Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
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MetaCyc Taxon: Eukaryota

Synonyms: eukaryotes, eukaryotes, eucaryotes, Eukaryotae, Eukarya, Eucaryotae, Eucarya

Rank: superkingdom

Taxonomic lineage: cellular organisms

Direct sub-taxa of Eukaryota: Alveolata , Amoebozoa , Apusozoa, Breviatea, Centroheliozoa, Cryptophyta , environmental samples , Euglenozoa , Fornicata , Glaucocystophyceae , Haptophyceae , Heterolobosea, Jakobida, Katablepharidophyta, Opisthokonta , Parabasalia , Rhizaria , Rhodophyta , Stramenopiles , Viridiplantae , (+ 2 more...)

Unification Links: NCBI-Taxonomy:2759


Pathways present in Eukaryota or one of its sub-taxa (1468).
These pathways were observed experimentally in this taxon or one of its sub-taxa:
(+)-camphor biosynthesis ,
(+)-secoisolariciresinol diglucoside biosynthesis ,
10-cis-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (yeast) ,
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (MFE-dependent, yeast) ,
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (reductase-dependent, yeast) ,
11-cis-3-hydroxyretinal biosynthesis ,
1,3,5-trimethoxybenzene biosynthesis ,
(1,3)-β-D-xylan degradation ,
1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
(1,4)-β-xylan degradation ,
1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate biosynthesis II (plants) ,
1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis I (from Ins(1,4,5)P3) ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis III (Spirodela polyrrhiza) ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis II (mammalian) ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis IV (Dictyostelium) ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis V (from Ins(1,3,4)P3) ,
(1'S,5'S)-averufin biosynthesis ,
2,3-cis-flavanols biosynthesis ,
2,3-trans-flavanols biosynthesis ,
2,4,6-trinitrotoluene degradation ,
26,27-dehydrozymosterol metabolism ,
2α,7β-dihydroxylation of taxusin ,
2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde degradation to glutaryl-CoA ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate biosynthesis ,
2'-deoxymugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis ,
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis ,
2-methylbutyrate biosynthesis ,
2-methylcitrate cycle I ,
2-methylketone biosynthesis ,
2-O-acetyl-3-O-trans-coutarate biosynthesis ,
2-oxobutanoate degradation I ,
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA ,
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA ,
3,4-dihydroxymandelonitrile β-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
3,5-dimethoxytoluene biosynthesis ,
3-amino-3-phenylpropanoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
3β-hydroxysesquiterpene lactone biosynthesis ,
3-carene biosynthesis ,
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I ,
(3E)-4,8-dimethylnona-1,3,7-triene biosynthesis ,
3-methylbutanol biosynthesis ,
3-methylthiopropanoate biosynthesis ,
3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis ,
3-phosphoinositide degradation ,
4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis ,
4-amino-2-methyl-5-phosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis (yeast) ,
4-aminobenzoate biosynthesis ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation III ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation IV ,
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes) ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis IV ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis V ,
4-hydroxycoumarin and dicoumarol biosynthesis ,
4-hydroxymandelate degradation ,
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis ,
4-methyl-5(β-hydroxyethyl)thiazole salvage (yeast) ,
4-methylcatechol degradation (ortho cleavage) ,
(4R)-carvone biosynthesis ,
(4S)-carvone biosynthesis ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I ,
5-deoxystrigol biosynthesis ,
5-N-acetylardeemin biosynthesis ,
6,7,4'-trihydroxyisoflavone biosynthesis ,
6'-deoxychalcone metabolism ,
6-gingerol analog biosynthesis ,
6-gingerol biosynthesis ,
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
6-methoxymellein biosynthesis ,
7-dehydroporiferasterol biosynthesis ,
9-cis, 11-trans-octadecadienoyl-CoA degradation (isomerase-dependent, yeast) ,
9-lipoxygenase and 9-allene oxide synthase pathway ,
9-lipoxygenase and 9-hydroperoxide lyase pathway ,
abietic acid biosynthesis ,
abscisic acid biosynthesis ,
abscisic acid biosynthesis shunt ,
abscisic acid glucose ester biosynthesis ,
acacetin biosynthesis ,
acetaldehyde biosynthesis I ,
acetaldehyde biosynthesis II ,
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA I ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA II ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA III (succinate) ,
acetoacetate degradation (to acetyl CoA) ,
acetoin biosynthesis III ,
acetone degradation III (to propane-1,2-diol) ,
acetone degradation I (to methylglyoxal) ,
acetylaszonalenin biosynthesis ,
acetyl-CoA biosynthesis III (from citrate) ,
acetyl-CoA biosynthesis II (NADP-dependent pyruvate dehydrogenase) ,
acridone alkaloid biosynthesis ,
acyl-ACP thioesterase pathway ,
acylated cyanidin galactoside biosynthesis ,
acyl carrier protein metabolism II (mammalian) ,
acyl-CoA hydrolysis ,
adenine and adenosine salvage I ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage III ,
adenine and adenosine salvage IV ,
adenosine 5'-phosphoramidate biosynthesis ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation I ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation II ,
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c) ,
aerobic respiration II (cytochrome c) (yeast) ,
aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway) ,
aflatoxins B1 and G1 biosynthesis ,
aflatoxins B2 and G2 biosynthesis ,
aflatrem biosynthesis ,
afrormosin conjugates interconversion ,
ajmaline and sarpagine biosynthesis ,
ajugose biosynthesis I (galactinol-dependent) ,
ajugose biosynthesis II (galactinol-independent) ,
alanine biosynthesis II ,
alanine biosynthesis III ,
alanine degradation III ,
alginate biosynthesis I ,
aliphatic glucosinolate biosynthesis, side chain elongation cycle ,
alizarin biosynthesis ,
alkane biosynthesis II ,
alkane oxidation ,
alkylnitronates degradation ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate I ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate II ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate III ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing) ,
alliin degradation ,
allopregnanolone biosynthesis ,
all-trans-decaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis ,
aloesone biosynthesis I ,
aloesone biosynthesis II ,
α-amyrin biosynthesis ,
α-cyclopiazonate biosynthesis ,
α-cyclopiazonate detoxification ,
α-eleostearic acid biosynthesis ,
α-linolenate biosynthesis ,
α-tocopherol degradation ,
amaranthin biosynthesis ,
ammonia assimilation cycle I ,
ammonia assimilation cycle II ,
ammonia assimilation cycle III ,
amygdalin and prunasin degradation ,
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, cytosol) ,
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial) ,
anandamide degradation ,
androgen biosynthesis ,
