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MetaCyc Taxon: Rhodophyta

Synonyms: rhodophytes, red algae, red algae, Rhodophycota, Rhodophyceae

Rank: no rank

Taxonomic lineage: cellular organisms , Eukaryota

Direct sub-taxa of Rhodophyta: Bangiophyceae , Compsopogonophyceae, environmental samples , Florideophyceae , Rhodellophyceae, Stylonematophyceae, unclassified Rhodophyta

Unification Links: NCBI-Taxonomy:2763


Pathways present in Rhodophyta or one of its sub-taxa (5).
These pathways were observed experimentally in this taxon or one of its sub-taxa:
α-linolenate biosynthesis I (plants and red algae) ,
carrageenan biosynthesis ,
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation I (cleavage) ,
glycogen degradation III (via anhydrofructose) ,
methylhalides biosynthesis (plants)

Additional pathways which may be present in Rhodophyta and all its sub-taxa (284)
These pathways were inferred using their expected taxonomic range:
(1,4)-β-xylan degradation ,
[2Fe-2S] iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis ,
2-oxobutanoate degradation I ,
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA ,
2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA ,
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I ,
3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis ,
3-phosphoinositide degradation ,
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes) ,
4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate biosynthesis ,
5-aminoimidazole ribonucleotide biosynthesis I ,
acyl-ACP thioesterase pathway ,
acyl carrier protein metabolism II (mammalian) ,
acyl-CoA hydrolysis ,
adenine and adenosine salvage II ,
adenine and adenosine salvage III ,
adenine and adenosine salvage VI ,
adenosine 5'-phosphoramidate biosynthesis ,
adenosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
adenosine nucleotides degradation II ,
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c) ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) ,
allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate I (urea producing) ,
all-trans-decaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis ,
all trans undecaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
anthranilate degradation IV (aerobic) ,
arachidonate biosynthesis IV (8-detaturase) ,
beta-carboline biosynthesis ,
β-carotene biosynthesis ,
bisabolene biosynthesis ,
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle ,
cardiolipin biosynthesis II ,
carotenoid cleavage ,
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I ,
cellulose biosynthesis ,
ceramide de novo biosynthesis ,
chlorogenic acid degradation ,
chlorophyll a biosynthesis I ,
chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent) ,
chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate ,
chorismate biosynthesis I ,
chrysophanol biosynthesis ,
cis-calamenene related sesquiterpenoids biosynthesis ,
CMP-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate biosynthesis ,
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate biosynthesis I (eukaryotes) ,
CMP-N-glycoloylneuraminate biosynthesis ,
coenzyme A biosynthesis I ,
costunolide biosynthesis ,
dammara-20,24-diene biosynthesis ,
δ-carotene biosynthesis ,
diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol biosynthesis ,
diacylglyceryl-N,N,N-trimethylhomoserine biosynthesis ,
dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis III (algae) ,
dimethyl sulfoxide degradation ,
diphthamide biosynthesis (eukaryotes) ,
D-mannose degradation ,
D-myo-inositol (1,3,4)-trisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate degradation ,
D-myo-inositol (3,4,5,6)-tetrakisphosphate biosynthesis ,
D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate metabolism ,
docosahexaenoate biosynthesis III (mammals) ,
docosahexaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes) ,
D-serine degradation ,
D-serine metabolism ,
Entner-Doudoroff pathway I ,
epoxysqualene biosynthesis ,
ethanol degradation II ,
eumelanin biosynthesis ,
fatty acid β-oxidation III (unsaturated, odd number) ,
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation I ,
folate polyglutamylation ,
folate transformations I ,
formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent) ,
GDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis I (from GDP-D-mannose) ,
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis II (from L-fucose) ,
GDP-mannose biosynthesis ,
geodin biosynthesis ,
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
geranylgeranyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation ,
glutamate removal from folates ,
glutaminyl-tRNAgln biosynthesis via transamidation ,
glutathione biosynthesis ,
glutathione redox reactions I ,
glutathione redox reactions II ,
glutathionylspermidine biosynthesis ,
glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle ,
glycerol degradation V ,
glycine betaine degradation I ,
glycine biosynthesis I ,
glycine biosynthesis III ,
glycine cleavage ,
glycogen degradation I (bacterial) ,
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate) ,
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate) ,
glyoxylate cycle ,
guanine and guanosine salvage II ,
guanosine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
heme biosynthesis I (aerobic) ,
heme degradation ,
heptaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
homolactic fermentation ,
homospermidine biosynthesis ,
hypusine biosynthesis ,
icosapentaenoate biosynthesis V (Δ8 desaturase) ,
inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II ,
inositol pyrophosphates biosynthesis ,
juniperonate biosynthesis ,
L-alanine biosynthesis II ,
L-alanine biosynthesis III ,
L-alanine degradation III ,
laminaribiose degradation ,
L-arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway) ,
L-arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway) ,
L-asparagine biosynthesis I ,
L-asparagine biosynthesis II ,
L-aspartate biosynthesis ,
L-aspartate degradation I ,
L-carnitine biosynthesis ,
L-citrulline degradation ,
L-cysteine degradation II ,
L-dopachrome biosynthesis ,
L-glutamate and L-glutamine biosynthesis ,
L-glutamate degradation I ,
L-glutamine biosynthesis I ,
L-glutamine degradation I ,
linalool biosynthesis I ,
linalool biosynthesis II ,
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I ,
L-isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) ,
L-isoleucine degradation I ,
L-leucine degradation I ,
