Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
Metabolic Modeling Tutorial
discounted EARLY registration ends Dec 31, 2014
BioCyc websites down
12/28 - 12/31
for maintenance.
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MetaCyc Taxon: Eukaryota

Synonyms: eukaryotes, eukaryotes, eucaryotes, Eukaryotae, Eukarya, Eucaryotae, Eucarya

Rank: superkingdom

Taxonomic lineage: cellular organisms

Direct sub-taxa of Eukaryota: Alveolata , Amoebozoa , Apusozoa, Breviatea, Centroheliozoa, Cryptophyta , environmental samples , Euglenozoa , Fornicata , Glaucocystophyceae , Haptophyceae , Heterolobosea, Jakobida, Katablepharidophyta, Opisthokonta , Parabasalia , Rhizaria , Rhodophyta , Stramenopiles , Viridiplantae , (+ 2 more...)

Unification Links: NCBI-Taxonomy:2759


Pathways present in Eukaryota or one of its sub-taxa (1468).
These pathways were observed experimentally in this taxon or one of its sub-taxa:
(+)-camphor biosynthesis ,
(+)-secoisolariciresinol diglucoside biosynthesis ,
10-cis-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (yeast) ,
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (MFE-dependent, yeast) ,
10-trans-heptadecenoyl-CoA degradation (reductase-dependent, yeast) ,
11-cis-3-hydroxyretinal biosynthesis ,
1,3,5-trimethoxybenzene biosynthesis ,
(1,3)-β-D-xylan degradation ,
1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
(1,4)-β-xylan degradation ,
1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate biosynthesis II (plants) ,
1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis I (from Ins(1,4,5)P3) ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis III (Spirodela polyrrhiza) ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis II (mammalian) ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis IV (Dictyostelium) ,
1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis V (from Ins(1,3,4)P3) ,
(1'S,5'S)-averufin biosynthesis ,
2,3-cis-flavanols biosynthesis ,
2,3-trans-flavanols biosynthesis ,
2,4,6-trinitrotoluene degradation ,
26,27-dehydrozymosterol metabolism ,
2α,7β-dihydroxylation of taxusin ,
2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde degradation to glutaryl-CoA ,
2-aminoethylphosphonate biosynthesis ,
2'-deoxymugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis ,
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis ,
2-methylbutyrate biosynthesis ,
2-methylcitrate cycle I ,
2-methylketone biosynthesis ,
2-O-acetyl-3-O-trans-coutarate biosynthesis ,
2-oxobutanoate degradation I ,
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA ,
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA ,
3,4-dihydroxymandelonitrile β-D-glucose biosynthesis ,
3,5-dimethoxytoluene biosynthesis ,
3-amino-3-phenylpropanoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
3β-hydroxysesquiterpene lactone biosynthesis ,
3-carene biosynthesis ,
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I ,
(3E)-4,8-dimethylnona-1,3,7-triene biosynthesis ,
3-methylbutanol biosynthesis ,
3-methylthiopropanoate biosynthesis ,
3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis ,
3-phosphoinositide degradation ,
4-amino-2-methyl-5-diphosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis ,
4-amino-2-methyl-5-phosphomethylpyrimidine biosynthesis (yeast) ,
4-aminobenzoate biosynthesis ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation III ,
4-aminobutyrate degradation IV ,
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes) ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis IV ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis V ,
4-hydroxycoumarin and dicoumarol biosynthesis ,
4-hydroxymandelate degradation ,
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis ,
4-methyl-5(β-hydroxyethyl)thiazole salvage (yeast) ,
4-methylcatechol degradation (ortho cleavage) ,
(4R)-carvone biosynthesis ,
(4S)-carvone biosynthesis ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I ,
5-deoxystrigol biosynthesis ,
5-N-acetylardeemin biosynthesis ,
6,7,4'-trihydroxyisoflavone biosynthesis ,
6'-deoxychalcone metabolism ,
6-gingerol analog biosynthesis ,
6-gingerol biosynthesis ,
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
6-methoxymellein biosynthesis ,
7-dehydroporiferasterol biosynthesis ,
9-cis, 11-trans-octadecadienoyl-CoA degradation (isomerase-dependent, yeast) ,
9-lipoxygenase and 9-allene oxide synthase pathway ,
9-lipoxygenase and 9-hydroperoxide lyase pathway ,
abietic acid biosynthesis ,
abscisic acid biosynthesis ,
abscisic acid biosynthesis shunt ,
abscisic acid glucose ester biosynthesis ,
acacetin biosynthesis ,
acetaldehyde biosynthesis I ,
acetaldehyde biosynthesis II ,
acetate conversion to acetyl-CoA ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA I ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA II ,
acetate formation from acetyl-CoA III (succinate) ,
acetoacetate degradation (to acetyl CoA) ,
acetoin biosynthesis III ,
acetone degradation III (to propane-1,2-diol) ,
acetone degradation I (to methylglyoxal) ,
acetylaszonalenin biosynthesis ,
acetyl-CoA biosynthesis III (from citrate) ,
acetyl-CoA biosynthesis II (NADP-dependent pyruvate dehydrogenase) ,
acridone alkaloid biosynthesis ,
acyl-ACP thioesterase pathway ,
acylated cyanidin galactoside biosynthesis ,
acyl carrier protein metabolism II (mammalian) ,
acyl-CoA hydrolysis ,
adenine and adenosine salvage I ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage III ,
adenine and adenosine salvage IV ,
adenosine 5'-phosphoramidate biosynthesis ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation I ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation II ,
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c) ,
aerobic respiration II (cytochrome c) (yeast) ,
aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway) ,
aflatoxins B1 and G1 biosynthesis ,
aflatoxins B2 and G2 biosynthesis ,
aflatrem biosynthesis ,
afrormosin conjugates interconversion ,
ajmaline and sarpagine biosynthesis ,
ajugose biosynthesis I (galactinol-dependent) ,
ajugose biosynthesis II (galactinol-independent) ,
alanine biosynthesis II ,
alanine biosynthesis III ,
alanine degradation III ,
alginate biosynthesis I ,
aliphatic glucosinolate biosynthesis, side chain elongation cycle ,
alizarin biosynthesis ,
alkane biosynthesis II ,
alkane oxidation ,
alkylnitronates degradation ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate I ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate II ,
allantoin degradation to glyoxylate III ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing) ,
alliin degradation ,
allopregnanolone biosynthesis ,
all-trans-decaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis ,
aloesone biosynthesis I ,
aloesone biosynthesis II ,
α-amyrin biosynthesis ,
α-cyclopiazonate biosynthesis ,
α-cyclopiazonate detoxification ,
α-eleostearic acid biosynthesis ,
α-linolenate biosynthesis ,
α-tocopherol degradation ,
amaranthin biosynthesis ,
ammonia assimilation cycle I ,
ammonia assimilation cycle II ,
ammonia assimilation cycle III ,
amygdalin and prunasin degradation ,
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, cytosol) ,
anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial) ,
anandamide degradation ,
androgen biosynthesis ,
anthocyanidin 3-malylglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
anthocyanidin modification (Arabidopsis) ,