anthocyanidin 3-malylglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
anthocyanidin modification (Arabidopsis) ,
anthocyanidin sophoroside metabolism ,
anthocyanin biosynthesis (cyanidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
anthocyanin biosynthesis (delphinidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
anthocyanin biosynthesis (pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
apigenin glycosides biosynthesis ,
apigeninidin 5-O-glucoside biosynthesis ,
arabidiol biosynthesis ,
arachidonate biosynthesis ,
arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle) ,
arginine degradation I (arginase pathway) ,
arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation VI (arginase 2 pathway) ,
arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway) ,
arginine degradation XII ,
aromatic polyketides biosynthesis ,
arsenate detoxification I (glutaredoxin) ,
arsenate detoxification II (glutaredoxin) ,
artemisinin biosynthesis ,
ascorbate glutathione cycle ,
ascorbate recycling (cytosolic) ,
A series fagopyritols biosynthesis ,
asparagine biosynthesis I ,
asparagine degradation I ,
asparagine degradation II ,
asparagine degradation III (mammalian) ,
aspartate biosynthesis ,
aspartate degradation I ,
aspartate degradation II ,
asperlicin E biosynthesis ,
aspirin-triggered lipoxin biosynthesis ,
aspirin triggered resolvin D biosynthesis ,
aspirin triggered resolvin E biosynthesis ,
astaxanthin biosynthesis ,
asterrate biosynthesis ,
atromentin biosynthesis ,
aurone biosynthesis ,
avenacin A-1 biosynthesis ,
avenacin A-2 biosynthesis ,
avenacin biosynthesis, initial reactions ,
baicalein degradation (hydrogen peroxide detoxification) ,
baicalein metabolism ,
barbaloin biosynthesis ,
baruol biosynthesis ,
base-degraded thiamin salvage ,
benzoate biosynthesis I (CoA-dependent, β-oxidative) ,
benzoate biosynthesis II (CoA-independent, non-β-oxidative) ,
benzoate biosynthesis III (CoA-dependent, non-β-oxidative) ,
benzoylanthranilate biosynthesis ,
benzoyl-β-D-glucopyranose biosynthesis ,
benzoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
berberine biosynthesis ,
bergamotene biosynthesis I ,
bergamotene biosynthesis II ,
β-alanine betaine biosynthesis ,
β-alanine biosynthesis I ,
β-alanine biosynthesis II ,
β-alanine biosynthesis IV ,
β-alanine degradation I ,
beta-carboline biosynthesis ,
β-carotene biosynthesis ,
β-carotene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
β-caryophyllene biosynthesis ,
β-cubebene biosynthesis ,
betacyanin biosynthesis ,
betacyanin biosynthesis (via dopamine) ,
betalamic acid biosynthesis ,
betanidin degradation ,
β-pyrazole-1-ylalanine biosynthesis ,
betaxanthin biosynthesis ,
betaxanthin biosynthesis (via dopamine) ,
betaxanthin biosynthesis (via dopaxanthin) ,
betulinate biosynthesis ,
bile acid biosynthesis, neutral pathway ,
biochanin A conjugates interconversion ,
biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I ,
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly ,
bisabolene biosynthesis ,
bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis ,
bitter acids biosynthesis ,
bixin biosynthesis ,
bombykol biosynthesis ,
bornyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
botrydial biosynthesis ,
botryococcenes and methylated squalene biosynthesis ,
brassicicene C biosynthesis ,
brassinosteroid biosynthesis I ,
brassinosteroid biosynthesis II ,
brassinosteroids inactivation ,
B series fagopyritols biosynthesis ,
bupropion degradation ,
butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
C20 prostanoid biosynthesis ,
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type ,
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type ,
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type ,
caffeine biosynthesis I ,
caffeine biosynthesis II (via paraxanthine) ,
caffeine degradation II ,
caffeine degradation I (main, plants) ,
caffeoylglucarate biosynthesis ,
calendate biosynthesis ,
callose biosynthesis ,
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle ,
calystegine biosynthesis ,
camalexin biosynthesis ,
(-)-camphor biosynthesis ,
camptothecin biosynthesis ,
canavanine biosynthesis ,
canavanine degradation ,
cannabinoid biosynthesis ,
canthaxanthin biosynthesis ,
capsaicin biosynthesis ,
capsanthin and capsorubin biosynthesis ,
capsiconiate biosynthesis ,
capsidiol biosynthesis ,
carbon disulfide oxidation II (aerobic) ,
cardenolide biosynthesis ,
cardenolide glucosides biosynthesis ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis II ,
carnosine biosynthesis ,
carotenoid cleavage ,
carrageenan biosynthesis ,
casbene biosynthesis ,
catecholamine biosynthesis ,
catechol degradation III (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II ,
cellulose biosynthesis ,
cellulose degradation II (fungi) ,
cephalosporin C biosynthesis ,
ceramide degradation ,
ceramide de novo biosynthesis ,
ceramide phosphoethanolamine biosynthesis ,
C-glycosylflavone biosynthesis I ,
C-glycosylflavone biosynthesis II ,
C-glycosylflavone biosynthesis III ,
chalcone 2'-O-glucoside biosynthesis ,
chanoclavine I aldehyde biosynthesis ,
chelerythrine biosynthesis ,
chitin biosynthesis ,
chitin degradation II ,
chitin degradation to ethanol ,
chlorinated phenols degradation ,
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis I ,
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis II ,
chlorogenic acid degradation ,
chlorophyll a biosynthesis I ,
chlorophyll a biosynthesis II ,
chlorophyll a degradation I ,
chlorophyll a degradation II ,
chlorophyll a degradation III ,
chlorophyll cycle ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent) ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent) ,
cholesterol biosynthesis I ,
cholesterol biosynthesis III (via desmosterol) ,
cholesterol biosynthesis II (via 24,25-dihydrolanosterol) ,
choline biosynthesis I ,
choline biosynthesis II ,
choline biosynthesis III ,
choline degradation I ,
choline degradation II ,
choline degradation IV ,
chondroitin and dermatan biosynthesis ,
chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis ,
chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis (late stages) ,
chondroitin sulfate degradation (metazoa) ,
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate ,
chorismate biosynthesis I ,
chrysin biosynthesis ,
chrysoeriol biosynthesis ,
chrysophanol biosynthesis ,
cichoriin interconversion ,
cinchona alkaloids biosynthesis ,
cinnamate esters biosynthesis ,
cis-calamenene related sesquiterpenoids biosynthesis ,
cis-vaccenate biosynthesis ,
cis-zeatin biosynthesis ,
citrulline biosynthesis ,
citrulline degradation ,
citrulline-nitric oxide cycle ,
CMP-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate biosynthesis ,
CMP-KDO biosynthesis II (from D-arabinose 5-phosphate) ,
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes) ,
CMP-N-glycoloylneuraminate biosynthesis ,
CMP phosphorylation ,
CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anapleurotic) ,
cocaine biosynthesis ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis II (mammalian) ,
cohumulone biosynthesis ,
colchicine biosynthesis ,
coniferin metabolism ,
cornusiin E biosynthesis ,
costunolide biosynthesis ,
coumarin biosynthesis (via 2-coumarate) ,
coumarin metabolism (to melilotic acid) ,