L-lysine degradation XI (mammalian) ,
L-methionine degradation I (to L-homocysteine) ,
long-chain fatty acid activation ,
L-proline biosynthesis II (from arginine) ,
L-proline degradation ,
L-selenocysteine biosynthesis II (archaea and eukaryotes) ,
L-serine biosynthesis ,
lutein biosynthesis ,
L-valine biosynthesis ,
L-valine degradation I ,
mannitol degradation I ,
mannosyl-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases ,
melibiose degradation ,
methylglyoxal degradation II ,
methylglyoxal degradation III ,
methylglyoxal degradation VII ,
methyl ketone biosynthesis ,
mitochondrial L-carnitine shuttle ,
molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
monoacylglycerol metabolism (yeast) ,
myo-inositol biosynthesis ,
NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde ,
NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) ,
NAD biosynthesis II (from tryptophan) ,
NADH repair ,
nitrate reduction II (assimilatory) ,
nonaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis I ,
octanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] biosynthesis (mitochondria, yeast) ,
octaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
oxygenic photosynthesis ,
palmitoleate biosynthesis II (plants and bacteria) ,
pentose phosphate pathway ,
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch) ,
pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) ,
phenylethanol biosynthesis ,
phosphate acquisition ,
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I ,
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis II ,
phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis III ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis II (non-plastidic) ,
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis I (plastidic) ,
phosphatidylinositol biosynthesis II (eukaryotes) ,
phospholipases ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast) ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast) ,
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast) ,
photorespiration ,
photosynthesis light reactions ,
phytyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis I ,
plumbagin biosynthesis ,
polyisoprenoid biosynthesis (E. coli) ,
polyvinyl alcohol degradation ,
propanoyl CoA degradation I ,
protein N-glycosylation (eukaryotic, high mannose) ,
protein O-[N-acetyl]-glucosylation ,
protein ubiquitylation ,
pseudouridine degradation ,
putrescine biosynthesis III ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotide phosphorylation ,
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage I ,
pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA ,
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VII ,
pyruvate fermentation to butanol II ,
pyruvate fermentation to hexanol ,
pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered) ,
pyruvate fermentation to lactate ,
raspberry ketone biosynthesis ,
reactive oxygen species degradation ,
ricinine degradation ,
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II ,
sciadonate biosynthesis ,
sedoheptulose bisphosphate bypass ,
selinene biosynthesis ,
spermidine biosynthesis I ,
spermine biosynthesis ,
sphingomyelin metabolism ,
starch biosynthesis ,
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast) ,
sulfate activation for sulfonation ,
sulfolipid biosynthesis ,
superoxide radicals degradation ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of adenosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of Allium flavor precursors ,
superpathway of branched amino acid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of carotenoid biosynthesis ,
superpathway of dimethylsulfoniopropanoate degradation ,
superpathway of D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate metabolism ,
superpathway of geranylgeranyldiphosphate biosynthesis I (via mevalonate) ,
superpathway of glycolysis and Entner-Doudoroff ,
superpathway of guanosine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of hexitol degradation (bacteria) ,
superpathway of inositol phosphate compounds ,
superpathway of L-asparagine biosynthesis ,
superpathway of L-lysine degradation ,
superpathway of L-serine and glycine biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of NAD biosynthesis in eukaryotes ,
superpathway of phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast) ,
superpathway of plastoquinol biosynthesis ,
superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis II ,
superpathway of purine nucleotide salvage ,
superpathway of purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesis I ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside salvage ,
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of pyrimidine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis ,
superpathway of sialic acids and CMP-sialic acids biosynthesis ,
taxadiene biosynthesis (engineered) ,
terminal O-glycans residues modification ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis I ,
terminal olefins biosynthesis II ,
tetrahydrofolate salvage from 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate ,
thiamin triphosphate metabolism ,
thio-molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis ,
thioredoxin pathway ,
thiosulfate disproportionation III (rhodanese) ,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) ,
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis ,
triacylglycerol degradation ,
tRNA charging ,
tRNA methylation (yeast) ,
tRNA splicing ,
ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) ,
UDP-α-D-glucuronate biosynthesis (from UDP-glucose) ,
UDP-D-galactose biosynthesis ,
UDP-D-xylose biosynthesis ,
UDP-glucose biosynthesis ,
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II ,
UMP biosynthesis ,
urate degradation to allantoin I ,
urea cycle ,
urea degradation I ,
UTP and CTP de novo biosynthesis ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I ,
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II ,
valencene and 7-epi-α-selinene biosynthesis ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I ,
very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II ,
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocopherols) ,
wybutosine biosynthesis ,
xanthine and xanthosine salvage ,
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion ,
zeaxanthin biosynthesis


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by SRI International Pathway Tools version 19.0 on Fri Sep 4, 2015, biocyc14.