anthocyanidin sophoroside metabolism ,
anthocyanin biosynthesis (cyanidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
anthocyanin biosynthesis (delphinidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
anthocyanin biosynthesis (pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
apigenin glycosides biosynthesis ,
apigeninidin 5-O-glucoside biosynthesis ,
arabidiol biosynthesis ,
arachidonate biosynthesis ,
arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle) ,
arginine degradation I (arginase pathway) ,
arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway) ,
arginine degradation VI (arginase 2 pathway) ,
arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway) ,
arginine degradation XII ,
aromatic polyketides biosynthesis ,
arsenate detoxification I (glutaredoxin) ,
arsenate detoxification II (glutaredoxin) ,
artemisinin biosynthesis ,
ascorbate glutathione cycle ,
ascorbate recycling (cytosolic) ,
A series fagopyritols biosynthesis ,
asparagine biosynthesis I ,
asparagine degradation I ,
asparagine degradation II ,
asparagine degradation III (mammalian) ,
aspartate biosynthesis ,
aspartate degradation I ,
aspartate degradation II ,
asperlicin E biosynthesis ,
aspirin-triggered lipoxin biosynthesis ,
aspirin triggered resolvin D biosynthesis ,
aspirin triggered resolvin E biosynthesis ,
astaxanthin biosynthesis ,
asterrate biosynthesis ,
atromentin biosynthesis ,
aurone biosynthesis ,
avenacin A-1 biosynthesis ,
avenacin A-2 biosynthesis ,
avenacin biosynthesis, initial reactions ,
baicalein degradation (hydrogen peroxide detoxification) ,
baicalein metabolism ,
barbaloin biosynthesis ,
baruol biosynthesis ,
base-degraded thiamin salvage ,
benzoate biosynthesis I (CoA-dependent, β-oxidative) ,
benzoate biosynthesis II (CoA-independent, non-β-oxidative) ,
benzoate biosynthesis III (CoA-dependent, non-β-oxidative) ,
benzoylanthranilate biosynthesis ,
benzoyl-β-D-glucopyranose biosynthesis ,
benzoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
berberine biosynthesis ,
bergamotene biosynthesis I ,
bergamotene biosynthesis II ,
β-alanine betaine biosynthesis ,
β-alanine biosynthesis I ,
β-alanine biosynthesis II ,
β-alanine biosynthesis IV ,
β-alanine degradation I ,
beta-carboline biosynthesis ,
β-carotene biosynthesis ,
β-carotene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
β-caryophyllene biosynthesis ,
β-cubebene biosynthesis ,
betacyanin biosynthesis ,
betacyanin biosynthesis (via dopamine) ,
betalamic acid biosynthesis ,
betanidin degradation ,
β-pyrazole-1-ylalanine biosynthesis ,
betaxanthin biosynthesis ,
betaxanthin biosynthesis (via dopamine) ,
betaxanthin biosynthesis (via dopaxanthin) ,
betulinate biosynthesis ,
bile acid biosynthesis, neutral pathway ,
biochanin A conjugates interconversion ,
biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I ,
biotin-carboxyl carrier protein assembly ,
bisabolene biosynthesis ,
bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis ,
bitter acids biosynthesis ,
bixin biosynthesis ,
bombykol biosynthesis ,
bornyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
botrydial biosynthesis ,
botryococcenes and methylated squalene biosynthesis ,
brassicicene C biosynthesis ,
brassinosteroid biosynthesis I ,
brassinosteroid biosynthesis II ,
brassinosteroids inactivation ,
B series fagopyritols biosynthesis ,
bupropion degradation ,
butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered) ,
C20 prostanoid biosynthesis ,
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type ,
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type ,
C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type ,
caffeine biosynthesis I ,
caffeine biosynthesis II (via paraxanthine) ,
caffeine degradation II ,
caffeine degradation I (main, plants) ,
caffeoylglucarate biosynthesis ,
calendate biosynthesis ,
callose biosynthesis ,
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle ,
calystegine biosynthesis ,
camalexin biosynthesis ,
(-)-camphor biosynthesis ,
camptothecin biosynthesis ,
canavanine biosynthesis ,
canavanine degradation ,
cannabinoid biosynthesis ,
canthaxanthin biosynthesis ,
capsaicin biosynthesis ,
capsanthin and capsorubin biosynthesis ,
capsiconiate biosynthesis ,
capsidiol biosynthesis ,
carbon disulfide oxidation II (aerobic) ,
cardenolide biosynthesis ,
cardenolide glucosides biosynthesis ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis II ,
carnosine biosynthesis ,
carotenoid cleavage ,
carrageenan biosynthesis ,
casbene biosynthesis ,
catecholamine biosynthesis ,
catechol degradation III (ortho-cleavage pathway) ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II ,
cellulose biosynthesis ,
cellulose degradation II (fungi) ,
cephalosporin C biosynthesis ,
ceramide degradation ,
ceramide de novo biosynthesis ,
ceramide phosphoethanolamine biosynthesis ,
C-glycosylflavone biosynthesis I ,
C-glycosylflavone biosynthesis II ,
C-glycosylflavone biosynthesis III ,
chalcone 2'-O-glucoside biosynthesis ,
chanoclavine I aldehyde biosynthesis ,
chelerythrine biosynthesis ,
chitin biosynthesis ,
chitin degradation II ,
chitin degradation to ethanol ,
chlorinated phenols degradation ,
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis I ,
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis II ,
chlorogenic acid degradation ,
chlorophyll a biosynthesis I ,
chlorophyll a biosynthesis II ,
chlorophyll a degradation I ,
chlorophyll a degradation II ,
chlorophyll a degradation III ,
chlorophyll cycle ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent) ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent) ,
cholesterol biosynthesis I ,
cholesterol biosynthesis III (via desmosterol) ,
cholesterol biosynthesis II (via 24,25-dihydrolanosterol) ,
choline biosynthesis I ,
choline biosynthesis II ,
choline biosynthesis III ,
choline degradation I ,
choline degradation II ,
choline degradation IV ,
chondroitin and dermatan biosynthesis ,
chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis ,
chondroitin sulfate biosynthesis (late stages) ,
chondroitin sulfate degradation (metazoa) ,
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate ,
chorismate biosynthesis I ,
chrysin biosynthesis ,
chrysoeriol biosynthesis ,
chrysophanol biosynthesis ,
cichoriin interconversion ,
cinchona alkaloids biosynthesis ,
cinnamate esters biosynthesis ,
cis-calamenene related sesquiterpenoids biosynthesis ,
cis-vaccenate biosynthesis ,
cis-zeatin biosynthesis ,
citrulline biosynthesis ,
citrulline degradation ,
citrulline-nitric oxide cycle ,
CMP-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate biosynthesis ,
CMP-KDO biosynthesis II (from D-arabinose 5-phosphate) ,
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes) ,
CMP-N-glycoloylneuraminate biosynthesis ,
CMP phosphorylation ,
CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anapleurotic) ,
cocaine biosynthesis ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis II (mammalian) ,
cohumulone biosynthesis ,
colchicine biosynthesis ,
coniferin metabolism ,
cornusiin E biosynthesis ,
costunolide biosynthesis ,
coumarin biosynthesis (via 2-coumarate) ,
coumarin metabolism (to melilotic acid) ,
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered) ,
coumestrol biosynthesis ,
creatine biosynthesis ,
creatine-phosphate biosynthesis ,
crepenynate biosynthesis ,
