|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 18.104.22.168
In Pathway: seleno-amino acid biosynthesis
Note that this reaction equation differs from the official Enzyme Commission reaction equation for this EC number, which can be found here .
The direction shown, i.e. which substrates are on the left and right sides, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: 5-methyltetrahydropteroyltriglutamate—homocysteine S-methyltransferase
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: tetrahydropteroyltriglutamate methyltransferase, homocysteine methylase, methyltransferase, tetrahydropteroylglutamate-homocysteine transmethylase, methyltetrahydropteroylpolyglutamate:homocysteine methyltransferase, cobalamin-independent methionine synthase, methionine synthase (cobalamin-independent), MetE
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): -15.920031 [Latendresse13]
The enzyme from Escherichia coli acts only on 5-methyl-tetrahydropteroylpolyglutamate (CH3-H4PteGlun) molecules which contain 2 or more glutamate residues [Zhou99].
Unification Links: KEGG:R09365
Eichel95: Eichel J, Gonzalez JC, Hotze M, Matthews RG, Schroder J (1995). "Vitamin-B12-independent methionine synthase from a higher plant (Catharanthus roseus). Molecular characterization, regulation, heterologous expression, and enzyme properties." Eur J Biochem 230(3);1053-8. PMID: 7601135
Gonzalez96: Gonzalez JC, Peariso K, Penner-Hahn JE, Matthews RG (1996). "Cobalamin-independent methionine synthase from Escherichia coli: a zinc metalloenzyme." Biochemistry 35(38);12228-34. PMID: 8823155
Guest64: Guest JR, Friedman S, Foster MA, Tejerina G, Woods DD (1964). "Transfer of the methyl group from N5-methyltetrahydrofolates to homocysteine in Escherichia coli." Biochem J 92(3);497-504. PMID: 5319972
Whitfield70: Whitfield CD, Steers EJ, Weisbach H (1970). "Purification and properties of 5-methyltetrahydropteroyltriglutamate-homocysteine transmethylase." J Biol Chem 1970;245(2);390-401. PMID: 4904482
Zhou00: Zhou ZS, Smith AE, Matthews RG (2000). "L-Selenohomocysteine: one-step synthesis from L-selenomethionine and kinetic analysis as substrate for methionine synthases." Bioorg Med Chem Lett 10(21);2471-5. PMID: 11078203
Zhou99: Zhou ZS, Peariso K, Penner-Hahn JE, Matthews RG (1999). "Identification of the zinc ligands in cobalamin-independent methionine synthase (MetE) from Escherichia coli." Biochemistry 1999;38(48);15915-26. PMID: 10625458
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