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered) ,
coumestrol biosynthesis ,
creatine biosynthesis ,
creatine-phosphate biosynthesis ,
crepenynate biosynthesis ,
crocetin biosynthesis ,
crocetin esters biosynthesis ,
curcumene biosynthesis ,
curcumin glucoside biosynthesis ,
curcuminoid biosynthesis ,
cuticular wax biosynthesis ,
cutin biosynthesis ,
cyanate degradation ,
cyanide detoxification I ,
cyanide detoxification II ,
cyanidin 3,7-diglucoside polyacylation biosynthesis ,
cyanidin diglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
cyanidin dimalonylglucoside biosynthesis ,
cyanurate degradation ,
cyclopropane and cyclopropene fatty acid biosynthesis ,
cysteine biosynthesis/homocysteine degradation ,
cysteine biosynthesis I ,
cysteine biosynthesis III (mammalian) ,
cysteine biosynthesis IV (fungi) ,
cytokinin-O-glucosides biosynthesis ,
cytokinins 7-N-glucoside biosynthesis ,
cytokinins 9-N-glucoside biosynthesis ,
cytokinins degradation ,
daidzein conjugates interconversion ,
dalcochinin biosynthesis ,
dalpatein and dalnigrein biosynthesis ,
dammara-20,24-diene biosynthesis ,
daphnetin modification ,
daphnin interconversion ,
deacetylcephalosporin C biosynthesis ,
dehydroabietic acid biosynthesis ,
dehydro-D-arabinono-1,4-lactone biosynthesis ,
dehydroscoulerine biosynthesis ,
delphinidin diglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
Δ5-eicosenoate biosynthesis ,
Δ6-hexadecenoate biosynthesis ,
δ-carotene biosynthesis ,
δ-guaiene biosynthesis ,
dermatan sulfate biosynthesis ,
dermatan sulfate biosynthesis (late stages) ,
dermatan sulfate degradation (metazoa) ,
des-methyl avenacin A-1 biosynthesis ,
detoxification of reactive carbonyls in chloroplasts ,
D-galactose degradation V (Leloir pathway) ,
D-galacturonate degradation III ,
D-glucuronate degradation I ,
dhurrin biosynthesis ,
dhurrin degradation ,
diacylglycerol biosynthesis (PUFA enrichment in oilseed) ,
diacylglyceryl-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine biosynthesis ,
DIBOA-glucoside biosynthesis ,
dicranin biosynthesis ,
dihydroconiferyl alcohol biosynthesis ,
DIMBOA-glucoside activation ,
DIMBOA-glucoside biosynthesis ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis III (algae) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis II (Spartina) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis I (Wollastonia) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation I (cleavage) ,
dimorphecolate biosynthesis ,
diphthamide biosynthesis (eukaryotes) ,
diphyllin biosynthesis ,
diploterol and cycloartenol biosynthesis ,
diterpene phytoalexins precursors biosynthesis ,
divinyl ether biosynthesis I ,
divinyl ether biosynthesis II ,
D-myo-inositol (1,3,4)-trisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate degradation ,
D-myo-inositol (3,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate metabolism ,
docosahexanoate biosynthesis I ,
docosahexanoate biosynthesis II ,
dolichol and dolichyl phosphate biosynthesis ,
dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide biosynthesis ,
dopamine degradation ,
drosopterin and aurodrosopterin biosynthesis ,
D-serine degradation ,
D-sorbitol degradation I ,
dTDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis II ,
ecdysone and 20-hydroxyecdysone biosynthesis ,
ecdysteroid metabolism (arthropods) ,
echinatin biosynthesis ,
(E,E)-4,8,12-trimethyltrideca-1,3,7,11-tetraene biosynthesis ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis I (algae and lower plants) ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis III (fungi) ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis II (metazoa) ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
emetine biosynthesis ,
ent-kaurene biosynthesis I ,
ent -kaurene biosynthesis II ,
ephedrine biosynthesis ,
epoxy fatty acid biosynthesis ,
epoxypseudoisoeugenol-2-methylbutyrate biosynthesis ,
epoxysqualene biosynthesis ,
ergosterol biosynthesis I ,
ergosterol biosynthesis II ,
ergotamine biosynthesis ,
ergothioneine biosynthesis II (fungi) ,
esculetin biosynthesis ,
esculetin modification ,
esterified suberin biosynthesis ,
estradiol biosynthesis II ,
estradiol biosynthesis I (via estrone) ,
ethanol degradation II ,
ethanol degradation IV ,
ethiin degradation ,
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis I (plants) ,
ethylene biosynthesis IV ,
ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered) ,
eudesmol biosynthesis ,
eugenol and isoeugenol biosynthesis ,
eumelanin biosynthesis ,
eupatolitin 3-O-glucoside biosynthesis ,
extended VTC2 cycle ,
farnesene biosynthesis ,
farnesylcysteine salvage pathway ,
fatty acid activation ,
fatty acid α-oxidation I ,
fatty acid α-oxidation II ,
fatty acid α-oxidation III ,
fatty acid β-oxidation I ,
fatty acid β-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number) ,
fatty acid β-oxidation II (peroxisome) ,
fatty acid β-oxidation (peroxisome, yeast) ,
fatty acid β-oxidation VI (peroxisome) ,
fatty acid beta-oxidation V (unsaturated, odd number, di-isomerase-dependent) ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation I ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation II ,
fatty acid biosynthesis (plant mitochondria) ,
fatty acid elongation -- saturated ,
fatty acids biosynthesis (yeast) ,
fenchol biosynthesis I ,
fenchol biosynthesis II ,
fenchone biosynthesis ,
ferulate and sinapate biosynthesis ,
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants) ,
flavin biosynthesis III (fungi) ,
flavin biosynthesis IV (mammalian) ,
flavonoid biosynthesis ,
flavonoid biosynthesis (in equisetum) ,
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis III - quercetin derivatives ,
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis II - isorhamnetin derivatives ,
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis I - kaempferol derivatives ,
flavonol biosynthesis ,
fluoroacetate degradation ,
folate polyglutamylation ,
folate transformations II ,
formaldehyde assimilation III (dihydroxyacetone cycle) ,
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent) ,
formononetin biosynthesis ,
formononetin conjugates interconversion ,
free phenylpropanoid acid biosynthesis ,
fructan biosynthesis ,
fructan degradation ,
fructose 2,6-bisphosphate biosynthesis ,
fumigaclavine biosynthesis ,
fumiquinazoline D biosynthesis ,
fumitremorgin A biosynthesis ,
fumitremorgin C biosynthesis ,
furaneol biosynthesis ,
furcatin degradation ,
furfural degradation ,
fusicoccin A biosynthesis ,
GA12 biosynthesis ,
GABA shunt ,
galactose degradation III ,
galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway) ,
galactose degradation IV ,
galactosylcyclitol biosynthesis ,
gallate biosynthesis ,
gallotannin biosynthesis ,
galloylated catechin biosynthesis ,
γ-coniciene and coniine biosynthesis ,
γ-glutamyl cycle ,
γ-linolenate biosynthesis II (animals) ,
γ-linolenate biosynthesis I (plants) ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis II ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose) ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis II (from L-fucose) ,
GDP-L-galactose biosynthesis ,
GDP-mannose biosynthesis ,
genistein conjugates interconversion ,
genistin gentiobioside biosynthesis ,
gentiodelphin biosynthesis ,