crocetin biosynthesis ,
crocetin esters biosynthesis ,
curcumene biosynthesis ,
curcumin glucoside biosynthesis ,
curcuminoid biosynthesis ,
cuticular wax biosynthesis ,
cutin biosynthesis ,
cyanate degradation ,
cyanide detoxification I ,
cyanide detoxification II ,
cyanidin 3,7-diglucoside polyacylation biosynthesis ,
cyanidin diglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
cyanidin dimalonylglucoside biosynthesis ,
cyanurate degradation ,
cyclopropane and cyclopropene fatty acid biosynthesis ,
cysteine biosynthesis/homocysteine degradation ,
cysteine biosynthesis I ,
cysteine biosynthesis III (mammalian) ,
cysteine biosynthesis IV (fungi) ,
cytokinin-O-glucosides biosynthesis ,
cytokinins 7-N-glucoside biosynthesis ,
cytokinins 9-N-glucoside biosynthesis ,
cytokinins degradation ,
daidzein conjugates interconversion ,
dalcochinin biosynthesis ,
dalpatein and dalnigrein biosynthesis ,
dammara-20,24-diene biosynthesis ,
daphnetin modification ,
daphnin interconversion ,
deacetylcephalosporin C biosynthesis ,
dehydroabietic acid biosynthesis ,
dehydro-D-arabinono-1,4-lactone biosynthesis ,
dehydroscoulerine biosynthesis ,
delphinidin diglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
Δ5-eicosenoate biosynthesis ,
Δ6-hexadecenoate biosynthesis ,
δ-carotene biosynthesis ,
δ-guaiene biosynthesis ,
dermatan sulfate biosynthesis ,
dermatan sulfate biosynthesis (late stages) ,
dermatan sulfate degradation (metazoa) ,
des-methyl avenacin A-1 biosynthesis ,
detoxification of reactive carbonyls in chloroplasts ,
D-galactose degradation V (Leloir pathway) ,
D-galacturonate degradation III ,
D-glucuronate degradation I ,
dhurrin biosynthesis ,
dhurrin degradation ,
diacylglycerol biosynthesis (PUFA enrichment in oilseed) ,
diacylglyceryl-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine biosynthesis ,
DIBOA-glucoside biosynthesis ,
dicranin biosynthesis ,
dihydroconiferyl alcohol biosynthesis ,
DIMBOA-glucoside activation ,
DIMBOA-glucoside biosynthesis ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis III (algae) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis II (Spartina) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis I (Wollastonia) ,
dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation I (cleavage) ,
dimorphecolate biosynthesis ,
diphthamide biosynthesis (eukaryotes) ,
diphyllin biosynthesis ,
diploterol and cycloartenol biosynthesis ,
diterpene phytoalexins precursors biosynthesis ,
divinyl ether biosynthesis I ,
divinyl ether biosynthesis II ,
D-myo-inositol (1,3,4)-trisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate degradation ,
D-myo-inositol (3,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate metabolism ,
docosahexanoate biosynthesis I ,
docosahexanoate biosynthesis II ,
dolichol and dolichyl phosphate biosynthesis ,
dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide biosynthesis ,
dopamine degradation ,
drosopterin and aurodrosopterin biosynthesis ,
D-serine degradation ,
D-sorbitol degradation I ,
dTDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis II ,
ecdysone and 20-hydroxyecdysone biosynthesis ,
ecdysteroid metabolism (arthropods) ,
echinatin biosynthesis ,
(E,E)-4,8,12-trimethyltrideca-1,3,7,11-tetraene biosynthesis ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis I (algae and lower plants) ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis III (fungi) ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis II (metazoa) ,
eicosapentaenoate biosynthesis IV (bacteria) ,
emetine biosynthesis ,
ent-kaurene biosynthesis I ,
ent -kaurene biosynthesis II ,
ephedrine biosynthesis ,
epoxy fatty acid biosynthesis ,
epoxypseudoisoeugenol-2-methylbutyrate biosynthesis ,
epoxysqualene biosynthesis ,
ergosterol biosynthesis I ,
ergosterol biosynthesis II ,
ergotamine biosynthesis ,
ergothioneine biosynthesis II (fungi) ,
esculetin biosynthesis ,
esculetin modification ,
esterified suberin biosynthesis ,
estradiol biosynthesis II ,
estradiol biosynthesis I (via estrone) ,
ethanol degradation II ,
ethanol degradation IV ,
ethiin degradation ,
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes) ,
ethylene biosynthesis I (plants) ,
ethylene biosynthesis IV ,
ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered) ,
eudesmol biosynthesis ,
eugenol and isoeugenol biosynthesis ,
eumelanin biosynthesis ,
eupatolitin 3-O-glucoside biosynthesis ,
extended VTC2 cycle ,
farnesene biosynthesis ,
farnesylcysteine salvage pathway ,
fatty acid activation ,
fatty acid α-oxidation I ,
fatty acid α-oxidation II ,
fatty acid α-oxidation III ,
fatty acid β-oxidation I ,
fatty acid β-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number) ,
fatty acid β-oxidation II (peroxisome) ,
fatty acid β-oxidation (peroxisome, yeast) ,
fatty acid β-oxidation VI (peroxisome) ,
fatty acid beta-oxidation V (unsaturated, odd number, di-isomerase-dependent) ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation I ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation II ,
fatty acid biosynthesis (plant mitochondria) ,
fatty acid elongation -- saturated ,
fatty acids biosynthesis (yeast) ,
fenchol biosynthesis I ,
fenchol biosynthesis II ,
fenchone biosynthesis ,
ferulate and sinapate biosynthesis ,
flavin biosynthesis I (bacteria and plants) ,
flavin biosynthesis III (fungi) ,
flavin biosynthesis IV (mammalian) ,
flavonoid biosynthesis ,
flavonoid biosynthesis (in equisetum) ,
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis III - quercetin derivatives ,
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis II - isorhamnetin derivatives ,
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis I - kaempferol derivatives ,
flavonol biosynthesis ,
fluoroacetate degradation ,
folate polyglutamylation ,
folate transformations II ,
formaldehyde assimilation III (dihydroxyacetone cycle) ,
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent) ,
formononetin biosynthesis ,
formononetin conjugates interconversion ,
free phenylpropanoid acid biosynthesis ,
fructan biosynthesis ,
fructan degradation ,
fructose 2,6-bisphosphate biosynthesis ,
fumigaclavine biosynthesis ,
fumiquinazoline D biosynthesis ,
fumitremorgin A biosynthesis ,
fumitremorgin C biosynthesis ,
furaneol biosynthesis ,
furcatin degradation ,
furfural degradation ,
fusicoccin A biosynthesis ,
GA12 biosynthesis ,
GABA shunt ,
galactose degradation III ,
galactose degradation I (Leloir pathway) ,
galactose degradation IV ,
galactosylcyclitol biosynthesis ,
gallate biosynthesis ,
gallotannin biosynthesis ,
galloylated catechin biosynthesis ,
γ-coniciene and coniine biosynthesis ,
γ-glutamyl cycle ,
γ-linolenate biosynthesis II (animals) ,
γ-linolenate biosynthesis I (plants) ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis II ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose) ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis II (from L-fucose) ,
GDP-L-galactose biosynthesis ,
GDP-mannose biosynthesis ,
genistein conjugates interconversion ,
genistin gentiobioside biosynthesis ,
gentiodelphin biosynthesis ,
geodin biosynthesis ,
geraniol and geranial biosynthesis ,
geraniol and nerol degradation ,
geranyl acetate biosynthesis ,
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
germacrene biosynthesis ,
