate fermentation to lactate ,
pyruvate fermentation to propionate I ,
pyruvate fermentation to propionate II (acrylate pathway) ,
pyruvate oxidation pathway ,
queuosine biosynthesis ,
quinate degradation I ,
quinate degradation II ,
(R)-acetoin biosynthesis I ,
(R)-acetoin biosynthesis II ,
(R)- and (S)-3-hydroxybutyrate biosynthesis ,
(R)-cysteate degradation ,
rebeccamycin biosynthesis ,
reductive acetyl coenzyme A pathway ,
reductive monocarboxylic acid cycle ,
reductive TCA cycle I ,
reductive TCA cycle II ,
resorcinol degradation ,
rhamnogalacturonan type I degradation II (bacteria) ,
rhamnolipid biosynthesis ,
rhizobactin 1021 biosynthesis ,
rhizocticin A and B biosynthesis ,
rhodoquinone-10 biosynthesis ,
ribitol degradation ,
ribose degradation ,
ribostamycin biosynthesis ,
ricinine degradation ,
rifamycin B biosynthesis ,
(R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
(S)-acetoin biosynthesis ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle I ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II ,
salicylate biosynthesis I ,
salicylate degradation I ,
salicylate degradation II ,
salicylate degradation IV ,
salinosporamide A biosynthesis ,
sangivamycin biosynthesis ,
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass ,
selenocysteine biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
serine biosynthesis ,
shikimate degradation I ,
shikimate degradation II ,
siroheme amide biosynthesis ,
siroheme biosynthesis ,
sitosterol degradation to androstenedione ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation II ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation III ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation IV ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation II ,
sorbitol biosynthesis II ,
spermidine biosynthesis I ,
spermidine biosynthesis II ,
spermidine biosynthesis III ,
spermine biosynthesis ,
spheroidene and spheroidenone biosynthesis ,
spinosyn A biosynthesis ,
spirilloxanthin and 2,2'-diketo-spirilloxanthin biosynthesis ,
(S,S)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
(S,S)-butanediol degradation ,
stachydrine degradation ,
staphyloxanthin biosynthesis ,
staurosporine biosynthesis ,
streptomycin biosynthesis ,
styrene degradation ,
succinate fermentation to butyrate ,
succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer ,
succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer ,
sucrose biosynthesis III ,
sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase) ,
sucrose degradation IV (sucrose phosphorylase) ,
sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase) ,
sulfate activation for sulfonation ,
sulfate reduction I (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction III (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction IV (dissimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction V (dissimilatory) ,
sulfide oxidation III (sulfur dioxygenase) ,
sulfide oxidation II (sulfide dehydrogenase) ,
sulfide oxidation I (sulfide-quinone reductase) ,
sulfite oxidation II ,
sulfite oxidation III ,
sulfite oxidation I (sulfite oxidoreductase) ,
sulfite oxidation V (SoeABC) ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation I ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation II ,
sulfoacetaldehyde degradation III ,
sulfoacetate degradation ,
sulfoglycolysis ,
sulfolactate degradation I ,
sulfolactate degradation II ,
sulfolactate degradation III ,
sulfur disproportionation I (anaerobic) ,
sulfur disproportionation II (aerobic) ,
sulfur oxidation I (aerobic) ,
sulfur oxidation II (Fe+3-dependent) ,
sulfur oxidation IV (intracellular sulfur) ,
sulfur reduction I ,
sulfur reduction II (via polysulfide) ,
superoxide radicals degradation ,
superpathay of heme biosynthesis from glutamate ,
superpathway of 2,3-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of 4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
superpathway of 5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis ,
superpathway of acetate utilization and formation ,
superpathway of acrylonitrile degradation ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of aerobic toluene degradation ,
superpathway of alanine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of arginine and ornithine degradation ,
superpathway of arginine and polyamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of arginine, putrescine, and 4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 2-oxopent-4-enoate ,
superpathway of aromatic compound degradation via 3-oxoadipate ,
superpathway of asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of aspartate and asparagine biosynthesis; interconversion of aspartate and asparagine ,
superpathway of atrazine degradation ,
superpathway of bacteriochlorophyll a biosynthesis ,
superpathway of β-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of butirocin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of C1 compounds oxidation to CO2 ,