geodin biosynthesis ,
geraniol and geranial biosynthesis ,
geraniol and nerol degradation ,
geranyl acetate biosynthesis ,
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
germacrene biosynthesis ,
gibberellin biosynthesis II (early C-3 hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin biosynthesis III (early C-13 hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin biosynthesis I (non C-3, non C-13 hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin biosynthesis IV (Gibberella fujikuroi) ,
gibberellin biosynthesis V ,
gibberellin inactivation I (2β-hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin inactivation III (epoxidation) ,
gibberellin inactivation II (methylation) ,
ginsenoside degradation I ,
ginsenoside degradation II ,
ginsenoside degradation III ,
ginsenosides biosynthesis ,
gliotoxin biosynthesis ,
gliotoxin inactivation ,
glucocorticoid biosynthesis ,
gluconeogenesis I ,
gluconeogenesis III ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from dihomomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from hexahomomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from homomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from pentahomomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from phenylalanine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tetrahomomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from trihomomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tryptophan ,
glucosinolate breakdown ,
glucosinolate breakdown (via thiocyanate-forming protein) ,
glutamate and glutamine biosynthesis ,
glutamate biosynthesis II ,
glutamate biosynthesis III ,
glutamate biosynthesis IV ,
glutamate biosynthesis V ,
glutamate degradation I ,
glutamate degradation IV ,
glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutyrate) ,
glutamate degradation X ,
glutamate removal from folates ,
glutamine biosynthesis I ,
glutamine biosynthesis III ,
glutamine degradation I ,
glutaryl-CoA degradation ,
glutathione biosynthesis ,
glutathione degradation (DUG pathway - yeast) ,
glutathione-mediated detoxification I ,
glutathione-mediated detoxification II ,
glutathione redox reactions I ,
glutathione redox reactions II ,
glutathionylspermidine biosynthesis ,
glyceollin biosynthesis I ,
glyceollin biosynthesis II ,
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle ,
glycerol degradation I ,
glycerol degradation II ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis III (plants) ,
glycine betaine degradation I ,
glycine betaine degradation II (mammalian) ,
glycine biosynthesis I ,
glycine biosynthesis II ,
glycine biosynthesis III ,
glycine biosynthesis IV ,
glycine cleavage ,
glycoaminoglycan-protein linkage region biosynthesis ,
glycogen biosynthesis II (from UDP-D-Glucose) ,
glycogen degradation III ,
glycogenolysis II ,
glycolipid biosynthesis ,
glycolipid desaturation ,
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis IV (plant cytosol) ,
glycolysis VI (metazoan) ,
glycyrrhetinate biosynthesis ,
glyoxylate cycle ,
gossypetin metabolism ,
gossypol biosynthesis ,
gramine biosynthesis ,
guaiacylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether degradation ,
guanine and guanosine salvage ,
guanine and guanosine salvage II ,
guanine and guanosine salvage III ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation I ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation II ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation III ,
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
heliocides biosynthesis ,
heme biosynthesis I (aerobic) ,
heme biosynthesis II (anaerobic) ,
heme degradation ,
hemoglobin degradation ,
heparan sulfate biosynthesis ,
heparan sulfate biosynthesis (late stages) ,
hesperitin glycoside biosynthesis ,
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
hispidol biosynthesis ,
histamine biosynthesis ,
histamine degradation ,
histidine biosynthesis ,
histidine degradation III ,
histidine degradation V ,
histidine degradation VI ,
homocarnosine biosynthesis ,
homocysteine and cysteine interconversion ,
homocysteine biosynthesis ,
homogalacturonan biosynthesis ,
homogalacturonan degradation ,
homoglutathione biosynthesis ,
homolactic fermentation ,
homomethionine biosynthesis ,
homophytochelatin biosynthesis ,
homospermidine biosynthesis ,
hordatine biosynthesis ,
humulone biosynthesis ,
hydrogen production VIII ,
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis II (mammalian) ,
hydroxycinnamate sugar acid ester biosynthesis ,
hydroxycinnamic acid serotonin amides biosynthesis ,
hydroxycinnamic acid tyramine amides biosynthesis ,
hydroxyjasmonate sulfate biosynthesis ,
hydroxylated fatty acid biosynthesis (plants) ,
hydroxylated mugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis ,
hydroxymethylpyrimidine salvage ,
hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis ,
hyperforin and adhyperforin biosynthesis ,
hypericin biosynthesis ,
hyperxanthone E biosynthesis ,
hypoglycin biosynthesis ,
hypusine biosynthesis ,
indican biosynthesis ,
indigo biosynthesis ,
indole-3-acetate activation I ,
indole-3-acetate activation II ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis I ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis II ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis V (bacteria and fungi) ,
indole-3-acetate conjugate biosynthesis II ,
indole-3-acetate degradation I ,
indole-3-acetate degradation II ,
indole-3-acetate degradation III ,
indole-3-acetate degradation IV ,
indole-3-acetate degradation V ,
indole-3-acetate degradation VI ,
indole-3-acetate degradation VII ,
indole-3-acetyl-amide conjugate biosynthesis ,
indole-3-acetyl-ester conjugate biosynthesis ,
indole degradation to anthranil and anthranilate ,
indole glucosinolate breakdown (active in intact plant cell) ,
indole glucosinolate breakdown (insect chewing induced) ,
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
inositol pyrophosphates biosynthesis ,
ipsdienol biosynthesis ,
iron reduction and absorption ,
isoalliin degradation ,
isoflavonoid biosynthesis I ,
isoflavonoid biosynthesis II ,
isoleucine degradation I ,
isoleucine degradation II ,
isopenicillin N biosynthesis ,
isopimaric acid biosynthesis ,
isoprene biosynthesis I ,
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered) ,
isovitexin and isovitexin glycosides biosynthesis ,
itaconate biosynthesis ,
jasmonic acid biosynthesis ,
jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis I ,
jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis II ,
juglone biosynthesis ,
justicidin B biosynthesis ,
juvenile hormone III biosynthesis I ,
juvenile hormone III biosynthesis II ,
kaempferide triglycoside biosynthesis ,
kaempferol diglycoside biosynthesis (pollen-specific) ,
kaempferol gentiobioside biosynthesis ,
kaempferol glycoside biosynthesis (Arabidopsis) ,
kaempferol triglucoside biosynthesis ,
kauralexin biosynthesis ,
ketogenesis ,
ketolysis ,
kievitone biosynthesis ,
labdane-type diterpenes biosynthesis ,
lacinilene C biosynthesis ,
lactucaxanthin biosynthesis ,
laminaribiose degradation ,
lampranthin biosynthesis ,
lanosterol biosynthesis ,
L-arabinan degradation ,