gibberellin biosynthesis II (early C-3 hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin biosynthesis III (early C-13 hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin biosynthesis I (non C-3, non C-13 hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin biosynthesis IV (Gibberella fujikuroi) ,
gibberellin biosynthesis V ,
gibberellin inactivation I (2β-hydroxylation) ,
gibberellin inactivation III (epoxidation) ,
gibberellin inactivation II (methylation) ,
ginsenoside degradation I ,
ginsenoside degradation II ,
ginsenoside degradation III ,
ginsenosides biosynthesis ,
gliotoxin biosynthesis ,
gliotoxin inactivation ,
glucocorticoid biosynthesis ,
gluconeogenesis I ,
gluconeogenesis III ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from dihomomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from hexahomomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from homomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from pentahomomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from phenylalanine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tetrahomomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from trihomomethionine ,
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tryptophan ,
glucosinolate breakdown ,
glucosinolate breakdown (via thiocyanate-forming protein) ,
glutamate and glutamine biosynthesis ,
glutamate biosynthesis II ,
glutamate biosynthesis III ,
glutamate biosynthesis IV ,
glutamate biosynthesis V ,
glutamate degradation I ,
glutamate degradation IV ,
glutamate degradation IX (via 4-aminobutyrate) ,
glutamate degradation X ,
glutamate removal from folates ,
glutamine biosynthesis I ,
glutamine biosynthesis III ,
glutamine degradation I ,
glutaryl-CoA degradation ,
glutathione biosynthesis ,
glutathione degradation (DUG pathway - yeast) ,
glutathione-mediated detoxification I ,
glutathione-mediated detoxification II ,
glutathione redox reactions I ,
glutathione redox reactions II ,
glutathionylspermidine biosynthesis ,
glyceollin biosynthesis I ,
glyceollin biosynthesis II ,
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle ,
glycerol degradation I ,
glycerol degradation II ,
glycine betaine biosynthesis III (plants) ,
glycine betaine degradation I ,
glycine betaine degradation II (mammalian) ,
glycine biosynthesis I ,
glycine biosynthesis II ,
glycine biosynthesis III ,
glycine biosynthesis IV ,
glycine cleavage ,
glycoaminoglycan-protein linkage region biosynthesis ,
glycogen biosynthesis II (from UDP-D-Glucose) ,
glycogen degradation III ,
glycogenolysis II ,
glycolipid biosynthesis ,
glycolipid desaturation ,
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis IV (plant cytosol) ,
glycolysis VI (metazoan) ,
glycyrrhetinate biosynthesis ,
glyoxylate cycle ,
gossypetin metabolism ,
gossypol biosynthesis ,
gramine biosynthesis ,
guaiacylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether degradation ,
guanine and guanosine salvage ,
guanine and guanosine salvage II ,
guanine and guanosine salvage III ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation I ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation II ,
guanosine nucleotides degradation III ,
guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
heliocides biosynthesis ,
heme biosynthesis I (aerobic) ,
heme biosynthesis II (anaerobic) ,
heme degradation ,
hemoglobin degradation ,
heparan sulfate biosynthesis ,
heparan sulfate biosynthesis (late stages) ,
hesperitin glycoside biosynthesis ,
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
hispidol biosynthesis ,
histamine biosynthesis ,
histamine degradation ,
histidine biosynthesis ,
histidine degradation III ,
histidine degradation V ,
histidine degradation VI ,
homocarnosine biosynthesis ,
homocysteine and cysteine interconversion ,
homocysteine biosynthesis ,
homogalacturonan biosynthesis ,
homogalacturonan degradation ,
homoglutathione biosynthesis ,
homolactic fermentation ,
homomethionine biosynthesis ,
homophytochelatin biosynthesis ,
homospermidine biosynthesis ,
hordatine biosynthesis ,
humulone biosynthesis ,
hydrogen production VIII ,
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis II (mammalian) ,
hydroxycinnamate sugar acid ester biosynthesis ,
hydroxycinnamic acid serotonin amides biosynthesis ,
hydroxycinnamic acid tyramine amides biosynthesis ,
hydroxyjasmonate sulfate biosynthesis ,
hydroxylated fatty acid biosynthesis (plants) ,
hydroxylated mugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis ,
hydroxymethylpyrimidine salvage ,
hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis ,
hyperforin and adhyperforin biosynthesis ,
hypericin biosynthesis ,
hyperxanthone E biosynthesis ,
hypoglycin biosynthesis ,
hypusine biosynthesis ,
indican biosynthesis ,
indigo biosynthesis ,
indole-3-acetate activation I ,
indole-3-acetate activation II ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis I ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis II ,
indole-3-acetate biosynthesis V (bacteria and fungi) ,
indole-3-acetate conjugate biosynthesis II ,
indole-3-acetate degradation I ,
indole-3-acetate degradation II ,
indole-3-acetate degradation III ,
indole-3-acetate degradation IV ,
indole-3-acetate degradation V ,
indole-3-acetate degradation VI ,
indole-3-acetate degradation VII ,
indole-3-acetyl-amide conjugate biosynthesis ,
indole-3-acetyl-ester conjugate biosynthesis ,
indole degradation to anthranil and anthranilate ,
indole glucosinolate breakdown (active in intact plant cell) ,
indole glucosinolate breakdown (insect chewing induced) ,
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
inositol pyrophosphates biosynthesis ,
ipsdienol biosynthesis ,
iron reduction and absorption ,
isoalliin degradation ,
isoflavonoid biosynthesis I ,
isoflavonoid biosynthesis II ,
isoleucine degradation I ,
isoleucine degradation II ,
isopenicillin N biosynthesis ,
isopimaric acid biosynthesis ,
isoprene biosynthesis I ,
isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered) ,
isovitexin and isovitexin glycosides biosynthesis ,
itaconate biosynthesis ,
jasmonic acid biosynthesis ,
jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis I ,
jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis II ,
juglone biosynthesis ,
justicidin B biosynthesis ,
juvenile hormone III biosynthesis I ,
juvenile hormone III biosynthesis II ,
kaempferide triglycoside biosynthesis ,
kaempferol diglycoside biosynthesis (pollen-specific) ,
kaempferol gentiobioside biosynthesis ,
kaempferol glycoside biosynthesis (Arabidopsis) ,
kaempferol triglucoside biosynthesis ,
kauralexin biosynthesis ,
ketogenesis ,
ketolysis ,
kievitone biosynthesis ,
labdane-type diterpenes biosynthesis ,
lacinilene C biosynthesis ,
lactucaxanthin biosynthesis ,
laminaribiose degradation ,
lampranthin biosynthesis ,
lanosterol biosynthesis ,
L-arabinan degradation ,
L-arabinose degradation II ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis II (L-gulose pathway) ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis I (L-galactose pathway) ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis IV ,
L-ascorbate biosynthesis V ,
L-ascorbate degradation III ,
L-ascorbate degradation IV ,
lathyrine biosynthesis ,
lawsone biosynthesis ,
L-carnitine biosynthesis ,
L-cysteine degradation I ,
L-cysteine degradation III ,
L-dopachrome biosynthesis ,
L-dopa degradation ,
leucine degradation I ,