superpathway of CDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation I (cholesterol oxidase) ,
superpathway of cholesterol degradation II (cholesterol dehydrogenase) ,
superpathway of chorismate metabolism ,
superpathway of Clostridium acetobutylicum acidogenic and solventogenic fermentation ,
superpathway of Clostridium acetobutylicum acidogenic fermentation ,
superpathway of Clostridium acetobutylicum solventogenic fermentation ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-6 biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-8 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of demethylmenaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of D-glucarate and D-galactarate degradation ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfone degradation ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation ,
superpathway of dTDP-glucose-derived antibiotic building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of dTDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of erythromycin biosynthesis (without sugar biosynthesis) ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of fucose and rhamnose degradation ,
superpathway of GDP-mannose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis II (via MEP) ,
superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation ,
superpathway of glycerol degradation to 1,3-propanediol ,
superpathway of glycol metabolism and degradation ,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff ,
superpathway of glycolysis, pyruvate dehydrogenase, TCA, and glyoxylate bypass ,
superpathway of glyoxylate bypass and TCA ,
superpathway of guanine and guanosine salvage ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from glycine ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from uroporphyrinogen-III ,
superpathway of hexitol degradation (bacteria) ,
superpathway of hexuronide and hexuronate degradation ,
superpathway of histidine, purine, and pyrimidine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of hydrogen production ,
superpathway of (KDO)2-lipid A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of leucine, valine, and isoleucine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lysine degradation ,
superpathway of lysine, threonine and methionine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of megalomicin A biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-10 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-11 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-12 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-13 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-6 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-7 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of menaquinol-8 biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of menaquinol-9 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of methionine biosynthesis (by sulfhydrylation) ,
superpathway of methionine biosynthesis (transsulfuration) ,
superpathway of methylglyoxal degradation ,
superpathway of microbial D-galacturonate and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of mycolate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of mycolyl-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan complex biosynthesis ,
superpathway of N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylmannosamine and N-acetylneuraminate degradation ,
superpathway of N-acetylneuraminate degradation ,
superpathway of neomycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of nicotinate degradation ,
superpathway of ornithine degradation ,
superpathway of penicillin, cephalosporin and cephamycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pentose and pentitol degradation ,
superpathway of phenylalanine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phenylethylamine degradation ,
superpathway of phylloquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of plastoquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis III ,
superpathway of purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis and salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of pyrimidine nucleobases salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of quinolone and alkylquinolone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of rifamycin B biosynthesis ,
superpathway of (R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of salicylate degradation ,
superpathway of serine and glycine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of sialic acids and CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfate assimilation and cysteine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans) ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (phototrophic sulfur bacteria) ,
superpathway of sulfide oxidation (Starkeya novella) ,
superpathway of sulfolactate degradation ,
superpathway of sulfur metabolism (Desulfocapsa sulfoexigens) ,
superpathway of taurine degradation ,
