|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
Enzymes and Genes:
|Arabidopsis thaliana col:||ζ-carotene desaturase: ZDS|
|Zea mays:||ζ-carotene desaturase: ZDS|
In Pathway: trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants)
The direction shown, i.e. which substrates are on the left and right sides, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): 14.177795 [Latendresse13]
This enzyme is involved in carotenoid biosynthesis in plants and cyanobacteria.
This is one of two reactions catalyzed by 9,9'-dicis-ζ-carotene desaturase.
The overall reaction is
Albrecht96: Albrecht M, Linden H, Sandmann G (1996). "Biochemical characterization of purified zeta-carotene desaturase from Anabaena PCC 7120 after expression in Escherichia coli." Eur J Biochem 236(1);115-20. PMID: 8617254
Breitenbach05: Breitenbach J, Sandmann G (2005). "zeta-Carotene cis isomers as products and substrates in the plant poly-cis carotenoid biosynthetic pathway to lycopene." Planta 220(5);785-93. PMID: 15503129
Breitenbach99: Breitenbach J, Kuntz M, Takaichi S, Sandmann G (1999). "Catalytic properties of an expressed and purified higher plant type zeta-carotene desaturase from Capsicum annuum." Eur J Biochem 265(1);376-83. PMID: 10491195
Josse00: Josse EM, Simkin AJ, Gaffe J, Laboure AM, Kuntz M, Carol P (2000). "A plastid terminal oxidase associated with carotenoid desaturation during chromoplast differentiation." Plant Physiol 123(4);1427-36. PMID: 10938359
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