leucine degradation III ,
leucodelphinidin biosynthesis ,
leucopelargonidin and leucocyanidin biosynthesis ,
leukotriene biosynthesis ,
levopimaric acid biosynthesis ,
L-glutamine biosynthesis II (tRNA-dependent) ,
linalool biosynthesis I ,
linalool biosynthesis II ,
linamarin biosynthesis ,
linamarin degradation ,
linear furanocoumarin biosynthesis ,
linoleate biosynthesis II (animals) ,
linoleate biosynthesis I (plants) ,
linustatin bioactivation ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation (glycine cleavage system, yeast) ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation (pyruvate dehydrogenase and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, yeast) ,
lipoxin biosynthesis ,
L-Nδ-acetylornithine biosynthesis ,
lotaustralin biosynthesis ,
lotaustralin degradation ,
lovastatin biosynthesis ,
L-rhamnose degradation II ,
L-serine degradation ,
lupanine biosynthesis ,
lupeol biosynthesis ,
lupinate biosynthesis ,
lutein biosynthesis ,
luteolin biosynthesis ,
luteolin glycosides biosynthesis ,
luteolinidin 5-O-glucoside biosynthesis ,
luteolin triglucuronide biosynthesis ,
luteolin triglucuronide degradation ,
lychnose and isolychnose biosynthesis ,
lysine biosynthesis IV ,
lysine biosynthesis VI ,
lysine degradation III ,
lysine degradation II (mammalian) ,
lysine degradation II (pipecolate pathway) ,
lysine degradation IX ,
lysine degradation VII ,
maackiain biosynthesis ,
maackiain conjugates interconversion ,
magnoflorine biosynthesis ,
manganese oxidation I ,
mangrove triterpenoid biosynthesis ,
mannitol biosynthesis ,
mannitol cycle ,
mannitol degradation II ,
mannosyl-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases ,
marneral biosynthesis ,
matairesinol biosynthesis ,
maysin biosynthesis ,
medicarpin biosynthesis ,
medicarpin conjugates interconversion ,
melatonin degradation I ,
melatonin degradation II ,
melatonin degradation III ,
menthol biosynthesis ,
meso-butanediol biosynthesis II ,
methanol oxidation to formaldehyde IV ,
methionine biosynthesis II ,
methionine biosynthesis III ,
methionine degradation II ,
methionine degradation III ,
methionine degradation I (to homocysteine) ,
methionine salvage cycle I (bacteria and plants) ,
methionine salvage cycle III (animals) ,
methionine salvage cycle II (plants) ,
methionine salvage from homocysteine ,
methylbutenol biosynthesis ,
methylerythritol phosphate pathway II ,
methylglyoxal degradation I ,
methylglyoxal degradation II ,
methylglyoxal degradation III ,
methylglyoxal degradation V ,
methylglyoxal degradation VI ,
methylglyoxal degradation VII ,
methylglyoxal degradation VIII ,
methylhalides biosynthesis (plants) ,
methyl indole-3-acetate interconversion ,
methyl ketone biosynthesis ,
methylquercetin biosynthesis ,
mevalonate pathway I ,
(-)-microperfuranone biosynthesis ,
mimosine biosynthesis ,
mineralocorticoid biosynthesis ,
mitochondrial L-carnitine shuttle ,
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
momilactone A biosynthesis ,
monoacylglycerol metabolism (yeast) ,
monolignol glucosides biosynthesis ,
monoterpene biosynthesis ,
morphine biosynthesis ,
mRNA capping I ,
mRNA capping II ,
mucin core 1 and core 2 O-glycosylation ,
mucin core 3 and core 4 O-glycosylation ,
myo-inositol biosynthesis ,
myo-inositol degradation I ,
myricetin gentiobioside biosynthesis ,
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) ,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan) ,
NADH repair ,
NAD/NADH phosphorylation and dephosphorylation ,
NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH cytosolic interconversion (yeast) ,
NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH mitochondrial interconversion (yeast) ,
NAD phosphorylation and dephosphorylation II (mammalian) ,
NAD salvage pathway I ,
NAD salvage pathway III ,
naringenin biosynthesis (engineered) ,
naringenin glycoside biosynthesis ,
neoabietic acid biosynthesis ,
neolinustatin bioactivation ,
neoxanthin biosynthesis ,
neurosporaxanthin biosynthesis ,
nevadensin biosynthesis ,
N-glucosylnicotinate metabolism ,
nicotianamine biosynthesis ,
nicotine biosynthesis ,
nicotine degradation III ,
nicotine degradation IV ,
nitrate reduction I (denitrification) ,
nitrate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory) ,
nitric oxide biosynthesis (plants) ,
nitrilotriacetate degradation ,
nitroethane degradation ,
N-methylanthraniloyl-β-D-glucopyranose biosynthesis ,
N-methyl-Δ1-pyrrolinium cation biosynthesis ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis II ,
noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation ,
noscapine biosynthesis ,
octanoyl-ACP biosynthesis (mitochondria, yeast) ,
octopamine biosynthesis ,
o-diquinones biosynthesis ,
oleanolate biosynthesis ,
oleate β-oxidation (isomerase-dependent, yeast) ,
oleate β-oxidation (reductase-dependent, yeast) ,
oleate β-oxidation (thioesterase-dependent, yeast) ,
oleate biosynthesis II (animals and fungi) ,
oleate biosynthesis I (plants) ,
oleoresin monoterpene volatiles biosynthesis ,
oleoresin sesquiterpene volatiles biosynthesis ,
oligomeric urushiol biosynthesis ,
olivetol biosynthesis (olivetol synthase by-products synthesis) ,
ω-hydroxylation of caprate and laurate ,
ω- hydroxylation of laurate ,
O -methylation of tricetin ,
orcinol degradation ,
ornithine de novo biosynthesis ,
oryzalexin A, B, and C biosynthesis ,
oryzalexin D and E biosynthesis ,
oryzalide A biosynthesis ,
oxalate biosynthesis ,
oxalate degradation IV ,
oxalate degradation V ,
oxidative ethanol degradation III ,
oxidized GTP and dGTP detoxification ,
palmatine biosynthesis ,
palmitate biosynthesis I (animals and fungi) ,
palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis II ,
palustric acid biosynthesis ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis III ,
pantothenate and coenzyme A biosynthesis II (plants) ,
papaverine biosynthesis ,
paspaline biosynthesis ,
patchoulol biosynthesis ,
patulin biosynthesis ,
paxilline and diprenylpaxilline biosynthesis ,
pelargonidin conjugates biosynthesis ,
pelargonidin diglucoside biosynthesis (acyl-glucose dependent) ,
penicillin K biosynthesis ,
pentacyclic triterpene biosynthesis ,
pentagalloylglucose biosynthesis ,
pentaketide chromone biosynthesis ,
pentose phosphate pathway ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) II ,
perillyl aldehyde biosynthesis ,
petivericin biosynthesis ,
petroselinate biosynthesis ,
phaseic acid biosynthesis ,
phaselate biosynthesis ,
phaseollin biosynthesis ,
phenol degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenolic malonylglucosides biosynthesis ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis (cytosolic, plants) ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis I ,
phenylalanine biosynthesis II ,
phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic) ,
phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic) ,
phenylalanine degradation III ,
phenylalanine degradation IV (mammalian, via side chain) ,
phenylalanine degradation V ,
phenylethanol biosynthesis ,
phenylethanol glycoconjugate biosynthesis ,
phenylethyl acetate biosynthesis ,
phenylphenalenone biosynthesis ,
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis ,
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, initial reactions ,
phenylpropanoids methylation (ice plant) ,
phloridzin biosynthesis ,
phosphate acquisition ,