superpathway of testosterone and androsterone degradation ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis and salvage ,
superpathway of tetrathionate reduction (Salmonella typhimurium) ,
superpathway of the 3-hydroxypropionate cycle ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of thiosulfate metabolism (Desulfovibrio sulfodismutans) ,
superpathway of threonine metabolism ,
superpathway of trimethylamine degradation ,
superpathway of tryptophan biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tyrosine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
superpathway of UDP-glucose-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-derived O-antigen building blocks biosynthesis ,
superpathway of unsaturated fatty acids biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
superpathway of vanillin and vanillate degradation ,
synechoxanthin biosynthesis ,
syringate degradation ,
taurine biosynthesis ,
taurine degradation I ,
taurine degradation II ,
taurine degradation III ,
taurine degradation IV ,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
TCA cycle I (prokaryotic) ,
TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase) ,
TCA cycle V (2-oxoglutarate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase) ,
TCA cycle VII (acetate-producers) ,
TCA cycle VIII (helicobacter) ,
TCA cycle VI (obligate autotrophs) ,
teichoic acid (poly-glycerol) biosynthesis ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis I ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis II ,
terpentecin biosynthesis ,
testosterone and androsterone degradation to androstendione ,
tetracenomycin C biosynthesis ,
tetrachloroethene degradation ,
tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis I ,
tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis III ,
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate ,
tetrahydromethanopterin biosynthesis ,
tetrahydromonapterin biosynthesis ,
tetramethylpyrazine degradation ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate) ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine) ,
tetrathionate oxidation ,
tetrathionate reduction I (to thiosulfate) ,
tetrathionate reductiuon II (to trithionate) ,
theophylline degradation ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis II (Bacillus) ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis III (Staphylococcus) ,
thiamin salvage I ,
thiamin salvage II ,
thiamin salvage III ,
thiazole biosynthesis I (E. coli) ,
thiazole biosynthesis II (Bacillus) ,
thiocyanate degradation I ,
thiocyanate degradation II ,
thioredoxin pathway ,
thiosulfate disproportionation III (rhodanese) ,
thiosulfate disproportionation II (non thiol-dependent) ,
thiosulfate disproportionation I (thiol-dependent) ,
thiosulfate oxidation III (multienzyme complex) ,
thiosulfate oxidation II (to tetrathionate) ,
thiosulfate oxidation I (to tetrathionate) ,
thiosulfate oxidation IV (multienzyme complex) ,
threonine biosynthesis ,
threonine biosynthesis from homoserine ,
threonine degradation I ,
threonine degradation II ,
threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal) ,
threonine degradation IV ,
thymine degradation ,
toluene degradation I (aerobic) (via o-cresol) ,
toluene degradation II (aerobic) (via 4-methylcatechol) ,
toluene degradation III (aerobic) (via p-cresol) ,
toluene degradation IV (aerobic) (via catechol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate I (via o-cresol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate (via 4-methylcatechol) ,
toluene degradation to 2-oxopent-4-enoate (via toluene-cis-diol) ,
toluene degradation to benzoate ,
toluene degradation to benzoyl-CoA (anaerobic) ,
toluene degradation to protocatechuate (via p-cresol) ,
toluene degradation V (aerobic) (via toluene-cis-diol) ,
toluene degradation VI (anaerobic) ,
toyocamycin biosynthesis ,
trans-3-hydroxy-L-proline degradation ,
trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline degradation II ,
trans-cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) ,
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
trehalose biosynthesis I ,
trehalose biosynthesis II ,
trehalose biosynthesis III ,
trehalose biosynthesis IV ,
trehalose biosynthesis V ,
trehalose degradation III ,
trehalose degradation II (trehalase) ,
trehalose degradation I (low osmolarity) ,
trehalose degradation IV ,
trehalose degradation VI (periplasmic) ,
triclosan resistance ,
tridecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
triethylamine degradation ,
trimethylamine degradation ,
tRNA charging ,
tRNA processing ,
tryptophan biosynthesis ,
tryptophan degradation II (via pyruvate) ,
tryptophan degradation I (via anthranilate) ,
tryptophan degradation IV (via indole-3-lactate) ,
tryptophan degradation IX ,
tryptophan degradation to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
tryptophan degradation VII (via indole-3-pyruvate) ,
tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine) ,
tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway) ,
tryptophan degradation XII (Geobacillus) ,
tuberculosinol biosynthesis ,
two-component alkanesulfonate monooxygenase ,
tylosin biosynthesis ,
tyrosine biosynthesis I ,
tyrosine biosynthesis II ,
tyrosine biosynthesis III ,
tyrosine degradation I ,
tyrosine degradation II ,
tyrosine degradation IV (to 4-methylphenol) ,
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-7 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (prokaryotic) ,
UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-α-D-mannuronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose) ,
UDP-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis I (from UDP-D-glucuronate) ,
UDP-D-xylose biosynthesis ,
UDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
UDP-L-arabinose biosynthesis I (from UDP-xylose) ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-fucosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminuronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-mannosaminouronate biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-quinovosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-β-L-fucosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-β-L-quinovosamine biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis II (lysine-containing) ,
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis I (meso-DAP-containing) ,
UDP-N,N'-diacetylbacillosamine biosynthesis ,
UMP biosynthesis ,
undecaprenyl-diphosphate-linked di- and trisaccharide biosynthesis ,
undecaprenyl diphosphate-linked heptasaccharide biosynthesis ,
uracil degradation III ,
uracil degradation II (oxidative) ,
uracil degradation I (reductive) ,
urate biosynthesis/inosine 5'-phosphate degradation ,
urate degradation to allantoin I ,
urate degradation to allantoin II ,
urea degradation I ,
urea degradation II ,
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II ,
validamycin A biosynthesis ,
valine biosynthesis ,
valine degradation I ,
valine degradation II ,
vancomycin resistance I ,
vancomycin resistance II ,
vanillin and vanillate degradation I ,
vanillin and vanillate degradation II ,
vibriobactin biosynthesis ,
violacein biosynthesis ,
vitamin B6 degradation ,
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocopherols) ,
wax esters biosynthesis II ,
xanthan biosynthesis ,
xanthine and xanthosine salvage ,
xylitol degradation ,
xylose degradation I ,
yersiniabactin biosynthesis ,
zeaxanthin-β-D-diglucoside biosynthesis ,
zeaxanthin biosynthesis

Additional pathways which may be present in Bacteria and all its sub-taxa (65)
These pathways were inferred using their expected taxonomic range:
2-oxobutanoate degradation I ,
3-phenylpropionate degradation ,
4-methyl-5(β-hydroxyethyl)thiazole salvage (yeast) ,
acyl-ACP thioesterase pathway ,
adenosine 5'-phosphoramidate biosynthesis ,
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c) ,
aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway) ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing) ,
β-alanine biosynthesis II ,
cellulose biosynthesis ,
cis-calamenene related sesquiterpenoids biosynthesis ,
costunolide biosynthesis ,
cysteine biosynthesis III (mammalian) ,
dammara-20,24-diene biosynthesis ,
ethanol degradation II ,
eumelanin biosynthesis ,
fructan biosynthesis ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
gibberellin inactivation I (2β-hydroxylation) ,
glutamate biosynthesis II ,
glutathione redox reactions I ,
glycine biosynthesis III ,
glycogenolysis II ,
guanine and guanosine salvage II ,
homospermidine biosynthesis ,
lactate biosynthesis (archaea) ,
laminaribiose degradation ,
meso-butanediol biosynthesis II ,
methionine degradation I (to homocysteine) ,
methylhalides biosynthesis (plants) ,
mevalonate pathway I ,
NADH repair ,
NAD salvage pathway III ,
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory) ,
oxalate degradation IV ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis II ,
phenylethanol biosynthesis ,
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic) ,
phospholipases ,
plumbagin biosynthesis ,
(R,R)-butanediol degradation ,
salicylate biosynthesis II ,
sciadonate biosynthesis ,
selenate reduction ,
selinene biosynthesis ,
serine racemization ,
sphingomyelin metabolism ,
stearate biosynthesis I (animals) ,
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
superpathway of alliin degradation ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate) ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of seleno-compound metabolism ,
thiamin salvage IV (yeast) ,
thiamin triphosphate metabolism ,
thio-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
triacylglycerol degradation ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis II (from D-galacturonate) ,
urea cycle ,
valencene and 7-epi-α-selinene biosynthesis ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II ,
xylose degradation III


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Sat Nov 22, 2014, biocyc13.