|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 22.214.171.124
Enzymes and Genes:
farnesal dehydrogenase ( Manduca sexta )
aldehyde dehydrogenase : alkH ( Pseudomonas oleovorans )
mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase : ALDH2 ( Homo sapiens )
aldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial : ALD5 ( Saccharomyces cerevisiae )
potassium-activated aldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial : ALD4 ( Saccharomyces cerevisiae )
aldehyde dehydrogenase : ALD2 ( Saccharomyces cerevisiae )
aldehyde dehydrogenase : ALD3 ( Saccharomyces cerevisiae )
fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase : ALDH3A2 ( Homo sapiens )
4-trimethylaminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase : ALDH9A1 ( Homo sapiens )
acetaldehyde dehydrogenase : ald ( Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 )
Note that this reaction equation differs from the official Enzyme Commission reaction equation for this EC number, which can be found here .
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Most BioCyc compounds have been protonated to a reference pH value of 7.3, and some reactions have been computationally balanced for hydrogen by adding free protons. Please see the PGDB Concepts Guide for more information.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD+)
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: CoA-independent aldehyde dehydrogenase, m-methylbenzaldehyde dehydrogenase, NAD-aldehyde dehydrogenase, NAD-dependent 4-hydroxynonenal dehydrogenase, NAD-dependent aldehyde dehydrogenase, NAD-linked aldehyde dehydrogenase, propionaldehyde dehydrogenase, aldehyde dehydrogenase (NAD)
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): -13.105331 [Latendresse13]
Enzyme Commission Summary:
Wide specificity, including oxidation of D-glucuronolactone to D-glucarate.
Instance reaction of [an aldehyde + NAD+ + H2O → a carboxylate + NADH + 2 H+] (126.96.36.199):
i1: (2E,6E)-farnesal + NAD+ + H2O → (2E,6E)-farnesoate + NADH + 2 H+ (188.8.131.52)
Bede01: Bede JC, Teal PE, Goodman WG, Tobe SS (2001). "Biosynthetic pathway of insect juvenile hormone III in cell suspension cultures of the sedge Cyperus iria." Plant Physiol 127(2);584-93. PMID: 11598232
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