|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 18.104.22.168
Enzymes and Genes:
|Arabidopsis thaliana col:||cellulose synthase: CesA1|
cellulose synthase: CesA3
cellulose synthase: CesA6
cellulose synthase: CesA4
cellulose synthase: CesA7
cellulose synthase: CesA8
|Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655:||cellulose synthase: bcsB, bcsA|
In Pathway: cellulose biosynthesis
The direction shown, i.e. which substrates are on the left and right sides, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Mass balance status: Marked as unbalanced.
Direct generic reaction:
UDP-α-D-glucose + a 1,4-β-D-glucan → a 1,4-β-D-glucan + UDP (22.214.171.124)
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: cellulose synthase (UDP-forming)
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: UDP-glucose-β-glucan glucosyltransferase, UDP-glucose-cellulose glucosyltransferase, GS-I, β-1,4-glucosyltransferase, uridine diphosphoglucose-1,4-β-glucan glucosyltransferase, β-1,4-glucan synthase, β-1,4-glucan synthetase, β-glucan synthase, 1,4-β-D-glucan synthase, 1,4-β-glucan synthase, glucan synthase, UDP-glucose-1,4-β-glucan glucosyltransferase, uridine diphosphoglucose-cellulose glucosyltransferase, UDP-glucose:1,4-β-D-glucan 4-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): 62.237427 [Latendresse13]
Enzyme Commission Summary:
Involved in the synthesis of cellulose. A similar enzyme utilizes GDP-glucose [ EC 126.96.36.199 cellulose synthase (GDP-forming)].
Unification Links: KEGG:R02889
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