phosphate utilization in cell wall regeneration ,
phosphatidate metabolism, as a signaling molecule ,
phosphatidylcholine acyl editing ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis II ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis III ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis IV ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis V ,
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis II ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis III ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol degradation ,
phosphatidylserine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylserine biosynthesis II ,
phospholipases ,
phospholipid biosynthesis II ,
phospholipid desaturation ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast) ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast) ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast) ,
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I ,
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis II ,
photorespiration ,
photosynthesis light reactions ,
phylloquinol biosynthesis ,
phytate degradation I ,
phytate degradation II ,
phytocassanes biosynthesis, shared reactions ,
phytochelatins biosynthesis ,
phytochromobilin biosynthesis ,
phytol degradation ,
phytol salvage pathway ,
phytyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
pinitol biosynthesis I ,
pinitol biosynthesis II ,
pinobanksin biosynthesis ,
pinolenic acid and coniferonic acid biosynthesis ,
pinosylvin metabolism ,
piperine biosynthesis ,
pisatin biosynthesis ,
plant sterol biosynthesis ,
plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis I ,
plaunotol biosynthesis ,
plumbagin biosynthesis ,
podophyllotoxin and 6-methoxypodophyllotoxin biosynthesis ,
podophyllotoxin glucosides metabolism ,
poly-hydroxy fatty acids biosynthesis ,
polymethylated kaempferol biosynthesis ,
polymethylated myricetin biosynthesis (tomato) ,
polymethylated quercetin biosynthesis ,
polymethylated quercetin glucoside biosynthesis II - quercetagetin series (Chrysosplenium) ,
polymethylated quercetin glucoside biosynthesis I - quercetin series (Chrysosplenium) ,
ponciretin biosynthesis ,
pregnenolone biosynthesis ,
proanthocyanidin biosynthesis from flavanols ,
progesterone biosynthesis ,
proline biosynthesis I ,
proline biosynthesis II (from arginine) ,
proline biosynthesis III ,
proline biosynthesis IV ,
proline degradation ,
propionyl CoA degradation ,
protein citrullination ,
protein O-[N-acetyl]-glucosylation ,
protein ubiquitination ,
PRPP biosynthesis I ,
pseudouridine degradation ,
pterostilbene biosynthesis ,
pulcherrimin biosynthesis ,
punicic acid biosynthesis ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
purine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
purine nucleotides degradation II (aerobic) ,
purine nucleotides degradation I (plants) ,
purine ribonucleosides degradation ,
putrescine biosynthesis I ,
putrescine biosynthesis II ,
putrescine biosynthesis III ,
putrescine biosynthesis IV ,
putrescine degradation III ,
putrescine degradation IV ,
pyrethrin I biosynthesis ,
pyridine nucleotide cycling (plants) ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage I ,
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate salvage II (plants) ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides biosynthesis from CTP ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage I ,
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage II ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III ,
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate and alanine ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate III ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate V ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VI ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VII ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VIII ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I ,
pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol ,
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered) ,
pyruvate fermentation to lactate ,
pyruvate fermentation to opines ,
quercetin diglycoside biosynthesis (pollen-specific) ,
quercetin gentiotetraside biosynthesis ,
quercetin glucoside biosynthesis (Allium) ,
quercetin glucoside degradation (Allium) ,
quercetin glycoside biosynthesis (Arabidopsis) ,
quercetin sulfate biosynthesis ,
quercetin triglucoside biosynthesis ,
quinate degradation II ,
(R)-acetoin biosynthesis I ,
Rapoport-Luebering glycolytic shunt ,
raspberry ketone biosynthesis ,
(R)-canadine biosynthesis ,
reactive oxygen species degradation (mammalian) ,
resolvin D biosynthesis ,
resveratrol biosynthesis ,
resveratrol degradation ,
retinoate biosynthesis I ,
retinoate biosynthesis II ,
retinol biosynthesis ,
rhamnogalacturonan type I degradation I (fungi) ,
rhodoquinone-10 biosynthesis ,
rhodoquinone-9 biosynthesis ,
ricinine degradation ,
ricinoleate biosynthesis ,
rose anthocyanin biosynthesis II (via cyanidin 3-O-β-D-glucoside) ,
rose anthocyanin biosynthesis I (via cyanidin 5-O-β-D-glucoside) ,
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis I ,
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis II ,
rot-2'-enonate biosynthesis ,
rotenoid biosynthesis I ,
rotenoid biosynthesis II ,
(R,R)-butanediol biosynthesis ,
(R,R)-butanediol degradation ,
rubber biosynthesis ,
Rubisco shunt ,
rutin biosynthesis ,
rutin degradation ,
rutin degradation (plants) ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II ,
sakuranetin biosynthesis ,
salicin biosynthesis ,
salicortin biosynthesis ,
salicylate biosynthesis I ,
salicylate biosynthesis II ,
salicylate degradation I ,
salicylate degradation III ,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis I ,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis II ,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis III ,
salicylate glucosides biosynthesis IV ,
salidroside biosynthesis ,
salvianin biosynthesis ,
salvigenin biosynthesis ,
sanguinarine and macarpine biosynthesis ,
santalene biosynthesis I ,
santalene biosynthesis II ,
saponin biosynthesis II ,
saponin biosynthesis III ,
saponin biosynthesis IV ,
sciadonate biosynthesis ,
scopoletin biosynthesis ,
secologanin and strictosidine biosynthesis ,
seed germination protein turnover ,
selenate reduction ,
seleno-amino acid biosynthesis ,
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization I ,
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization II ,
seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization III ,
selenocysteine biosynthesis II (archaea and eukaryotes) ,
selinene biosynthesis ,
senecionine N-oxide biosynthesis ,
serine biosynthesis ,
serine racemization ,
serinol biosynthesis ,
serotonin and melatonin biosynthesis ,
serotonin degradation ,
sesamin biosynthesis ,
sesaminol glucoside biosynthesis ,
sesquiterpenoid phytoalexins biosynthesis ,
shikonin biosynthesis ,
shisonin biosynthesis ,
sinapate ester biosynthesis ,
siroheme biosynthesis ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation I ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation II ,
S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine degradation III ,
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate degradation ,
S-methylmethionine cycle ,
sophoraflavanone G biosynthesis ,
