|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 184.108.40.206
Enzymes and Genes:
|Arabidopsis thaliana col:||phosphoserine aminotransferase: PSAT|
|Escherichia coli K-12 substr. MG1655:||3-phosphoserine aminotransferase: serC|
|Homo sapiens:||phosphoserine aminotransferase: PSAT1|
|Methanocaldococcus jannaschii:||phosphoserine aminotransferase: serC|
|Methanosarcina acetivorans:||phosphoserine aminotransferase: serC|
|Rattus norvegicus:||phosphoserine aminotransferase 1: Psat1|
In Pathway: L-serine biosynthesis
The direction shown, i.e. which substrates are on the left and right sides, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: phosphoserine transaminase
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: PSAT, phosphoserine aminotransferase, 3-phosphoserine aminotransferase, hydroxypyruvic phosphate-glutamic transaminase, L-phosphoserine aminotransferase, phosphohydroxypyruvate transaminase, phosphohydroxypyruvic-glutamic transaminase, 3-O-phospho-L-serine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase, SerC, PdxC, 3PHP transaminase
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): 0.07583618 [Latendresse13]
Enzyme Commission Summary:
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. This enzyme catalyses the second step in the phosphorylated pathway of serine biosynthesis in Escherichia coli [Pizer63, Zhao96]. It also catalyses the third step in the biosynthesis of the coenzyme pyridoxal 5-phosphate in Escherichia coli (using Reaction 2 above) [Zhao96]. In Escherichia coli, pyridoxal 5-phosphate is synthesized de novo by a pathway that involves EC 220.127.116.11 (erythrose-4-phosphate dehydrogenase), EC 18.104.22.1680 (4-phosphoerythronate dehydrogenase), EC 22.214.171.124 (phosphoserine transaminase), EC 126.96.36.1992 (4-hydroxythreonine-4-phosphate dehydrogenase), EC 188.8.131.52 (pyridoxine 5-phosphate synthase) and EC 184.108.40.206 (with pyridoxine 5-phosphate as substrate). Pyridoxal phosphate is the cofactor for both activities and therefore seems to be involved in its own biosynthesis [Drewke96]. Non-phosphorylated forms of serine and threonine are not substrates [Drewke96].
Relationship Links: BRENDA:EC:220.127.116.11, ENZYME:EC:18.104.22.168, IUBMB-ExplorEnz:EC:22.214.171.124, UniProt:RELATED-TO:O34370, UniProt:RELATED-TO:P10658, UniProt:RELATED-TO:P19689, UniProt:RELATED-TO:P23721, UniProt:RELATED-TO:P33330, UniProt:RELATED-TO:P44336, UniProt:RELATED-TO:P62676, UniProt:RELATED-TO:Q9CHW5, UniProt:RELATED-TO:Q9PIH3
Drewke96: Drewke C, Klein M, Clade D, Arenz A, Muller R, Leistner E (1996). "4-O-phosphoryl-L-threonine, a substrate of the pdxC(serC) gene product involved in vitamin B6 biosynthesis." FEBS Lett 1996;390(2);179-82. PMID: 8706854
Zhao96: Zhao G, Winkler ME (1996). "A novel alpha-ketoglutarate reductase activity of the serA-encoded 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase of Escherichia coli K-12 and its possible implications for human 2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria." J Bacteriol 1996;178(1);232-9. PMID: 8550422
Zhao96a: Zhao G, Winkler ME (1996). "4-Phospho-hydroxy-L-threonine is an obligatory intermediate in pyridoxal 5'-phosphate coenzyme biosynthesis in Escherichia coli K-12." FEMS Microbiol Lett 1996;135(2-3);275-80. PMID: 8595869
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