|Superclasses:||Reactions Classified By Conversion Type → Simple Reactions → Chemical Reactions|
|Reactions Classified By Substrate → Small-Molecule Reactions|
EC Number: 22.214.171.124
Enzymes and Genes:
wax ester synthase/acyl-CoA diacylglycerol acyltransferase bifunctional enzyme : atfA ( Acinetobacter sp. ADP1 )
wax synthase/diacyglycerol acyltransferase [multifunctional] : WS1 ( Petunia x hybrida )
Note that this reaction equation differs from the official Enzyme Commission reaction equation for this EC number, which can be found here .
The reaction direction shown, that is, A + B ↔ C + D versus C + D ↔ A + B, is in accordance with the Enzyme Commission system.
Mass balance status: Balanced.
Enzyme Commission Primary Name: long-chain-alcohol O-fatty-acyltransferase
Enzyme Commission Synonyms: wax synthase, wax-ester synthase
Standard Gibbs Free Energy (ΔrG'° in kcal/mol): -3.610077 [Latendresse13]
Enzyme Commission Summary:
Transfers saturated or unsaturated acyl residues of chain-length C18 to C20 to long-chain alcohols, forming waxes. The best acceptor is cis-icos-11-en-1-ol.
King07: King A, Nam JW, Han J, Hilliard J, Jaworski JG (2007). "Cuticular wax biosynthesis in petunia petals: cloning and characterization of an alcohol-acyltransferase that synthesizes wax-esters." Planta 226(2);381-94. PMID: 17323080
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