sophorolipid biosynthesis ,
sophorolipid degradation ,
sorbitol biosynthesis I ,
sorgoleone biosynthesis ,
soybean saponin I biosynthesis ,
spermidine biosynthesis I ,
spermidine hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates biosynthesis ,
spermine and spermidine degradation I ,
spermine and spermidine degradation II ,
spermine and spermidine degradation III ,
spermine biosynthesis ,
sphingolipid biosynthesis (mammals) ,
sphingolipid biosynthesis (plants) ,
sphingolipid biosynthesis (yeast) ,
sphingolipid recycling and degradation (yeast) ,
sphingomyelin metabolism ,
sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism ,
sporopollenin precursor biosynthesis ,
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis I ,
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis II ,
stachyose biosynthesis ,
stachyose degradation ,
starch biosynthesis ,
starch degradation I ,
starch degradation II ,
stearate biosynthesis I (animals) ,
stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) ,
stearate biosynthesis III (fungi) ,
stellariose and mediose biosynthesis ,
sterigmatocystin biosynthesis ,
steroidal glycoalkaloid biosynthesis ,
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast) ,
steviol biosynthesis ,
steviol glucoside biosynthesis (rebaudioside A biosynthesis) ,
stigma estolide biosynthesis ,
suberin monomers biosynthesis ,
sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis) ,
sucrose biosynthesis II ,
sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase) ,
sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase) ,
sucrose degradation V (sucrose α-glucosidase) ,
sulfate activation for sulfonation ,
sulfate reduction I (assimilatory) ,
sulfate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
sulfite oxidation IV ,
sulfolipid biosynthesis ,
sulfur volatiles biosynthesis ,
superoxide radicals degradation ,
superpathay of heme biosynthesis from glutamate ,
superpathway avenacin A biosynthesis ,
superpathway NAD/NADP - NADH/NADPH interconversion (yeast) ,
superpathway of 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate biosynthesis (plants) ,
superpathway of 2,3-butanediol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of 4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis (yeast) ,
superpathway of acetyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of aflatoxin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of allantoin degradation in plants ,
superpathway of allantoin degradation in yeast ,
superpathway of alliin degradation ,
superpathway of ammonia assimilation (plants) ,
superpathway of anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates) ,
superpathway of anaerobic sucrose degradation ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from cyanidin and cyanidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from delphinidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside) ,
superpathway of benzoxazinoid glucosides biosynthesis ,
superpathway of betalain biosynthesis ,
superpathway of C28 brassinosteroid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of carotenoid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of cholesterol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of choline biosynthesis ,
superpathway of citrulline metabolism ,
superpathway of cytosolic glycolysis (plants), pyruvate dehydrogenase and TCA cycle ,
superpathway of diterpene resin acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate metabolism ,
superpathway of ergosterol biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of ergosterol biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of ergotamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of fatty acid biosynthesis II (plant) ,
superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii) ,
superpathway of flavones and derivatives biosynthesis ,
superpathway of formononetin derivative biosynthesis ,
superpathway of fumitremorgin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis II (via MEP) ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate) ,
superpathway of gibberellin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of gibberellin GA12 biosynthesis ,
superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides degradation (plants) ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of heme biosynthesis from glycine ,
superpathway of hydrolyzable tannin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of indole-3-acetate conjugate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds ,
superpathway of isoflavonoids (via naringenin) ,
superpathway of jasmonoyl-amino acid conjugates biosynthesis ,
superpathway of linalool biosynthesis ,
superpathway of linamarin and lotaustralin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation (PDH, KGDH, GCV, yeast) ,
superpathway of lipoxygenase ,
superpathway of lysine degradation ,
superpathway of lysine, threonine and methionine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of melatonin degradation ,
superpathway of methionine biosynthesis (by sulfhydrylation) ,
superpathway of methionine salvage and degradation ,
superpathway of microbial D-galacturonate and D-glucuronate degradation ,
superpathway of NAD biosynthesis in eukaryotes ,
superpathway of nicotine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of oleoresin turpentine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of penicillin, cephalosporin and cephamycin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pentose and pentitol degradation ,
superpathway of phenylalanine and tyrosine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of phylloquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of plastoquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of pterocarpan biosynthesis (via daidzein) ,
superpathway of pterocarpan biosynthesis (via formononetin) ,
superpathway of purine nucleotide salvage ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of purines degradation in plants ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pyrimidine nucleobases salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of rosmarinic acid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of scopolin and esculin biosynthesis ,
superpathway of seleno-compound metabolism ,
superpathway of serine and glycine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of sialic acids and CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis ,
superpathway of steroid hormone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sulfur amino acid biosynthesis (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) ,
superpathway of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
superpathway of tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis ,
superpathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis III (eukaryotes) ,
superpathway of ubiquinol-6 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
superpathway phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast) ,
superpathway polymethylated quercetin/quercetagetin glucoside biosynthesis (Chrysosplenium) ,
syringetin biosynthesis ,
t-anethole biosynthesis ,
taurine biosynthesis ,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
taxiphyllin bioactivation ,
taxiphyllin biosynthesis ,
taxol biosynthesis ,
TCA cycle III (animals) ,
TCA cycle II (plants and fungi) ,
TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase) ,
tea aroma glycosidic precursor bioactivation ,
terminal O-glycans residues modification ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis I ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis II ,
ternatin C3 biosynthesis ,
ternatin C5 biosynthesis ,
terrequinone A biosynthesis ,
tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis I ,
tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis II ,
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis ,
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate ,
tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis (from 3-hydroxybenzoate) ,
tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis (from benzoate) ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis I (from glutamate) ,
tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine) ,
thalianol and derivatives biosynthesis ,
theobromine biosynthesis I ,
theobromine biosynthesis II (via xanthine) ,
the visual cycle II (molluscs) ,
the visual cycle (insects) ,
the visual cycle I (vertebrates) ,
thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis IV (eukaryotes) ,
thiamin formation from pyrithiamine and oxythiamine (yeast) ,
thiamin salvage IV (yeast) ,
thiamin triphosphate metabolism ,
thiazole biosynthesis III (eukaryotes) ,
thio-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
thiosulfate disproportionation III (rhodanese) ,
thiosulfate disproportionation I (thiol-dependent) ,
threonine degradation ,
threonine degradation II ,
threonine degradation IV ,
thymine degradation ,
thyroid hormone biosynthesis ,
thyroid hormone metabolism II (via conjugation and/or degradation) ,
thyroid hormone metabolism I (via deiodination) ,
thyronamine and iodothyronamine metabolism ,
trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline degradation I ,
trans-cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria) ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) ,
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
trans-zeatin biosynthesis ,
traumatin and (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate biosynthesis ,
trehalose biosynthesis I ,
trehalose biosynthesis II ,
trehalose degradation II (trehalase) ,
trehalose degradation IV ,
trehalose degradation V ,
trehalose degradation VI (periplasmic) ,
triacylglycerol biosynthesis ,
triacylglycerol degradation ,
trichloroethylene degradation ,
trichome monoterpenes biosynthesis ,
trigonelline biosynthesis ,
tRNA methylation (yeast) ,
tRNA splicing ,
trypanothione biosynthesis ,
tryptophan biosynthesis ,
tryptophan degradation III (eukaryotic) ,
tryptophan degradation to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
tryptophan degradation VIII (to tryptophol) ,
tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine) ,
tryptophan degradation XI (mammalian, via kynurenine) ,
tryptophan degradation X (mammalian, via tryptamine) ,
tuberonate glucoside biosynthesis ,
tyrosine biosynthesis I ,
tyrosine biosynthesis II ,
tyrosine biosynthesis III ,
tyrosine biosynthesis IV ,
tyrosine degradation I ,
tyrosine degradation III ,
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-6 biosynthesis from 4-aminobenzoate (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-6 biosynthesis from 4-hydroxybenzoate (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-6 bypass biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-7 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-8 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from myo-inositol) ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose) ,
UDP-D-apiose biosynthesis (from UDP-D-glucuronate) ,
UDP-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis I (from UDP-D-glucuronate) ,
UDP-D-galacturonate biosynthesis II (from D-galacturonate) ,
UDP-D-xylose biosynthesis ,
UDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
UDP-L-arabinose biosynthesis I (from UDP-xylose) ,
UDP-L-arabinose biosynthesis II (from L-arabinose) ,
UDP-L-rhamnose biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis II ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II ,
UDP-sugars interconversion ,
umbelliferone biosynthesis ,
UMP biosynthesis ,
unsaturated, even numbered fatty acid β-oxidation ,
uracil degradation I (reductive) ,
urate biosynthesis/inosine 5'-phosphate degradation ,
urate degradation to allantoin I ,
urea cycle ,
urea degradation I ,
urea degradation II ,
ureide biosynthesis ,
ursolate biosynthesis ,
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II ,
valencene and 7-epi-α-selinene biosynthesis ,
valine degradation I ,
valine degradation II ,
vanillin biosynthesis I ,
vernolate biosynthesis ,
versicolorin B biosynthesis ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II ,
vestitol and sativan biosynthesis ,
vicianin bioactivation ,
vindoline and vinblastine biosynthesis ,
violdelphin biosynthesis ,
vitamin D3 biosynthesis ,
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocopherols) ,
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocotrienols) ,
vitexin and derivatives biosynthesis ,
volatile benzenoid biosynthesis I (ester formation) ,
volatile cinnamoic ester biosynthesis ,
volatile esters biosynthesis (during fruit ripening) ,
VTC2 cycle ,
wax esters biosynthesis I ,
wax esters biosynthesis II ,
wighteone and luteone biosynthesis ,
willardiine and isowillardiine biosynthesis ,
wogonin metabolism ,
wound-induced proteolysis I ,
wybutosine biosynthesis ,
xanthohumol biosynthesis ,
xylan biosynthesis ,
xylitol degradation ,
xylogalacturonan biosynthesis ,
xyloglucan biosynthesis ,
xyloglucan degradation I (endoglucanase) ,
xyloglucan degradation II (exoglucanase) ,
xyloglucan degradation III (cellobiohydrolase) ,
xylose degradation II ,
(Z)-9-tricosene biosynthesis ,
(Z)-butanethiol-S-oxide biosynthesis ,
zealexin biosynthesis ,
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion ,
zeaxanthin biosynthesis ,
zerumbone biosynthesis ,
zymosterol biosynthesis

Additional pathways which may be present in Eukaryota and all its sub-taxa (31)
These pathways were inferred using their expected taxonomic range:
all trans undecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
anthranilate degradation IV (aerobic) ,
asparagine biosynthesis II ,
dimethyl sulfoxide degradation ,
D-mannose degradation ,
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I ,
folate transformations I ,
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation ,
glycerol degradation V ,
glycogen degradation I ,
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate) ,
heptaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) ,
L-cysteine degradation II ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I ,
melibiose degradation ,
octaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I ,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
polyvinyl alcohol degradation ,
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropionate degradation ,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff ,
superpathway of leucine, valine, and isoleucine biosynthesis ,
thioredoxin pathway ,
tRNA charging ,
valine biosynthesis ,
xanthine and xanthosine salvage


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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 18.5 on Sun Dec 21, 2014, BIOCYC13B.