MetaCyc Pathway: sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase)

Enzyme View:

Pathway diagram: sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase)

This view shows enzymes only for those organisms listed below, in the list of taxa known to possess the pathway. If an enzyme name is shown in bold, there is experimental evidence for this enzymatic activity.

Synonyms: sucrose mobilization

Superclasses: Degradation/Utilization/Assimilation Carbohydrates Degradation Sugars Degradation Sucrose Degradation

Some taxa known to possess this pathway include ? : Arabidopsis thaliana col , Nicotiana tabacum , Oryza sativa , Spinacia oleracea

Expected Taxonomic Range: Viridiplantae

In plants, sucrose is cleaved by either EC, β-fructofuranosidase (invertase) or EC, sucrose synthase.

Invertase activity is found in the cytoplasm, vacuole, and apoplast, whereas sucrose cleavage by sucrose synthase (see sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase)) is only found in the cytoplasm [Dey97a].

Hexoses derived from sucrose degradation are used to meet the energy and substrate requirements for plant growth or are used in the synthesis of fructans, starch, and cellulose.

Variants: sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase) , sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase) , sucrose degradation IV (sucrose phosphorylase) , sucrose degradation V (sucrose α-glucosidase) , sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase) , superpathway of anaerobic sucrose degradation

Unification Links: AraCyc:PWY-621

Revised 16-Aug-2013 by Caspi R , SRI International


Ciereszko01: Ciereszko I, Johansson H, Hurry V, Kleczkowski LA (2001). "Phosphate status affects the gene expression, protein content and enzymatic activity of UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase in wild-type and pho mutants of Arabidopsis." Planta 2001;212(4);598-605. PMID: 11525517

Dey97: Dey, PM, Harborne, JB "Plant Biochemistry." Academic Press 1997.

Dey97a: Dey, P. M., Harborne, J. B. (1997). "Plant Biochemistry." Academic Press Inc., San Diego, USA.

Martin93a: Martin T, Frommer WB, Salanoubat M, Willmitzer L (1993). "Expression of an Arabidopsis sucrose synthase gene indicates a role in metabolization of sucrose both during phloem loading and in sink organs." Plant J 1993;4(2);367-77. PMID: 8220487

Other References Related to Enzymes, Genes, Subpathways, and Substrates of this Pathway

Alajmo90: Alajmo E, de Meester W, Polli G (1990). "Facial nerve involvement: macroscopic and clinical evidence, therapeutic approach." Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 10 Suppl 29;35-42. PMID: 2177945

Barratt09: Barratt DH, Derbyshire P, Findlay K, Pike M, Wellner N, Lunn J, Feil R, Simpson C, Maule AJ, Smith AM (2009). "Normal growth of Arabidopsis requires cytosolic invertase but not sucrose synthase." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106(31);13124-9. PMID: 19470642

Baveja86: Baveja UK, Jyoti AS, Kaur M, Agarwal DS, Anand BS, Nanda R (1986). "Isoenzyme studies of Giardia lamblia isolated from symptomatic cases." Aust J Exp Biol Med Sci 64 ( Pt 2);119-26. PMID: 2943257

Baysdorfer89: Baysdorfer C., Kremer D.F., Sicher R.C. "Partial purification and characterization of fructokinase activity from Barley leaves." J. Plant Physiol. (1989) 134:156-161.

BRENDA14: BRENDA team (2014). "Imported from BRENDA version existing on Aug 2014."

But13: But SY, Khmelenina VN, Reshetnikov AS, Trotsenko YA (2013). "Bifunctional sucrose phosphate synthase/phosphatase is involved in the sucrose biosynthesis by Methylobacillus flagellatus KT." FEMS Microbiol Lett. PMID: 23865613

But13a: But SIu, Khmelina VN, Mustakhimova II, Trotsenko IuA (2013). "[Production and characterization of Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum 20Z knockout mutants, which has sucrose and ectoin synthesis defective genes]." Mikrobiologiia 82(2);251-3. PMID: 23808151

But15: But SY, Khmelenina VN, Reshetnikov AS, Mustakhimov II, Kalyuzhnaya MG, Trotsenko YA (2015). "Sucrose metabolism in halotolerant methanotroph Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum 20Z." Arch Microbiol. PMID: 25577257

Caescu04: Caescu CI, Vidal O, Krzewinski F, Artenie V, Bouquelet S (2004). "Bifidobacterium longum requires a fructokinase (Frk; ATP:D-fructose 6-phosphotransferase, EC for fructose catabolism." J Bacteriol 186(19);6515-25. PMID: 15375133

Charng94: Charng YY, Juang RH, Su JC, Sung HY (1994). "Partial purification and characterization of invertase isozymes from rice grains (Oryza sativa)." Biochem Mol Biol Int 1994;33(3);607-15. PMID: 7951078

Dai99: Dai N, Schaffer A, Petreikov M, Shahak Y, Giller Y, Ratner K, Levine A, Granot D (1999). "Overexpression of Arabidopsis hexokinase in tomato plants inhibits growth, reduces photosynthesis, and induces rapid senescence." Plant Cell 11(7);1253-66. PMID: 10402427

DeSantis89: DeSantis D, Tryon VV, Pollack JD "Metabolism of Mollicutes: the Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas Pathway and the Hexose Monophosphate Shunt." J General Microbiology 135:683-691 (1989).

deVries67: de Vries W, Gerbrandy SJ, Stouthamer AH (1967). "Carbohydrate metabolism in Bifidobacterium bifidum." Biochim Biophys Acta 136(3);415-25. PMID: 6048259

Doronina03: Doronina N, Darmaeva T, Trotsenko Y (2003). "Methylophaga natronica sp. nov., a new alkaliphilic and moderately halophilic, restricted-facultatively methylotrophic bacterium from soda lake of the Southern Transbaikal region." Syst Appl Microbiol 26(3);382-9. PMID: 14529181

Doronina03a: Doronina NV, Darmaeva TD, Trotsenko YA (2003). "Methylophaga alcalica sp. nov., a novel alkaliphilic and moderately halophilic, obligately methylotrophic bacterium from an East Mongolian saline soda lake." Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 53(Pt 1);223-9. PMID: 12656177

Giese05: Giese JO, Herbers K, Hoffmann M, Klosgen RB, Sonnewald U (2005). "Isolation and functional characterization of a novel plastidic hexokinase from Nicotiana tabacum." FEBS Lett 579(3);827-31. PMID: 15670855

Graille06: Graille M, Baltaze JP, Leulliot N, Liger D, Quevillon-Cheruel S, van Tilbeurgh H (2006). "Structure-based functional annotation: yeast ymr099c codes for a D-hexose-6-phosphate mutarotase." J Biol Chem 281(40);30175-85. PMID: 16857670

Hansen01a: Hansen T, Oehlmann M, Schonheit P (2001). "Novel type of glucose-6-phosphate isomerase in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus." J Bacteriol 183(11);3428-35. PMID: 11344151

Helanto06: Helanto M, Aarnikunnas J, Palva A, Leisola M, Nyyssola A (2006). "Characterization of genes involved in fructose utilization by Lactobacillus fermentum." Arch Microbiol 186(1);51-9. PMID: 16741753

Himmelreich96: Himmelreich R, Hilbert H, Plagens H, Pirkl E, Li BC, Herrmann R (1996). "Complete sequence analysis of the genome of the bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae." Nucleic Acids Res 1996;24(22);4420-49. PMID: 8948633

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
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