|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 22.214.171.124
Enzymes and Genes:
cellulose synthase : bcsB , bcsA ( Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655 )
cellulose synthase : CesA8 ( Arabidopsis thaliana col )
cellulose synthase : CesA7 ( Arabidopsis thaliana col )
cellulose synthase : CesA4 ( Arabidopsis thaliana col )
cellulose synthase : CesA6 ( Arabidopsis thaliana col )
cellulose synthase : CesA3 ( Arabidopsis thaliana col )
cellulose synthase : CesA1 ( Arabidopsis thaliana col )
In Pathway: cellulose biosynthesis
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Mass balance status: Marked as unbalanced.
Direct generic reaction:
UDP-α-D-glucose + a 1,4-β-D-glucan → a 1,4-β-D-glucan + UDP (126.96.36.199)
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: cellulose synthase (UDP-forming)
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: UDP-glucose-β-glucan glucosyltransferase, UDP-glucose-cellulose glucosyltransferase, GS-I, β-1,4-glucosyltransferase, uridine diphosphoglucose-1,4-β-glucan glucosyltransferase, β-1,4-glucan synthase, β-1,4-glucan synθse, β-glucan synthase, 1,4-β-D-glucan synthase, 1,4-β-glucan synthase, glucan synthase, UDP-glucose-1,4-β-glucan glucosyltransferase, uridine diphosphoglucose-cellulose glucosyltransferase, UDP-glucose:1,4-β-D-glucan 4-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): 62.237427 [Latendresse13]
Enzyme Commission Summary:
Involved in the synthesis of cellulose. A similar enzyme utilizes GDP-glucose [EC 188.8.131.52 cellulose synthase (GDP-forming)].
Unification Links: KEGG:R02889
©2014 SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493