L-arabinose degradation II ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis II (L-gulose pathway) ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis I (L-galactose pathway) ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis IV ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis V ,
L-ascorbate degradation III ,
L-ascorbate degradation IV ,
lathyrine biosynthesis ,
lawsone biosynthesis ,
L-carnitine biosynthesis ,
L-cysteine degradation I ,
L-cysteine degradation III ,
L-dopachrome biosynthesis ,
L-dopa degradation ,
leucine degradation I ,
leucine degradation III ,
leucodelphinidin biosynthesis ,
leucopelargonidin and leucocyanidin biosynthesis ,
leukotriene biosynthesis ,
levopimaric acid biosynthesis ,
L-glutamine biosynthesis II (tRNA-dependent) ,
linalool biosynthesis I ,
linalool biosynthesis II ,
linamarin biosynthesis ,
linamarin degradation ,
linear furanocoumarin biosynthesis ,
linoleate biosynthesis II (animals) ,
linoleate biosynthesis I (plants) ,
linustatin bioactivation ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation (glycine cleavage system, yeast) ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation (pyruvate dehydrogenase and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, yeast) ,
lipoxin biosynthesis ,
L-Nδ-acetylornithine biosynthesis ,
lotaustralin biosynthesis ,
lotaustralin degradation ,
lovastatin biosynthesis ,
L-rhamnose degradation II ,
L-serine degradation ,
lupanine biosynthesis ,
lupeol biosynthesis ,
lupinate biosynthesis ,
lutein biosynthesis ,
luteolin biosynthesis ,
luteolin glycosides biosynthesis ,
luteolinidin 5-O-glucoside biosynthesis ,
luteolin triglucuronide biosynthesis ,
luteolin triglucuronide degradation ,
lychnose and isolychnose biosynthesis ,
lysine biosynthesis IV ,
lysine biosynthesis VI ,
lysine degradation III ,
lysine degradation II (mammalian) ,
lysine degradation II (pipecolate pathway) ,
lysine degradation IX ,
lysine degradation VII ,
maackiain biosynthesis ,
maackiain conjugates interconversion ,
magnoflorine biosynthesis ,
manganese oxidation I ,
mangrove triterpenoid biosynthesis ,
mannitol biosynthesis ,
mannitol cycle ,
mannitol degradation II ,
mannosyl-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases ,
marneral biosynthesis ,
matairesinol biosynthesis ,
maysin biosynthesis ,
medicarpin biosynthesis ,
medicarpin conjugates interconversion ,
melatonin degradation I ,
melatonin degradation II ,
melatonin degradation III ,
menthol biosynthesis ,
meso-butanediol biosynthesis II ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde IV ,
methionine biosynthesis II ,
methionine biosynthesis III ,
methionine degradation II ,
methionine degradation III ,
methionine degradation I (to homocysteine) ,
methionine salvage cycle I (bacteria and plants) ,
methionine salvage cycle III (animals) ,
methionine salvage cycle II (plants) ,
methionine salvage from homocysteine ,
methylbutenol biosynthesis ,
methylerythritol phosphate pathway II ,
methylglyoxal degradation I ,
methylglyoxal degradation II ,
methylglyoxal degradation III ,
methylglyoxal degradation V ,
methylglyoxal degradation VI ,
methylglyoxal degradation VII ,
methylglyoxal degradation VIII ,
methylhalides biosynthesis (plants) ,
methyl indole-3-acetate interconversion ,
methyl ketone biosynthesis ,
methylquercetin biosynthesis ,
mevalonate pathway I ,
(-)-microperfuranone biosynthesis ,
mimosine biosynthesis ,
mineralocorticoid biosynthesis ,
mitochondrial L-carnitine shuttle ,
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
momilactone A biosynthesis ,
monoacylglycerol metabolism (yeast) ,
monolignol glucosides biosynthesis ,
monoterpene biosynthesis ,
morphine biosynthesis ,
mRNA capping I ,
mRNA capping II ,
mucin core 1 and core 2 O-glycosylation ,
mucin core 3 and core 4 O-glycosylation ,
myo-inositol biosynthesis ,
myo-inositol degradation I ,
myricetin gentiobioside biosynthesis ,
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) ,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan) ,
NADH repair ,
NAD/NADH phosphorylation and dephosphorylation ,
NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH cytosolic interconversion (yeast) ,
NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH mitochondrial interconversion (yeast) ,
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation II (mammalian) ,
NAD salvage pathway I ,
NAD salvage pathway III ,
naringenin biosynthesis (engineered) ,
naringenin glycoside biosynthesis ,
neoabietic acid biosynthesis ,
neolinustatin bioactivation ,
neoxanthin biosynthesis ,
neurosporaxanthin biosynthesis ,
nevadensin biosynthesis ,
N-glucosylnicotinate metabolism ,
nicotianamine biosynthesis ,
nicotine biosynthesis ,
nicotine degradation III ,
nicotine degradation IV ,
nitrate reduction I (denitrification) ,
nitrate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory) ,
nitric oxide biosynthesis (plants) ,
nitrilotriacetate degradation ,
nitroethane degradation ,
N-methylanthraniloyl-β-D-glucopyranose biosynthesis ,
N-methyl-Δ1-pyrrolinium cation biosynthesis ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis II ,
noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation ,
noscapine biosynthesis ,
octanoyl-ACP biosynthesis (mitochondria, yeast) ,
octopamine biosynthesis ,
o-diquinones biosynthesis ,
oleanolate biosynthesis ,
oleate β-oxidation (isomerase-dependent, yeast) ,
oleate β-oxidation (reductase-dependent, yeast) ,
oleate β-oxidation (thioesterase-dependent, yeast) ,
oleate biosynthesis II (animals and fungi) ,
oleate biosynthesis I (plants) ,
oleoresin monoterpene volatiles biosynthesis ,
oleoresin sesquiterpene volatiles biosynthesis ,
oligomeric urushiol biosynthesis ,
olivetol biosynthesis (olivetol synthase by-products synthesis) ,
ω-hydroxylation of caprate and laurate ,
ω- hydroxylation of laurate ,
O -methylation of tricetin ,
orcinol degradation ,
ornithine de novo biosynthesis ,
oryzalexin A, B, and C biosynthesis ,
oryzalexin D and E biosynthesis ,
oryzalide A biosynthesis ,
oxalate biosynthesis ,
oxalate degradation IV ,
oxalate degradation V ,
oxidative ethanol degradation III ,
oxidized GTP and dGTP detoxification ,
palmatine biosynthesis ,
palmitate biosynthesis I (animals and fungi) ,
palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis II ,
palustric acid biosynthesis ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis III ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis II (plants) ,
papaverine biosynthesis ,
paspaline biosynthesis ,
patchoulol biosynthesis ,
patulin biosynthesis ,
paxilline and diprenylpaxilline biosynthesis ,
pelargonidin conjugates biosynthesis ,
pelargonidin diglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
penicillin K biosynthesis ,
pentacyclic triterpene biosynthesis ,
pentagalloylglucose biosynthesis ,
pentaketide chromone biosynthesis ,
pentose phosphate pathway ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) II ,
perillyl aldehyde biosynthesis ,
petivericin biosynthesis ,
petroselinate biosynthesis ,
phaseic acid biosynthesis ,
phaselate biosynthesis ,
phaseollin biosynthesis ,
phenol degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenolic malonylglucosides biosynthesis ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis (cytosolic, plants) ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis I ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis II ,
phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylalanine degradation III ,
phenylalanine degradation IV (mammalian, via side chain) ,
phenylalanine degradation V ,
phenylethanol biosynthesis ,
phenylethanol glycoconjugate biosynthesis ,
phenylethyl acetate biosynthesis ,
phenylphenalenone biosynthesis ,
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis ,
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, initial reactions ,
phenylpropanoids methylation (ice plant) ,
phloridzin biosynthesis ,
phosphate acquisition ,
phosphate utilization in cell wall regeneration ,
phosphatidate metabolism, as a signaling molecule ,
phosphatidylcholine acyl editing ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis II ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis III ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis IV ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis V ,
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis II ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis III ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol degradation ,
phosphatidylserine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylserine biosynthesis II ,
phospholipases ,
phospholipid biosynthesis II ,
phospholipid desaturation ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast) ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast) ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast) ,
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I ,
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis II ,
photorespiration ,
photosynthesis light reactions ,
phylloquinol biosynthesis ,
phytate degradation I ,
phytate degradation II ,
phytocassanes biosynthesis, shared reactions ,
phytochelatins biosynthesis ,
phytochromobilin biosynthesis ,
phytol degradation ,
phytol salvage pathway ,
phytyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
pinitol biosynthesis I ,
pinitol biosynthesis II ,
pinobanksin biosynthesis ,
pinolenic acid and coniferonic acid biosynthesis ,
pinosylvin metabolism ,
piperine biosynthesis ,
pisatin biosynthesis ,
plant sterol biosynthesis ,
plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis I ,
plaunotol biosynthesis ,
plumbagin biosynthesis ,
podophyllotoxin and 6-methoxypodophyllotoxin biosynthesis ,
podophyllotoxin glucosides metabolism ,
poly-hydroxy fatty acids biosynthesis ,
polymethylated kaempferol biosynthesis ,
polymethylated myricetin biosynthesis (tomato) ,
polymethylated quercetin biosynthesis ,
polymethylated quercetin glucoside biosynthesis II - quercetagetin series (Chrysosplenium) ,
polymethylated quercetin glucoside biosynthesis I - quercetin series (Chrysosplenium) ,
ponciretin biosynthesis ,
pregnenolone biosynthesis ,
proanthocyanidin biosynthesis from flavanols ,
progesterone biosynthesis ,
proline biosynthesis I ,
proline biosynthesis II (from arginine) ,
proline biosynthesis III ,
proline biosynthesis IV ,
proline degradation ,
propionyl CoA degradation ,
protein citrullination ,
protein O-[N-acetyl]-glucosylation ,
protein ubiquitination ,
PRPP biosynthesis I ,
pseudouridine degradation ,
pterostilbene biosynthesis ,
pulcherrimin biosynthesis ,
punicic acid biosynthesis ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
purine nucleotides degradation II (aerobic) ,
purine nucleotides degradation I (plants) ,
purine ribonucleosides degradation ,
putrescine biosynthesis I ,
putrescine biosynthesis II ,
putrescine biosynthesis III ,
putrescine biosynthesis IV ,
putrescine degradation III ,
putrescine degradation IV ,
pyrethrin I biosynthesis ,
pyridine nucleotide cycling (plants) ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage II (plants) ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides biosynthesis from CTP ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III ,
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and alanine ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate III ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate V ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VI ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VII ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VIII ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol ,
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered) ,
pyruvate fermentation to lactate ,
pyruvate fermentation to opines ,
quercetin diglycoside biosynthesis (pollen-specific) ,
quercetin gentiotetraside biosynthesis ,
quercetin glucoside biosynthesis (Allium) ,
quercetin glucoside degradation (Allium) ,
quercetin glycoside biosynthesis (Arabidopsis) ,
quercetin sulfate biosynthesis ,
quercetin triglucoside biosynthesis ,
quinate degradation II ,
(R)-acetoin biosynthesis I ,
Rapoport-Luebering glycolytic shunt ,
raspberry ketone biosynthesis ,
(R)-canadine biosynthesis ,
reactive oxygen species degradation (mammalian) ,
resolvin D biosynthesis ,
resveratrol biosynthesis ,
resveratrol degradation ,
retinoate biosynthesis I ,
retinoate biosynthesis II ,
retinol biosynthesis ,
rhamnogalacturonan type I degradation I (fungi) ,
rhodoquinone-10 biosynthesis ,
rhodoquinone-9 biosynthesis ,
ricinine degradation ,
ricinoleate biosynthesis ,
rose anthocyanin biosynthesis II (via cyanidin 3-O-β-D-glucoside) ,
rose anthocyanin biosynthesis I (via cyanidin 5-O-β-D-glucoside) ,
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis I ,
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis II ,
rot-2'-enonate biosynthesis ,
rotenoid biosynthesis I ,
rotenoid biosynthesis II ,
(R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
(R,R)-butanediol degradation ,
rubber biosynthesis ,
Rubisco shunt ,
rutin biosynthesis ,
rutin degradation ,
rutin degradation (plants) ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II ,
sakuranetin biosynthesis ,
salicin biosynthesis ,
salicortin biosynthesis ,
salicylate biosynthesis I ,
salicylate biosynthesis II ,
salicylate degradation I ,
salicylate degradation III ,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis I ,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis II ,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis III ,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis IV ,
salidroside biosynthesis ,
salvianin biosynthesis ,
salvigenin biosynthesis ,
sanguinarine and macarpine biosynthesis ,
santalene biosynthesis I ,
santalene biosynthesis II ,
saponin biosynthesis II ,
saponin biosynthesis III ,
saponin biosynthesis IV ,
sciadonate biosynthesis ,
scopoletin biosynthesis ,
secologanin and strictosidine biosynthesis ,
seed germination protein turnover ,
selenate reduction ,
seleno-amino acid biosynthesis ,
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization I ,
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization II ,
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization III ,
selenocysteine biosynthesis II (archaea and eukaryotes) ,
selinene biosynthesis ,
senecionine N-oxide biosynthesis ,
serine biosynthesis ,
serine racemization ,
serinol biosynthesis ,
serotonin and melatonin biosynthesis ,
serotonin degradation ,
sesamin biosynthesis ,
sesaminol glucoside biosynthesis ,
