|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 18.104.22.168
Enzymes and Genes:
|Hordeum vulgare :||α-amylase
α-amylase : AMY2
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the direction in which it was curated.
Mass balance status: Balance undetermined; a substrate has a non-numerical coefficient
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: α-amylase
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: glycogenase, α amylase, α-amylase, endoamylase, Taka-amylase A, 1,4-α-D-glucan glucanohydrolase
Enzyme Commission Summary:
The enzyme catalyzes the endohydrolysis of (1→4)-α-D-glucosidic linkages in polysaccharides containing three or more (1→4)-α-linked D-glucose units.
Acts on starch, glycogen and related polysaccharides and oligosaccharides in a random manner; reducing groups are liberated in the α-configuration. The term "α" relates to the initial anomeric configuration of the free sugar group released and not to the configuration of the linkage hydrolysed.
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