|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
Enzymes and Genes:
|Arabidopsis thaliana col :||ζ-carotene desaturase
|Zea mays :||ζ-carotene desaturase
In Pathway: trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants)
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): 14.177795 [Latendresse13]
This enzyme is involved in carotenoid biosynthesis in plants and cyanobacteria.
This is one of two reactions catalyzed by 9,9'-dicis-ζ-carotene desaturase.
The overall reaction is
Albrecht96: Albrecht M, Linden H, Sandmann G (1996). "Biochemical characterization of purified zeta-carotene desaturase from Anabaena PCC 7120 after expression in Escherichia coli." Eur J Biochem 236(1);115-20. PMID: 8617254
Breitenbach05: Breitenbach J, Sandmann G (2005). "zeta-Carotene cis isomers as products and substrates in the plant poly-cis carotenoid biosynthetic pathway to lycopene." Planta 220(5);785-93. PMID: 15503129
Breitenbach99: Breitenbach J, Kuntz M, Takaichi S, Sandmann G (1999). "Catalytic properties of an expressed and purified higher plant type zeta-carotene desaturase from Capsicum annuum." Eur J Biochem 265(1);376-83. PMID: 10491195
Josse00: Josse EM, Simkin AJ, Gaffe J, Laboure AM, Kuntz M, Carol P (2000). "A plastid terminal oxidase associated with carotenoid desaturation during chromoplast differentiation." Plant Physiol 123(4);1427-36. PMID: 10938359
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