MetaCyc Reaction:

Superclasses: Reactions Classified By Conversion Type Simple Reactions Chemical Reactions
Reactions Classified By Substrate Small-Molecule Reactions

EC Number:

The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.

Mass balance status: Balance undetermined; a substrate lacks a chemical formula

Enzyme Commission Primary Name: cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase

Enzyme Commission Synonyms: Bacillus macerans amylase, cyclodextrin glucanotransferase, α-cyclodextrin glucanotransferase, α-cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase, β-cyclodextrin glucanotransferase, β-cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase, γ-cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase, cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase, cyclomaltodextrin glucotransferase, cyclomaltodextrin glycosyltransferase, konchizaimu, α-1,4-glucan 4-glycosyltransferase, cyclizing, BMA, CGTase, neutral-cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase, 1,4-α-D-glucan 4-α-D-(1,4-α-D-glucano)-transferase (cyclizing)

Taxonomic Range: Bacteria

Enzyme Commission Summary:
The enzyme cyclizes a part of a (1→4)-α-D-glucan chain by formation of a (1→4)-α-D-glucosidic bond.

Cyclodextrins (Schardinger dextrins) of various sizes (6,7,8, etc. glucose units) are formed reversibly from starch and similar substrates.

Will also disproportionate linear maltodextrins without cyclizing (cf. EC, 4-α-glucanotransferase).

Citations: [DePinto68, Schwimmer53]

Relationship Links: BRENDA:EC: , ENZYME:EC: , IUBMB-ExplorEnz:EC: , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P04830 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P05618 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P08704 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P14014 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P17692 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P26827 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P30920 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P31746 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P31747 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P31797 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P31835 , UniProt:RELATED-TO:P43379

Revised 17-Apr-2012 by Caspi R , SRI International


DePinto68: DePinto JA, Campbell LL (1968). "Purification and properties of the amylase of Bacillus macerans." Biochemistry 7(1);114-20. PMID: 5758537

Schwimmer53: Schwimmer S (1953). "Evidence for the purity of Schardinger dextrinogenase." Arch Biochem Biophys 43(1);108-17. PMID: 13031665

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Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
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