sesquiterpenoid phytoalexins biosynthesis ,
shikonin biosynthesis ,
shisonin biosynthesis ,
sinapate ester biosynthesis ,
siroheme biosynthesis ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation II ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation III ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
S-methylmethionine cycle ,
sophoraflavanone G biosynthesis ,
sophorolipid biosynthesis ,
sophorolipid degradation ,
sorbitol biosynthesis I ,
sorgoleone biosynthesis ,
soybean saponin I biosynthesis ,
spermidine biosynthesis I ,
spermidine hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates biosynthesis ,
spermine and spermidine degradation I ,
spermine and spermidine degradation II ,
spermine and spermidine degradation III ,
spermine biosynthesis ,
sphingolipid biosynthesis (mammals) ,
sphingolipid biosynthesis (plants) ,
sphingolipid biosynthesis (yeast) ,
sphingolipid recycling and degradation (yeast) ,
sphingomyelin metabolism ,
sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism ,
sporopollenin precursor biosynthesis ,
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis I ,
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis II ,
stachyose biosynthesis ,
stachyose degradation ,
starch biosynthesis ,
starch degradation I ,
starch degradation II ,
stearate biosynthesis I (animals) ,
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
stearate biosynthesis III (fungi) ,
stellariose and mediose biosynthesis ,
sterigmatocystin biosynthesis ,
steroidal glycoalkaloid biosynthesis ,
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast) ,
steviol biosynthesis ,
steviol glucoside biosynthesis (rebaudioside A biosynthesis) ,
stigma estolide biosynthesis ,
suberin monomers biosynthesis ,
sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis) ,
sucrose biosynthesis II ,
sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase) ,
sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase) ,
sucrose degradation V (sucrose α-glucosidase) ,
sulfate activation for sulfonation ,
sulfate reduction I (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
sulfite oxidation IV ,
sulfolipid biosynthesis ,
sulfur volatiles biosynthesis ,
superoxide radicals degradation ,
superpathay of heme biosynthesis from glutamate ,
superpathway avenacin A biosynthesis ,
superpathway NAD/NADP - NADH/NADPH interconversion (yeast) ,
superpathway of 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis (plants) ,
superpathway of 2,3-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of 4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis (yeast) ,
superpathway of acetyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of aflatoxin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of allantoin degradation in plants ,
superpathway of allantoin degradation in yeast ,
superpathway of alliin degradation ,
superpathway of ammonia assimilation (plants) ,
superpathway of anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates) ,
superpathway of anaerobic sucrose degradation ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from cyanidin and cyanidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from delphinidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of benzoxazinoid glucosides biosynthesis ,
superpathway of betalain biosynthesis ,
superpathway of C28 brassinosteroid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of carotenoid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of cholesterol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of choline biosynthesis ,
superpathway of citrulline metabolism ,
superpathway of cytosolic glycolysis (plants), pyruvate dehydrogenase and TCA cycle ,
superpathway of diterpene resin acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate metabolism ,
superpathway of ergosterol biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of ergosterol biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of ergotamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis II (plant) ,
superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii) ,
superpathway of flavones and derivatives biosynthesis ,
superpathway of formononetin derivative biosynthesis ,
superpathway of fumitremorgin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis II (via MEP) ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate) ,
superpathway of gibberellin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of gibberellin GA12 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides degradation (plants) ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from glycine ,
superpathway of hydrolyzable tannin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of indole-3-acetate conjugate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds ,
superpathway of isoflavonoids (via naringenin) ,
superpathway of jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis ,
superpathway of linalool biosynthesis ,
superpathway of linamarin and lotaustralin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation (PDH, KGDH, GCV, yeast) ,
superpathway of lipoxygenase ,
superpathway of lysine degradation ,
superpathway of lysine, threonine and methionine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of melatonin degradation ,
superpathway of methionine biosynthesis (by sulfhydrylation) ,
superpathway of methionine salvage and degradation ,
superpathway of microbial D-galacturonate and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of NAD biosynthesis in eukaryotes ,
superpathway of nicotine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of oleoresin turpentine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of penicillin, cephalosporin and cephamycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pentose and pentitol degradation ,
superpathway of phenylalanine and tyrosine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phylloquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of plastoquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of pterocarpan biosynthesis (via daidzein) ,
superpathway of pterocarpan biosynthesis (via formononetin) ,
superpathway of purine nucleotide salvage ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of purines degradation in plants ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pyrimidine nucleobases salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of rosmarinic acid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of scopolin and esculin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of seleno-compound metabolism ,
superpathway of serine and glycine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of sialic acids and CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of steroid hormone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfur amino acid biosynthesis (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis III (eukaryotes) ,
superpathway of ubiquinol-6 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
superpathway phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast) ,
superpathway polymethylated quercetin/quercetagetin glucoside biosynthesis (Chrysosplenium) ,
syringetin biosynthesis ,
t-anethole biosynthesis ,
taurine biosynthesis ,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
