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MetaCyc Reaction: 2.3.1.20

Superclasses: Reactions Classified By Conversion TypeSimple ReactionsChemical Reactions
Reactions Classified By SubstrateSmall-Molecule Reactions

EC Number: 2.3.1.20

Enzymes and Genes:

Acinetobacter sp. ADP1: wax ester synthase/acyl-CoA diacylglycerol acyltransferase bifunctional enzymeInferred from experiment: atfA
Arabidopsis thaliana col: acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferaseInferred from experiment: TAG1
Petunia x hybrida: wax synthase/diacyglycerol acyltransferase [multifunctional]Inferred from experiment: WS1
Saccharomyces cerevisiae: acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferaseInferred from experiment: DGA1

In Pathway: diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol biosynthesis

The direction shown, i.e. which substrates are on the left and right sides, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.

Mass balance status: Balanced.

Enzyme Commission Primary Name: diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase

Enzyme Commission Synonyms: diglyceride acyltransferase, 1,2-diacylglycerol acyltransferase, diacylglycerol acyltransferase, diglyceride O-acyltransferase, palmitoyl-CoA-sn-1,2-diacylglycerol acyltransferase, acyl-CoA:1,2-diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase

Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG in kcal/mol): 325.0658Inferred by computational analysis [Latendresse13]

Enzyme Commission Summary:
Palmitoyl-CoA and other long-chain acyl-CoAs can act as donors.

Citations: [Kawasaki88, Grigor82, Coleman76, WEISS60]

Gene-Reaction Schematic

Gene-Reaction Schematic

Unification Links: KEGG:R02251, Rhea:10868

Relationship Links: BRENDA:EC:2.3.1.20, ENZYME:EC:2.3.1.20, IUBMB-ExplorEnz:EC:2.3.1.20, UniProt:RELATED-TO:Q9SLD2


References

Coleman76: Coleman R, Bell RM (1976). "Triacylglycerol synthesis in isolated fat cells. Studies on the microsomal diacylglycerol acyltransferase activity using ethanol-dispersed diacylglycerols." J Biol Chem 251(15);4537-43. PMID: 947894

Grigor82: Grigor MR, Bell RM (1982). "Separate monoacylglycerol and diacylglycerol acyltransferases function in intestinal triacylglycerol synthesis." Biochim Biophys Acta 712(3);464-72. PMID: 6289909

Kawasaki88: Kawasaki T, Snyder F (1988). "Synthesis of a novel acetylated neutral lipid related to platelet-activating factor by acyl-CoA:1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol acyltransferase in HL-60 cells." J Biol Chem 263(6);2593-6. PMID: 3422635

Latendresse13: Latendresse M. (2013). "Computing Gibbs Free Energy of Compounds and Reactions in MetaCyc."

WEISS60: WEISS SB, KENNEDY EP, KIYASU JY (1960). "The enzymatic synthesis of triglycerides." J Biol Chem 235;40-4. PMID: 13843753


Report Errors or Provide Feedback
Please cite the following article in publications resulting from the use of MetaCyc: Caspi et al, Nucleic Acids Research 42:D459-D471 2014
Page generated by Pathway Tools version 19.5 (software by SRI International) on Mon May 2, 2016, biocyc14.