taxiphyllin bioactivation ,
taxiphyllin biosynthesis ,
taxol biosynthesis ,
TCA cycle III (animals) ,
TCA cycle II (plants and fungi) ,
TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase) ,
tea aroma glycosidic precursor bioactivation ,
terminal O-glycans residues modification ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis I ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis II ,
ternatin C3 biosynthesis ,
ternatin C5 biosynthesis ,
terrequinone A biosynthesis ,
tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis I ,
tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis II ,
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate ,
tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis (from 3-hydroxybenzoate) ,
tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis (from benzoate) ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate) ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine) ,
thalianol and derivatives biosynthesis ,
theobromine biosynthesis I ,
theobromine biosynthesis II (via xanthine) ,
the visual cycle II (molluscs) ,
the visual cycle (insects) ,
the visual cycle I (vertebrates) ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis IV (eukaryotes) ,
thiamin formation from pyrithiamine and oxythiamine (yeast) ,
thiamin salvage IV (yeast) ,
thiamin triphosphate metabolism ,
thiazole biosynthesis III (eukaryotes) ,
thio-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
thiosulfate disproportionation III (rhodanese) ,
thiosulfate disproportionation I (thiol-dependent) ,
threonine degradation ,
threonine degradation II ,
threonine degradation IV ,
thymine degradation ,
thyroid hormone biosynthesis ,
thyroid hormone metabolism II (via conjugation and/or degradation) ,
thyroid hormone metabolism I (via deiodination) ,
thyronamine and iodothyronamine metabolism ,
trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline degradation I ,
trans-cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) ,
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
trans-zeatin biosynthesis ,
traumatin and (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate biosynthesis ,
trehalose biosynthesis I ,
trehalose biosynthesis II ,
trehalose degradation II (trehalase) ,
trehalose degradation IV ,
trehalose degradation V ,
trehalose degradation VI (periplasmic) ,
triacylglycerol biosynthesis ,
triacylglycerol degradation ,
trichloroethylene degradation ,
trichome monoterpenes biosynthesis ,
trigonelline biosynthesis ,
tRNA methylation (yeast) ,
tRNA splicing ,
trypanothione biosynthesis ,
tryptophan biosynthesis ,
tryptophan degradation III (eukaryotic) ,
tryptophan degradation to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
tryptophan degradation VIII (to tryptophol) ,
tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine) ,
tryptophan degradation XI (mammalian, via kynurenine) ,
tryptophan degradation X (mammalian, via tryptamine) ,
tuberonate glucoside biosynthesis ,
tyrosine biosynthesis I ,
tyrosine biosynthesis II ,
tyrosine biosynthesis III ,
tyrosine biosynthesis IV ,
tyrosine degradation I ,
tyrosine degradation III ,
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-6 biosynthesis from 4-aminobenzoate (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-6 biosynthesis from 4-hydroxybenzoate (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-6 bypass biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-7 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from myo-inositol) ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose) ,
UDP-D-apiose biosynthesis (from UDP-D-glucuronate) ,
UDP-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis I (from UDP-D-glucuronate) ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis II (from D-galacturonate) ,
UDP-D-xylose biosynthesis ,
UDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
UDP-L-arabinose biosynthesis I (from UDP-xylose) ,
UDP-L-arabinose biosynthesis II (from L-arabinose) ,
UDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis II ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II ,
UDP-sugars interconversion ,
umbelliferone biosynthesis ,
UMP biosynthesis ,
unsaturated, even numbered fatty acid β-oxidation ,
uracil degradation I (reductive) ,
urate biosynthesis/inosine 5'-phosphate degradation ,
urate degradation to allantoin I ,
urea cycle ,
urea degradation I ,
urea degradation II ,
ureide biosynthesis ,
ursolate biosynthesis ,
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II ,
valencene and 7-epi-α-selinene biosynthesis ,
valine degradation I ,
valine degradation II ,
vanillin biosynthesis I ,
vernolate biosynthesis ,
versicolorin B biosynthesis ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II ,
vestitol and sativan biosynthesis ,
vicianin bioactivation ,
vindoline and vinblastine biosynthesis ,
violdelphin biosynthesis ,
vitamin D3 biosynthesis ,
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocopherols) ,
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocotrienols) ,
vitexin and derivatives biosynthesis ,
volatile benzenoid biosynthesis I (ester formation) ,
volatile cinnamoic ester biosynthesis ,
volatile esters biosynthesis (during fruit ripening) ,
VTC2 cycle ,
wax esters biosynthesis I ,
wax esters biosynthesis II ,
wighteone and luteone biosynthesis ,
willardiine and isowillardiine biosynthesis ,
wogonin metabolism ,
wound-induced proteolysis I ,
wybutosine biosynthesis ,
xanthohumol biosynthesis ,
xylan biosynthesis ,
xylitol degradation ,
xylogalacturonan biosynthesis ,
xyloglucan biosynthesis ,
xyloglucan degradation I (endoglucanase) ,
xyloglucan degradation II (exoglucanase) ,
xyloglucan degradation III (cellobiohydrolase) ,
xylose degradation II ,
(Z)-9-tricosene biosynthesis ,
(Z)-butanethiol-S-oxide biosynthesis ,
zealexin biosynthesis ,
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion ,
zeaxanthin biosynthesis ,
zerumbone biosynthesis ,
zymosterol biosynthesis

Additional pathways which may be present in Eukaryota and all its sub-taxa (31)
These pathways were inferred using their expected taxonomic range:
all trans undecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
anthranilate degradation IV (aerobic) ,
asparagine biosynthesis II ,
dimethyl sulfoxide degradation ,
D-mannose degradation ,
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I ,
folate transformations I ,
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation ,
glycerol degradation V ,
glycogen degradation I ,
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate) ,
heptaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) ,
L-cysteine degradation II ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I ,
melibiose degradation ,
octaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I ,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
polyvinyl alcohol degradation ,
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation ,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff ,
superpathway of leucine, valine, and isoleucine biosynthesis ,
thioredoxin pathway ,
tRNA charging ,
valine biosynthesis ,
xanthine and xanthosine salvage


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
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